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DJ&v cj J*dcmJk

J*dcmJk j$kMyu mJl: KvukjbvǮ cnu Dn k, ``c 1926 vblj pJn cbyF&l mLj Pu DC vJJU J*dcv UJUl h[u l JU J*dc DYm kjlv mboY祮 CC Ym uiu. mӮ, kM FloDYJ DYmkb DMǮ D[C nl jnCj n nv c DJ&v cj J*dcmJk箳 jvk[ JUu. Sk bLl uKk j$, &, DYmmӮ cUC m lcU Pu.`` DM lNnv n kc lb D<lu Dbik=l J*dcv k& Dio DjbYhmv cnJ Yi Puu nl. j$kM DJk Jmll: Kh c. Kj lj lbl v bLkjbn mcJM Jnu nJ Kvukjbv pCJ nl. `hC DM lNn kc kjCm pM J plk mOv nJl lM J llk l vnl. p L[ynl Dnl l Sk$ kv mbilJj jv, Mm$dzl UClv Uv, lb vJ[ kjJm kllj JU Ka h[l. cnCv kc箳 mm DJ&v kUlu J*dcmJkbǮ H vJ[ ku Dn,` Dm lbv cnu Dn.
yM Dcu m Puhmv cjJ*dc pbv mbmcjCdz DM mJ ku, DM J*dcmJkb J lb J*dc bl hlMj cnl oC lv ku Dn. lbln kJU oJbil J*dcmJkb mcJM kjCl Du Dn, kjC lb k& hC& Pu DmucU lbJj ckUhCv J mJlb$hC unC Mkw nl.
mboY& mm blu j$ kuvc v ol DkjJuv ou Dmv, lk j$箳 MJ bLmӮ DC bLkj J l bL J uKv Jj m Puu J*dc mLukuvoxMmn mӮ oCl Du Dn. Lcl: Sk i u#l Ilu hnp l n k, `J*dc` n Myo FL Hj Jhk DL&v Ilu Dn. m=pvMu uul J*dcyjyj Dv JJO J<bJj JJO %vMKblu J*dcn Kvukjb J*dc Myo箳 JKu DYl Dn. lcU J< Jhl Dc&o J{v kc pj DOk kC Pu nl. Kvukjbv n kc m ku lJn Mbkj iCM ol b cj Y< v Dlbl cuk juu mboY&bL `cj bLmƮ` (m. 1800-1950) m Puu vJnl. l hnu Kb[ 1943 mu J omj Kb[ 1961 mu m Pu. lcU hjcv n mJ& cnl lbv iU kjJ uiu.
`DJ&v cj J*dcmJk` hnu Kb[l 71 j$ Du Dmv kn j$b uKv l l J<箳 pCkj uKkbk[v kv ICl Du Dn. Go. Lc Kb[l kJ kMJml, kJ o n ov j$ cOJ puv bv unu Dnl. Dv kn j$ : ihU iCM Dijkj J D箳l yUJbl kunkj- uKv; Jru nj kUkCa; DCC kuxmkj DC jc iCM i[kj- u. J. m. Kb[kj; J<CMm$ ƮhUCkj- u. J. o. iKu; j. v. J. Uk- u. jcb cnoJ cj. j$b uby n uKkb J*dckl=&lJvmj kc-DOk Puu Dn. J*dcmJkb vJ[ kjlv J*dc#$bl lb nlv I[uu k&, li lbl lbv Iluu Yj DC J*dclnm箳 v l kc vck cnJ, Dm vk< jJu. v ll ymCN sl s uKkbhmv Dio cl c uKkbhl lk箳 Jj ku Dn. vJ[l, cnJ DmCj SKo Jm iUu pl kc v, Dm OjC Ju Dmv, l箳l kkjhCn Dn. kjl DJMk DmCj vpjlu C#hC J DY穮lu KboUhC Hj unv Jl Kvukjbv Dlcml ku nl, J*dcmJk箳 hnu Kb[ln Gc jlv JCj l IT Mkl. hnu Kb[lu 71 j$bk[ OJl vpj ku, lj ll kl JJO kj uKkcb[U Dnl DC lbv Dhu J*dchjbhj mc= kjC kc kM jlv ku Dn %v Pu k, n kc kl cnJ Dn PoM m#lkj nTv pl.
