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jyp - GH DC pyyoj

on oJmb iCulu JmlJvblj Dp mcl hk Ij iu. l箳 nNJj vjim K[kjhC cu mKJv iu. on oJmbhJa l DJmL kCun DmJmL kju DMǮ nl. c$byjyj Ƭk KUlv covl iuu Dhu y@u DCu OJuu mclJj lv Lj[ k$bv P[h Iuv, l [k, Kbo, h DC ovn cb[ b D#jM: uk l[u nl. Dvk J=h$ DC ojƮ$JC Jnvbv J=u ouu mcU mcl Dio `muy` Pu nl. Sk oJM Jl&cvh$l l DC S& oIbn Dkmcl DpjhC箳 ylcbv mclu m cUu nl. hC l箳 DF&-J[ub h c$ Dio MJhl pcvJj nl. mclm D<Ob pUC kjlv l箳 J[ubv Kh O[h[ ku nl. mcl箳 pKc yN Jnu lj JU uiu, hC cvmk Okwkwlv lu ynj k{v hvn nml-KUl kjCm Dcnu JM< lv kjJ uiu.

mcl箳 km箳 vcv `jyp` DpjJj GhuyO Jkdz mboY& hjcM& Ilu DC Dlbl DmJmL kv m[Cj, Okwkok cnl nl uiu.

cv<Cu nCN Dvk mbmi&pv jibhk jyp (Duk&) n mJ&l pv Dpj. cWo DC cppjppӮ hMRv mCj n J<Cmbmi& Dio ƸmlhJ& lJmJ Mlkln J|Cuu Dn. jyp Myo Jlh cU mbmk=l Myohmv Puu Dn. `Enmk` Dm DL& DmCN jyp JC&v k J*cl D{Ul. `Dxcm` DC `Djm@LDm` ov k oJlbv, k mbmk=lcO jyp箳 oJl cnCv mbyOu iu Dn. D@jm@u箳 uKCcOn jyp mboY& mh[ll. 1885 mu [@. uF& hjv jyp J<C MOv k{u. ybokǮ iUmjK Dkj Dmuu `umJnjm` (Lyssavirus) cnCp jyp Ilk J<C. cpphMRcO cmb[ cv, cWo DC cppjpp (Spinal Cord) b on kv, lbv mp DCC JIlk J= Dmuu umJnjm lh H G<C j DmCN Cbv cUl.

jyp Puu C箳 Jl&CkcO Hjk h[l. jyp Puu C n Sklj DlGhl, Dck DC Enmk h OjC kjl EkJ Dio iiuimjK cT nl. lu ukb Yl JvM nl. Ʈ[Ʈ[ Puu, JlUuu Dm n C ol oKJl, l箳 lW[lv uU iU uil DC Dio uKb[ iphmv, nl uiu l lk iǮ l J IT uil. Dpj J{l lM l hJu D[KU uill, m ioc uil, Dk[ T uil, lW[hM Hm T uil DC h#Il nl. YbkC箳-Dj[C箳 DJpl Hjk h[ uil. DM u#C om uiuhmv mOjC DJ[Yjl C c=l nl. C Juvblj kl oJmbv cCmcO u#C om uilu, Dbop ybOC kC Dml. mJ&mOjCl: on l m oJmbcO u#C om uill. hjbl kn kmm箳 yyll Dio J<&vbljn jyp uiC omv Du Dn. DC Sko u#C om uiu k, Hj GMj nl. lvblj Ghj n H Ghjhjl Gjll cnCv `C JC` n Iv nmCJj vT vk. yjkm lh, LkJ, Yk cboJC, Gom JC, Kp mC, cUcU, [koK DC Im KJKJC DM u#Cbv jyp jbY nl. mv DK[C, uU mC, DJp-Gp[ b $m nC, hC Yl JC, IMlu mv Dlbl Jovc mLll DK[C DC mjlMJ h#Il DC mv-oƬ ybo h[C Dm jyp iC Jm kjl. jyp Puu iC hnC n Dlbl kwuMkjk Iv Dn. J@[& SK DbON, uKb[ ipbv yboml kuu khNl MJ쮳 Ik cpCj l pJ, Ghj vnl, kj l H L&v... uJkj mk JnJ cnCv.

