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c@v[umuvb JC&v juub Dncoyo cnCp vbovJv!

mLhv kO Pu, n Dvk Mnjb J iJb yyll JoJ< Dml. Mnjb J vijb yyll vck mLhv kM Dvd kO Pu, kC ku, kMm ku, Mvbv Gjb cUlu Dmb vn. Dncoyo yyll c$ lmb vn. Dncoyo kC JmJub, kO JmJub Dvd k JmJub mN Mvb Gjb ol ll. hk Sk Mvb Gj lj Mnj箳 vJl Dn. iuyi& Dp箳 kv&klu iJl moJ JmlJ kv Dmuu mulv DncoMn Mkjm ipjl箳 Dmcbll l, Dmcblb vmi&mQo& hnv lb cv njKv plb, kC Sk mboj vij ybOCb l mJhv hnl, lm v kjl Dvd l Dcul DCloKu. mulv DncoMn 1411 cOu Yl n mjb I[ub cnCv Dncoyo mLhv J<a Pu Dmb vƽlL&vb cnCl lb. `Dncoyo`cOu Dnco n omj-lmj kC vmv iuyi& (cnCp yncv JbM) mulv DncoMn, nn vƽlhC kUv klb.

Dncoyo pv-hjC Mml Jml Dvd L&v- cbojb l mc=-i Dpvn m# oll. Dncoyo n mLhvhmv Gcvij jnuu Dn. SkkU io& njJF& Dl luvvb kc Pu Dmu, lj Flj Mnjb cvvb Dpn `$l njJ` DOvk Dncoyou JiU PUU DCv ol Dml. DL&l Dp oM箳 kCln Yik[v Dncoyou Mkjm Cj cb[U vnl; kjC lJ{ pbiubm Gju vnl. Dncoyo n vncǮ Jhj kv Dvd Gibb cnkv jnuub DmucU l cbll J{ub, cbll KUub. DL&l oozJ Hk Mnjun ymu. oI&kU u jnuu u{, jpkdz DmLjl, j jpJ, bcU Dncoyo ill {Gljn Kh Pu. SK jpIjCJj oozJvb Skciv Sk DIl kv l IjC DJI ocK GljJv ku, lj cU mN箳 mN Mn-KC L[ uhv jnll? l kj Dncoyo.

DL&l Dncoyo hjmju hbOjJ Mlkvblj Flnm Dn, lhJa vn, Dmb Dpyl vn. l hjmjl Yjhj cCl MuuK, lch, vC mh[u Dnl, Dpvn mh[l Dnl, v kUlu cbojb Dpvn GY Dnl. kn pp&jJmLl, lj kn pCxj PumjK. hjbl vo pM Dhub h$ nUnU youl pl, lMǮ Dvd l kj DOvkl Omvb jl Puu jpkl祮 unjvmj J mm vJ piJj Mnjb, vijb vc&C nl Dmll. ipjL箳 YoMJj v kUhmv Skciv Sk DM Eno jpIjCb m jnu. vJ jpIjClu cU h<vb pv jpJu Dmlbil kjJb, n vmi&vc DmJ. Ƹmlj DJ Mlkl Jcjp vJ箳 J[ IjCb mLhv kjCN cUh<vb Dncoyohmv mOjChC m cubJj DvnuJ[ n vij JmJub nlb. bhvj n y[hmv lmSk cubJjb vij Jcjp箳 Sk cb$vb JmJub nlb. Jcjp箳 IjCvb MbYjOk J< Yi m GhYiuvblj mUbk n vJb jpIjCb Gou Dub. mUbk IjClu cU jp cnhjc nl, ovO nl. mnpk l箳yu l箳 JjOkbvn hjcoj Jl Dm. cU jp箳 mh$箳 cnCp cb[jp箳 kUl iPvǮ cnccovb EnomLvJj mJj ku, ipjLJj DcC kub, mcvL cboj vmOm ku, mcj J<&Yj uu kv l hjlu. hƽc EnomLv njJF&, Jvjp, mhk pcv, m=mQo&yjyj FLu mc= b cncco iPvu Dh Jub DmCj. kjC luvvb l箳 cukǮ iPvǮ Dmcbl Dm[, K[kU, # nl. hC ljn J<&Yj O[im Iuv l coM hjlu. cncco iPvvblj hvn oMl Mbll vbo uiu. hvn mc=Ǯ vJ huJ Hu. GcMulvb hvn vJb MKj iub. m jp箳 kUl cnC DvnuJ[ n EnomLvlub mJl cbl Mnj nlb. DvnuJ[ YjYv hJuu ypj, yiyiǮ, l yibcOub mibO JlJjC, Oc&vJla cb[U, J̮jk Gb iuu lJ%v hb[l cb[U... mJ祮b cv:hl JC&v Ju cUlb. m jp n EnomLvlu mcL& jpbhk Sk iCu pl l cU. l Skboj kjko& 49 J<祮 (1094- 1143). lu h$jlv vJnlb, cnCv l箳 c=lvblj l箳 uby箳 Dhlk[ jp iub. mJC&kUu Dn uiu. l vJ IjC MJ JbMp jp YcoJ TH& EyyoJ. lvb DvnuJ[Jj uv Duu cncco Iju hjlv uJub Kjb; hC IjǮ mvv klyvvb YcoJJj biu m[ GiJu. l hjYJ lj ku, hC lu DvnuJ[lvb hUJv uJub. DL&l DvnuJ[ h[J kv, u ITv Dckklx vIv iu. DvnuJ[ Eno jpkl祮 nl h{ MbYj J< jnub. hC mJC&i lhl mbhub nlb.

