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Jmn&ll HjlHmCǮ k?


F 10 JǮ cnCp cOck Muvl hj# vku I<l Pu DC J<a onJǮ vkuyjyj vihj-vMk JYidz M#C cb[Ubn `vku` uiu. vcv cb[UlHx Ilu pCN hj#b Jmn&l hvn Sko MvƮvnbkl Pu.

vihj JYil DvC& Puu pJu cnlc n JLa iCh[lUCvblj l cb[Ul vJn lj cnj^l hnu Du. lcC vMk JYidz cb[UloKu DvC& J|Lv iCh[lUCvblj iCJ ol PUku. cnj^ jp M#C cb[U箳 jvl CN D JYidz cb[Ubhk ov JYidz cb[Ub n ov GonjCb hj#bcOu mJUiWOU m kjCm hjM Dnl. Dv JYidz cb[Ub DJmL h# JiU vn. Flkb k yovcǮ Mkwk vihj DC vMk JYidz cb[UbJj ymu. mJ& JYidz cb[Ub vkub, iCh$kb DC l# Gjh$kb GlKvv ku lj Dm Dvk ibYj kj voM&vm lu. lcU kCln JYidz cb[U DOkj Dc箳 cb[Ul mJUiWOU vn Dmb 100 kwk K$hJ&k mbi MkCj vn.

vihj k EkJ vMk k, cb[UbcOu iWOUcU mbybOl JLv DC hukbv Puu cvmlh DC M#C cb[Uk[v ou pCj JiCk ovn i Gi vc&C kjCN Dnl. M#C cb[U DC DOkj bv lj mjJmjJ kjCm ElkƮln mbO vn. cyh mjkjyu k yuCj ? mJ&$ Dvbo Dvbo Dn. pJn M#C cb[UbcO mJUiWOU m nl l JU mjkj ojyj h# c `iWOU` IuCl l nl. cb$, M#Ccb$, cKcb$ miU Sk JiU hj# oTv (k mJhj#) Ka kM ku O[h[ kjl nl.

Dl JLcC M#C cb[U DC mjkjn hj# Dhu Dmv, Sko k ui l `vku` uiv Pu Dnl. kcv Dl lj mbybOl DOkj, jp M#C cb[U DO#, mƮJ, M#Ccb$, M#k Dcoj, hoJOj cb Dcoj, M#C #$lu DvYJ lp% J bv Sk$ ymv ibYjhC Jj kjC DJMkl Dn. Pu kjyu kJU Sk DOkNm pyyoj Ov uCj vn. vcvb Dvk Mvb Gjb MOv k{J uilu.

JL祮 J{l pCj mbK, GhuyO cv<yU, Gjh$kb cubkv hl, hj#k- vck b D[C, lb c&o, lbv oCl Cj cvOv, l# hj# mbuv hlcOu o<, llu D[C, hu Kl箳 c&o, iCbv ou pCj DJmlJ cnJ, cb[U DOkj, kc&j b cvmkl DM Dvk MvbJj kcmJh Ghpv MOv k{J uilu.

hj#hJ&, l# hj#kUl DC hj#vblj DM lv hhbcO hj#b kc DLJ k&Jn hj h[l. lvn hhbcO ijkj nT Mkll. kn JU jJv DLJ kn JU kUl-vkUl D Iv I[l Dmll. mbhC& k&Jnl cb[U DOkj DC kc&j bv Hj mJO, cCk, v:h#hl jnv kc kj Dml. Dhu kjkU vpjkvm Hj c iWOU nTv JL祮 YJ<kU DbO:kjc nT Mkl n pCJ hj# kcl DmCN lk Ju Dmu nJ. MJ hj# mbuv n `JR`b kc Dn lcU jpmljJj ICl CN uK JL祮 hj# mbuvl mnYi mJ& JR pyyoj J{l. cCkhC, li, M#Ck-mcpk ybOuk, kc DJ[-vJ[, m miU i Jmh# Dmuv Kjb lj hj#bcO ijkj DLJ iWOU vc&C nll. cnCv n kc JǮb DC Jmh# Dn n i=nl Ov mO箳 hj# hll mOjC DC kn kl&J kmjlcO kj Ghpvn kjJ uilu. MJ M#C iCJ jKCb DC hj#b Jmn&l J{JCb n M#C cb[Ub Lc kl&J Dn. iClck (Qualitative) J{u cnJ b k H mbKlck (Quantitative) Jmlj kj n jJC JU Du Dn.

Mmkdz cvmkl, mjkj Kkw DC DOkNb SklHa J{l Dbcu n kblj kc nCb DJMk Dn. vcvb mjkjlHx M#C DC DvYJ箳 vk<bJj nCN lp% cb[U momb ubyl vkwl nCb DYl Dn. vODYJ DMmkdz mcl yjKml kjC Mmvv jJu kn cnvbhJa J=h$lv JCl Du. kcv M#C cb[Ul lj h#dz jpkjC Cj vn oKu IC DJMk Dn.

cOck DC G cOck hj#b vkubvblj voM&vm Cj iWOU UCm vkubcO hjoM&kl DCu hnp. Dpn Dvk hukbv hvc&ubkv (Rechecking) DC iCh[lUC (Verification) cOu Hjk u#l l vn.

hvc&ubkvl mbhC& Gjh$k hvn Sko omN hj#k[v lhmu pl. lj iCh[lUCcO H JL&m cUuu iCb h[lUC ku pl. cnCp l JL祮 iCh$klu iC vck, hj#k b iCh$kbM DC Gjh$kM pUll EkJ vn n yIlu pl. Gjh$klu iCb yjp DC hC& iCov Pu Dn EkJ vn nn lhmu pl. iCh[lUCl kCln Mv hvn lhmu pl vn.