jyp箳 mboY&lu kn Dk[Jj hnu lj n Mv Dhum kl ibYdz& Dn, kuhv F&u. WHO Dk[Jjvmj picO ojJ<a 40 l 70 npj uk jypcU c=lcK h[ll. lhk pJUhm 30 npj c=l Sk YjlcO nll. YjlcO nCN jyp箳 uiChk 96 kwk uiC n Ykw, yJjm k$bcU nl. ojJ<a mcj 2.2 oMu# ukbv Yjll CobM nl DC lhk 1.4 oMu# uk Ghjm ll.

Yk k$ pj cj vmlu lj kJU lb vyapkjC kv n Mv mCj vn. jyp lybOk um lbv C n MnChC hnu hTu ju. 80 kwk Yk k$ pJn umkjC箳 Ƭlv plu, lJn jyp-c Yjl mJhv mkj nF&u. Cc$ mbIv pj Cb kuu JjO kjll lj l lb u[kw Cbv ci l Yk k Dmvl; jyp Puu lbv km hnJl? cv<Cu k$ Juvblj p um J uill. lJ{ K&cO 100 k$b umkjC kjC Mkw Dn.

k$ Juvblj k kjJ M#C Dio MUlu cubhmv u nJ. k$ JC箳 Ivb 40 kwk yU 15 J<祮 Dlu unv cu jll DC kln mbilu, oJu lj cu DC k$ SkckbM obicml kjCj. kO kvckv ol uiu EkJ Cv J Ilu lj Dpyl Oj m[ v. vU箳 mJs Jnl hCKu pKc 15-20 cv OJJ. k Iu vl. pblvMk J uJJ DC jyp-lybOk umǮ FbpkwMv m kjJl. jyp lybOk umǮ yj kj Dnl. hJahmv ul Duu um n cW{Ǯ cWoӮ hMRhmv ku pl. n kn Okok o<hjCc Dnl DC mcj 10 cuuj 10-12 FbpkwMv hl IJ uill. 1982 hmv WHO v umǮ Jhju lybO ku Dn, hC oozJv Dpn Yjll l Jhj nl Dn. h箳 kl[l ouu n FbpkwMv DlM oKll DC l箳 lj nCN iRcU MJ MJ FbpkwMv Iu pi Gjl vn. `k$ hjJ[u hC FbpkwMv DJj` Dm cnCC JU l. vJv GhuyO Dmuu um cvJdz hMRhmv kuu Dnl. 0, 3, 8, 14, 30 DC 90 J oJM ob[l EkJ cb[cO FbpkwMv oTv k$ Juu JǮ jyphmv j#C kjl l. Ƭu pJUhm 1500- 1800 hbhl K& l. k$ JucU Puu pKc pj KuJj iuu Dmu DC [k, cv, h, cb[ bmjK kC Dmu lj llkU mbj#C oCm `cv jyp Fcviuyuv` FbpkwMvm pKc DJl-YJl DC MJ mvbcO oCl l. hmcv, hMJk, iMU lb$%, CM#k DC JvJYi kc&j DM JJmƳkbv lj lybOlck Gh cnCv umkjC kv IC i jl. lJ JjJj DJjCcO (intradermal) v DJMk l lybOlck mbj#C oCN umǮ mbMOvlck i u Dnl. lm Ykw Cbv K箳 DVlv cmUv jyp- lybOk um cKk ci&v (Oral) oCn lj hl oMbl m Dn. mN Jkdz GhuyORv mcL&hC mL oCm DhC Dhu mcpk pCJ c$ mOju nJl.

 
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