jJJj, 8 [mWyj 2002                                                 mbmk=l DC mnlJ<k H#k HjJC

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
kM
mc#%v mc= kM


`J*dcv mb%-mbkuhv kM` n k. i. j. YkU HTb[Mv箳 `mb#hl cj kM` $KC[lck kMkuh lmj Kb[ Dn. mnlmc#- JJnjM mbybOl DMhjY<k mb% DC mbkuhv b mh-kjC kjCj Skn bL cjl GhuyO vmucU DM mboY&-bL v|cl kjJ, nlv Y iCjkj, Jmbl Dyp [nk, p o[kj,
movbo YkU, DM jpJ[ J jcM JjK[ mbhokcb[Uv mll kMbL m ku Dn. Yjldz mnlMm$, hʳmnlMm$, mc#,kJ-kj, vk-jbiYc, sbo-Dubkj, kL-kobyj-kLv-ccbm, J*dcv Jo-mbl, mQo&Mm$, ukmnl, Y<-J%v Flo J<b Dv<biv pu pCN Skboj 654 mb%b mY< vWo kMl ku Dn. mnl JLa, Ohk DC mpC Jk mJ祮 ijp YiJu, DM kj mJ& vWoR uKv Pu Dn. n kc kcuǮ ko DC yk lkoǮ hj# hnCj Dn. SK J<Jj SKo uK unC JiU DC kMil vWo unC JiU. vckw Myoc&ol JM mb% J mbkuhv Sk J Dvk DL&, mnllnmlu l mb% mLv DC J*dc-JJnj, lJ%v, cvmMm$, Flnm Flo %vMKbM l mb%/ mbkuhv DmCj vl Gui[v oKJC n kcv k& l vWolv I[J, DM Dh# Dml. vWo Dk PuMJ mboY&bL cnCv kMu cvl J cC uYl vn. lcU Skbojl n kc kcuǮ kk J Dlbl pyyojǮ Dml. mbhokcb[Uv Dhu n pyyoj Dlbl mcL&hC hj h[u Dn DC mc#J<k %v mc= kM DYmkb nl ou Dn.

mnlmc# Jhjlpu pCN mnlmc# J<箳 Dv<biv kMlu h{u vWo DlM Gh jJl :- DoybOlck mc# (h=. 105), Slnmk mc# (h=. 118), j$lck mc# (h=. 210), hv mc#hl (h=. 222), cvJMu<Clck mc#(h=.292), ckwm&Jo mc# (h=. 297), Jk lmo mbl (h=. 351), Mu-J%vk mc# (h=. 376), mcpMm$dz mc#hl (h=.395), mc# (h= 397), mnlk=lǮ Jv-JMu<C-DL&-vC&v-cuchv (h=. 404), m$Jo mc# (h=. 411).

lcC h{u vWo mc# J mnlMm$ #$lu JJO J=Jnb yO I[JCN Dnl. DlJmlJJo (h=. 62), DvYJJo (h=. 68), DYplJo (h=. 75), DYJJo (h=. 79), DYnlvJJo(h=.80), DvJlYOvJo (h=.80), Gj Jmnl-Jo(h=.121), Gj mbjvJo (h=.126), mQo&Jo (h=. 151), i{Jo (h=. 203), l=<C kJMm$ (h=. 225), kdlJo (h=. 232), lkJo (h=. 272), ckwm&Jo (h=. 296), JmlJJo (h=. 352), Jjv (h=. 357), mbjvJo (h=. 382), mnl hjmLlJ%v (h=. 445), mnl mcpMm$ (h=. 416).

mJ& vWoRcC mnl-kjbM mbybOl kL, kobyj, vk, kJ-kJkj bmjK vWo, DmllJJo, DYplJo, DJ<kjJo, DOvkJo, Gj DOvkJo, jcBmPc, oMJo Flo Jombkuhv, Dbk, JMk, DYv, v, vk, vbo, Yjl-Jkw Flo vmby mb% DM Dvkvk J<b kMlu cb[C kcuǮ DYmhC& J mclu Pu Dn. IlL&Mm$-hmv hƮklmMm$hl JiJiU ƮklmhlR kMlu hj DC mbl-mnlhmv oulmnlhl cj mnlJlu mLlblj-oKu kMl Dhuu mnp GhuyO nll. DYmk箳 JiJiU ijp Sk JU YiJC kC kc biu kM kjl Dml. cj Jk-DYmku CN ynmbK D[CR vJjC kjC DC l箳 vvJO Mbkb Gui[ muYhC kjC kcij n kM Dio mnphC hj h[l.

kMu mbhokbhk Sk Jmbl Dyp [nk b `DcK` vck $hV h=b p mlJv Dn, l DlM cnJ Dn. mc#lu JiJiU JjJnb mck DJukv kjCj DC lJj Y< kjCj n mlJv kCn DYmku cu Ju. mlJv DjbY jpMKj箳 `kJccbm` DC lv kuu `kjƳ$` J `YJƳ$` lY b GuuK Du Dn. uul J*ddc箳 v|clu kjC nCj lY l kjƳ$ n. YJƳ$ lY n mc#kbv Ghk=l kjCj Dml. `kJ DC mc#k l Yo vn, kjC oIn kJǮ Dmll` Dm v D祮 cl jpMKjv G=l ku Dn. jpMKj箳 cl kJlcC mc# nn lY k& n. mp&vJ= J mc#-J= l cul: b vn. mc# noKu mp&vJhj Dn DC uul mnl箳mp&vJJnjln mc#J= k& kjl Dml. [nk bv jpMKj箳 `kJ-ccbm` mcjC mJv kv ou, n Hj biu i Pu Dn. DvboJO&v DC DYvJihl bKjp Fljn mnl-ccbmk mbmk=l hjbhjl nTv iu DC lbvn cnJ mbl cb[u Dnl, Yv lcU GlhV nl. unC DC JC lu Yo vWoJlv [nk bv ovn Sk J*ddcJJnj箳 ov yp Dmv, lhk Sk mQo&iY& JJnj Dn lj omj %viY& JJnj Dn, pCJ kv ou Dn.

