jJJj, 9 c& 2003                                       mbmk=l DC mnlJ<k H#k HjJC

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
S[m& @F&m
vl - cl=Y<...J%v


Dhuk[ Dio Yu Yu DC mJ cj uKk- h$kj- JjJblbv Dm i=nl Oju Dn, k J%v Y<- hjY< n FbpǮ DmC Dhjn& Pu Dn. n mcp Flk { Pu Dn, JM<l: mM#l mcpl, k Dhu cu-cuRv J%v MKl `kjj` kj Dmu lj lbv Fbp cOc箳 MUl Iuu nJ, Dm lcc hukb cl Dn. Fbp Y< Gc %v Dmu nJ Dm cnCC JiU DC Fbp cOclv Lck J cOck M#C Iu nJ, Dm cnCC Dio JiU.

ibcl cnCp `cl=` Y<SJp Fbp cOc箳 MUl Dhu huu oKu kjJ, Dm Dn ynlk clb Dml! hk ynmbK clb Fs DMǮ Dml, k Dhu cuu EkJ cuu Dcjkl Fbpvdzj (DL&l m@Hw-JDj) nl J, vk[& Il J DC pcum Dcjkv vijkn nl J. biu pJv pil J Dm JCl ij kn vn. hjbl n biu pJv FbpmbhV J [@ujmc= PuMJ nl Cj vn, n mcp pj mM#lbcO hmju, lj Dhu oMlu mJ& cl=Y< DC l-yjyj Dhu `mbmk=l` Gp[ Jnu JU uiCj vn. Dcjkl mLƳk Puu DmbK Eno- cj, ybiu, kV[, F. Yjldzbv Dhu Oc&, hjbhjb J kO kO Y<n Skoc DJmlJ Dk<&C km J uil, n mO DhC hnl Dnl.

Jmll: Dhu Y<Jj J YjldzlJJj DM Dilkl hU kjC vn. hjbl Yjllu kvNbJj ymv DC Dcjkk[ JUv hnl pbv mJlb$Jj mJjkjb `mij C lUcUu` hbǮ mcjC nl, lb cl=-Ycc DC cl=Y<c n ovn Dmmu MnpihC Dml. cl=-Y< n mbmk=lkl DC Fbp n (mO!) Jkl mbJov mc= kjl. FbpǮ vJn, lj Ʈv-phv J W-pc&v n Y< Mk p%m J p Dmu,lj pilk-kjC Yl JCj vn DC Dhu Y< J Dmcl Dp箳-mjK Djl mh[Cj vn.

J%v-Y< cnCv cjǮ Jhj kl GchC kjl l DC DlM ibliblǮ mbkuhvn kl muYhC mbil l, n p cj uKk-J%vkbv k<&v oKJv ou Dn, ll DI[Ǯ vJ Dn [@. pbl vjUkj b.

lb `DkMM p[u vl` n `jpnbm kMv`v h J<hJa m kuu hmlk n cj Jkbv ouu Sk vpjC Dn. [@. vjUkj n Dbljj^dz KlǮ Kiu J%vk Dnl DC lbv cvl DCu Dml, lj Dp l Fbiub[u kWyp Jhl J koƮl Dcjklu `vm`cO Sk p DOkj Mm$% cnCv jnu Dml. [@ujmc= DC JoMmvcv JKl!

[@. vjUkjb DkMM vl p[u l kWypcO. iCl箳 `^h@m` hj# l lj kjl nl. l JLaoMl Dmlv [ n@Su b `bm& D@H D@m^v@c` n hmlk Jvl Du. n@Su lJn kWypcO Ohk nl DC KiuMm$Jj lb JKv SkC mbO [@. vjUkjbv cUu. h{ . n@Su byjyj kc kjC mbOn lbvcUu. lb mb mbMOv-Elvlv `mLjmLl J箳 mbl` iCl cb[u iu. l mbl Dp llkm ul vn, kjC

`cnmH` TH& `yi yBi` mblu Duk[ DOk hjJ cUu Dn. DL&l `mLjmLl mbl` hC& vkul vIu, Dm c$ vn. Dm.

`DkMM p[u vl` Ʈ$- sƮ$c bLl [@. vjUkjbv cj Y<l Dhuu JuYvdz Jh oM&v ou Dn. JM< cnCp [@. vjUkjbv mcv Jk箳 cvlu Mv, Mbk, mbM b Gc Yv Dn. lcU Dio mJlǮ kjCl DhC mӳ& hƽcu GiJuu km hnu, Lhmv vmi& `clkj` mbil DC lciu J%v mcpJv ol l Dhu cv D#jM: J Ill. ``ub[vnv Mkiu pCj Dc Jcv p ci&v pl nl, l ci& vuB[ o#C YiJv pl Dmlv 600 D#bMu v iu. l JU kn cv k nF&v, hC Jcv箳 hJ& l hƽc ilv h=LJǮ hƽc l hJ& ilJj cl ku nl. iiv mӳ& l JU hƽc #lppJU Dmuv l Jj Ku nC DOk mkjhC pCJu. lJn c mӳ& hƽcm GiJlv hnu!`` k@vk@[&mjK Jcv mcj D[Ǯ npj k.c. Jiv pl. ohj Ypv箳 JUm ub[v m[ DC l oJM mkU vnjǮ JUm (cnCp `JU Gu` Jm kv)vӳ@k&u h! lbv mӳ& `Gu` plv omu!

