mcJj, 7 pu 2003

  u#cǮ hTu
  hJm k=h jnu k?
  Dbljj^dz vCvO cnCp k?
  Jhk lp
  D@-cMv
  Gi O-vƽl
  JJnjh# Jkwlil mbJo cnJ - oMcK
  mkwjPMv kl pcvojJj kjJF& nl vn
  c@jMm Sk Jhj kW
  DTm\mi : Yjlm Dpn mv KC
  Ij hnJ ybOv!

 

c@jMm Sk Jhj kW

pi箳 h&v-vkMJj mLv cUJCj oM DMǮ kJU DUK Dmuu c@jMmJmb Jhj #$lu kMuvn Jkm oj Ku ku Dnl. 1972 Dmhm v&li hf DmllJl vJnl. hjbl Dl hfl c cCl cKl: kh[ ijCbm uiCN Jml DC Jm$i ijCb Phv Jkm nl Dn. hJxk[u oMM v&l mbybO J{JC JM< m m Dnl. v&li hflu Gibv Gpv oCN mjkjk[ pv Dmv, n@u JJmu Gpv oCN Dvk pv Dnl. Fukw^@vk #$l p[CN mbmL, nukw b$k kbhv, ckwvkcO I[Ub mcǮ p[C b mcJM kjCl Du Dn.

pil yjǮ vvjc kC Dnl. lhk Dm Sk `c@jMm` mLU Dn. lm s y Dmu lj h& Dub[ pu cnCl Dm JM< Yjldz cnmijlu Sk y DLJ s oM n.

n mLU lj km! pi箳 hJj DLJ vkMJj SK m$v khUJj uJuu ibOlv DIUuu Sk sm hk oml, lm n oM. c@jMm ybojlv Jcvv h lml DM Kb[l mbhk& mOl l DLJ hnl l. lyjyj h oJml DkM pnpv oJC-IJC nl. ybojl pnpbv mj#l DM pi JJO mJObv GhuyO Dmv ll c cCJj cu vCm uiCj kvvm& cJlu Dm cov oMl GhuyO Dn.

oM箳 D|Lk mJl kvN箳 jKv DC kvNk[v mck[ pCN mJb mcJM DC c yboj Jkm Phv nl Dmv, D|Lk p[CI[Cl n oMlu L cK mJ Dn. o#C hJ& Dk kvjhfhmv c@jMm 2400 kucm& oj Dn. FL ykjǮ cC Dio Duh Dn. c@jMm oMu oMk mc kvjhf uYu Dn.

v&li hf DC h&v Jkm mOC oM D-lǮ lv cnJ Jl. JJnj #$lu kMu DC hJxk[u oMM kuu v&l, Jkm oj Ku kv oM puo ilhLJj vCm p m uu Dn, Dm n DiUJiU y n. 1972 Dmhm v&li hf DmllJl vJnl. hjbl Dl hfl c cCl cKl: kh[ ijCbm uiCN Jml DC Jm$ yvJCN ijCb Phv Jkm nl Dn. v&l i hfl J h&v JYil iblJCk kv DC JJO mjkj Klb JmumbybO, lyjyj Jmu v kjln v&li hflu JYibv Gpv oCN mjkjk[ pv Dmv, n@u JJmu Gpv oCN Dvk pv Dnl. Fukw^@vk #$l p[CN mbmL, nukw b$k kbhv, ckwvkcO I[Ub mcǮ p[C b mcJM kjCl Du Dn.

c@jMm cnCp o<CJjnl oM Dn. DM mV DC hvn Dunook JlJjCcU m$ mOjC ynj DC h< mJ&mOjC hm Jhl pil. cnCv hjoM h&v ojJ<a ov l lv uK yJj JmlJ kv pll. h&v Jkm n oM kC Dn. c@jMm D|Lk cuYl h Dvk yyRJj DJubyv Dn. ll kwmFum, h&v, mKj DC mJ JYi, mKj v&llv c cCl hjoM uv cUl. mk& cMhmv, v cMhmv k@[&uJnj D@Fu, D<Ob JYibv v&l kjC, n, k@H, h mKjmjK MY JU p SJ{ yjk Dml k, Fcjl ybOkcm Jhjlv UJ ijp h[l vn. DC Fcjlu Sk vm|ik MY jbi DhDh uYl.