mlJvl mbmk=l mnlMm$, cj mnl J mblkJR mnlMm$ mbybOǮ JJv [nk bv ku Dn DC JJv箳 DIl `oM J*ddc hnv l mnlMm$dz hj#C kv mnlMm$Jj mJlb$ bL unCFlk Jv cChJ&-kuv cnj^l vIu vn` [@. klkjb DY DJC lbv Pu Dn. h{ SkCmJ Mlklu mnl-Mm$ J mc# b Jj kjlv c. c. kb, k. y. cj DC c. i. jv[ b JmljhJ&k GuuK lbv ku Dn.jpJ[ b kobyjJj-k[n l u# JOll, lm J. y. hJO&v, n. v. Dh b Jjb mjbM l mbill. h=.21 Jj kUkjb 1921 mu y[o L kuu Y<Clu Jjb hjcM& l Ill. Y<Cl JM< Dm lJJj vn, mbmk=l mnlMm$ mKu Dkuv Y<Clv D{Ul vn, ku J vl Dm Sk Jo-J< lbv m[v ou, DM mL& k l kjll. kuJo J pJv-Jo mm JoJ< & kjlv h=. 22 Jj kuJo J pJvJo n k=$c b kUl vc&C Pu, hjbl l# mp&vMu mnlJj l JM< Dm kn hjCc Pu vn, Dm Dhu vj#C l vWoJll.

c{xkj, J. u. kukCa b kcijǮ hjcM& IluJj o. k. y[kj J Mjb cyO bJ< l Jmljv unll. `y[kjb kuJju v Yjldz mnlMm$ DC pJv-Jju ckwm&Jo yk DmucU lb mc#Jjv kuJo- pJvJo, cvjbpvJo- jJo lu JL&l u#l DCv ou` Dm c|ck JOv [nk bv ku Dn. (h=. 30) [nk b mlJv culb DM DYbv vƽlhC J{u Dn. kJU Flnm v mbil Flnm ccbm kjC lb lko L omv l.

cj mc#Jjb Dlbl m#h mcuv [nk bv ku Dn. j.. pi, y. m. c{xkj, ibiOj i[iU bhmv cOJ DJu, o. i. i[m, ibiOj hu Y=lR mc#Jjb cbLv kv lbv Dhu v<k<& k{u Dnl. l lb mclu JjMǮ voM&k cnCl lu. uIvlkukb UJU, UJUR mnlMm$ J< lbv JmljhJ&k unu Dn. mnlkjv mc# J<箳 Dv<biv unlv kL kobyjǮ luvl cjl kJJ<k Jj DOk Puu oml, n kJcRv oum oCj Dhu DJukv lbv cb[u Dn. vc[ b oMJo cj mc#lu mLv l mh kjll. `oMJo mcL&k DC oMJo JjOk Dm Sk b Dmu, lj DhC Dhu cCk Jhju hnpl vc[ b cnCCu kn yO C kjC vn` Dm DL&hC& DY l DJp&v J kjll DC mJ&l cnJ cnCp `Mlk-Yjlu mc# Ju hnlv cj mc# n kJU mbmk=l-Fbp mc# h[s Dn, Dm Dc DvYJ vn` (h=. 13) n lb Dlcl Jku Dblc&K kjl. [nk b mlJvlu n Hul DlM cnJ Dn. mkuv hnl cjlu Skboj mc#J*ddck[ hnC iuY J mkjlck Dm kv `DcK`cOv k nl n kCn Jku mnp pCJu.

kM cnu k, Jmlv n kMjv h n, mJl: clb Dn kMl Dm Mkl vn. mll kM JM n k mbhokb clb s Skn vWoJj D{Ul vn. kMu oI& kU kCj mboY&cu DmJ uil. l vn n kM DYmkm Dvk oMk mn糳Yl ju, Dm cnum lUc$ DlM nCj vn. lm n cc mbiu nJ k, kM clMOv yjkF&v ku Dn, lcU uKvo< jnuu vnl. hjCcl: kM Jmn&l J{u Dn. DCK Sk vWo kjJm nJ. kM cb[C J kMlu sƮ$ cU kM oKC Pu Dn, Jvdz yvu Dn J GodyOkn ju Dn. Jkbv ibiOj i[iU bhmv j. Y. hCkjbhl DC Yub vc[bhmv P@kd ojohl uKk-mc#k Dnl lj km, nn hnu cUl.

cul: movbo YkU b n kuh. lb J DC k=l u#l Il n hj nl Dn, lbv kJ{ mcOv Jl Dmu l DhC mcp Mkl. l kuhciu Kj jC DC M Dnl. Glk= kM m kuyu mJ& mbhokb J kMk YkU HTb[Mv cv:hJ&k DYvbov!
Jum Ku