MvJj, 6 Su 2004
ubimHO& DjbYk[v MJk[
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vlb-Ǯb M
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pbyp pbyp : cyF&-ub[v Jm L
  Im Dm HCm!
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ubimHO& DjbYk[v MJk[

m$-h< Dmcvl n Dhu mcp c o<. o<M mcv kjCl, l oj kjC lv kjCl hjic m$b J mcpmOjkb yjǮ M Ka h[u Dn, h[l Dn. mcvl mJhv Dhn l#l Duu vn. cUl n EuiYo kO J km DmllJl Du? EuiYo yp hjC k kC ku? EuiYocU hjmhj Euibl p lJ mhO& mllv u Dn, l MJ k Dmu? JO ICj uK-
pvv cnCp mJl:mjK vJv pJb v|cl kjC. n mpJm=Ǯ Sk cnJ iC Dn. SKo pJ pvcu l lJn nn jl k, kOkU l c=l DU Dn. mpJb DM Dhjn& c=lcU lb mbKl nCj l mll Yv k{u iu vn, lj pJm= vcM< nC hU F&u. n UCmǮ vmi&v pJm=u pvv#cl ynu ku Dn.
pJm=Ǯ jbYǮ kUl pvv Ƭ Hj mjU-mh nl. l cnCp pvv kjCN mpJ ov J DOk Yibl JYpv nTv l lk Yihmv l kj vJv mpJ v|cl nC. DcymjK vcvJi& Dvk Cbl DC yN JvmhlRl pvv nǮ hl Dpn DmllJl Dn. kj pvvu DuQik EkJ Mkdz (Asexual or Vegitative) pvv cnCll. kj pvv Cb luvl JvmhlRcO pml nl. kuc, i, kU JijW jhC Do lb$ Jhv kuu JvmhlR pvv n DuQik pvv kj Dnl. uQik pvvcC DuQik pvvu ov mpJ (vj DC co) uil vn. DuQik pvv Ƭ Sk mpJk[v hC& nl. DuQik pvvv pvcu CN h{u mJ& h{b pvkmb lbv pvc oCN mpJbh# YV vml. lcU lb iCn hJa h{bmjK Dmll. lbl YVl GlhV nCm JJ vml. pJm=Ǯ kvlv cU Sk c l Dml. l n, k DM hjmLll Glbl nC Mkwl vml.
mcp k, Sk MUlu SK Ji&l 50 JLa Dnl. kc&Oc&mbiv mJ& JLl kcuǮ mc Dn. lb DkuvM, yc hlU, Jj kjC kJl DC J=, Gj unC Y<, {y, lb cb[C Do mJ& i Dio SkmjK Dnl. hjCc Dm nF&u k, lk hj#l mJ& J<bl l miȳbv mjK iC cUlu. hj#kbv lb cJj uJl Cj vn. lbl kC, n mbil Cj vn. l mJ& JL祮 Ji&l Lc cbk uiu EkJ l mJ& vhm nlu. hjmhjbl mJYJkhC DmCj mhO& lbl jnCj vn. mhO& vmu k omN JLh# pml iC cUJC p kun JL&l vc&C nCj vn. l JLa h{ Ji&l iu lj n hjmLl youCj vn. Dm Ji& Sk lNnv Dio vpaJ Dmu. Ji&lu kun JL&l M#C箳 EkJ kun Dv kvlv knǮ you EkJ mOjC nCj vnl. hjbl Ji&lu JL祮 mJiC Jkm nCm lbl vYxU mhO& DmC DC Ji&lu Flj JL祮 h{ pC Fs J lm i ci&v O[h[ kjC J= DmC DJMk Dml.
pJm=Ǯ GlblǮn Dm Dn. Glblm mpJbl iCYVl DC mhO& DmC DJMk Dn. [|Jv箳 `vm|ik vJ[` mblcC iCYVl DC mhO& Dmuu hjmLll vmi&u Glblm vJ[ kjC JJ Dml. llv DhDh l hjmLll p iC mJ&l i jl, l iC Dmuu IkbǮ vJ[ nl.
