FrontPage


Dl# kjbyyl kUkj mcl k cnCl?

pilk Jhj mbIvlHx mbilu pl Dn k, lk oMv DlǮ cY Jlv Dl kj pmll pml 16 kwk DmJ. kUkj DnJucOn Dm mj Dn. cnCp kUkj DnJu n pilk Jhj mbIv DnJu omj DJ= Dn k k Dm mbM l. DnJucO Dlyyl yN i mbilu Dnl. 1999 mu pilk Jhj mbIvvn Dm Sk DnJu m ku nl. ov DnJubcO Flk mc km, Jj kju nJ. pilk Jhj mbIv H DlmbybOǮ mӮv kjl, v&lmbybO vn. Jj lkv u# JJm nJ. Dp Yjl Dl n v&lh# 10 Dyp [@ujv DOk Dn. Dl muY kjl Dmlv v&l pj J{u vn lj oM Dbljj^dz Jhj l vkwkǮ 10 Dyp [@uj Jj pF&u. D|Lk vlJj l vkwkǮ hjCc nF&u.

kUkj mclv moj kuu DnJu ov Yibl Dn. l# kj J Dl# kj. Yjll l# kjJj Kh u# ou pl, l kjC Sk k, n Sk Jil Mv Dn J cnCv k k lk JmhJj J lk J=h$l Jj Yjhj & Pu J nl Dn. l# kj Jmu n pJUpJU 20 npj k h Flk Dn. lj, Dl# kjlv pJUpJU 80 npj k h mjkj Kpvl pc nl Dmll. Dl# kjbJj lƬ plk JnJm hnp nl lJ{ Pu vn. kjC Sk k l# kj lk kjolu pm YJl lm Dl# kj, pj l YJu lj mJ&mcvbv oml vn. ljhC l YJ pvmcvbJj h[l Dml. cnCv lJj Jj Pu hnp. lk oM Dl# kjbJj DOk u# ol Dml. kjC kjbcU ilǮ Ji J oM jl Dml. GlhVJ{ J jpijJ{ n GlhovJ{Jj DJubyv Dml.

Dl# kj cnCp Glhov kj, Dykj kj, Dl kj Jij. kjb [Wij vnc J{l Dmll. kjC Sk k oM箳 ilu kjbcH&l uv cUl Dml. pilkkjC YJ pmpm J{l pF&u lmlm Dl# kjb Mv DOkOk ibYj nl pF&u n vkwk. pilk Jhj mbIv vc n pilkkjCu koƮl pk jC Mkwl oml Dn. Dl# kjb DnJucO yyl yj mbkl ou Dnl. Dl kM kjJ, h{ lv J<cO kl Dl kj DmJ, Dl kjb, kj ojb mc kM DmJ, Jj mclv ibYdz&v Jj ku Dn.

cbyF& cnJ k mbiJ? cbyF&cOv 66 kwk yBkb JJnj m nll. (Transaction) MDj ypj voxMbk cbyF& mbJjl DJubyv Dml. kjC 60 kwk mb Gu{u cbyF&cO nl. mjkj kjmbkuv Jj kj Dmu lj 48 kwk cUkl kj n Sk cbyF&lv pc nl J Dl# kj p箳cO Dykj, mc Muk b DblY&J Dml l 41 kwk pc ku pll H cnj^cOv.

cbyF&cO Dmuu vck mbmL (Regulators), jPJn& yBk, my J lcU L Dmuu Jhj, yBEki JJm DC FvMjvm kbhvb pU cU cbyF& cnJ Dp piYj Dn J l h{n jnCj Dn.

pmpM oM mbh J{l pl lmlm lk oM Dhu kjCuJj vjvjU lNn Jj kjl Dml. YjlcOhC l u Dn, kUkj mclv l ku.

pi箳 hJju lk oMcO pJn Glhov nl Dml, lJn oMoM l GlhovJj kj n DkjJ uil. kjC Sk k oM箳 GVlm hm GY kj Dml cnCv. kn oM cnCll kj, kn oM cnCll Muk/ Dkj, kn oM cnCll GlhovJj kjCu. Yjl mJlb$ PuJj oM箳 GVlm ijp nl hM cnCv GlhovJj kj uJCl Du l Dykj kj (Excise). lJn oM箳 GVlm lv lNn kj uJCl l - Dl kj, Dykj kj DC l# kj. mJlb$ cUu lJU oM DL&vl DkbƮl nl, kjC hjoM uv Dio L[ nl. Dl kj pyjoml nl kjC hjkdz uv vJnl. v&lhC kc nl, p nl l hjbhjk- n, li DC cmu bmjK hoL祮. Flk kvm mJ&l pml coj nl l Dykj kjJj. J cnCv k k J<&vJ<x kjh mjkju cUCj GlhV n Dykj kjJj DJubyv nl.

