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Hblb$l, koƮl nlHoMln Dmu, Sk kJȳ i Dn. Sk kJȳu Sko lnv uiu. pJU Sk Yb[dl HCn nlb. HC l HlU Ku Dmuvb kJȳ lLHl Hnl vJnl. lJn l kJȳvb DpypӮ K[ pcJv l Yb[dl ku mJl ku. lyjyj l HC HlU J{u uiu. nl nl l Flk J{u, k Dl kJȳ lLHl H uiu. kJȳ lnv Yiu. DHu DUM jpH$ M<bv kc kjC jC oCm J<CMc&vb n kL jv mbilu Dmun. HC l Kj DmC Mkwl D@kwmH[&cOu [@. D@ukwm kquvk bv Jl&Ju Dn.

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HC JjmjCu kquvk b mbMOvvb so iu Dn. lu Syu DC y n kJU `k@Jn&m cv[du@F[m` plǮ Dnl. H@mHk cnmijlu v k@u[v ybJj mcvl: lb Jml Dml. plǮ kJȳb oI& kU DYm kjCN vPub[cOu i@qJnv nb bv c$ yǮ kjclǮb D& Juub vn.kjC v k@u[vlu pbiubcO JmlJ kjCj plǮ kJU lLb H[uu k[d kbJ P[b s HbodbHmv Dk[ kv yUlu Dȳ, k[cbi b Mkj kjll, n omv Dub Dn. kjJl Hvb JHj kv lHmv oYCmjKb koj Mm$ kjCn kc H#bv kv oKJuu Dn.GlblǮ mbkuHv u&dm [J&vu pLu mpJm=Ǯ lHMuJj vj#Cvblj mu, l i@u@H@im ybJj Kb[d plǮ Hv n H# lj lLb GiJCN vJ[bib MjbHmv koj Mm$b lj kv kkb Mkj kjlv mj&m D{Ull. vjvjȳ Jkwl lmb vjvjU cU#jb DUKC kjcl kn kyljbv kv oKJuu Dn. DC D@ukwm vJ箳 Sk HHvb lj MbYj vjvjU Myo yuCb kmy mO kub nlb.

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Kiudz IvbJv kM Ji k{C DCK Sk i pcm y[&u vJ箳 Mm$%v ku. pcC hJmlv Jiv plv Jv mcblj CN hJm LWy Dhuu ljk lv Ymll, cnCp Dhuu Dhu s$ Dhu uC箳 oMu L[ ljk kv uJ uil, lcC mӳ& hjc kjlv h=LJJj lNb kM hC ljk l Dmu DC l kl ljk l Dn Jv Dhuu kM Ji k{l l. y[&uv lNb Sk JM kj Ʈ$ k{v kM Ji 301,000 k.c. oj mkbou Dn, Dm mbilu.

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ljn n hl pml biu nl n Mm$%b u#l Du nl. ijp nl l cnCp Sklj J U cpC b$- I[U Dk hnp, oJ箳 kM GI[Ph kjCkjl cCmbSJp b$ hnp. lj Dm b$ lj ku ov lmhOa W Mm$% Hp DC Hk bv.

Hpv Sk DM b$ jv ku k pl MbYjh# pml kbij EkJ ol Dmuu Hjl nl. 箳 Sk ypu lv oJ Ju lj D kucj DbljJj lv Sk Djm Dm Ju k, oJ kM lJv hjJ|ll nTv hjl l ci&v hjl Du hnp. n hjl Duu kM yIl J, DM jv b$l ku nl. Dl oJmcj pj ol Dmu, lj b$lv kM ynj h[Cj vn. hC 箳 ov ollu H pj oJmcj Dmu, lj b$lv kM ynj h[v DC hjJ|ll nTv Duu lu om Mku. ci HjJv l Ji nUnU Dm J{J k 箳 Sk JM ilu hjJ|ll nTv Duu kM oml kc v. cnCp ov olb Hlv ynj h[uu kM pJn hjJ|ll nTv hjl l lJn lL HǮ pi ol Duu DmJ. Dl H DC ol oJmcj Clu kU cnCp olb mbK Yiu Sk hjc kjC kU. SJ{ JU kMu b$ l Djm l b$ SJ{ Dblj pCm uiu. n i kv Hpv kM Ji 313,300 k.c. oj mkbou k{u.

Hk b$ HpmjK nl DC DOjn l nl. Hk b$l ol Dmuu vJnl. l SJp lv Djm Dmuu Jhj ku. Hkv kM Ji mkbou 299796 k.c. k{u. l Gj kM箳 Dp cv Dmuu kM箳 vJ&l hkUlu Jih# H 66.542 k.c. kc Du nl.

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