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& [@. c. v. JvK[ b h{kjv 1967 mu DjbiyocO . j. i. pOJ b mnk&v `cEuo mnl hj<o` mnlmbmL mLhv Pu DC mbmL `Dmcl` n $cmk m kjCl Du. lv h{ cnj^l J̮jkl Sk vJ hJ& m Pu.

p JjJbl . j. i. pOJ b Djbiyo L nCN 77 J DKu Yjldz cj mnl mbcuv箳 DO#ho vJ[ Pu. mJYJkhC lbmjK DYm, ElvMu, mldJ=, JvMu DC c=o mJYJ箳 JlJ Puu n mvcv Dn. lcU mnlv|cl DC J̮jkl #$l JiU h&Yc vc&C kjCj DC ojic hjCc kjCj n Iv Dmv, lb yvJjO vJ[v J*ddcv m=l Sk vJ hJ& jbY Pu Dn. lcU Ivu DvvmOjC cnJ hl Pu Dn.
Djbiyou nT Iluu mnl mbcuv箳 DO#hou Sk DiU-JiU mJhl JM<lJv DL& hl Pu Dn. . j. i. pOJ b cj mnll p mLv Dn, l lb J̮jk DC J*ddcv kl=&lJ s DjbiyocOu vimv Jv hjmj箳 mbmk=lk DC J*ddcv p[CI[Clu lb mnYilv Gcuu omv l. vimv Jv hjmjlu cEuo ku cnJul mbmk=lk DC J*ddcv I[c[ 1967 mu Dkj IT uiu. l I[c[Rlu Sk DOjmlbY, ci&oM&k cnCvn . pOJ b GuuK DU jl. cnCv lb J*ddcv kl=&lJ DuK DYmlv Iv D[ kjl l vnl.
[@. yymny Dby[kj bv Go OJolv Djbiyo Lu vimv Jv hjmjlu cEuo cnJu 1950 mu mLhv ku. cnJuu DC vimv Jv hjmjlu mJ& cnJubv [@. yymny Dby[kj b J̮jkl DC mbmk=lk cub Jjm uYuu Dn. J̮jk, mcpk, M#Ck DC mbmk=lk cub YJ Dmuv hjmjlu JLv kJU M#Ck vJn, lj pJv箳 mJ& #$bM vi[l mbmkj Dlcml kjC mbO cUu nl. DM h&Yc Dmuu mbmk=lk JlJjCl . pOJ ci&oM&k Yck hj h[l nl. ojcv, Dcjkl Fbp J<l [@kwj hoJ mbhov kuvblj & [@. c. v. JvK[ hvn cEuo ku cnJul & cnCv p Pu nl. [@. JvK[ DC . pOJ b J̮jkl hjmhjbM mbJo mOCj nl. MJ pOJ b Jmbi JcJ sh JLaJi&Jj h[uu Dmuv lb MkJC {y, Y<MuǮ Jhj kjC hl, J*ddcv mvl-mJh JMu<Clck jlv mcpv mbiC nl, Dk mboY& oC p%m, JLcO cmUv pC J= DC uYm JcJ F. iCbcU lb ukkl Yj h[l nl. cEuo cnJuv I[Juu JLv mnlv|cl J J̮jkllv mnlJl vJ kcJu Dn. lhk kn JLv I[JC . j. i. pOJ bv oC DvƮl jCj vn.
vimv Jv hjmjlu cEuo ku cnJul 1967 mu mbmk=lk DC J*ddcv I[uu Sk Slnmk cnJ箳 Iv vWo kuMJ . j. i. pOJ b iuY J̮jkl DC ojǮ l C DJI[ Dn. & [@. c. v. JvK[ bv h{kj ITv 67 mu `cEuo mnl hj<o` mnlmbmL mLhv kv `Dmcl` $cmk pvc I[Jv DCu. `cnj^lu Dp-G mbmk=lk mbI<& DC J*ddcv mcm` cnJhC& h&Yc Dmuu x DjK[ Fbp J*ddc mKu Y<kj DC JjJbl & [@. c. v. JvK[ DC cj mnl mc#k J i{ DYmk . j. i. pOJ b ojlv DC Elvlv k Pu. [@. JvK[ `Dmcl` mbhok, lj . pOJ k&kj mbhok Dmuv lbv kCl mJh mnlv|cl DYl nl, Dbop mnp ybOl l. `cnj^lu Dp-G mbmk=lk mbI<& DC J*ddcv mcm` J<Jju cnJhC& xl & [@. JvK[, . c. hb. ji, . J. u. kukCa, & c. Y. ƮCm DC . pOJ bv Yi Ilu. xu J*ddcv Dlbl cnJ mLv hl Pu Dn. lv & JvK[ DC . pOJ b hjmhjb J̮jkl mcpv IC kJl DC pC mnp u#l l. `Dmcl` $cmk p[CI[C DC J*ddcv mcmb Gku kjCm l m Pu Dvcv k{J uil. kjC mbmk=lk cukuhv DOjKl kv Dby[kj Jj-jCb mnlv|clǮ mJh km Dmu, DuK cb[lv . j. i. pOJ bvǮ hnu Mv Jv n & ilcv kjC oƳlJ mJkju Dmu x mJhJv omv l. cEuo ku cnJul cj J*ddc DOhv kjl kjl & [@. JvK[ b J̮jk mnkj cnCv mnl UJUlu lb mLv DOjKl Pu. mbmk=lk DC J*ddcv p[CI[Cl yncu Dm iov olv Dhu J̮jkl m EyyJCl . pOJ MmJ ju Dnl.
