jJJj, 11 D@im 2002                                                  mbmk=l DC mnlJ<k H#k HjJC

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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`ukm ukc` (23 pv) Ju.Mj< h b cvilcvu YJu.Dhu cvlu Jj mkj nlnl, Dm Ju.
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mc oJb `cCm` cv yLhC voM&vm DCv ol. `ch`cOu pbl yUk=<C hmUkj b h$v lj kn mboY& vmu, lj mbybO 50 J<hJa DJC kv ou. cP yuhC lb kk kMJ cjj hmUkj cu kBm kcǮ lk mYm mJilil cnCJm vl Dml.
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ojOJv : 6144270.

k@vHwMm u l箳 Sk M<vb Sko Jjub, ``nukw op& cCm omN cCmu km j cjl?`` k@vHwMm cnCu, `` oi[bv``. M<vb hvn Jjub, ``DC cOc op& cCm omNu km cjl?`` ``Myobv``, k@vHwMm vb Gj oub. MJ M<vb Jjub, ``DC G op& cCm km cjl?`` ``uKCvb``k@vHwMm MblhC cnCu.
***
pj SK JjC yJj D[kv h[u, lj DhCkCl hmlkb pJU yUiCb hmbl k,J< p.k.mjv J lb c$ & kjl nl. `c Mkwmhdzj mJ& J*ddc hmbl kjv,` SkcnCu. omj cnCu,`c yyu Jv.` L[ Jj kv mjv cnCu, ``c @cm b `iF&[ Mh-yEu[i` n hmlk hmbl kjv.``

Fbp Myoj-1
`}km-ukc`cO ckbo kUkj bv `Fbp Myob Gj` M<&k mH unu Dn. ou&#l J<k[ Jkb u# JOuyu lbv OvJo.
Fbpl Gj DvclDnl. cnCv i Gj k DmJl, J< Fbpl MyokM GhuyO Dnl..[@vu pvm bv mbh-ol kuuEnglish Pronouncing Dictionary DJM hnJ.mcv-hC International Phonetic Association mbmLv oio|Ml kuu Gj cC cvC mJ&$ ku Dn.
`l vGvmMv (Pronounciation) biu Dn`, Dm Jkw mJ&mOjChC Sku l. Pronounciation Dm Myo Fbpl vn. Kj Myo Dn Pronunciation (vvMSMv).
c cj Y<kbm A Methodical English Grammar n hmlk unu. ll hnu kjC Dn Phonetic Symbols-Key to Pronunciation. kjCl Fbp Myojbyu Jj mJlb$hC ku Dn.
k, K, i... cC a, b, c n cU#j OJvRm Jhju pll. cU#j M Dmll, lj OJv lju Dmll. kubljv OJvǮ Gjl you nl pll J cU-#j c$ mLlMu Dmll.cj-cO , p, [ D#j JiUum D#jb Gj ynlbM l Dnl. hC M, < cOu cUl Dmuu Uk Gj Dl Hj Dmh Pu Dn. h{u Myo hn- j, j, c, pc, pc, hjpl, p[ (Jpv), p[ (Dbl:kjC), [H, D[, Ijh[, DM<, JcM&, D<&.
Fbp Y<l 14 J Mlkl kJ @mj kUl mJjb Gjl u#Cdz Hjk h[uiu. jhdz Y<blu Dvk Myob Fbpv chC mJkj kjCm mJl ku.lcU l l Y<-lu mhEui J Gj yyll Fbpl Hj Hjk Pu. Fbpl a, e, i, o, u n h mJj Dnl.hC Gj 12 Dnl. MJ S, D cC Fbpl D mb mJj Dnl. l Gju pll, hC cjcC lbv YV Ʈvnvnl, lj l mb mJj (diphthongs) ai, au, eq, ei, eu, ou F. p[-mJjbv oM&Ju pll.(mJ& Myobl lb Gj Sk kj ku pl vnl) cnCp h mJjb SkC 20 Gj nll. lm 21 Jbpvb 24 Gj ku pll.
Fbp Gj oJvij uhl unv oKJC pJUpJU DMkw Dn. Germanic n Myo oJvij uhl unC lv kj.muJd J jMv Y<lu Myo J vJ oJvij uhl unl l vnl. lcU Y<lu U k P (?) oJ-vij uhl unl l vn. Djy J HjM Y<lu `K` oJ-vijl unu D#j vn.
FbiuMcO 14 J Mlkl name mhEui nama nl J l Gjn `vc` nl. Dl l name (neim vFddc) Dn (F Gj v kjl lL F Dn Dm SkCNu mcpu hnp.) vc n mbmk=l Y<lu Myo Dn. mbmk=lcOu yj Myo (Hjk nTv) Fbp J jhdz Y<bl Dnl. Paternal, maternal n hl= J cl= Myob h Dnl. n u@v Y<j Fbp Y<l iuu Myo Dnl. Fbplu mead (cO J hChmv kuu o) n Myo mbmk=lcOu `cO` Myohmv lj Pu.
Fb[-jhv Y<b pvv Sk nl, Dm Y<Mm$% cvll. npj J<hJa n i Dn.cU Y< vJ EkJ Flnm %lvn.
DhC Fbp Myob Gj mhEui-cC kjl.Fbiub[cO mhEui- cC Gj ku pl vnl. lcU Dhu Gj ynlbMǮkǮ Dmll.a- D, D, D@ -affect, after, act (Dvcv) e- S, F, F&, D - educate, educe, EkJ eject, eke, certain. s - m, M, P -sound, sugar, pleasure. c - m, k - ceramic, car. ch-k, , M - character, chart, chauffeur.
Dl L[ Myo J lb Gj- onion - Dvvd,pollution-huMv,witness - Jvmd, marriage -c@jp, suit -m, suitable - myu,table - Fyu,suite-mJ,tablet- @yud, cricket - Ƭk,wicket- Jk.y@k@- OJl JC&v Skum Jju Gj Sku cUlu. `Ƭk` Dm Gj kum mhEui cricate Dm kjJ uiu. hn - locate. go - iDdd, debt- [d,tomb- c, bomb- y@cd, idict- Fvd[Fd - Djh kjC, method - cL[, methodical - cL@[ku.
c kMcO Phonetic symbol mv Gj oKJuu Dmll.lu trans-cription cnCll.Kj hnl, pb mJl: Gj M Dnl DM M#kbk[v cub Gj IJv IJl n mJxc ci&.
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