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YJb[Ǯ YTmny


mJlb$mvk DC mcpmJk k. YTmny OcCkj b hC&k=l yBP hlU DvJjC Dp nl Dn. YTmnyb DJ hClLǮ vcv lb pJv hj kv oCj n uK...
YJb[Ǯ YTmny OcCkj bv oJ% nTv Dl pJUpJU D J<x hC& Pu. lb k& kJU YJb[hjl mcl vJnl n Kj; hC YJb[ n lb kc&Yc nl. l cU YJb[Ǯ vJnl. 1925 mu J箳 20 J J<a k=<C JpvL OcCkj YJb[cO JJm kjCm Du. lbk[ lJn Dmuu Yb[Ju cnCp y[箳 kuYJvcOv iCJhJ&k cUJuu jbi-jmv Mm$lu hoJk, Dhj k kjC lj, kjKvojl h{ C p J cU clR ƬMu hEy. Yb[Ju箳 p[u cCkhC, JJnjlu m DC cCmkv JiC mJYJ, cU GiObl lb pc ymu, hC jpkdz DC JJO #$blu mcpk kccU l YJb[kjb u[k `YT` Pu. lbv pm YJb[u Dhum ku, lm YJb[v lbv Dhu cvu.
cbyF&-D ci&v YJb[ Mnjl Mjl uil l ipypuu OcCkj vk. 1939 mu l JU Gp[ hjmjl Dhu unvm Ij ybOv YTmny jnJm Du. nUnU Jo&U J{l J{l YTb uklcU Yi voxM kjlv `OcCkj vk` Dm lu mbyOC jnJMbv mǮ J uiu.
pcu lmlM Skk Ku ybOl YTbv n Ij c J{Ju, lcU JmlMuh箳 vk<bJj l GC h[. hC Ij IjhC OcCkj kby箳 DlLMulcU YjYv Jnl Dm. YTbv Ij vJ Ju `DMJ&o`. kjC Dhu Glk<&ci Dhu clR J Dhu hu Ʈc ITv YTbv M#C mbO oCN lb Lju ybOb lm lb cU JnvR DMJ&o Dnl, DM lb YJv nl. J[ c Pu lJn l vJ Pu `YjlJ[`.
Dl DIl Du cnCv mbil, k. MJbljJp JnC cbyF& J vMk cOu Jml h<kUo YjlJ[l LbyuMJ h{ pl vml. ykǮ Lj cOYi hC Flj ybOkchmv pj mm Dm. cO Sk JMu yuJj Jl&cvh$, cmk, hmlk b {ij J mYJj YV YV kj Dmv Dm L Dm. MJbljJp lu `J[` cnCl J mbil k, J[Jj Joa ouMJ h{ pC vn.
YTmny n vJbl kBmJu, J̮jk D{ mcpJo JjmjCk[ Dmu lj kBm ijyb Gj kju, DM lb v nl. cnCv lbv Dhu mcpJo c$byjyj kBm vjh Ilu vn. lb jpkdz k& hjCl 1971 mu YJb[Ǯ clojmbIv hJ ukmYl YTmnybv Dhu lvO cnCv vJ[v oCl Pu. vJ[Ckl lbv pyjoml lmhOyjyj u{l J uiu. Sk ypu M. k. h# k=<CjJ OUh (l JU JjO h#vl) n pyjoml JlJ J omN ypu pvmbI jc pcuv. lMl v Cj m cnCv cnj^ oM kBmk[v pJ{ mn糳 cUJm hnp nl lJ{ ou iu vn. lj clojbv Jp cU c$ YTmnyb iUl Ilu. mcpk k&cU lb pvl mbhk& c nl, n cK kjC. mcv pvlu lbJ< pJnU Jl nl. kBmJju lb D{U v pvlu cv nl. lb JiCkl v DJ[byj v D{l. cU lUiUlu ukbvn l nJnJm Jl. coj n lbyyll llh< mcm vmv b mcm nl. c DOk k Doj DOk n mbiC kC.
