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mbmk=lk mbƮlb cnlJ pCCjb vmk


mcp-pJvcO lk Mnjk[ JM kj Yck vYJC pyyoj l Dm mcp nl. Givij cbyF& cnc Puvblj kUl hCvb cbyF&hh DOvkkjC J hmu, Dvd MmJl vJvJv ci& MOlv pv hC箳 KCKC cJCm mJl ku. JJ= pCkjb clvb hCb Dhub hChC kUl-vkUl njJ uiub. mc=lklj Puu hCkj Dpn `FLb Dck J[ nl`, `FLb lck jnl Dml`, DM Y< kjll, hC hCkjb vJ h{bv k lb Dh? cbyF&hh hC nn GcMul Dnj iu Dvd pvb hChC D[iUl iub, n vkjl c$ l vn. Dp箳 cbyF&-hC hoj cnci&cU hC nn pC cncbyF&b
Ghvij yvlb Dn k k, DM Mbk kC箳n cvl u JJ Dn. hC cbyF& nT uiu. ci cU Dmmu hCb k? cj cv cvEyo cnCl F&u Dmb l hJab hCb! lb k? vmkkjbv lbb vmk hC箳 ci&vb uub Dn, Dmb cnub lj DJ[Cj vn koƮl, hC lmb l nl Dn, nn lbv vkjl Cj vn. vMkb hCb nCb cnCp k, nn mh kju nJb. Jb cnjIj, mbmk=lk mbƮl J DmCb, SJ{b vJn, lj l phC DJp&v lv nCb, l mbƮl DYcv yUiCb, Dhu iJlu mcpk mbmLb phCk kjCb... n mjb l `hChC`l lb. Dp vmkkj n mjb kjll, cnCv Dp箳 vmkk[ ku箳 hC Yck kjCb Dub Dn, Dmb cnCb. hCmjK nJcv cnCl hCkjbmjK Mnj Dvd nJcv DYcv cjJCb! ci n hChv ci& k vn cnC?

DL&l hCl Dvd vMkl Sk cnJ Hjk Dn. vMku Hj v Flnm Dn. hC#$ vMkb JC&v kjlv p lh[ Myoi DYcvvb ku pl, l kj lj cnCJb uiu- `n $<R lhYc, mb iYc Dvd cvJb c#Yc Dn.` vMkb n cnJ ivi Dn. Yjldz mbmk=lkMl mbilub Dn k, k=lil yoJvb FLb hmv Iuv lh kub, cnCv viju hvij Dmb vcYOv cUub. Y jcb箳 kUlu Kj, o<C Dvd $Mj n lv j#m kbkmjK oMl jnv $<cvR lhbl- %bl JIvb DCl Dml. $lil jcvb lIbv cjub, n Kjb. lj oMu lI kbkbJv $kbk Dmb vJ h[ub. hjil oMu pvmLv cnub iub. kuil c$ u vmk cnub pl Dn.

ioJj voǮ ljJj Jmuu vMk iCv YjlJ<&lu h cK cnlLl nl. cnCv `hƽc kM` cnCv vMk cnl Dn. vmk n kuilub vJ lj kmb h[ub DmJb? FLb Mh&CK j#mCǮb vk Dvd kv u#cCvb sov lu Jh kub, cnCv n #$ vmkw TH& vmk cnCv m hJub. omjn Sk Jlh `vmk` vJ mbilu pl. n #$ p k[Jj Jmub Dn, lu vT MK cnCp vT MKjb nl. cnCv #$b vJ vJMK Dmb h[ub, l DhYbM nTv l `vmk` yvub. Dio Dl-Dlhl `vmk vJkJj JmJu` Dm Jkwj vMkl { nl, Dmb cnCll. n vJkn %l nl- oi& k, iCM k, Ʈ$Ib k, E[iUDU k, cnmU k, piJ[ k, hChj k... DM lb kn vJb nl.

vmk Yiuk jv Ovl Ilu lj v kUlu $<cvRv oMb Dk<&C k Jub DmJb, n kvd Ovl lb. vmk l:mc DM k o#Cu $jM cnCp hb[JuCb [Wij, Gju jcMp [Wij, hJxu mhlM=bi- boJ[ [Wij lj hƽcu iJO&v cnCp ibihj. vmk Dvd hbJ cUv vmk #$ yvlb. ovn mLUbcOv ioJj vo Jnl. vmk o#C ljJj Gj Yil lj hbJ Gj ljJj. ovn ljbJj cbojb Dnl. `hbJ` Myoun v Flnm Dn. Y jc FLb JmlJu Du Dmlv lLu h JJ=#bpJU l pl h $<kcjb Gj Pu cnCll. DL&ld hn J[ c$ kc jnu. h JJ=# cnCv hbJ.

