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प्रश्नवेध एमपीएससी : अभियांत्रिकी सेवा पूर्व परीक्षा

इंग्रजी भाषा सराव प्रश्न

(संग्रहित छायाचित्र)

रोहिणी शहा

अभियांत्रिकी सेवा पूर्व परीक्षेतील एक महत्त्वाचा विषय म्हणजे इंग्रजी भाषा. या भाषेच्या सरावासाठी आज इंग्रजीतीलच एक उतारा आणि त्यावरील प्रश्न देत आहोत. या प्रश्नांच्या आणि उताऱ्याच्या आधारे, परीक्षेत कशा प्रकारचे प्रश्न विचारले जातात, याचा अंदाज विद्यार्थी लावू शकतात.

Data sciences, the Internet of Things, wearables and sensors, augmented and virtual reality are trends that have already changed the way a sport is played today. Strategy and tactics are influenced heavily by data and insights. Sportspersons and teams arrive on the track or field with a deep awareness of their relative advantages and disadvantages vis-a-vis competition. If the arena plays a role in outcomes, athletes have already spent time in simulated environments. Diet, training and post-injury rehabilitation cycles are all much more scientific now, thanks to technology.

One might argue that this is an evolutionary arms race: everyone with equal access to technology is theoretically equipped to better compete against another, thus negating the edge that technology offers. The counter-argument is that even if access was actually equal, the level of excellence in competition goes up several notches, injuries are avoided more effectively, safety is enhanced (in motor-sport for example) and results are fairer (technology assisting the umpire or referee, for instance)

At home, the viewer now has access to technology-led innovation, detailed statistical analyses and super-slow-motion replays for example, that enrich their enjoyment of the event and understanding of how it was won or lost. I believe that technology helps in making better informed decisions. Yes, it can confuse athletes and muddle their mind. However, data doesn’t lie and needs someone to assimilate and decipher relevant data and portray it in a simple manner that is easily understandable.

Que1:  What does the term evolutionary arms race mean in the passage?

1) Ineffective advantages

2) Fierce competition

3) Equal competition

4) Unequal excellence

Que 2: On which aspects of sports does the new trends have their impact?

  1. Safety
  2. Training
  3. Decisions
  4. Play
  5. Statistics

Options:

1) A, B & C

2) B, C & D

3) A, C & D

  1. All except D

Que 3: What does the exact meaning of the term arena is presented from the passage?

1) Simulated

2) Domain

3) Surroundings

4) Field

Que 4: A. Technology hasn’t provided anyone the advantage over others.

  1. Technology has holistically improved the sports arena.

Which of the above statements is not true to the discussion in the passage?

Options:

1) A & B

2) neither A nor B

3) B only

4) A only

Que 5: In the statement “Someone to assimilate and decipher relevant data and portray it in a simple manner is needed”; which of the following word / words can replace ‘decipher’?

  1. Explain
  2. Decode
  3. Derive
  4. Interpret
  5. Read

Options:

1) all except c

2) neither of above

3) Only b

4) all except e

Que 6: What does the narrator want to establish by the first statement of the passage?

  1. Technology has changed the nature of field of sports.
  2. Technology has changed the nature of playing sports.
  3. Technology has strengthened the field of sports.
  4. All the above

Que 7: Select the correct antonym from the passage for ratify

1) Enhance

2) Negate

3) Assimilate

4) Simulate

Que 8: What does the term edge in the passage convey?

Options:

1) extremity

2) advantage

3) privilege

4) all the above

योग्य उत्तरे

Q1. A(1)  Q2. A(4)

Q3. A(3)  Q4. A(3)

Q5. A(1)  Q6. A(2)

Q7. A(2)  Q8. A(4)

लोकसत्ता आता टेलीग्रामवर आहे. आमचं चॅनेल (@Loksatta) जॉइन करण्यासाठी येथे क्लिक करा आणि ताज्या व महत्त्वाच्या बातम्या मिळवा.

First Published on May 31, 2019 11:58 pm

Web Title: engineering service pre examination
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