jJJj, 9 c& 2003                                       mbmk=l DC mnlJ<k H#k HjJC

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Dic
v Yjllu J%v DC lb$%v


`v Yjllu J%v DC lb$%v` mbhok - [@. D箳l L
J%vk ilǮ mc= Yjldz Jjm mbiCj n mƮ$, mmboY& hmlk l SucO J%vYjl, cbyF&lH & kMl nl Dn.
cu - 450 .
mJulcu (c& cnvhl) - 300.
hmp - 50.
mbhk& - mY< YiJl (23886095)
[@. D箳l L (26442128)

n[hh kulu vkvv

hjllJ mbMOkbv MOuu cnb-p-oj, n[hh n m kC F.mvhJa 3500 J<& Dnl. l kulu DM Dvk JmlmLv hkmlv J Yjll JKjuu Dnl. Yjl vkvv Jjm H 5000 J<&hjl c&ol vmv ln DO Yjldz vJ[bv mijJm ku, vkvv DC mij Jhj b[ %v DJil nl, n oM&JCj Dvk mӮk hjJ Dl GhuyO Pu Dnl. Kj mbi lj `vJniMv` Fbp Myo Glh `vJil` cU mbmk=l Myohmv Puu Dn. mijJm Lck nl Jhj nl. mbmk=lk, O|ck #$M l mbybO mJYJk hjCc nl.

cnb-p-oj kulu mij Jhj kW

FmJ mvhJa 3000 l 1750 kUl EmO KNlu mbmk=ll, cnb-p-oj J uLu n cnJ Jhj kW nl. hƽc DMF& J Djy j^lv nCN JnlkcU, Kbyl DKl箳 Gj kJj Jmuu uLu n kC lj Yjl JMj cvu p. hƽc kvNJju c mij Jhj-cU, Kbyl DKllu voǮ HmJ cKlv Dl CN pnpbv ci& oKJCm ci&oM&k vk JC ijp mLvk jpu Ymu.

`Tj` mcjv ybojl lm ynjv J Huk h|Mv DKllu ybojb iu cnjbJj, vCN ov kUJb, EmO- mbmk=loM&k, Ʈ$ Dmuu Mkwk cUu Dnl. h|Mv DKllv nCN Jhjl l Mkwk Jhju pl. FphMv ccǮ Ypuu cllu lk=l uLu L mh[u Dn. n mJ& hjJ n[hh J h|Mv DKllu Jhj yboj l l kU mccix Jhj u nl, n m kjll. cnb-p-oj Lu GlKvvl ov h# Dmuu n[ J [ukJu n[Ǯ Ʈ$ Dmuu clǮ Khj mh[u Dnl. uLu Lu GlKvvln M[箳 J yvM[箳 vkb lk=l Ypuu clǮjk hlǮ cUu Dnl. [@. Smd. Dj. jJ JKl vJk hjllJ mbMOkv vco kv Ju Dn k, nhhum kv Jhj JNb MO uJChJa 2000 J<x n[hhv vJkbv v$&l J Div JNb vclhC DvYJu J DYmu nl.

Jok kulu vkvv

puJnlkǮ mboY&l, vk ybOC J l nkjC $iJo kUl Yjldzbv Gc %v nl. JC mij oJl vm|ik MJj lb Jm J Dhj nl. mc (c puM), mhl-EmO (ml mc),hJ& J hƽcmij, Dm vkvvMm$lu lb$k Myo $iJol JjJj Jhjuu Dnl. `ocv` n Myo JM kj vkm Jhjuu DmJ. ($iJo 8-19-14). Juu `Dj$` J vJku `vJp` cnCl. Mlj$ cnCp MbYj Jun Dmuu n[. mLjlm ov vk Skckbv p[C n Jokuv vJkbv cnl nl J Jhju pl nl.

ku DL&Mm$lu vkJ<k GuuK

ku箳 DL&Mm$bl (F.mv-hJa 400 J<x) vkJj kckjCN cCmb JiJiU kl&Jb JC&v ku Dn. `vJO#` cnCp vk-Jju KuMb DO#k, `Mmk` n vk mjbi, `vck` n mkCOjk J `o$nk` n mF& OjCj nl. vkMm$dz Y<l, `mF& OjCj` cnCp nkb$ mbYUCj DmJ. vkJju Kubyyl oKu DOk lhMu ouu Dn. `Dcboj` vkJju v̮uk k# (kyv) vUk[ ybOuu Dm. DM vk hJmU m[v Jhju pl J l uby huu箳 Jmm DLJ mij u{F&m Jhjl. `cOcboj` pnpJj vUhmv mkChl, vk Sk yphmv omN yphl Dvk Ku Dml. mcv, I[ EkJ jp Kpv Sk kCnv omN kC vCm DM vk Jhjl.

plkkLbcOu mcJm JC&v

y plkkLbcO ojoMǮ Jm J mijJju mnm JC&v ku Dnl. Jhjm kuu l Jm FmJ mvhJa 500 l F.m. 1000 J<& kuKb[lu Dnl. JC oJcC plkkLbcO mcJju mKh Jmm `ohbkj y` oJl DJnv kjl. Dpb Lu 17, 19 J 36 cbk箳 uCcOu YƮ$l ohbkj y Ʈljuu Dn.

