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yUiJu c 1932 mu Du. iu 70 J<x hC& Pu. cP pvc yunWiu unv luk iJl 1921 mu Pu. lLb kV[ Lvblj Fbp MU vJnl. cnCv c, cP c YT J J[u yunWiu iJ m[v yUiJ Mnjl jnu Du. yUiJu yvv mcL nmku n Sk biu cMvj MU Dn. lLb c J cP c YT bv JM Ilu.

Fbp Lhl L[Hj cj yuu Mku. MUcO lv lk[ nl. `D` J `y` cj cubm J `k` kv[ cl=Y< cubm. c `k` Ji&cO nl. hnu kn J<x cu Hjm c$ vJnl, kjC pJU mJ& cj yuCj nl J cu cj Y< yuu l vJnl. lcUb lv-hJ&k cj Y< Mku mJl ku J Fbp Lhl c cj yuu Mku.

ivL Dyp kukCa ncP Ji&cO nl, hC n cu Lhl mcpub vn. l cP Ij箳 pJU [@.Klb ybiuMpj jnl Dm. HjM DUK vmucUb c l箳 Ij pl vm. Hy@u J Jn@uy@u KUu uiu, lJn l Dc箳 ccO T uiu JlJn-hmv Dc c$ m Pu, Dmb cnCu njkl vn.mnJ J mlJcO c Jn@uy@u c k@hv Pu.nUnU c p.S. Ij pu uiu. l l箳 cc箳 Ij jn. l Sk mKK ynC J DF& cc箳 Ijl jnl.

1939 cO Dcn oIb c@^k hj# hm Pu.biu ck& cUu. hC cu Mv h[u,k c k@upu kmb pb.kjC cP J[u 1928 mu vJ= Pu nl J lbv hvMv Hj kc cUl nl. cP Flj YJb[ pml kcJl vJnl.vbyj ov- YT yunWiuu `mv-hm` cnCv lLu k&cO kc kjl Dm. mcO c yunWiuu iu lJn lvb (hovb) cu Oj ou J cu k@upu D@[cMv Iu lmnv oub. pcum DhC kn D|Lk col k, Dmb Dmv oub. hjl DuJj c@^k jPu uiu J cu 69 kwk ck& cUu nl. p.S.u DL&l pml ck& cUu DmCj. lvblj pvcO Dcn oIbv Euijp k@upcO D&md MKl JM Ilu.

lJU c& H HjM vJnl. k@upcOv Dcn oIbv Mh cUu. cP YJvm L[Hj col ku. lvblj p.S. J cP c$ J{l iu. p.S. l kUǮ (cnCp 1940 muhmv) cj cmkcO s s kL unl nl. n cu cnl vJnlb, kjC cu cj mnlyu knǮ cnl vJnlb. Dcn H ku Fbp hmlkb Ju, ku Ju hnpl, yu & kjl Dm. Sk-ov Fbp mvcn hnu Dmlu. k@uppJU `k@H nTm`cO klko F[u J n Il nl.k@upcO iuJjDcnu KUu JU cUl vm. p.S. c$ yUiJcOu mJ&pvk Jvu-lv Fbp hmlkb DCv Jl Dm J cu l cnl hjJl Dm. k@upcOu pJUpJU mJ& hmlkb lvb Jv hjl ku Dmlu.l mbiC hln Flk sv nl, k l hmlkb JCh#l箳k[v lyu SkCb, n Sk sbo nTv ymu. cu Ij yjǮ kcb kjJ uil J j$ piv JCb Mkw vJnlb. n GCJ c p.S.k[v hmlkbyu Skv YiJl Dm. lM L[Hj biu hmlkb cUJv Ju nl. jc juB, k@Jn, [mJnmk, k@Ljv c@vmdHu[, Jn|pv JuH, L@cm n[a, M@, nEciJ Flo DM Dvk hmlkb c p.S.cUb J Mku.l JU Dcn mHv mJFi b yjǮ hmlkb Jv k{u. `yJDj D@H h{` n hmlk c ovo Jub. lyu knlj unJb, Dmb Jl nlb. n[ab `cj D@H kmj Hu[` n hmlk Dcnu y.S.uJCm nl. lcU lb Fljn hmlkb uyjlv DCv Ju. p@mH k@vj[ `u@[&-pc` n hmlk lj Hj DJ[ub. lJ< Dcnu unb nlb. k@vj[ Fljn hmlk Ju. DM jlv Dcn pJn pJn Yl Dm, lJn DM Fbp hmlkbJ< & kjl nl. lbv Dhu cj kLbJ< kn mbilu vn J cn lyu Jjl vm. kjC cj J*ddc-yu cu knǮ %v vJnlb.y.S.u J Scd.S.un c ov hhm& `kV[` n J< Ilu nl. p.S.v c$ cj n J< Ilu vJnl. `DO&- ciO` n J< lbv vJ[u nl. (y.S.u)