Dykj kj J JmlӮ Ekcl blu hjmhjmbybO Ovl Cm n kn GonjC -
* 1. pJn YjlcO hnu H i[ DCu iu (1954 mu) lJU l Yjllu Ekcl Fuv H쮳 kclh# ohh nl. kjC Sk Dykj kj J jp mjkj Jkj.

* 2. CcO h<b Jpj yvl lb Ekcl nl kjKvcO 100 h. Dykj kj nl 120 h. cbyF&u DCCm pkl nl 7 kwk J lcU Ekcl nl nl h 235. l箳vblj Jnv K& DC J kj 20 kwk. Ekcl Pu h 300. Jj J kcMv 20 kwk J ybOCJU. lcU Ekcl Pu 400 h. cnCp 100 hb Jml Jku pl nl 400 hbnv DOk kcll. hn, Ekcl kM I[I[bv J{l Dm l DM. (Cascading Cost). .

* 3. Lhm GonjC I. 32 h kclu Jku pCj Lhm, l Kj Ekcl Dml D h DC DOYj Dml y, ynj Jv, Dykj kj, Jkj J kcMv b!

* 4. lj kh[b kclcO Glhov cu Dml H 30 kwk.

* 5. SkkU p n vǮ Jml cnCv iCu pl Dm. lJj Dykj kj pml uil Dm.

n GonjC ou kjC Sk k, Dykj kj JmlӮ cU Glhov K&l kM Yj Iul nl l kUJ cnCv.

kUkj mclǮ DnJu, n Sk DYm omlJp Dmu cnu pl. lcO mJs unu iu Dn k, kjJj vb$C DmJ. hjbl Yjl箳 ilm kj Jmu J kj DkjC Jhkl J{C Dlbl ijp Dn. DnJul h{ Dm cnu iu Dn k, kjhmv cUCN cnmu j^dz GlhVM DmCj YJ J{JC vlbl ijp Dn. cU v&l J{u J oMynj hm iblJCkm oMl F&u.

1990 hl Dl n El yy nl. oMcO hjkdz uvhC kc nl. cnCv k k DlJj pyjoml kj uJu nl. 1991 mu hjmLl Flk Kjy Pu k oM mv inC JC JU Du. llv Dhu oMl D|Lk mOjC mJl Pu J lcU D|Lk il Jnu col Pu.

kUkj mclǮ DnJucO Dl mboY&lu kn ljlo Gc Dnl. l h{ucC :
* 1. pJvo D<ObJj EkJ mjkj DlJj (mbj#C,DCM) Mv kwk Dl kj.
* 2. 10 kwk kj k cuJj.
*3. 20 kwk kj Dblc Glhovb DlJj.
*4. 15 kwk Dl kj MlǮ J ijp vmuu Jmlb DlJj.

Duk[ Dm omv l k, DlǮ mboY&l ko Kh Dnl J lj Dl kjC muY Dn. oM箳 ilu Dl kM cjk jl l l# GonjC KuucC :

* 1. YjlcO SHSc j[D m kjCl Du n ylc l Ʈv j[D Yjl箳 kvNu uiu. lb Ekcl nl H 60 h. lcU YjlcOu Dmuu j[D Glhov Jlnl Pu.

*2. Ʈv KUCbv Yjllu KUC Gi hj J uJu.

*3. 100 m#c y@u yDEji Sk hk cC y@u yDEji Dl ku pll J cnu pl Sk mB[[& yDEji. Dlkj H 10 kwk. DM DlcU m#c yDEji Glhov (oMbli&l) ymu Dn.

*4. pv b$mcyyl lj yuJm vk. DM b$hkjCb Dlyu ko mJs Dnl. hjbl Dhuk[ 20 J<祮 pv b$mc Dl ku pl J Dl DOkj l phl kjll. l b$b uuJ nl J Dloju lǮ b$ ou pll. hvu DC [ Yv iJiJcO Dm Dvk EEi Gi Dnl k pL pv b$b DlcU OckU cpu Dn. Gi ybo Dnl J ykj J{l Dn. pv cjR Dlyu SkkU Dm iWOU cpu nl.

*5. Dlj 200 hbv pj k lv M& cUu lj 400 h kclǮ Yjldz M& kC IF&u k?

