Hv Sk

n (Vat) J oj pl...!

Jv KCj lu DvbljJ oCj!

YJ mLj DmC biu k JF&?

mjkj vC&v Klu v|cl #$m Okwk

Dp箳 kjDm&
Dpb M#C

Dl moj nl Dn `Sc Sc` oUCJUC

cuJ|Ol kj kuhv

JRJj Jpoj jPJn& yBkv jJJl

iblJCk UC F ju!

 

 

 

mcJj, 19 c 2003j, 7 D@kwyj 2002 mcJj, 7 D@kwyj 2002

Dbljj^dz D|Lk mbmLJj Dcjk J&mJ

Mbkj cjpiJkj
pil cbl J ijy oMb D|Lk oj J{l uu Dn. D|Lk J&mJ n cucb$ Dcjkv mJkju Dn. MJ mb j^mjK pilk mbmLu D#jM: ib[Uv ooij Dcjkv mJkju Dn. h{ k? DhC Dcjk iuc?
pil Dvk D|Lk J Jhj mbmL k&jl Dnl. l mb#hl D{J, k&#$ mll uK cK GM Dn.
D.Sc.SH.- 1944 mu mbmL mLhv Pu. ll 183 oM mcu Pu. l cK GM Jvc mLjl, ijy oMbv hjkdz uvl col DC kp& mJhl Jkmm D|Lk mn糳. mbmL cU Yb[Ju 300 Dyp [@um& Dmv ll Dcjk mJ&l pml J cnCp 17.63 kwk, phv 6.32 kwk, pc&vǮ 6.17 kwk, vm J yv lk 5.1 kwk Dm Yb[Ju J Dn. cnCv Dcjk lk vC& mbmLl Il. pilk yBk Dvk D|Lk mbmLb mcn Dn. yBk mLhv 1944 mu Pu J l 182 j^ mom Dnl. mbmLln 17 kwk J Dcjk Dn J ojJ<a 20 Dyp [@um& kp&Jh ku pl. mcnl I.D.A. (International Development Assistance) H ijy oMbv colm mn糳 kjl. p oMb oj[F& GlhV 885 [@um&h# kc Dn, lbv n col Dml.
International Finance Corporation (IFC) H Kmi #$l kuhbv DL&mn糳 ol. MJ ov Dpv mbmL mcnl k&jl Dnl. Multi Lateral Investment Guarantee Agency Je International Centre of settlement of investment disputes (ICSID) Jij.
`pilk Jhj mbmL`
1 pvJj 1995 mu mLhv Pu. ll 140 oMb mnYi Pu Dn. lk oMu MFN op& Dn. (Most Favoured Nation Status). l DL& Dm k Ku Jhjl kCln oMyu YoYJ EkJ Jhj ybOv pCvypv vmJl. mbIv cK GM 140 oMl Ku Jhj, lk oMu mnp cUCj ypjh, kCln vyO vmv Yb[Ju iblJCk J mJ kjC箳 cY, cKv Dbljj^dz Jhjl cKl: kjJ<k ybOv J yijkj ybOv Dmll. lu Tariff barrier J Non- Tariff barrier Dm cnCll. Dl vk Dmu lj pml kj uo J Dl cni kj EkJ kCl kjCcU Dl ybo kj, ll cubv lj kuu hoL&, o<l JlJjCl kuu Jml (y, hhu Jij), Dlbl J<j D<O, Jm$ jbijbi, kc op& hoL& u Non-tariff barriers Dm cnCll. ljoKu Dp Dvk Jhj i DmCj oM DmllJl Dnl. l hJacC k&jl Dnl. J Jhj mbIv vcu ccl oTv i oMb c Jhj nl. ll Dcjk n vl=lJ kjl. pj DhC Jhj mbIv oM kCl Jj Jj k.
NAFTA : North American Free Trade Authority.