pJn c cbyF&u iu J 1948 mu y@cy yk [h p& Ilu, lvblj cu cj hmlkbyu J cj J*ddcyu L[b L[b kU uiub. 1948 l 1950 hl Dcn Fbp hmlkb pml Jkl nl.hC pJn cu kUv kub, k ijiJ-cO cj hmlkbv pml ciC Dn, lJn Dc箳 mumcv DM mӮv nl, k Dcn cj hmlkb Jkl ITv, kL-kobyN Jv l mj kjJ. lJn Dcn Flj cj kMkbk[v cj hmlkb ciJ uiu J l mJ& Jvubv hJv `c` k uiu.hClu kMkb biu hmlkb Dcn mn cnvbl 200 l 300 l KhJ Mku. lJU cu mu k, DcnǮ k kMv k v ! l Jjv Dcn DjEJo iKu J ibiOj i[iU b `kcUC` J `kylj` n ov kLmbn kMl kjCb jJub.lbkMvm cnCv kLb k$Cb ciJv Ilu. n mJ& 1952 mu m Pub. hC l JUu jcom YkU bv l k$Cb Dhu lyl Ilu DC l kLmbn `h@huj kMv` y@vjKu kMl ku. lJnhmv h@huj yk [h `kMv JYi` m Pu cnCu njkl vn.

pJn n ov hmlk m Pu, l p.S.v Ju DmJl. p.S.v cnl nlb k, jcom YkU n cP cJnC Dnl J l h@huj kMv JYi mbYUll. hC lbv 1955 hl cum kn Jjub vn. lbv cu Sk h$ unub k, DhC L[Hj cj kL unu Dnl J l Dcn oIbv cUv m kjJl EkJ kmb? c lbv unub k, kLb k$Cb hJv Jl. p.S. Dm yl nl k, l mbn yUiJcO shJ J lb clb J Flj kc lbv hnJl J 500 lǮ k{v JǮ JJmL c kjJ. p.S.v ci l k$Cb cPk[ ui hJu. l c Jl Dmlv jcombv hnu J ui l cnCu, `Dj p.Sb. k$Cb kM Du?` c mJ& nkkl mbilu. l cnCu k, c k$Cb ITv pl J l Sk biu mbn DhC `h@huj kMv` Jlv k{ӳ. lcC lbv p.Sb.v h$ hJv kUJub.

p.Sb.v Okwk ymu. lbv h$l Jjub k, jcom KjKj l m kjCj Dnl k! lbv Dhu kL SJ{ DJ[u k? jcom YkUbv ci p.Sb.v Dhu cvil mhhC kUJu. hnuhmv p.Sb. kL l Flj cmkblv Jl nl DC lbvl Hj YJu nl.DCK Sk i cnCp p.Sb.v c Sko Dc箳k[ (cnCp YkUb Ij) nm (cP uivvblj) yuJu nl. lJU jcom MUkj nl. n DJC lbv p.Sb.v unu Dmu. DM jlvb jcomvb p.Sb.- hnu kLmbn (`vUmJU`) lj kjb jJub. h{ p.S.b ynlk mJ& kLmbnb h@hujv m ku.yu jcomv Dhu Sk uKl mJmlj unub Dn.