YTb l mJk|pl nl. YJb[lu kkj JCkjbv l plk Dhum Jl llk nlci, b$ci ukbv. kjC lb mJ& JJnjbl J JiCkl mcl n culJ Dm. Dhu mJL&m kCJj kO Dv nT vn, lm cluykjl kC Dvv kjJ vn, n lb yo.
YTb kUlu C pul Puu Skn unv J c mlk&, Ghc J kuh Dm vn, k p cnl&c{ jJCNbcO DLJ mbJO&kbcO YT vJnl. iCM< mn糳 mJ Dm, cboj hvlLv Dm, jl Glhokb EkJ JCkjb mbIv Dm, pun mnkj yBk Dm DLJ cnJu mLhv Dm, YTb mnYi, jC J uv l Ghcu Dn.
YJb[lu JlJjC pldz YJv Gkv JjbJj i{U nF&. lL pldz obiu nl. ovn mcpbcO muK kv oCkjl YTmny Flj mcJj cCmbv yjyj ITv Pu. kjl lbv onob[n mnv ku, hC l ci nu vnl. pldz YJv lb cvl uJuMn vJnl. YJb[lu nlk cubv kcObkjl ynj pT v, cnCv lbkjl l nlci, b$ci uJC Ji& uJl. ynj lb$%bv cc yuJv lb ci&oM&v uY cubv kv ol. Mkuu cubv ci kCm col kjl. kO JM< lb$k M#Ckjl ynj hJl. mJ& pvb uY Dv Oca cu DOk cCl Ill, lbv cUǮ J<c Jl vm. lb colǮ nl moJ mJm llhj Dm. Oc&vjh#l lb jcjcbl cjuu nl. mO oMl p kj nJ KUl Dn l hnl Oc&vjh#l cc& Ov v Cj cnYi h<kU Dmlu.
YTmnyb k& mc boJu l ov D-jpkdz #$bl. hnu #$ cnCp DoJm mJ lj omj kvJjC. 1935 mu D& Ym b mnJml lbv DoJmR DYo箳 kcm mJl ku. lvblj v l kj pJUpJU 60 J<x l #$l jnu. jpkdz k& m[u lj DoJm mJ lb k& Lbyu vn. kji vJjC n Sk JiU k&#$ Dn, Dm cvu pl, hC DoJm mcplu kji mj hnu, lj kji vJjC k& n DoJmR mJ Sk Dbi Dn, Dmn cnCl F&u. lb #$lu kccU lbv cnj^ Mmvv `DoJm mJk` hjmkj oTv ijJu.
Dhu pJv箳 MJ쮳 hJ&cO YTmnybv cKlJkv hvJupJU kji vJjC kc kjCN MblJv箳 k&u Jnv Ilu nl. lcU Duk[ h{u mboY&l lb vJ Tk DmC mbYJ DOk cnCv lyyl Jmljv unl. MJ lb kcl lb Sk mnkj cnCv cun lbyjyj kc kjC J lb pJv pJUv hnC i Du.
kji vJjC mcl mbmL mLhv 1952 mu Pu. mJlǮ k&klv hvJu lukwlu iC n[kv k{v lbv D<Ohj ICm J= kjC Flk Dhu k& k# Ju. kjC l JU lb DJkwl lJ{ nl. iCbm Dc uJC lb cvo nl J lm pi cUJC箳 lvl l nl. h{ DCCmny mny bv kc Oj mJkju. Jk[ L c pi mbhov kv lL `MblJv` mLhv ku J l箳 Jkm DjK[ lj ku. lJ{l l Dpj h[u lJn Sm. Sc. pM mbmL DO# Pu. k&ynucU lbv `MblJv`m hnp llk DJO ol F&v. cnCv lbv DCCmnybv mJu k Dhu pi `MblJv` kc h{ jC lko Dmuu Sk mbIvkMu J Jpvoj JǮ vcCk kjJ. DCCmnyb mnkNb Jjv (h. m. YiJl) YTmnyb vJ ckj&j Pu.