lvblj c$ n oM ouukj ciub nl iu Dvd ouuǮ yoMn `JnFmj@` mYoj vlvb l lvO FLb jp k uiu. lbk[ vjbkM m Cm Hj kU uiu vn. FLu mulvvb Dhub mJlb$ jp I<l kub. l mulv JbMp DncoMn vb 1411 cO Dncoyo n vJb Mnj myjcl voǮ kJj JmJub. DncoMnvb ybOuu pc cMoǮ Mbm pcm Hi&mv hJ&l mLhl JM< DYm kjCNvbm ku Dn. hJ&l pillu Glk= ybOCǮ cMoRcO Dncoyo pc cMoǮ lvb iCv ku Dn. Dncoyo cMoRcO Dvd cmuc jpklv ybOuu JmlbcO u#Cdz cnCl lu DM yN Dnl. DncoMn yn Dmuu jC m n vJ cMo u#Cdz Jmlbl iCl F&u.

mjlnv uJpcvb 30 mhWyj 1638 u vIuu c@v[umu n pc&v Jm koj, Dbkuj, Y[, pbymj, y[o, Jm[, mplj, v[o, cncoyo, kvp, JJ, Dm cpu-ojcpu kjl Dncoyou 12 D@kwyju hnu. c@v[umu JmJC&vl llkuv Dncoyob JJmLl Ʈ$C Dn. l箳 JU Fbpb DncoyocOu JKj Mnjl Dio cOYi nl. l JKjl Fbp JKjcK `cmj` j@yd&m jn, lvb c@v[umuu jnCm Sk Mml c oub JmJC&vl cnub Dn. cYj ppcb DbLju nl, KbybJjn jMc Jm$b {Ju nl. j$Ǯ Kv c$ Sk c n@ucO nl. j@yd&m l Kvu plvb npj nl. Kv箳 JU [ JKjcKun Dcb$l kub nlb. hnCb cvjbpvm mn mboj vl&kRb v=l Dpub nlb. mJ& GhmLlbv Dhu hnjJ DJ[ub c@v[umuvb unub Dn; hC `lnh# Kbhl uby Dmuu cP [F&Jj km l mJv DOk Dk|<l kjl nl,` Dmb lvb unub Dn. lyyu ov oJmb Jblvblj c@v[umuu Mnjl En[Jv JJO mLUb oKJu iu. Dncoyo n l kU ciub Dvk jpOvbhk Sk nlb. Dncoyob ckx p l kU `cov Mn` cnCv DUKub pb, lLb lu Lc vCl Dub. `cov Mn`Jj vv kj P[b uJuu nl- Kpj, mb$o HUb. lcU lLb En[lv lu Kh Dunook DvYJ l nl. cov MncC DncoyocO Fljn DM j ckx nl, k pLb mJ& kj ƮpJml cUl Dm. c@v[umuvb kuu Yi箳 JC&vM l箳vblj mOjCl: lm J<vblj kuu W Jm LJv@ (Thevenot) JMb JC&v (1666) cUlbpUlb Dn. Dp箳 Dncoyol lv ojJp cnCv p Yi DUKu pl, l ojJpcOv huk[ iuvblj Yib n JC&v Dn. LJv@vb lj Dmb cnub Dn k, ypypbv unv J cOc GbǮ J=#, cOJj c$ Yu Gb J=# nl. l J=#箳 mJ&l Gb Yi SKo W[ Jv Ov<yC箳 mvb l G[JC mjJ ku pF&.