xl mnYi Puu JjJblb J̮jkllv p J*ddcv cub cb[C Pu, l Dby[kj Jj-jC mJkjCN mnlkbJj kCl mJh hjCc Pu, mnlJl kCl lƬ Gcu, . pOJ bv Ʈklmk ccbm kv kn v<k<& k{C mnpMkw Dn. lcU Dby[kjJo kvmLv cvv mbmk=lk cubv Ov oCj mnlv|cl JnJ, Dm DMJo lbv yUiC n lb J̮jklM mmbil nl. lYJbl mnlkb mnlv|cl DC J̮jklyyl . pOJ bv kn Dh# i=nl Oju DmC mbYJvdz Dn. 1967 l 2003 hl cnCp `cnj^lu Dp-G mbmk=lk mbI<& DC J*ddcv mcm` $cmklu xhmv l DKu Yjldz cj mnl mbcuv DO#ho . j. i. pOJ bv hl nF&hl kuKb[ Jjl IJ uil. n kuKb[ pJUpJU 35-36 J<x Flk Dn. kuKb[l Jj voxM kucC oul mnllu cvob[ cnCv kn vJ DUKu pll. mnlk DC JjJbl cnCv vJbv Ju hl Puu Dn. 1967 mu vJol Dmuu mnlk lY Dl k|lMKjJj pTv hnuu Dnl. lb mnlv|clu cvl hl Pu Dn. h&YcJj . pOJ bv 67 mu p J̮jkl DOj J*ddcv cukuhv cb[u, l lEyy oul mnlv|cllv DC J̮jkllv kM mJhl Gcu, 箳 lhMul v pl . pOJ bv cb[uu J*ddcv ojǮ MO DC yO IC DvJ& jl.
`oul mnl : cjǮ Sk DMmLv` (`Dcn` : D@im 1971) cO . j. i. pOJ b Dlbl cnJ uK Dv<biv Jjl IJ uil. n uK `oul mnl : Sk DYm` (mbhok- Dp&v [biU, LcJ= 1978, kMk : cnj^ mbmk=l cb[U) hmlkl h=. . 109 l 120 cO mcJ kuu Dn. . pOJ bv uKl cb[uu Jjlv lb hC m nl. cnCv lb uKlu kn vJ[k JOvb lk&mbil hjcM& IC DJMk jl. `oul mnl KjKj ijp mJs J K oM&vk DOv Dn. oul mcpu mnlkbh# vJbl JjJblb DOk DJMkl Dn,` (oul mnl : Sk DYm; h=. 114) Dm JOv . pOJ kjll, lJn lciu lb kUkU DC Dlcdzl mh nl. lb mӮk JOvu cuiY& mboY& hl Puu Dn. kjC JmlJ Dm nl k, 1968 l 70 kuKb[l oullJ箳 blJ%v hYjC kjC lv jCl Du DC `oullJ` DC `oul` n mbkuhv kvmLv DJlju. lcU mnlv|cll Dby[kj Jj-jCbv iClJ oC Yck yU nT uiu.