il Dcjk, k@v[, ckwmk Dnl. oMb 90 kwk Jhj Dhml nl. ynj oMbv Ybkj vyO Dmll. Ku Jhj vml. SAFTA : South American Free Trade Authority.. il yPu, DpXv, jiJ, hjiJ Dm j oM Dnl. l oMbloKu Jhj c Dml J ynj oMbv Jhj kjCm ybo Dml. E.E.C. : European, Economic, Community. l jh 15 j^ Dnl. ymumcO b J|<k mY Yjl. lk mom j^ Dhu mJL& yIl. ynj oMbv Jhj ybOv Dnl.
OPEC : Oil Producing and Exporting Countries :
DKl oM mo Djy, kJl, FjC, Fjk Jij oM h^uc hoL& Ekcl Skclv jJll. lk oMu l Ekcl mLj JJ uil. Fjk hJa 32 [@um&hl Ekcl hnu J vblj 25 [@um& l y@jun Pu. Fjk pil 40 kwk h^uc hoL& yvJl.Dl Dcjk J&mJ Duvblj OPEC n mbIv Dcjk luJj vCj n vkwk. kjC pil ov cK lu Glhok, mo Djy J Fjk n Dcjk IMl h[u Dnl. Dcjkv Sk vJv mcpJou pvc ou. mcpMm$% Dl vJv JK kv mcpJo km Dmu lJj ybO unlu.
ASEAN : Association of South East Asian Nations :
il pJUpJU hJa DM oM Dnl. `mm&` ji箳 YlcU Jhj hJa DM Kb[l Jm kjl vnl. JhNb uW{ lk[ kc Pu. Dpv `mm&` Yl kc Dn cnCv l oM箳 Jhju Okwk hnu. v H ov J<&hJa [yu..D. mom Pu. DM hjmLll J Jhj mbIv DmllJ kMm n Mv GY Dn. lu kn JM c Dm Dnl.
MlJ<k kjj :
lk oMl MlkNbv D|Lk mJul ou pll. lu DhC mym[ Dm cnCl. ll cHl hC, cHl Jp, kc ojl yC, Kl, DJpj, kc Jpl kp& b mcJM Dn. pilk Jhj箳 kjjvmj mJul H 10 kwk Glhov箳 K& DmJl. mJ& oMbv kioh$ cv ku, hC Dcjk, jh oM, phv bv c$ mJulǮ cC 50 kwk l 60 kwk Flk Ju cnCp lLu Mlkj mjkjk[v c jkwkc mJulǮ mJhl Ill. cnCv kc kcll l Flj oMu v&l k Mkll. pj n mJul Jju oMbv 10 kwk ku lj Ov箳 J Flj k=< Glhov箳 kcl J{lu J vblj Yjlu v&l kjCm Ho nF&u. Dh n hjmLl Duu vn. MJ mKj hjoMl Ekcl h . kuh# kc Dn. cnCv Dhu mKj kjKvoj v&l k Mkl vnl. hC v&lǮ K mWi DCv mjkju K kioh$ oKu kv mJul Ilu, l Mv Dl jpkdz JUC Il Dn.
Dhu MlkNbv hjoM MlkNh# kc cyou cUl. Yjll JkCm h l ml ouu Dmll. cnCv Dp Yjldz Mlkj ijy jnu Dn.
lj Jm$, kh[ kjj : J Jhj mbIv kjjvmj k hl 2005 hl pu nJ. Dcjk, k@v[, phv, jh kn oM lj Jm$ J kh[箳 Dlm jJk mbK (c$) k vƽl kjl. n oM JmlӮ Hj c GhY Dnl. Sk Dcjkv kby ov-ov [Pv kh[ Kjo kjl. kclǮ lu Yv vml. cnCv Dhu Jm$Gi v&l #$l J{u. H Fjk cU J mm& YlcU 1200 kǮ lj Jm$cu v&l nT Mku vn. DhC Dpvn 13 Dyp [@uj Jm$v&l kjl. v 50 Dyp [@uj, hkmlv 10 Dyp [@uj, ybiuoM D Dyp [@uj.