c@v[umuvb ouu cnlvmj Dncoyo jpOv Dmuu ipjL箳 ciub mYcO hbJm c Mnjb Dvd lm npj iJb c[l Dml. Sk k Jm uK h J|<k cnmu cUJCj n bl nl. cnmul mYojvb yj npjb I[oU JC ouukjb DoM Dm. Dncoyou c@v[umu `yibb Mnj` cnCl. J=#jhC kjCb n mONb Dvd mcvb pC sbo nl, Dmb lu Jub lvb unub Dn. JM<l: yi-F-Myv mulv klyv箳 kjkoal (1451-58) l mjoj cuk Myv vb vc&C kuu yi c@v[umu b[ mll kjl.

c@v[umuvb Dncoyou Y ou lJn ouukj ciub lLu mYoj nl DPc Kv. mOjChC mk[ Pkuu. l mbh-mLJj-pbic cuc on kR Ijl nl. c@v[umu YǮ kn oJm Dioj mQo&Jl cnCv DUKu pCj DPc Kv kv yoMn Mnpnv箳 Mp vJ箳 cuM Mo nTv ouuu jJv Pu nl. l箳yjyj Jm n, Sk npj I[ Dvd mn npj hj Yv jlvpJnj hJu iu. DPc Kv箳 cnul hM vkj nl Dvd cnvYj l K& on npj h (1638 mu!) nl.

16 D@kwyj 1638 jp c@v[umu yM JKj-cKmcJl DPc Kvu Yu. c@v[umu JmJ<a, DPc Kv mǮ. lblu mbY<C mJmlj J=vl c@v[umuvb ou Dn Dvd yuClvb vIuu yylv DPc Kvb cU h|Mv JbMl Dmub mbilub Dn.

DPc Kv箳 kUlub Dncoyo n `kh[b cnjIj` cvub pl Dmub c@v[umuvb cnub Dn. JM<l: luc jMc kh[ Dncoyo jpOv nl. lvb cnub Dn- There is not, in a manner any nation, nor any merchandise in all Asia, which may not be had at Ahmedabad, where particularly there are abundance of silk and cotton stuffs... They also make there great quantities of gold and silver brocades....Dncoyo kh[ cnl n DM MlkvMlkb hjbhj mbiCj Dn. c@v[umuvblj kn J<l Duu @Jn|vDj (Tavernier) W JMvb lj c@v[umu Dncoyou Dmlv Sk vJ kj kh[ v|cl m Pu nl, Dmb unub Dn. jMc Dvd ml Oib ibHC kv mv箳 lj Hub lJj iJv cnilub cni kh[ lj kub iub Dn, Dmb @Jn|vDj unl.

DPc Kv箳 kUlu Dncoyob JC&v `Dncoyol cUl vn, Dmb knǮ vn` Dmb nlb. kh[箳 yyll lmb lj Jmlb yylln lmb. mKj cnC, uK (uKJju Mkwkwbm) cnC, cO cnC, vU cnC... kMn kcljl vn. mcl mh[Cjb JUn v&l nF&. p Dncoyo hjmjl lj nl vm, l oMYjlvb lLb hJub pb. c@v[umuvb cnub Dn k, DncoyocO JhNbk[v kMJjn Dl-v&lm kj Dkju pl vn, Dmb lu mbiCl Dub nlb. h{b lb vj#C cb c|ck Dn. H klJuu lk hNci juu `Ʈjcj` ou k Pub! ivhJ[j, u[ Dvd m@uhj DM Jmlb v&lJj ybOv nlb. lm mYoj hjJvi DJMk Dm, Dmb l cnCl Dvd ui Dmbn cnCl k, l cUJCbn DJI[ vm. l J ou k Pub! cnCp hM J<hJahmv klu hUJ MOC Dhu p hjbhj Dn, l Dplil DKb[ Dn!

yMbv W, [ JKjR hsn kjJv Dhub Jhj ymlv ymJub. hl&ip Dncoyol hn Mku vJnl. ciu jpIjCu kbyk kunvb mub. mYoj Mjpj Pu Kj, hC mJlmYbv mcL& kc Pub. yM JhNbv mJmbj#CL& DCuu mvkb yUJj Skk h nmlil ku. ipjL 1780 mu yMb nl Dub. pvju i[[& mvvb Dncoyon kyp kub.

pvju i[[&u kClj Jjub, Glk= mvk vc&C kjCj EnomLvlu yi kb Dn ? Where is the best nursery for soldiers in India?' ?' lb Gj nlb, ipjL Dvd cKvb Dncoyo hjmj! n `Dncoyo` hjbhj kJu iu Dn k vn, b Gj Dncoyokjbv %l Dn. pb lu l MOJb uiu.

 
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