hlbpu (F. m. hJ& 150 J<) klv (F. m. hJ& 250-200), hCv (F. m. hJ& 600-350), Jjncnj (F. m. 550) DM Dvkbv vMk GuuK ku Dn. hjlJ Klvb pyuhjpJU Yjlhj iJ kn uC Kov k{u. F. m. hJ& ovM J<祮 uClu ymlhJj vmk GuuK Dn. FphMv @ucvbn (150 F. m. hJ&) vmk l箳 kU Oc&h Dmu GuuK ku Dn. vmk hb[JuC FmJmv箳 hJ Mlklu Dnl. llu Sk inl vmkpJU iJO&v iJ GuuK `iU` jp jpOv Dmub cnub Dn. pv hbLdzb pvYmj 箳 bLl vmkyu Sk mJlb$ kjC Dmv, ll pvb D{J lLkj p bYmJc n vmku jnl Dmub cnub Dn.

Flnmkuv vMk Jm mN YoM箳 FlnmcC c̳& (F. m. hJ& 321 hmv F. m. 184 hl), DbOY=l TH& mlJnv (F. m. 200 hl), DYj EkJ Dnj, ukw, j[, oJ... Dm Pu. vblj l ouukj ciub lvOk[ J l# ciubk[ jnu. Dkyj yoMnvb pJn KvoM Epku lJn yiuC lukn l箳 lyl Du.

hMJb nl n oM uiu, lJnhmv vmkb cnJ J{ uiub. llhJa ciubv vmk Dmhm jcCdz Jv hnv vMk vJ youv l `iuMvyo` kub nlb. yj kU l ul nlb, n Sku Dp箳 vMkkjbv kmb Ju? 1684 cO cjbv vmkJj mJj ku, hC ciubk[v lbv nj hlkjJ uiu. 1696 cO c$ vmk kn YiJj Dhu Dbcu JmJCl cjbv M Dub. ioJj voǮ h$lub jckC[ kU ybOub iub. h{u hVmk J<l vmkJju ciub m #C nl iu Dvd cjbv l cUJu. 1747 cO cjb vmkJj pc hC&hC ymu. mjoj vjMbkj bv mcjm jcj cboj ybOv mm vjMbkj Ib mLhv ku, Dmb Flnm mbil. 1751 mu hMJbv `iuMvyo`b hvn `vmk` Dmb hvv&ckjC kub. ioJj voǮ huk[ vJhj JmJu, pv cbojb pCxj ku. Dvk vJ kb[b ybOu, vmk-ibihju cu J[ ybOu. vmku pTv jnCb cnCp c#ci& Ju kjCb Dmb knmb mckjC l JU Pub. cbl cOJjJ hMJb cl ihkyF& Dvd cc $bykjJ h vMkm kc jn uiu. jIvLjJ hMJ TH& jIyoo bb lj vmk n DJ[lb kC. vmkpJU Om iJl DvboyFm J[ ybOu iuhmv l lLb jnu. Om iJb vJm youv DvboJuu Dmb kjCl Dub. 1803 cO k kCm Tk, hC jIyoob ƮjbpJ Dc=ljJ bv vmk uub. lvblj lm kj nUkjbvn ku. lhl EnomLvl mLjJuu yMbv {JU{JU kjCm SJ{b Dl# Dcb$C hjmb nlb. Fbp mvhl c@kw[Ju vb k@hv yip箳 mvb vmk hobl kub. kv&u c@kw[Juum jcCdz mLvb b[ Dk<&C Jub. v cboj, #o HUHUJUb yi, HuP[bv [Jjuu yi, mjoj-yjkojbv ybOuu Jml... KjKj kl jcCdz Dmu vn, l JUb vmk #$. hC l c@kw[Juu kuhvn vmJ k cll Dbijn Gcuu plu. 1857 oMYj GJl vmkkj c cCJj mcu Pu nl. lvblj kUl DYvJ Yjl n mMm$ blkjkb mbIv FLb pvcu Dvd J{u. JYmyjyj Oc&mbmkj Dvd yuovm vmk m Pub.