YTmnybv l JU J hbnj iu nl. k=lǮ kjyjn m Pu nl. jpkdz kclv l hC&hC vJ= Pu nl. mcpk k&M c$ l mbybO Jv nl. `MblJv`M knǮ mbybO vJnl. YJb[hmv Jk[ yjǮ oj nl. lcU `MblJv` k&klv Dn ku lj Flkw oj kC kuh GYjC箳 kc vl=lJ kjCm lj nC vC& IC Hj kC nl. Ijlu cb[UR mbcl cUCn DJI[ nl.
kiCb mJ Tca YTmnyb cvl l DO klk J<x nl. cnlc ibOR JOk k&cO kmJ n Sk cK Ik nl. lln DhC kn kjJ Dm lbv J. hC lb n Jj yUJu l 1942 UJUl lbicO Lj oMY DCCmny omlv b mnJml l Du lJn. DCCmny omlv bv kjiv mu nl DC vblj l llv c Pu nl lj lbilm Dv oMY cb[U lbhmv Dblj Jv Jil. YTmnybv n hmbl vm J l mJl: DCCmnyb vk jnl. h{ DCCmny cnj^lu kji箳 J vJjC箳 kc uiu lJn C pun um kcǮ DO# cnCv YTmny lbyjyj mJ&$ En[u. JU DoJm DC Jju mcpbcO kjicU Puu oo&M lbv hnu. lb mbJovMu cvu Ju k DhC Dl kh[lbm knlj kjJ, ji vJjC箳 k&u nlYj uJJ. lbv mJl: D Skj pcv oTv lL Dc k{C lj oM&Ju. hC kjibm JiU Dc k{C kuhv lhl kuy Pu nl J lvmj Mmkdz OjCbl you nTv YTmnyb pvu cl& mJh T Mku vn. hC kji vJjCJ<k kc Tca lb cv箳 lUM jnu l jnuǮ.
Sm. Sc. pMR vjh J `MblJv` nk l YTmnyb mhl Fs mjmv Jj Du. `MblJv` J ko Dn n Tk Dmvn, Dhu J J k=lǮ Hkj v kjl, lbv mJl:u `MblJv` kcl Pkv ou. 1980 muhmv 1995 mu Dhu on Jhl l kcl hC&hC i{v iu. `MblJv`l ckwkc kv l mJ& kc hnC kjl. Dk ci&oM&v kjl. k&klcOu lClCJ mbYUv lb k&JCl J{JC lv kjl. lb hbOj J<祮 DO#dz kjkoal `MblJv` JJO Dbibv Jmlj Pu. MlKu #$ Phv J{u, mljbp JCkc JYi J hJ& iCbv Dbikjuu Flj JJm Ghcbl J{ Pu. iCu J HpDLjh JYi mOvbv mc= Pu. ji n[kv yj kjC箳 kcu yUk Du. `MblJv`lu hvJ&ml ji cb mbK J{u. Dvk vJ J= `MblJv`l Du. cC Jkm, lb$ M#C, J=c, vmixhj Dm Dvk hoj `MblJv` kcu uYu.
YTmnyb Jil jCv jj kwuy, uvm kwuy Jij mbmL J Dv klk ol `MblJv`k[ Dk|<l Pu. cKcb$ vOlv Mjobp hJj bcU YjIm mn糳 cUu. mbmL ynJO k& I[ biu ymu. mbmLu D|Lk mL̳& Du.
YTmnyb oMYhj k&, lb kjJm, lL oKJuu yCojhC mbi, lbv YJb[lu pldz muKkjl, Flj h[l JR j#Ckjl mmuu onob[ J< h<kU unl F&u. lb pJvkL lb kv mO hJO&v bv `JboJ hTu` vJv unuu j$ bLl mJmljhC mbilu Dn. lb ƮjbpJ kM bv Dhu J[ub hC&k=l yBP hlU YJb[lu OcCkj vk vJv m Dmuu kl uJC pu Dmv moj hlU DvJjC mnU k. YTmnyb DJ hClLǮ DƮl mOv nl Dn, n KƮl Dvbo yy Dn.
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