jJJj, 11 D@im 2002                                                  mbmk=l DC mnlJ<k H#k HjJC

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
DJC
Jmc=lǮ H[Jv - 3 (h om)


ovbk 21 pv 1941. D& D$ b `D$ hkwm&` hnu Ʈ$h `h om` cbyF&l Jm SC[ (Dlb vP) DC Dv ov Ʈ$i=nbcO ocKl oKu Pu,lu Skm J<x hC& Pu. Yjldz Ʈ$hJJmlu mnkj llJJju hnu Ʈ$-mbmL vJi Ʈ$h uc[ mLhCl .k.D$ DmLv nl. Sk mnml hkL-mbJo-ilkj vlvb D$ bvDuh-JOl b[ ukk hl kunl. hJ&ku Ʈ$h箳 JNun v HjkCj D$ `vjo-vjo`,`kǮ uiv` k DvYJvblj Ʈ$- JJmJj vjp nl. hC yyjJ hW{kjb Dnvb `Oc&Jj`,`cJj`,`yj`mjK uk kL lbv unu. `kJm=` JU (1932) Lc h[Jj Duu mnlk D$ h[ci jnv 1936 l 1940 DJI j J<l Ʈ$- JJml ukk箳 MKjJj hnu nl.

mnkj mbmL hnu Ʈ$hvblj clYo nTv D$ ynj h[u DC lbv mJl: Ʈ$mbmL mLhv ku.D$ hkwm& vJl D$ b DlcJm omv l. lhl mJl: vJvb kC Ʈ$mbmL mLhv ku vJnl. Ʈ$v|clm m[D cUJCm ynj h[uu D$ KMl hm vmlv m[D Jkl ITv Du. l m[D D$ b hJ&kl=&lJJj hl Pu nl. Ʈ$v|clǮ jbYk lj Pu DC 21 pu 1940 vJicO hvYj pnjl PUku. Ʈ$hb vJ nlb `h om`. Ʈ$JJmƳk DJkd Pu. Ʈ$jmk Dvbol Pu. lƬbcU D$ DOk Glmnl Pu. D$ b Glmn KUUl OyOymjK Dm. DcI Glmn箳 Tcal `h om`b oioM&v DhC kjJb Dmb lbv jJub.`lcn oioM&vl iblul lj v|clǮ D|Lk DC Flj yyRk[ u# kC oCj?` DM Mbk mnkNbv J kuJj D$ bv oioM&v- Jj m[u. `Mpj` kclv c Puu YlcOu ipvv pnijojbk[ lbv oioM&v m$b mhJu. D$ b `yivn` pnijojbvǮ 1936 cO `nbm`m oio|Ml ku nl. D& D$ bv vJim `mbl mK` hjCk kL unu nl. mblh oio|Ml kju Jvkbv vkj oucU l kL D$ bk[ nl. l kLJj D$ hkwm& hnu Ʈ$h kjJ Dmb lbv jJub. hC Yl `mbl mK` kMv箳 ci&Jj nl. Sk kLJj Ʈ$h hh MmJ nCb DMkw nlb.Dl vJ kL Jj kjCb DJMk nlb.ipvv pnijojbv Sk DHulvkuhv D$ bv mJu. `mbl mK` mcpk mJhl moj kjC pnijojb kuhv D$ bv hu.hjCk mbl mK Dl-Ovk mpJcO mkjCb mhb nlb. D& D$ bv hjCk mKu DOvk JMl moj kub. hjCk kLu mcpk h oTv DOvk kjC n hnu i. kbyl Dhub J&mJ ipJCj,vJNu cl JCj, vYU yvJCj DC lcU mjUl mbmj mj mclu {mUJv kCj kpi i=nC DC l箳 lJ[l jklu TmcC mh[uu mMk mv, DF& Okl Dmuu hU cui b kL `h om`. DOn kbyk kL D$ bv unu nl.Mkuu,DlOvk H@Mv箳 hlvǮ Dh# DmCN mlJv KN DL&vb kbyk kL `DOi`, Lc D$ bv KmKMlhC jbiJu