jp M#C cb[UDbli&l nCN hj#b vkuvblj iCh[lUC (Verification) mJO Dn. c$ Jh mljJju hj#bcO hvc&ubkv (Rechecking) mJO GhuyO Dn. DL&l lln h{ ijkj nl Dmuv hvc&ubkv mJO JhbcOv j nC Mkwl Dn. cnCp ijkj nll cnCv mJO j kjC. DL& y oKlb Dn cnCv hC& nl D@hjMv kv k{v kC Dmb Pub. c$ ijkj UCm Ghpv MOC lv nl vn. lSJp Dn l mJO ybo kv JL& nkwk njJv IC Dvkjk vn k? JL祮 nkwk DC cvmkl kn Jj ku pl vn n oozJ!

J<&Yj cnvl ITv DYm kv JLa hj#l hhj unl. DhC unuu Gjh$kl iCov km Pu Dn? n yIC DC mJl: Mbk vjmv kv IC m vn. Dhu Gjh$k i hlv lhmu iu Dn EkJ vn n yIC JL祮 cuYl DOkj lbv cU v n Dvkjk Dn.

Dio Duk[ JLv ciC kum, JM jkwkc Yv lhmuu Gjh$k sbkl (Zerox) l oC mJO Jhbv m ku Dn. DOjJj jp M#C cb[Uvm p JLv Mbk Dn, lbv Sk J<m jM l hM h Muk Dkv ciC kuu Gjh$k sbkl(Zerox) l oC mJO GhuyO kv Jm nJ.

Gjh$kb cubkv nl Dmlv Puu ou&#, kCl Mvl EkJ GhMvl km iC oCl Du Dnl, hj#k EkJ vck b kn vpjk lj Puu vn v? p[Cl Duu hjJC pi箳 pi Dnl v? Dm mJYJk Mv cvl ll lb Gj cb[Uv JL&m sbkl l oum yukhCv ou plu. kn JU JLa- hukb HmJ Dh#, JL&v hhj oTv DuJj Ij mbiluu DL&ml, kJlh# pml iCb Dh#, DM JLa- hukbv lb Gjh$k sl oum lb yul DhDh ybo nF&u.

L[kwl M#C cb[U箳 DC hj# vkub kcl hjoM&kl F&u. ``n mӳ& DC n pL`` Flk mJs DC hjoMa JJnj, JL祮 nlm DC cb[U Jmn&l mLhl kjC Gjh$kb sbkl(Zerox)lRcU Mkw Dn. lcU cb[U DC JLa blu mbI<& kc nF&u. DhC lhmuu Gjh$k sbkl l JL&m cUCj Dn. kuhvv vck DC hj#k b pyyoj DhDh J{Cj Dn. Dhu kc ibYdz&v DC Sklv kjCMJ h& jnCj vn. vck- hj#kb pyyoj vƽl nF&u. lcU ojbiF&, vpjk, ou&# DM i I[Cj vnl. Mml, hjoM&kl mnp mOu pF&u. DL&l n Dh# kjl Dmlv vck- hj#k bv oCl Cj cvOv, m-mJO, Gjh$kb mbK, lm Dh#l kuJO, n Jj cb[Um kjJ uiu.

Gjh$kb sbkl l oCm K& DC cv<yU uiu. hC lk Gjh$kh 400 l 500 h Flk Muk uJum lJj nCj K& DC cv<yU n D[C Cj vn. cUl pbv Mbk Dn Dm JLa sbkl lǮ ciC kjlu. mO iCh[lUCǮ DC SkC JLa mbK cC hnl Gjh$k sbkl l ciC kjCN cC Hj kc DmCj Dn. llv 400 l 500 . Sk J<m Flk jkwkc ibcl cnCv kC cb[Uk[ oCj vn. pu KjKj DlcJm Dn Dm JLa Gjh$k yIC nkwk cUJCm Glmk Dmlu. kCn JLa F&u DC Gjh$k sbkl l ciu, DM JL& Yl cb[Uv yUi v. Gjh$k sbkl l JL&m oT kuv vkub kclu pyyojǮn JYpv nF&u. lm ciC kjl kcv ov l lv oJmbl JL祮 Mbkvjmv nF&u, Dm JU ybOvn DmJ. ciC kuJj hbOj oJm DLJ Sk cnvv Mbkvjmv hlu kn DL& Gjl vn. Mbk mcOvvblj mbybOl JLa h{u M#C oM jJCj DC JM ICj. lcU i JUl v cUu lj l v cnCl F&u.

jp M#C cb[U箳 ``M#-mӮ``ln kj you nC ijp Dn. JLa, M#k, cKOhk, kW mbuk, h&J#k, cb[U kc&j b kl&Jl kmj Pum Dio #uuk mJh箳 M# l M#mӮl Dnl. Goj mJh M# mӮ Dmu lj l箳J< Ok DC Doj kCu JCj vn. vcv M#mӮǮ hv|Jj nC DJMk Dmv D Ju lj kj M#mӮǮ Jj cb[Uv kjJ.

iMul n kb hvjJ= UCm Dml. vkl uiuu vkulu iWOUJj DC kbJj llhjl cuchf v kjl vJ Jj DC vJ i kv yICm M#C cb[Um kn njkl vmJ. MJ Mv Dn l Jmn&l.
vjW hk
(cp cb[U mom), cbyF& JYidz cb[U.

 
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