Sk mcpMm$%, `ibJi[` mJKl bL uKk D$, E$yk vjC; `Mbkj ym$ Y<b` cj Y<blj kjCj, Jovl, v, JkjC Dubkj Flo Mm$b i{ DYmk, mbmk=lY<hb[l DYbkj, JmoJMm$; 19J Mlklu pli&Clp% uu, Jmp jIvL lL DYi `mH J`; mcpmOjk, vybOkj Dijkj, ihU iCM; %vj kkj DiM, iCM k=<C; 20 J Mlk箳 hnu hbJMlu Dlbl uk juu `kjU kkU` vlkuk mbhok, kJ J vybOkj Du, k=<Cp vjC; Flnm-mbMOk Du, k=<C Jru; Flnm-mbMOk J iClp% Dh, o$ J<C; kobyjkj, J*dcJhmk Dh, nj vjC; J=h$uKk J kkj Dbykj, yhp cl[; kJYmk J kJ mbMOk Dk, Jcv op; J=h$kj J cObllu `cnj^` (JNn[ kmj) cK h$ mbmLhk J mbhok Diu, ihU Dvbl; kMkj, ck hmlkb uKk J vc&l kB[, @cm; DJ&v cj iuKv h IuCj hnu Fbp hb[l, kMkj, JkjCkj, Y<bljkj k@j, Juc; cjlu hnu kobyj m$uKk kvkj, kMyF&, kJ J lJ% kvkj, i. J.; DL&Mm$p% kU, J. i.; vkkj kuxmkj DCC; kl&vybO; kJ, J J Mm$% k|lkj, kvny, jCs[om; kJ J v Yjldz J Ghmk kb, cnoJ cjj; pl<Mm$% klkj, JWkM, yhp; DM Dvk cnJ箳 uKkb cnl Lc Kb[l Sk$lhC Jl l. l iU kjlv l mboY&l GhuyO DmCN mJ& cUbhl hnv llu Jmvdzl MkwlJj pMǮ lM jnJ kUp Ilu Dn. bLkjb J*dc J lJju &-DYmlck hmlk J uK mJl: vpjKuv Iuv n kc kuu DmucU J*dcmJk箳 Kb[bv yN DbM cCbLb mJh Du Dn, n cv kjJ uil.
j$blu cnl olv, Sk JM c DC jJk Mmlyl hUu Dn. uKk cnj^箳 kCl Yil, ku iJ, kCl kbyl pvcu, l IjC, kbyk JlJjC, Ij mLl, M#C, l箳 DpypӮ JlJjC, mJ& kC l箳Jj I[uu mbmkj, Jv-uKv DJ[ kM vhpu, h{ %vhmvl l Puu mLlblj, kjC Puu jk M, J{C-I[Clv nl iuu uKvmOv, l J*dcbllu cukl, cnJ; uKk箳 D< DKj hJ& Flkw mclv blu unv-c j$b uKv Pu Dn. vWoǮ DJkwl nl nF&u l lu hC&lJ hl kv oC G h{ Juu oml. mJ&l cnJ i cnCp j$ J*dcmJkb Dnl Yv kn m ouu vn. Kvukjbv p Sk JM uKvhlǮ vWo unCkjl mJkj ku Dn, l箳vmj l mJcKv Y< kjl pCh# j$uKkb mckuvbv lbJ< p kn cnu Dn, lblu cnJ箳, Jmvdz DC vJ[k DM uKC DOj oll. kjC K$Ǯ hjJ DC DOj MJ yuC lb v DL&nv Dml. mJ祮 kMuhC& p[C kv lbv Dhu uK mpJu Dnl. Jkbv KUJv JC kc kjC lko lbl Dn.
1931 l 1966 hl `DJ&v cj J*dcmJk` 7 Kb[ m Pu. Lc Kb[ DJ= o|cU Puv ldzJ= (Yi hnu 1952) ov Yibl k{u. kjC ov DJ=R cO 21-22 J<祮 kU iucU oJbil Puu DCK kn J*dcmJkbJ<Ǯ cpkj J{u. hJa cpkj hj<kjC kjCl Du. omj Kb[ 1938 mu, lmj Kb[ 1949 mu J L 1957 mu kMl Pu. n jn Kb[ Kvukj b `mJmlk hyuEMi nTm`v m kuu Dnl. 1960 muvblj m Puu, Kb[ h (1962), Kb[ mn (1963), Kb[ 1 Yi omj (1966) J Kb[ ml (1967) Dm j Kb[ hC箳 `Jnvm kMv`v kMl ku.