hƽc Yjllu Jhj h|Mv DKl mHj kjl, Dm yJ plkl JC&v Dn. Jml hƽc kvNJju Mh&k DC Y[ yboj JC&v Dn. . ynuj bv yJ n vc cnCp yJǪ EkJ y@yu@v Dm mJu Dn.

mc EkJ JCp plkkLl vk ybOCN cCm kL J|Cu Dn. vk ybOCm DiT hm ITvn l JUJj vk oT Mku vn. DKjm lv ihh Sk vk ybOu J llv l mJl: ibilv Jm kjl hjoM yJj mLubljl Pu.

cnpvk plkl Sk jp-h$ O[m J|Cu Dn. l jph$ Dv JhNbyjyj bh Lv mJC&Ycm pnpv Jmm iu. mij箳 cOJj lb pnp Hu. plkl JC&v kuu mJC&Yc ynO yoM DmJ.

lhm J hukl n ov y Jhj ybO, pnplv ybiu Ghmij hj kv Du. lb pnp #cl hM i[ cu uoC nl. Yjl箳 hJ& kvNJju kEui oMcO DoP ybojm lb pnp uiu. l ybojl hGlj nTv l ciO oMlu mJc iJ iu.

`olOlJbM` DKƳklu oblkcj n y ol ITv oblhjnv muvu pnpv iu. l kUl ybiucOu lcuhl ybojlv muvhl c Jhj u nl.

oMbli&l Jnlk

vb ljbJju iJlv lj nCj cu ypjhlv Jkjl vCm EmO, cv J ibi v hj kju hu J huumjK unv y Ghil DCu p箳. Sk [ukJj GYjuu c M[b (hjbhjk hlǮ) l cuJn iuyl nl. yǮ ciu ypm ymJuu uby ob[箳 ku uJuu uk[ mkCv l pnp nJ l oMv nkju pl.

oi[ vbij

uKb[ vbij jl ChJa Jhjl Dmuu oi[ vbij Yjllu Dvk Slnmk ybojl D{Uuu hjlv DJM<l cUll. lb Jhj H lJla puJnlkhjl c&ol nl k Ku mclv kjJ箳 hjoM mHjmn l Ghil nl, b vƽl cnl GhuyO vn. mOjC $kC vcUl Dkj K[k lmv l yvJCl l.

 

ks mYJlu箳 vJk nuu

v kUhmv JJO oMbM Dmuu mbmk=lk J Jhj mbybO u#l Il, Yjldz KuMbv vkvvMm$ biu pC Hj hJahmv Dmuv oml. ks DKl hjmjl v kU Jhjl Dmuu vkvvJ<Ǯ Sk mbMOvlck DYm Duk[ Pu.l DOj Yjldz KuMbJj Djy lb$ hi[ nl n kn DYmkb km K jl.

v o&Jo\ ci&oM&k hmlk `cuc v hL` n DOvk `hu` hmlk hJ&h cvu knǮ njkl vn. v#$ J l- cOu lj b vj#C J chvOj, lk jKbMM JJ#l kv mOv DKuu jKk=l ci&v Jm nl Dmu K$ hCm Gh DM JOv J nkb$ lhMu l ll Dml. l kU lNb JO ICm Jhjuu DbiU ch Ghi kv, ybojlv omCN OJ lN mLlvoM&k Dk[ J l Jhv Jmlu pnpb vkMJju mLv vƽl kjCm i DM iCl m$, kk Flo cnloKu l hLl ouu Dm. lm unvc lk ybojb vJb, lb D#bM jKbM箳 lhMumn mӮ lj Dm, lMJ puci&lu D[LUb #$, kvNuil Okok [n b cnlm l hmlkl DJp&v ouu Dm.

F&Mv DMlu mLublj

FmJ mv箳 mnJ Mlkl Yjldzbv Lc F&Mv DMl mLublj ku. ks JhNb Sk iv pJl Lc Jmnl ku. JhNb yjyj Eno J y lJ%vbv F&Mv DM Jm ku. hjCc Yjl J l Yilu oMl mbmk=lk J O|ck Jjb oJCIJC Pu. Dbikj J J Dbikj Lc n kbhƮlu mcjk, yjyoj Lu mlh EkJ Lub[cOu cv jJl Lu DJM<, hjmhj mbmk=lk mj lk Dnl.

vblj kUlu J*ddcl D{UCj Dv mboY&

k. Jn. JP b `v Eno MuhMm$` (1929) vJ箳 hmlkl `DyOv` mbmk=l bL GuuK Dn. l mbmk=l bL ku J uKkb MO uil vn,hC l hmlklu vkMm$ kjCl, vk JunJC箳 j jl mbilu Dnl. #hC cnCp uby ybyӮ mn糳v n[ {kuC, Juv vJ JunJC, Sk ob[箳 ku JmJuu Jubv vk JunJCu hYo cnCl. MJ kj cnCp hClv ynj Duu uk[ cUm$b, pu y cnCl, lb mn糳v vJ uJl. n vƽl k Yjll yvuu vk pilu Flj vkbh# Glc nl.