unv cu箳 J mJ& p%mb Glkbllv vc&C nCj Mv- DkM vU k Dml? FbOv< mhljbi k Dml? l jbib J%vk DL& k? bJv mӳ&nC km oml? bJj Gljuu cCm yuu lj Skckb Sk k Mkl vnl? Mvu k[ k Dmll? DMv, Guk, Ockl kv ll-k pll? mӳ&cu Glh kO J kM Pu? Ockl DhIlv h=LJJj DoUu lj k nF&u? J Dbli&l mbluv DC ilJk<&C `iCl` km ul? Lhmv l J Glh DC Hupl< i{ Dm mJ& Mv mcj m[lvM hvb bLl lbv Gkuu Dnl. Dkjl DC Flkw oKC sƮ$bv vuu, J%vyjyj J%vkbn ciJ ICj n Sk hmlk cjl Dn. hƽcl oMl DC Dcjkl lm v - phvcOn Dvk J%vuKkbv DM hmlk unu Dnl. H Kiu-Mm$Jj vJn, lj MjjMm$, CMm$, pJMm$, YiY&Mm$, hoL&J%v,jmvMm$, iCl DM Dvk J%vJ<bJj DlM mh, Ʈ$c J mboj hmlk lb lb cl=Y<bcO m nl Dmll.

lb mcp DOk iuY J mmbmk=l Pu, l cl=Y< nǮ %v-J%vY< Pu cnCv.

[@. vjUkjb hmlk JM< cnJ Dn l l kvlv. mJ& hmlk c$ mh vn. h{u kjCbcO Jku DOkOk kC Mvb Gj cUll. hC lm [kn yj KpJJ uil! Kj cnCp lk mM#l Ijl n hmlk Dmu nJ.

p cnv DhWv [@.vjUkj b hmlku col ku Dn, l Dh b hmlkn `jpnbm`v kMl ku Dn. l hmlk vJ Dn- `Mlk MOb- ciJ JmJ Mlklu vJ[k MOb.`

Dh b n bLn lk cj kbyl Dmu nJ. SkJmJ Mlk mJl nl nl bL kMv kv uKk-kMk ܳv Dk ck mOu nl.

hmlkl [@. vjUkj b oI& (27 c Dkjlu hvb) mlJv Dn, pl mb#hl hv cvJ Flnm, J%vk kv Go, mbmk=lk Jkm, lb$%v箳 vJ oM, YJ<JO DC Yjl YJlJ b cv% JO Ilu Dn.

cnv Dh bv hmlk jv DC JmJ Mlkl uiuu MOb `vJ[ J cb[C` DlM kMulv ku Dn. mv 1900 u hmlk mJl nl DC mv 2000 MOb JO ITv hmlk mbhl. ojJ<a mjmj j-h cnJ (Dhu pJvJj cuYl hjCc I[JCj) MO uiu Dnl. mƮ$ bLl jMnv DOk MOb, mbMOkb, l MO箳 Ghi DlM Gc cnl mbkul ku Dn.

YlkMm$l `kwkvc` i DJlju lLv bLu mJl nl. c@kwm huBk pc&v Mm$%v `kwJvc` mbl cb[v Ylk-Mm$ mJh youv ku. l J<a cnCp, 1900 muǮ y@kwm k@cjn ypjl Du. l箳 h{ J<a jib MO uiu, yvlj mboMb$C jbY Pu DC vyu hjl<k JljCbv mJl Pu.

jF& ybObv JcvC ku 1903 mu DC l J<a DvJbMkl- cmc i{n Gkuu. JmJ Mlku blkjk JUC oCj Duy& DF&vmFv mh#l mbl 1905 , n[^pv DCjv MO 1906, lj vum ynj b DCjvmbl 1913.

J Jmlj DC SkC hmj kl Dn, mbybOǮ cuic Jo m Pu 1920 mu DC Dhu J DkMibihjl c&ol vn, n m Pu 1924 mu. l箳 h{ J<a ojƮ$JCǮ hnu MmJ #hC Pu DC yuhb pcv m Pu 1927 mu.

Dh bv DCmbMOv, pi, mbiCk, oMm$Ƭ, DbljU-Jm, bJj mJj l Fbjv Dm ƮJOk Jm cb[u Dn.

J%v-mbkuhvb Flnm DC J%vkb j$ pM Skckbl ibluu Dmll, lm ibluu Dml cvJ Flnm DC J%v-lb$%v Jkm. mJ祮 mbi[ IuC mh vn. mcv Jku KUJv JC lj KƮl kC. hjbl l kmjl Dh bv Ju#C kMuv ku Dn. Mlk MOb n Sk mboY&bL Dn, hC J%vk Flnm l Sk mbilMj knCn Dn.