DuQik pvvv n mO nl vn. mpJl iCYVl l vn. m pvv Ƭl Sk plǮ, hC L[M lj iCYVl DmCN ov mpJb mnYi DmC DJMk Dml. Glblm DJMk DM vJ[lv uQik pvv Ƭ DmllJl Du. uQik pvv箳 Ƭl ov mpJb mnYi DJMk Dml. DM pvvhmv pvcu CN vJ mpJb pvkmb lbv pvc oCN mpJb pvkmbh# Dvk yyll vjU Dml. l箳 pvkmbl pvcol mpJb pvkmbb cC nl. l 50 kwk pvk Sk pvcolk[v, lj Gjuu 50 kwk pvk omN pvcolk[v cUuu Dmll. cU lb kn iC Sk pvcolmjK, lj kn omN pvcolmjK Dmll. DM kj uQik hlv pvcu Cj vJ pJ l箳 ovn pvcolbh# L[ vjU Dml. l箳l iCYVl l. mJ& kjCbcU DuQik pvv箳 luvl uQik pvv Glblm pml H Dmuv h{ uQik pvvu jbY Pu.
uQik pvvu mJl PuJjn jbYǮ kUl uQik pvvl Yi ICN ov mpJbl vj DC co Dm Yo vJnl. pvvl mnYi DmCj ovn mpJ JM< kj hMR v|cl kjll. hMRv ick cnCll DC lb Ghi H pvvmǮ nl. ick hMl iCm$b mbK l mpJ箳 Mjjlu Flj- cnCp kƳk hMl Dmuu iCm$b mbK vcc Dml. cnCp kƳk hMl iCm$b mbK `2 D` Dmu lj l箳 icklu iCm$b mbK H `D` Dmu. uQik pvv箳 ov ickb cuv nl. Ƭu Huv EkJ v<v (fertilization) cnCll. cuvlv lj nCN vJ hMu `icvp` cnCll. icvpl `D` iCm$ Sk icklv DC `D` iCm$ omN icklv ll. cU icvpl iCm$b mbK `2 D` cnCp l mpJ箳 kƳk hMl Dmuu iCm$bSJ{ nl. h{ icvphmv vJ pJ pvcu l. DM kj uQik pvvl mnYi Dmuu ovn ick mjK Dmuv lbv mcick cnCll. lbl EuiYo- cnCp MhM DC Db[hM Dm Yo vml. Dpn kJkmjK (fungi) Dvk mpJbl uQik pvv nl Dmu lj lbl EuiYo vml DC lbl kjv uQik pvv nl.
h{u Glbll EuiYo (vj DC co) mJl Pu. jbYǮ kUl n Yo Hj Uk vJnl. Dpvn Jvmhl DC yN Cbl vj kC DC co kC, n mbiC mh vml. EuiYo mjmk mJv ui h[u Dm JC&v kjC Mkw vn. hC Dm Yo mpJb pvv hMl mhhC omv l. DOjJj pvv hMRv hbyp EkJ MC DC m$yp EkJ Db[C DM vJ oCl Du Dnl. MCb Dkjcv Hj m#c Dml. hC Db[Cb Dkj yj c Dml. cm, y[k, h# mjK pJbl Db[CӮ Dkj MCbh# Hj c Dml. kjC DM Cb DY&k J{ Db[Cl nl Dmuv Db[Cl lbv DY&k DJmLl hju SJ{ Dnj Mojn Dml. cU lb Dkj MCbh# yj c Dml. mmlv Cbl DY&k J{ coǮ iY&Ml nl Dmuv lb Db[Cl KhoL& vmll. cnCv lb Dkj Hj c Dml vn. lj lbln Db[Cb Dkj MCbh# c Dml. MC DC Db[C blu omj cnJ Hjk cnCp MCb v|cl Db[Cb luvl Hj c mbKv DC DlJiv nl. MJ MCl nuu kjC biu #cl Dml, hC Db[Cl n #cl vml. DOjJj vj DC co blu Yo mh kjl T Mkl. MCb v|cl kjCN mpJbv `vj` DC Db[C vc&C kjCN mpJbv `co` DM mb% oCl Du Dnl.