* 6. Sk Yjldz kbhvv ov k h K&v kwu hvmu Glhov kjCyyl phv kbhvyjyj Sk kjj ku. kwu hvmu J Ekcl 50 h DM jJCl Du. n hvmu ypjl Du DC l JU phv kbhvǮ kjv Yiojv lM hvmu 50 hbv lv ojv YjlcO Dl ku. Sk kjCcU Yjldz kbhvǮ vkmv lj Pu, hjbl hC& Yjldz ypjh Dlm Ku Pu J l Ho Pu omN oMu. uKvmnl Yjldz ypjh pJUpJU 1500 k hb Dn. pJUpJU lv uK Yjldz Gil kc kjl Dnl.

* 7. YjlcO Dvk Gi Dm Dnl k, DlcU pb Kh vkmv nC Mkwl Dn. pj Glhov Iu lj ykj J{u J Dykj kjhC Iu n mjkj u#l km l vn?

pilk Jhj mbIvlHx mbilu k, DlǮ cY Ju iu hnp J Dl kj pmll pml 16 kwk DmJ. kUkj DnJucO hC Dm omv l Dn. cnCp kUkj DnJu n pilk Jhj mbmL omj DJ= k k mbM l. DnJucO Dlyyl yN i mbilu iu Dnl- km JoM Jhj DmJ Jij. 1999 mu pilk Jhj mbmLvhC Dm Sk DnJu m ku nl. ov DnJubcO Flk mc km Jj kju nJ. pilk Jhj mbmL H DlmbybOǮ JOv kjl, v&lmbybO vn. Jj lkv u# J. Dp Yjl Dl v&lh# 10 Dyp [@uj pml Dn. Dl mh pj Pu J v&l pj J{u vn lj Dbljj^dz Jhj l vkwkǮ 10 Dyp [@uj Jj pF&u J D|Lk vlJj vkwkǮ hjCc nF&u.

Yjldz DL&JJmL n pilk DL&JJmLcO mcJC mJl Pu Dn J lcU k k Jpoj KuJl Dn. pi箳 yN oMbcO pilkkjCcU Jp oj Ku l Dnl. cu GJ J{JCm DL&vl vnc mJl k, Jp oj kc kjJ. pilk ilǮ Ji o[ kwk J kn L[ oMbl pl Yjl mcJM Dn lL ilǮ Ji h kwkwb Jj Dn. Dhuk[ Dl hjkdz uv Yjhj DmucU hb hjJl&vdz hjmLl mO uil Dn. DvJm Yjldzbm h hC& hjJl&vdz Dn. hJa Yjlynj K& kjC cY nl l lv npj [@ujhl nl. l Dl 10 npj [@ujhl J{JCl Du Dn. vJm YjldzbvhC Dl [@uj DkTb GI[l lu. pilk Jhj mbIv mbiCcC Yjldz uv hC& hjJl&vdz pu 2004 vblj kjJm uiu. lcC yBk D@H Fbjv@Mvu mucW b mbiCcC Su 2003 hmv Dhu yBkbv lb k&cO yj you kjC DJMkl jnCj Dn. lƬ Dl m Pu Dn. cnCv Yjldz yBkbcO Yjhj ibipU Dn.

pilkkjC Ho Dvk Dmu lj lk oMv Dhhu c mcpv ITv mJl: yp mbYUJ. kCln hjmLll oM箳 GlhVJj yO Cj vn km JJ. Dhu oMlu Gi J Jhj n jyJu hnp. vn kj ykj J{u, voj J{u J lcU ibYj hjCc nlu oM箳 DL&JJmLJj. oMl Dl ukbv mcpu Dn k, Sk ha mjkj Dl ou&Y. ha hacO mcpbm J{v nF&u mjkj ynh#dz. DM JU oM箳 nl mJhj# nl. hjbl lk Yjldzv Jj kjC Sk i, n D|Lk i[ D{Cm Mcv Fbpv nJ Dml, u h& vn. (An Economic Train Requires Strong Political Engine)

vJv kjCu n Sk nJmjK Dml. ilcv Dm Mkl DC koƮl lcU lcn FƮsl mLUu uJkj pT Mku, hjbl jmlbcO Okw mLv Kh Dm Mkll J lcU DhIl nT Mkll. The new tax reform system is like a highway. It is efficient and gets you faster to the destination but the risks are greater and accidents can be worse.

YjlcO ko Kh hC v kc, vO&j Kh hC #cl kc, hv Kh hC Jj kc DM DJmL Dn. DM JU oM nl J hjmhjb mbybO b Jj kjJm nJ.
ijM JmoJ

 
Today'sHomePage