yMbv hCcC vmk nJ DJ[u. vmku hCcC lbv k@vvcv DLJ k@ch JYi v|cu. vmk k@vvcvu oJUu k@ch cnub iub Flkb. yMkuv vmk il Dv MnjbcC Pu. ljn D<Yjl vmk#$ pTv Cb n kl&J cvuu cnYibv, mcvbv `hLk n hjbhj mbil` hjh u Ju. vmk lLxhOb Jl h{vddh{ vWouu vJb y=nodmӮ kjl Du, lj ynjǮ omlJp lj nF&u. Jbl cnC mcL& jcom lmb MJp cnjp b omljK uK Dnl. vmk JOhJ&k lL&$ kjCNbhk iiYf, cP&jp pEmi, Ovp pOJ, mblp Ijh[ DM klk clyyjb vJb Jbl D{Ull. hjbhju DOvk `cnl- lb$%v` p[ ou, lj h{ h{bm vmk ckwkc SKo Dp[ bL vc&C nT Mku.

`hjbhj` MOCm `DOvk lb$%v` Ghi kub Sk GonjC vMkl hnu cUlb. hC Jh Dvd [kwkv k@up jm& Fvm b mb Jcv vmkcO 1950-51 cO GlKvv kjCl Dub. nmcK Ojpuu mbku Dvd Mbljc Yub oJ b vl=lJKu. vmkcOu i[icnjpb Oc&MUpJU Sk pv i{Ǯb GlKvv cb[URv kub Dvd vv kj v hjJ iU kjCl M cUJub. i{l mh[uu Ijb ybOC hkwkw Jb Dvd Glk= op& nl. JU Dvd kj[ jbi ƮKu bb cC kv Ijlu pcv yvJuu D{Uu. FLb F. m. hJ& jM l lvM kUlu clǮ Yb[, lj kn uKb[ Mm$bm cUu. F. m. lmN Mlklu mlJnvkuv kuboKu FLb mh[u Dnl. icomjK cC, Cb ol, k Jml Jij Jmln cUu Dnl. GlKvv kjlv mJl Jj Ljbl MJp cnjpb nv lmb Jnkwj cnjCǮ sh h DM yN Jml FLb cUu Dnl. GlKvv mbl J=bl mbku-oJ mbMOkܳvb unuu Report on the Excavation at Nasik and Jorwe, 1950-51 1955 mu m Puu bLl Ju cUl. D%l J Duh%l Flnm l[ uJCm kmkm lv ku hnpl, vmk `clǮ i{` n GlKvv Dvd l DnJu Sk Jmlh Dn.

vmk `clǮ i{` GlKvvvb v Flnm箳 Dvk hubJj kM h[u. kn ijmcp oj Pu. myU Dvd l# hjJ cUu k oblkL c[l pll EkJ oblkLb Slnmk Iv nll. vmk hjmjl pM cbojb Dvk lMǮ ibH-uCn Dvk. hk vmk v$lu Dbpvij hJ&l箳 jbilu Mbk Dkj lv [Wij Dnl. lbv $-jMc Dmbn vJ Dn. lhk cOu [WijJj hJ&YcK Dmuu uC Dnl, lbv hb[JuC cnub plb. hC hb[Jb uCbM knn mbybO vn. ijmcplvb l vJ cUub Dn. n uC F. m. hJ& SkM on J<l vc&C Pu. k=<C EkJ kvn jp箳 kjkoal. lhk cbk j l o ibH F. m. hhl nk, ilch$ mlkCa, Jmh$ huc b kjkoal vc&C Pu. Sk, ov, lv, D Dvd Jm ibH F. m. hVmhl vc&C ku iu, lj F. m. 400 l 600 hl ov, hbOj, mU, Jm, lJm cbkb ibHl you kjCl Du. cbk lv箳 uCl cl ilc Dvd l h$ mlkCa onWb JC&vn Dn. cbk on箳 uCblu MuuKl GhJol #$h jpvb lv uK iFb ov kub cnub Dn, lj o cbk箳 uCl lvb mnYpvb Ilu GuuK Dn, DM cnln `mbmk=l-kM`l ou Dn.

y nvv hbLlu Yov GhhbLdzb n uC. Y#b vJmm l vc&C kjCl Du, n GI[ Dn. uClu clam y Dvd yOmJ b Dnl. hC lb DUK v v huvb l hb[Jb Dnl, DM mcpl Pu Dvd uCbv hb[JuC Dmb vJ ijmcpllv h[ub. hC DOk mbMOvvblj n yOcab uC ju.

vMkb mnlk, mbmk=lk, mcpk, jpkdz mbƮl Dmb u#Cdz. l Jjm vmkkjbv Dhhu hjvb h{vddh{ phu, n cnJb.
(cuk mchl)

 
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