EuiYo mJl kM Pu DmJ? p kUl ickl EuiYo vJnl DC mJ& ickb Dkjn pJUpJU mjK nl, lJn Dm kn ick DmC mJYJk nl- pb Dkj mJ&mcv ickh# EkƮl c nl. lcC kn ick mJ&mcv ickh# Dkjv EkƮl unv nl. cnCp mcickbcOn Skckbh# L[MǮ YVl Dmuu lv kj ick nl- (1) mJ&mcv Dkj Dmuu ick, (2) mJ&mcv ickh# L[ c Dkj ick, DC (3) mJ&mcv ickbh# L[ unv Dkj ick. lv DkjbcO mJ&mcv ickh# L[ c EkJ unv Dkj DmC H nl. kjC mJ&mcv ickb luvl ickbv Flj ickbM mcic kjC mh nl. h{ c Dkj箳 ickl KmcǮ m J{uv lb Dkj J{l iu DC kubljv lb hblj Db[CcO Pu. lNnv unv Dkj箳 ickl nuu kjC #cl Gom Du DC lb Dkj DOkOk m#c nTv lb MCl hblj Pu. yjyj mJ&mcv Dkj DmCj ick vcM< Pu. kjC lbv Flj ickbM mcic kjCm JJ Gju vn. MCb Dkj Hj unv Dmuv lb v|cl Hj c cCl DC puoilv nT uiu. lcC Db[Cb v|clǮ cC DC Ji- lb Dkj yj c Dmuv yj kc nl. MCb v|cl kjCN mpJbv vj DC Db[Cb vc&C kjCN mpJbv coǮ op& cUu.
uQik pvv Dvk kj D{Ull. cm, y[k bmjK Cb vj DC co bl mcic kjC b$C vmuv Db[Cb Huv coǮ Mjjl v nl ynj (ynO hCl) nl. DM kj Huvu `y Huv` cnCll. DM Cbl cov Db[ IluJj lbk[ yICm lu JU vml. l jcYjm J{ll. u kn DhJon Dnl. h{u Ji& Cbl Db[Cb Huv coǮ Mjjl nl. bl vj-co mcic JJmL Dml. Hul Db[Cb J{ coǮ Mjjl nl vn. lu Db[ IuJ uill. DM Huvu `Dbljk Huv` cnCll. Db[ IuCN Cbv `Db[p` cnCll. cm, y[k箳 plR C, mjm=h, h# Jij C Ji&l c[ll. mmlv Cbl Db[Cb H Huv vJn, lj Hul Db[Cb J{n coǮ Mjjl nl. DY&k J{ hC& PuJj co Dhl pvcu Iul. DM Cbv `pjp` cnCll. Ku箳 Ji& kn mmlv Cn `Db[p` Dmll. kbimjK kn mmlv Cbl iY& hC& J{ coǮ Mjjl nl vn. l Dhl hC& J{ v Puu DJmLl pvcu l. h{ l J{ coǮ hJj Dmuu Sk JM< hMJl hC& nl. ib[UmjK Cl vj DC co ovn Euib DJJ Sk Mjjl Dmll. kn Cbv DJMklcC Dhu Eui youl l. uQik pvv DM mLlblj nlv Dhlb kUp IC箳 J=ln you nl. pjp C Db[p Cb luvl Dhu mbllǮ pml kUp Ill. cCml J=Ǯ mJx MKj yIu cUl. kjC l mJl: pJbl Dmhl ku vd ku kj Dhu Dhlb kUp Il Dml.
DM kj mpJm=l EuiYo Gom Du. Dp箳 m$-h< mcvl kvlv h< DC m$ Dm EuiYo kjC n vmi& Sk Hj c k nl. FL uQik mhOx ypjhC Pu. hC Dmu k Dhjn& nl DC vmi&u l Ul Du vn. vmi& kyu cP JOv kn ukbv koƮl hCj vn. hC h{u GonjCbJv cP JOvl L[m lj lL Dn, n cvCm njkl vmJ. mcvl kvlv yIlu lj pvvlv vc&C nCN h{ h{Ǯ mbj#C DC mbihv pyyoj l h{u pvc oCN ovn cnCp vj DC co bk[ mccCl Dmu nJ. hC ll mJlhmv YoYJ Pu Dn, Dm cnCu yj JJ Dn. vJ h{Ǯ v|cl DC mbihvm Db[Ck[v iCm$byjyj KhoL祮n hjJ ku pl, hC MCbk[v lm H iCm$b hjJ nl, KhoL祮 vJn. ynlbM Db[p Cbl Dm D{Uv l k, vj-co mcic PuJj Hul Db[Cb mj#, mbJO&v, Dhl mbihv Do iR pyyoj H coǮ Ju l. mcicvblj vj omN cb ci uiCm ckU nl. k$, cbpj bmjK pjp Cbln mcicvblj vj h{ h{M kn mbybO jnl vn. iY& J{ coǮ Mjjl nl Dmuv Dhlpvchl l mJ& pyyoj kUl-vkUl cou IJ uil. YCJ= DC Dhl- pvc箳 JU nCN mJ& Mjjk nuDh cou mmJ uill. FLm vj-co mcicvblj vj omN coyjyj mcic kjCm mJlb$ Dml. hnu coyjyj lv kuu mciccU l箳Jj Duu pyyoNbM l knǮ oC-IC vml.
