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lmb hnub lj ciu yoMn箳 DOhlKu ipjl 1760 hl nlb, lj y[o c$ 1734 hl nlb. mvhl Kb[jJ oY[ bv Dhu Jm Dvd kl&yij mjoj ocp ikJ[ bv `mcMjynoj` n vcYOv oTv lbk[ y[o Dvd y[箳 Dmhm kjYj mhJu. kn cnvbl ocpR hlC hup ikJ[ n GjOkj yvu. lvb mvi{ FLv kjYj m ku. ipjl箳 Dvk Yil hjmhjbcOu mmbI<& m᪮ nl. lcU hup ikJ[ Dvd l mnkj kblp koc bv mvmj Yb[CN cmuc jpklv col kjl Dhu m yUk ku. DL&l cmuc jpklxn k vJnl. lbv hup-kblp p[u njJCm GOp hJju lbJj m[ub. hC GOpǮ [U kn Mpu vn. 1727 cO y[o Dvd [YF& hupvb Epkv Ilub, lj kblpvb h{u J<a bhvj Epkub.

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Skbojl mpjJ cnjp (lmj) 1875 cO mmLv F&hl ikJ[ jpIjC Flnm n Dm DmLjl Dn. `kC n y[ kj` l DCCj. mpjJb oI& kjko& c$ y[l Mbll, mL̳&, il, mc=Ǯ Jvb iu. cnCv kl&yij cnh<b mcjC kjb. mp cnjpbv kl kl&yij DOkj y[l DCu, klpCbv col ku, y[ Jkm Dvd Jmlj km ku, n mjb Flnml vco Dn. y[o cnCp mpvij- n mckjC { Pub l cU.

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y[o Dvd J#hlC Dmuu mj j[& y&v (1821-1890) n Kjb lj Ocu mbMOv J< nT Mku. hjmJo Jl EnomLvl Duu j[&vb h{b Yiuk, mcpk, mbmk=lk DM JJO #$箳 pilk %vl cu Yj Ilu. v[j J=, km y Dvd l#C vj#CM, lMǮ DH cnvl pjJj j[& y&v SkCmJ Mlklu Sk cnv Dmc nTv ymu. kCln Y< kv Dlcml kjCb DvKb kmy l箳k[ nlb. l J箳 DJI SkJmJ J<a EnomLvl Du. cbyF&l jnu, y[l hnu. cbyF& lu DJ[u vn. y[o c$ vlbl DJ[ub. EnomLvl Du Du l EnomLv Mku. hj#l Lc cbkvb GC& Pu. 箳Jhjbil Jn@vm kv[Ǯ mvn cU lu h{u D<l uYu. EnomLv Y<hh hjMb ipjl, cj Mku. lhh EmO, hbpy, lui, culv, Dcxvv, lka n Y< Mku. Djyk lj l D@kwmH[&cO Mku nl. D<Yjl lvb SkClm Y< DJil ku, yu- Y< cUv Skboj UmJj Y< lu l nl. Jlmv箳 `kcm$` Fbp DvJo kv hl pilu lvb Sk DvK hJ&l Okwk ou. pilk hlUJj Y<h cnCv j[& y&v yuyu cU Pu. kbU Du k l vJv Y< Mkl Dm, Dmb H@v y@[ l箳 j$- uKkvb cnub Dn. (o [Jnu [^FJp, 1967).

lj DM j[& y&vb y[l kn kU 1842 cO JmlJ Dmlv lvb JiUǮ Ocu G[Jv ou. kJU ibcl kjCm cnCv lvb JiJiU plǮ Dvd J箳 ck[bv Dhu Ijl DCv Jub. (l kU Dncoyo-y[u ck[b Hj oml, Dm GuuK Dvkbv ku Dn.) SJ{b vJn lj ck[b Y< MkC Kh ku. DhC pcJuu ck[b vJbn lvb iclǮ Ju nl. l kCu [@kwj cnC, lj kCu @huv, kCu mj cnC, lj kCu iJnv&j S.[.m.! ck[bv lvb ymu mub ou nl, Dvd pJu LU. ck[bv Dojvb JiJ DoM lvb Dhu vkjbv ou nl. l箳 mJl: nll c$ Sk sm yk Dm. j[& hlv FPyu nvb Dhu Ju#C vJNb ov Kb[bl j$ unub Dn. (o uF&H D@H mj j[& y&v, 1893) ll lvb cnub Dn k, mN ck[bl Sk sM, cT kmb mboj ck[C nl. lu l Dhu `yk` cnCl Dm. l箳 kvbv lvb cln uJu nl. DM DHulv j[& y&vvb ck[b `MyokM`lu m `DJpb` DYmhC& vWo ku nl Dvd Sk vJ, DvK Y< Mkub mcOv cUJub nlb. DJp OJvcl kjC m vmuu pcvl lvb n oJ kmb kub nlb, kCm Tk? DhC mNbb oozJ Dmb k, 1861 cO l箳 Iju uiuu Dil vWo Ymcml Pu. cvJ mbMOv Sk J Dm Divb KTv ku. hvn l mbMOv vJvb kjCb oY&i cvJplǮ vMy Dub. H@v y@[vb unub Dn k, hvn phv mbMOkbv ck[b Y<lu lm `Myo` MOv k{u Dnl. DkcO ijub Y<lu yJm, lj Dcjkv ck[b Jm箳 Dmhm Myo MOu iu Dnl. cnCp OJvcC m vmuu kUl j[& y&vvb mJ&Ok DM m Myob vWo ku nl. MyoL& uJu nl, Dvd ln y[l.

 
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