c@jMm oM m@k SkwmWp 1917 mu k&jl Pu. hjbl 1940 mu c$ koMj m@k SkwmWp ckx mLhv nTv, c@jMm oM iblJCkǮ UJUl Glju Dn. DL&JJnjlu L DOjmlbY cnCp ypj Yb[Ju Jkm n. kvNk[v mck[ pCN pnp mJ, mck[v kvNk[ mc Jnlk mJ, lyjyj c yboj pv kW, cU D|Lk Jkm nl. kvNk[v mck[ pCj kW mJ& yyRv pilk DL&kjCl cvl cUC, cnJ箳 pv hC&lJu pC n Jkm cc& Dn. l vck mjkjv DUKu Dn. cnCv D|Lk kMu mOCm c@jMm oMv Yiuk DYm kv kvNk[v mck[ pCj JJm DC mJ kjCm kn pv DKu Dnl. cnCv c@jMmu DM Kb[lu `i J D@H Dk` cnCll.

c@jMmcO mc kW, Jhj mbmL p JJmm p[u Dnl miU b$C Gcjl k&jl Dnl. DC mJb uY, mbOǮ uY hJ& DC o#C Dkl Il Du Dn. cnCv mc JJm DC l箳M vi[l GhJJm bv hC&l: c@jMm mjkjv m@ch [lv c ku Dn. c@jMm h& D@L@jǮ mLhv PuJj D@L@jǮ GM D|Lk JJnjm JUJv c@jMm Sk oMk Gi #$ JnJ, lyjyj h& D@L@jv yN Gpv oCN pv DKu Dnl.

c ybojl cu ioclv DLJ mJC i=nlv DCC, Ji&Jj kjC, mJs kjC, cC kjC, KC kjC (uyEui), [yl YjC (h@Eki kjC) p[C, Flo iC Ƭ hl ybojJj nll. cnCv DM DC Dk, jh oMu p[Cj Sk ml Dn, Dm c@jMm箳 yyll cnu pl.

c@jMm y JbMhjbhjil ul Duu yboj Dn. ybojlv [- W- yM JmnlRM Jhj oJC-IJC nlv oml. Dp h& uF&m yboj n DlOvk Dmv ll h Okwk (cu) Ku hClu Dmv, JM<l: cmcjm yboj n. lL c cCJj mKj oJm hM hl (cnCp 500 v) pnplv GljJC, pnpJj {JC Flo kc puojl nll. h& D@L@jǮ mLhv 1992 mu Pu Dmv c yboj JOl Dm h& D@L@jǮ JC&v kjl F&u. n SkcJ mbmL yboj JJmL Gcjl mbYUlv oml.

c@jMmu vlU, vU DC mJs mckvj uYucU, Kj clmJJm J l箳M mbybOl Dmuu Jhj cKl: nJybo [ylu cMb cbm, c cCJj v&l nl. n cm kj Dmll. H l cMu kv JHJj MpJJ. cM lun l nJybo [yl Dml. cM k k{C ijp vn. nJybo cMb cmu v HM cnCll. Yjllu Gpk lL n@u JJm k Mkll. c@jMm Yioj IC DJMk Dn. lL k&u Y[v ITv, FLv h&k hJv ml oJmbl miU c@jMm oKJv mKhhC Yjldz h&k T Mkll. n@u lL Y[v ITv h&v JJm k Mkll. Yjllu hjbhjk Jmlbv lL ciC Dn. c[箳 Jmlhmv, m$b oivbhmv, Muhhl Y[v Iluu n@u箳 ouvl Jml oM&v mbkuhv jyJv cu mnp J nT Mkl. c@jMmcO 1992 mu lv uK lnlm npj hjoM h&k yJj Tv iu Dnl. 1993 DKjm j uK箳 Dmhm h&k Tv iu Dnl.