nl DC Jvk-cv#-uu ƮCm bv l llkwl KmKMlhC mkju nl. omj kbykL Dkjm DClv D$ bv mmu kWEyo Tv, l箳 nl mJ& m$b oTv, Flj h$bv-lln cKvb mvu- HjJub nlb. vJNu DC cuu lvb Dhu Okl Jv hjlb vYU yvJub nlb. Ʈ$hl {L&vb vƳk Dmuu cu Hjmb cnlJ vJnlb. mm cLkku D$ bv vƳkFlkb Ov oTv Sk JiU i ku nl. vƳk- JjK llkwl lucuvb mkwl JJ MkCj DYv$ l kUl Eno-cjl vJnl. mmӮ Yckm kC vJ[ kjJ n c Mv D& D$ DC ipvv pnijoj b-mcj nl. lbmcj `mbl lkjc` m ij, `kbk`lu Jcu JM DM kn vJb Dun Dmlu. Jj kjl kjl D$ bmcj Sk nj ljU uiu. Dhu kuhv lbv pnijojbmcj cb[l l DJkd Pu. D$ b Ph Ju#C JiU nl.l klhl MmJ nF&u -yu D$ bcC pnijoj mMbk nl. D$ b vpjmcj nl oi&yF& K. Yl箳 `DO jp`hmv oi&yF oyoy Ʈ$m=l J{} nl. `mJbi[`,`lY`,`il`,`Dcjpl` Do Ʈ$hlu oi&yF vƳk Yck uk Pu nl.`Dcjpl`lu h<bJ yb[ kv Guu lpmJ mocv Dhu Kj DYvlpvb ckl nl. l kUlu vƳkb DlᮮhoJj D{ Dmlv vƳk mm nTv { j$- Yckk[ JUCb oi&yFv JJ-njk Di Jl nlb. Sko { j$-Yck mJkju k hvn vƳk Yck cUCb DJI[ plb DC ci j$ DYvll kukj kc iCv nl.JJml vk-vƳkYJlǮ vnc kLvk ibHC L { Dmuvb biu j$ Yck vnc cUlu yu Ml ol l vJnl. oi&yFv nǮ Yl Jl nl. D$ DC pnijoj bv `h om`lu cLkkǮb mLv vckb kClb Dn,l vk-vƳk-h#n kl cnlJb Dn, YckcU YJ kUl j$ Yckbb cnlJ J{v lbv vk-vƳkb mLv kmb hl nCj Dn DC l mLv hl kv oCl oi&yF mnYi kl cu DC cnlJ jnCj Dn n hJv oub, oi&yFv cLkkǮ Yckb DJnv mJkjub. mvyF& cӮ Yckl Jvcuvb cOc Ji&lu mMk mv kM DmJ DoM& GY ku. DF& oyJ-Ku hU yvuu vk Jvk, yUJbl vk cb[Ulu ik v iChljJ cnl bv ku. D$ bv lb Ʈ$vJ `DJvM` Ju. vblj kUl l l vJvb DUKu pT uiu. `h om`l Kuvk Pu nl, ipvv pnijoj. h$-IN DUK #kbv kJU Sk Myol mƮl ku nl. #kbv IN箳 EYlJj, ojJj Dmhm箳 cubv J[Jk[ D#jl unuub `IN hp` n vJ omlb DC hh IN oml. cӮ vCbo jbi n Sk Ko[ h$ nlb. nbm- `DOi`l oc cmlj HkU hC llkǮ cU, `mj cu vJj Sk hll Iuv mcl y[Jv kJl- lj pil yk mK nlu`, Dmb CkJv mbiCj kwcC kjCN kmc oMhb[bv n JiU jbi #kb u#l jnu DM mjK mkju nl. `h om`l cLkkKjp Fljbv cnlJ vJnlb. k@cj (DC kL) cLkkYJlǮ Hjl jnl. vblj kUl Dvk mmJ hj h[Jj Du,l miU oi&yF cLkkǮ ky&v k@h nl DC cnCv l Dmh nl, Hk nl. cLkk K, pnbyp Dmu, lj l DmlU vJnl,cnCv l vk-vƳkh# YJ ju.