hnu Kb[箳 omN Yilu `kMJml` m[l yk mJ& cpkj vJ Dn. SkC ml Kb[ cUv J*dcmJkb 342 j$ ou Dnl. p uKk Dhu hCvJv JM< hjƮl Dnl (Go. yukJ, kMJml, OvO&j, uknlJo Flo), lbJju uK l hCvJKuǮ ou J h{ lb mbhC& vJ voxM ku Dn. J*dcmJk箳 juu GcC, J*dc箳 mJ& #$lu uKkcb[U l mcJ Dnl. Go. kJ, vybOkj, kkj, kL-kobyjkj, vlkukb, J=h$b mbhok uKk, vkkj, kMkj, JkjCkj, j$kj, J=h$kj, FlnmuKk J mbMOk; mblJ*dc DYmk, Y<bljkj, J*dclnmkj, v cj kJl mbMOk, mbhok, kMk; 箳J-mbMOk, Jovl DYmk, J*dc mc#k, Yjldz J Ghmk, Y<Mm$%, DL&Mm$J, mcpMm$ DYmk, J%vM mbybOl Mm$dz uKv kjCj, mLuJC&v-JmJC&vkj, mbilMm$%, cnvYJ J*dcmbMOk, %vj mbMOk J kkj; pl<p%, iClp%, koJ<k bLb uKk Flo. %v箳 #$lu Sknv Sk Lj cb[U L Yll, pbv, Fbp Y< Gc DJil Dmvn Dhu Y< DYcvh J l箳 DYJ=Klj l箳l mllv uKv ku DC cj Y< mcL& DH Dmv l iivu iJmC IuC箳 #cl Dn n oKJu. blu kn JR voxM kuMJ jnJl vn.
DJJu Fbp kUlu - Y<c Jv- jIy pvo&v : `oioM&v` D cmk mbhok, kMk J Dpvc %vhmk; cnpv iEJo Jru TH& YT : cj h$kjb hnu h{lu mJlb$ yC GojclJo OjbOj h$kj; c[iJkj, iEJo vjC : `cbyF& JC&v` m bL uKk J vybOkj; cumJL&, pcm. . : kMkj; uknlJo : JJO J JjJl&k uKv kjCj Dmcv Jmbi J Dhu uKk; YJ J<Com Dc=l : DOvk cj vk D-Jl&k.
1885 l 1920 kUlu - o#l Mbkj yUk=<C : pl|Jo, iCl%; jv[, Mbkj cj : vkkj, vkkj, voioM&k J `vkLC&J` cmk mbhok; yh, viM Jvk : Slnmk kobyjkj J j$kj; jpjcMm$ YiJl : JoJmbMOk, cj Flnm J mbmk=lǮ DYmk; ocu, cj kMJ : JkjCkj; jWoUkj, SkvL hb[jbi : kMJml mckuv icvMu Kj kJ; c$, kMvL jIvL : `cmk cvjbpv` mm cmk O[m, kl=&lJJv, nM mbhok; cjckj, jck=<C jIvL : `JJO %vJmlj` ll vlkuk DoM& mbhok; cnpv, J<C cjj : kJ, bLmc#k, vybOuKk, Y<bljkj; Hu pljJ DC uKb[, cIp vjC : `mlMOk mcp` mbmLhk J J; hb[l jcyF& : m$-M#C mOjk; Yjo MJjc SkvL : %vjǮ Ʈklmk kkj.
1920 l 1966 kUlu - YlKb[ J<C vjC : mbilMm$ Flnmkj; hbijkj, u#cC jcb DC YJ u#cC Jvk : cj J*ddclnmkj; Y, Ymkj Jcv : jpJ[ mbo DYcv Flnm mbMOk J uKk; koj, cOJ kMJ (cOJ kJ) : Flnm- ukmnl DYmk J LlM Slnmk kJ; c{xkj, yU mljc : kJ, mnl- mQo&Mm$ Ʈklmk, vJkJ pvk; c, ho cnoJ : mJlb$ %, op& Muoj mnlk; jv[, iCM nj : EnomLv mbil DYmk, mbMOk J Flnmkj.
n vJ voxMl kjC kjC SJ{ k, lJv `DJ&v cj J*ddcmJk`v kuu JJOu# kc kuhv J. DM mJh kMk& kjCNm mboY&mnl J Dv mOvb GhuyO kv ICl yj JU Ka IuJ uil. Kvukjbv uKvDioj n mJ& Kh k ITv, iU kv l mbn kjJ uiu Dn. kjC Dp yN cCl p mboY&mc GhuyO Dn lM l lbv kc m ku lJn vJnl. lbv m kuu kc n kj kc mJl nl. lb bLbv J*ddc箳 DYmkbkjl hYl Dm cnJ kc kv Ju Dn. p箳 DOj Dhu J*ddchjbhj mOj, mc Dkuv Dhuu nT Mkl. DM kj J*ddcmbMOv k FƮsCN DYmkbv kCln kUl jk Mku, DM kc cn Dn.

 

   
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