Dcjk J Flj oMbv k hl Dpv lMǮ Ju Dn. 2005 cO oJm Dpv uby Dn, hC lm hJu Hj nU h[l Dnl. ibcl cnCp Flk vyO Dmlvm jh J Dcjkl Dhu ov l=ldzbM v&l nl.
yk cuc Intellectual Property Rights.
Copyright, Patent, Trade marks, Industrial secrets, Inventions discoveries. mJv yk cuc Dm cnu Dn. J Jhj mbIvv lk mom j^u J<k ko kv mbj#C kjCm mbilu Dn. lcU kCln oM J< ko kv kCln Flj oMv ko l[u lj lj k Mkl. D<O箳 #$l b Hj cnJ Dn. cbl oMbv ijy oMk[ D<Oyu mbMOv Ekcl cilu `on`cO Jj Hj & Pu. Dhu hJ& JCpcb$ cjmu cuv bv Dhu Yck mh ku. ijy oMm mbMOv Ekcl ci v. Ybkj jim uiCj D<O ijy oM cni kclv Kjo k Mkl vn.
J<Jj Hj & Pu Kj. Sk mlJ Dm Du k, ijy oMl Glhov #cl Dmu p oMl D<O hb ku Dmu lj l oM箳 hjJviMJ l D<O ijy oMl yvJv Il J. hC hjmLl DlM yk Dmu cnCp Hj c Ybkj Dpj GlhV Pu Dmu J D<O ijp Dmu. J<Jj Skcl Dpv Pu vn. Dpvn DhC cni[ D<O Kjo kjl, lm DhC mbMOv K& ol Dml.
iblJCkyu kjj : lk oMu Jhj kuhm kCln oMl pC cY J Jhj mbIvv l箳 mombv ou Dn. hC Svdj@v yI, SJ{ c iblJCk Puvblj cnj^l mJ& jpkdz h#bv L[ L[ cuo Svdj@v kuh箳 cukk[v Jmu ku. vblj Jp cni[ Pu J kuh Jo箳 YJNl mh[u. Yjll iblJCk ojJ<a H lv Dyp [@uj nl, hC vcO 50 Dyp [@uj nl DC n iblJCk H Kpi #$l nl.
mjkjcO h[u k jpkdz cb[U kJU箳 [UcC J v kuhk[ yIll. Jmll: hjkdz iblJCkcU jpij J{l, D|Lk Jkm nl, lb$k %v GhuyO nl. lb$% M#C oll DC b$mc hC GhuyO nl. pj Jml Yjll Khu vn lj v&l nT Mkl. Flk Ho Dhu jpkjC uk Jmjll. lcU iu lv J<l ykjǮ Ymcmj J{u J lb$%, Fbpvdzj ukbvn jpij vn. Dp D k ykj Yjll Dnl. hjkdz iblJCk n Sk l[i D|Lk Jkmm GhuyO Dn, hC jpkdz JlJjC SJ{ mJLa Pu Dn k, ukMnu DL& Gju vn. ukMn JvMMnk[ vl Dn. J<a lk jpl 500 YkyU h[u.
mJyu kjj :
Jc, uHv, JcvmJ, Jnlk, juJ, mbiCk Floyu kjj Dm Pu k lk oMu mJ#$l kn pC cY Dn. hC Dhuk[ kcij vl pjoj JjO kjll. mJ n mjkj #$l DmJ. mO Jc, uHv, mbiCkcO hjkdz Yb[Juojbv JM cUu Dn. kW mjkj Dl ibYj nTv hjkdz Yb[Ju iblJCkm mJ#$l J yu Mkwkcl&y nF&u. hjkdz iblJCkǮ cCm cbpj lu MkjC 100 kwk, i@mm 100 kwk, mbiCk 100 kwk, uHv #$l 74 kwk, hYl mm 100 kwk, Jcv mJ 49 kwk, J%vJ<k cmkm 100 kwk Yb[Ju hjkbm Ku nF&u.
F&-cu :sgmirkar@yahoo.co.in