1931 l 1940 cO yuhb jbY kUl,vmbilJj Ʈ$mbilvb cl ku. lJU j[D n cblb v nl. cHv Mnj cOcJi&l om uiu nl. iC箳 jk@[&v Mnjl biu ciC Dm, Ʈ$i=nb K[bhl hnu vJnl. iJ箳 cj m@b[Jj n@ulu HvcJj K[l Dhu mbil <k YiJl Dml.lln uJCb Kmi OJvck DC Yl箳 `mbl lkjc` DYbi DOk Dml.`kbk`, `cP cui`,`cCm` cOu iC Mnj cOcJiabl iCiCu pl. DCC cF&Ckjbv ouub `h om`b mbil llu uJC-ypcUb K[bhl hnub. `Sv ohj Sk`v DH uk-l cUJu. lJU J=h$l Sk ylc m Pu nl. yUiJ-Mnhj jmlJj Sk K[l Sk lCvb `Sv ohj` uukj cju.Dmhm箳 K[lbv, l ykbv s[l Dn Dm mcpv, lu biu hu.

mbil n `h om`b cb Dk<&C jub. mJ& iC uk Pu. lln `DbiCl Huu pF& pF&`,`pJU ib hl cP vn`, `uK ykl DM oKC`,`mK m[ v j m[ v lc箳 nl c pj m[ v` DC `Sv ohj Sk DM k Hjlm Jv` uJCvb Ju#C uk-l cUJu.`h om`b mbil kjlv mbil oioM&k DCCmny cF&Ckj bv iChljJ cnl (DJvM) b Kh col Pu. vƳkm h&iv mjmJlyF& jC bv kub nlb. l kUlu l Eno-cjlu DI[Ǯ h&iƳk nl.D$ bv KUkj Jvo KmKMl kvj JMhC& kMuv oucUb `h om` kJU Dh jnu vn. Sk JU #k nmll DC j[lln. D$ hkwm& yOƮvnb cc& lcU #kb lm Dub. kUl D$-H[k Jo mnl #$l Miu hnu nl. Dhu `Pbkj` mhlnkl .v. m.H[k bv `h om`Jj Kjhm kuKv c.o.JiU vJvb m kub nlb. D$ b Ʈ$h Jvk-cv#, ocDCC cuJCkj, yyjJ hW{kj b YckbcU DC Jvkb oioM&vcU uk nll, Dm Jo hmjJCl Du nl. `h om` Mv l K h[u. `h om`vb cbyF&lu Eno-cmucvb obi箳 Jl-JjCln lvn Ʈ$i=nbcO jh-cnlmJ M cUJub. Flj$n l biu uu. l kUl h uK shhV npj h Ho DuhkUl cUJCj n SkcJ Ʈ$h, lhJa Yl箳 `mbl lkjc` (ml uK), `ihUk=<C` (mn uK), `mbl %vj` (j uK), `kbk`(mn uK), `cCm` (lv uK) Dm Ho cUJu nl. llu lv hjCk lj ov mcpk nl. hjCk DC mcpk Ʈ$hb #k JiJiU Dml. kJU mcpk J<hjl DC kMv kuJOǮ Jj ku lj `h om`b M v|JJo cb nlb. (D$ b `yj`vb 1938 l 1953 hbOj J<祮 kuJOl on uK h cUJu, hC l #k Dio JiU nl) Flkb Dch M cUJvn vblj kUl `h om` hv:o|Ml Pu vn. vblj `Jmblmv` kp&h Ʈ$cboj, `Jmblmv` J `h om` b mJ& nkwkbmn J Pu. Ʈ$h箳 viJn l iocl h[u. Dp SkmJ J<a jnul vml DJC.
cvnj hjboj