yUiJcO cP Dkj J<x iu. (1932 l 1943) l kUl c J p.S. MU J k@upcO Sk$ l nl DC Fbp hmlkyu Ls & kjl nl. hC pml JU c lb Ij EkJ l cP Ij pl-l vJnl. Dc Y k@up-cO EkJ uyjcO nl nl. oIb D|Lk hjmLl ylǮ nl. oIn iWOU iuul jnl nl. Dcb Ij cnCp lj unv KuǮ nl. cP DF& c h J<祮 Dmlv vJl&ucUb cP J[ubv J YJb[bv cP oKYu ku nl. 1940 vblj 43 hl Dcn lv YT Ij nl. J[u 1940 cO Jju. lcUb Ij kcb cu kjJ uil nl.Kun unv. lcU c p.S.v Ij yuJl vJnl. p.S.m Dhu cc箳 Ij jnl DmucU cn lb Ij Hj kc JU pl Dm. Dcn c$ Dmvn Dp箳cC Sk$ YkCb, n@ucO pTv cp kjCb n mJ& Dcnu hjJ[Cjb vJnlb. Ij pTv Ij cCmM mui kv JU k{Cb oIbvn hmbl vJnlb. kwJƮl c l箳 Ij iuub cu DJlb. l DF& n J ƮJ[ DCv Dc箳 mcj Jl Dm. kn JU u[n Dml, hC pJu c Lbyl vm.l mKK ynCn lJU lL nl, Dmb DJlb. k@up muvblj kJnlj c p.S.v ITv pJU Dmuu `k@H nTm`cO pTv F[u, [m J n Il nl. lLb yj JU Dcn Fbp hmlkbyu ihh cjl nl. kn JU k@upTb[-cO ymv Flj cub KU hnl nl. hC Dcn KUcO Yi Iluu DJl vn, hC p.S.u Ƭkyu yjǮ cnl nl.

Dcn oIbv [^@Fi箳 Fbj-cpS hj# hm kunl. p.S.v kuj hWEiyu yjǮ cnl J DmLn nl. hkm, jyb Jij Jmv& hWm&yu lv yjǮ cnl iU ku nl. lb hWEi mjJ biu Dmu hnp. lcU jcomvb lb `[n-kUc` mbnu p.S.b hWEi hmbl kub. p.S. OjJ[ Ij p.S. yjǮ hWEip DmJl. yu lb ynC vbo hCkj pml mbi Mklu.

h{ c 1943 mu [mWyj-cO, cbyF& m.Dd.[.D@Hm-cO kcu uiu. lJnhmv Dcn Skckbv oI& h$ FbpcO unl nl DC Dc hmlkb-yu lnv YiJl nl. 1944 [mWyju cPb uiv Pub J Scd.S. hj# ccO Pu. kwum ov kwkwbv nku, lcUb cu `hSd. [. kuMJ Ohk nCb Mkw vJnlb. lkjl c ov cnv lv ku. [@.lKkJ J [@.Y<C bv Yu, hC lbv hh# pml JLa ICb Mkw vmucU cPb Sk J<& J pCj nlb. cnCv 1 J<& lj h@huj yk [hcO kc kjJ, DM iChljJb (jcom J[u) mӮv c mJkju J 1945 puhmv c cP vJv D<u jbY ku.

1956hl cP J p.Sb. h$-JJnj DJnl u nl.kUl cu yUiJu EkJ OjJ[u pCb pcub vn. l kUl p.S. OjJ[cO mLƳk Pu. hC lLvn Dc h$JJnj uӮ nl. pJn lbb hnub hmlk `vUmJU` h@huj kMvk[v m Pub, lJnhmv p.S. jcom bv Dhu Flj J*ddcv clbyu J kLbJ< unl Dmu hnp. cu c$ l FbpcOv on-yj hvb unl Dml. ll lb hmlkb ciCn Dm. lb kn Mbk-kMbkbb vjmv kjC lv kjl Dm. n mJ& h$JJnj c yjǮ J<x biu jlvb phv Ju nl. hC Sko Dc箳 Ij hWEi kv Ilv l ir inU Pu. Dl cPpJU pclc mn-ml FvuB[ h$b Muuk Dnl.l c$ c phv Ju Dnl. lb sl c .h.YiJlbk[ lbv ciluJv,hJunl.

l FbpcO DmucUb lbv l klhl Ghi ku, l cnl vn.

yUiJ mbybO 1945 hmv h{ Hjm jnu vn. h-mn J<v c lL pl Dm.kjCcP Sk hlC lL Dn. hC cP k@up c$ c$ lLb jnl vmJl. lcU yUiJu iu lj j-h oJmbh# pml jnl vn.hC cP1932 l 1943 n Dkj J<x c$ c kJnn Jm Mkl vn. p.S. Dcnu m[v iu,hC lb J yUiJ DJC cP mc=ll Ʈjblv jnCj Dn.DL&l c Dmhl!
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