pnp kbhvb pU, pnp JJmLhv, Dlbjj^dz Jhj kW cnCv c@jMm yk[ y oKJl F&u.c@jMm pJvcv hl oMcC vmu lj Yjlh# Jj op& Dn l Jo vn. c@jMm oMl pJn Sk . Sm. .[@uj Kjo kjl, lJn c@jMm 30 h 30 hm cpJ uill. hjbl Yjll pJn . Sm. [@uj Kjokjl lJn Dhuu 88 h J uill. DL& lb uvu Ekcl Dn.

Duk[ c@jMm hblOv Dv piVL bv Yjldz Gpkbv c@jMmcO Gi, Jhj, mJ Flo Jhjk UJUm nk cju Dn. pj Yjldz JhNbv lL c JJm kjJ Dmum jPJn& yBk hjJviv 45 kwk Yb[Ju ITv pT Mkl. c@jMm yBk lcnu 55 kwk Yb[Ju oF&u. lyjyj Jhj kjCm JM< hjJvi oC nc c@jMm箳 hblOvbv ou Dn. Yjldz Gpk Sk k DC lh# pml Yb[Ju iblJCj Dmlu, DMbv lL Yioj IC DJMkl vn. lLu Mmvv JM< mJul oC nc ou Dn. DC Jhjm uiCj col oT ku Dn.

c@jMmu M& yvoKu yvl vn. Dp箳 I[u HMjp, hu^ Hc&, mMvj pkw, cuk [Dj DM GiObm Yjhj JJ Dn. DCK kn J<v kC W, Fu, yM hku lj lL Yjldzbv MjkJ cUCj vn. lLv Dk yboj pJU Dn. c@jMmu v|cl kuu cu, Jn Dk v&l c cCJj nT Mkl. Yjldz Gpkbv Jj ll[v vC& Ilum yBk D@H c@jMm, c@jMm Wym& D@H k@cm& DB[ Fb[m^p, c@jMm FvJnmcW D@C[ [JnuhcW D@L@j, (MID\) lyjyj c@jMm Fb[m^u [JnuhcW D@L@j (MID\) DC lL clmJJmm cmcjm h[J ybOC kuh jyJCm c@jMm mjkj col kjCm lj Dn.Dp c@jMm ukmbK 15 uKb Dmhm Dn. llu 60 kwk pvl hJ&cǮ Yjldz Dn. yJj 1834 mu Yphj, ynj, cuUc, cm, cj cpj yMbv yJj Mlkcm vu. l lL mLƳk Pu. Dp c@jMmcO jnuJj hjoMl jnumjK Jl vn. H DhJo h& uF&m Mnj Dn.

c@jMm jnJm Hj cU DC hnCj Dnl. DhC lb Ij iu k, Dhuk[ J̳k u# oll. ll Dhu vl p[u pl. Mbl vmi&cC, Mbl, Ku mijcC, ukn Mbl J=Ǯ Dnl DC lb JiCk, lb cv mijmjK JMu Dn. pi箳 hJj SkcJ y Dn, lL vijkb D[vJ vnl. hnu vJ, yh vJ, yMbv cpj vlv lb pln unu vn. vn lj! lL plǮ yb vc&C Pu Dml. D[vJcU, plcU mcn vc&C Pu Dml DC lLu cpjb kcJj hjCc Pu Dml, Dm vC& yM Yjll Dmlv Ilu Dml lj, kl yj Pu Dml.

pM c@jMm mKj JiU Dn, JjU Dn. lM cCmn mKjmjK i[ Dnl. cnCv c@jMm y u#l jnl. DC lk vijku mj#lhC YJv Jl. hvn vm|ik JlJjCcU mVn Jl. njJ Mu vmuu Ojl mll njJǮ oml DC DvUK h&k c@jMmJj DUK DmumjK c@jMm箳 cl h[uu oml.
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