. j. i. pOJ bv n Jmbil DkhC nv Dbljk jCv DC pJnUv uKl l oul mnlkb u#l DCv oC lv ku Dn. lbv cnu Dn k, `[@. Dby[kjbv Kj J̮jk M< uYu vn, lj oul mcp cnv mJhv hn Mku vn, Dm l DL& nF&u. v mcp DC mnl DYm kjCh# ypJv J hu mnl DYm DOk jk Dn, Dm DJp&v mbiCN Skv oul JjJblb oul mnlu J mcpu DOk ijp Dn.` (h=. 114) Dby[kjJo DvJL& uJv Dby[kj Jj-jCbv kCl mJh mnlv|cl DYl Dn, mKu Ʈklm kjCN JjJblb vlbl ijp Dmu lb lhov Dlbl cuk cvJ uil. kjC Dby[kj JjbM Skv DmCj JjJbl mbmk=lk cub mbJO&v kjCN mnlv|clu oM oKJ Mku, Dm DMJo . pOJ bv 1971 muǮ J ku, n yy ou&# kjCmjK vn. cnCv lbv `miU oul mnlkbv `m[` kL unu lj mbmk=lmbYJ n hjk k& kC kjCj?` (h=. 115) Dm jKk mJu oul mnlkbmcj 32-33 J<hJa Juu Dn. DC Dpn oul mnlv|cl Mv箳 YJNl D[ku Dmv, DJl&l mh[uu Dn. kjC `J%vkl mbmk=lklu kso oT Mkl vn,` (h=. 115) n . pOJ bv mbiluu JmlJJo Jj oul mnlkbv DC JjJblbv ou&#l ku. lcU oul mnlu mbmk=lk cub km OjC cvJCj vn, nn GI[ ml mh Pu.
. pOJ bv DlM pyyojv, mbchCv DC Dlcdzlv uKl Jj cb[lv 1971 mu DlM mӮkhC JOv kuu omv ll. DL&l, lbv 1967 mu `mbmk=lk mbI<& DC J*ddcv mbI<&` Jjm$u Dvmv uKl cloM&v kjC oƳlJ mJkjuu Dmu v<k<& k{J uil. cnCv `oul mnlu YJ mc#kbn ijp Dn. Dhu mcp Y< J YJv pCCj DC lbM cv:hJ&k mcjm nCj kkj oul mnlu Hj c jC oT Mku,` (h=. 117) . pOJ b JOv DvJL& uJlv YJ mc#kb Ycku cnJ Dmu mh nl. lbv n pyyoj pCJhJ&k yJo Ji&Jj kuu omv l. lbv cnu Dn k, `oul mcpl Dvk Jmbi uk Dnl. lbv mcpk pyyojǮ pCJv oul mnlkbv mcpJv ou/ Ilu hnp.` (h=. 117) Dby[kjJo kWmLv cvv uKv kjCN mnlk, JjJbl DC kkjbv oul mnlk DC JjJblb J̮jk kW[ kjC #cl klhl k ku, lcU oul mnlv|clu kCl J*ddcv mcmbv mcj pJ uil Dn, n mJlb$hC DYmC J< jl. hjbl . j. i. pOJ bv vckhCv oul mnlv|clǮ DC J̮jkl Jmbil mh kuu Dnl, n cv kjJ uil.
mnlv|clǮ vck nl k Dml, n DUKC Yv oul lYbv 1968-70 kuKb[l v JucU, lbv ci&oM&v kjCN mc#k DC JjJblbJj Yml Ju. cnCv . pOJ bv, `oul mnl Kj ijp mnlkb vmv, mc#kb Dn,` (h=. 118) Dm yncu Jj cb[u. ciu kjCccbm DYmlv u#l l k, oul mnlv|cllv Mvb iuul nCm jbY Pu. n yy nv . pOJ cnCll, `oul mnl箳 mboY&l DCK Sk Mv GuuKvdz Dn. l cnCp- mcpk J mnlk Mvb iuul kjC cn.` (h=. 118) n Ul C Mkw JnJ cnCv oul mnlkbv mJO kjCm lbv, `uKkv mcpYcK DmJ, JM<l: Dp箳 oul uKkv lj mcpYcK DmC lJ ijp Dn,` (h=. 119) Dm DMJo J ku.
. pOJ bv 35-36 J<hJa oul mnlv|clǮ mboY&l kuu Y< Dpn Dblc&K kjCj Dn. lm Pu lj oul mnlv|cl DJl&lv ynj h[u. mbmk=lk cubv hjk J cub mbJO&v kjCj mnlv|cl Dby[kj Jj-jCbv DYl Dn, Yv C ijp Dn.
mnl mbcuv箳 DO#ho p JjJbl . j. i. pOJ b Puu vJ[ n DLa Sk ojǮ JjJbl mvcv Dn.
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