cvJ mcpl Dmuu mcpk ybOvbcU h<u ynO SJ{ mJlb$ vml. ljn cU DF& cnCp m$Ǯ pyyoN kc nl vnl. cvJ mcp mbmk=lk Glbl Pu vml lj FLu Ʈ$n Dv mpJbh# Hjm vjU omu vml. n mJ& Dmvn DhC cvJ Dnl, n hC&hC Jmv Flj mpJb vjbcC JiCN h<b mbK pml vmu, lj kcn vn, Dm cnu lj DlM vkwkǮ nCj vn.
iu ov-lv Mlkbl pJMm$箳 #$l DYlhJ& mbMOv Pu Dn. llv Ju#C #cl Dmuu pJ-lb$%v Gom Du Dn. lb$%vcU cvJ pJvM mbybOl mJ& #$bl Sk blǮ mJl Pu Dn. JkMm$ln il nTv Dphl DMkw JCN Dvk i kjC Dl Mkw Pu Dn. pJm=Ǯ pvv ƬmbybO Dvk cuk i GI[km Du Dnl. Go. MC DC Db[CbMJ pvv nT Mkl vn- mbkuhvu [@uǮ kwuEvicU noj ymu Dn. [@u pvcu Cl MC EkJ Db[Cb knn mnYi vJnl. [@uǮ kwuEvivblj Dv Dvk Cb kwuEvi kjCl Mm$%bv M Du Dn. kn Mm$%bv lj cCm kwuEvin MmJhC ku oJ ku Dn.
pJMm$ Ghi pvv Ƭln nT uiu Dn. hk kn iR GuuK kj Pu lj Dbl:h$ Huv (In vitro fertilization), h& cl (Surrogate Mother) lb$b kjJ uiu. bv `m-y yy` kj cnCl F&u. lb$b Jhj kv Dhl vmuu ochlbvn DhlhlǮ Dvbo Il T Mkl. DpyF& J箳 m$n hvn Sko mbllu pvc oC DvYJ IT Mkll. Dl jh{, v$h{bcC Jdz&h{n DmllJl Du Dnl. cU Dl cvJ mcpl h< cnJ kc nC Mkwl Dn. Sk oJm Dmn T Mkl, pJn pvvm h< DJMkl jnCj vn. m$b yyll lm I[C Dpv lj Mkw Jl vn. kjC Jj GuuK kuu mJ& vJv lb$bl pvvm m$Ǯ iY&M Dhjn& Dml. hk kun lb$v iY& v|cl ku iu lj iY& h{u J{ m$Ǯ iY&Ml nT Mkl. kwuEvimn MJ m$Ǯ iY&M uil. lp%bv vJ lb$b colv pvvm m$Ǯ iY&Mu omj kn h& Dpv lj mh[uu vn DC Dm h& mh[hl m$Ǯ mcplu mLv D#CC jnCj Dn. hC h< cnJ kc nTv l DmllJ H Jdz&h{bhjl c&ol Pu lj D& Ju vk.
GlblǮ kUl vmi&v pvv箳 yyll h<b- cnCp vjb ypv L[ Pkl ch oTv h<箳 pyyoN kc ku Dmlu, hC m$-cnCp cou v cUuu oᳳc op& JiCk YJ<l lu l箳 DmllJm Sk c Jjov Mkl.
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