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icblk J*ddcv Flnm kMl
jp vk : iJl hl&ipb puc jpJl Y<bv p mmu l pilu mnl DC Y<b Flnmlu Sk JjU GonjC jJ. Oc&sU箳 kUl Ƹml Oc& mJkjJ uiuub mbmk=l kl[ muv k{J, lM Djy[Cl Du. ll p Dhjcl nv mbmk=lǮ Pu, ll Y< DC mnln yU h[u. mbmk=lk Divulv p Ju lv DivoJ ku Dm cnu hnp. mnl Ob[U IC cnldm k& icblk cj Dkocv hC& ku Dmv `icblkdz cj J*ddc Flnm` vJ n Ov Jkbm GhuyO Pu Dn.
ov Kb[ kMv hCpl kjCl Du. Y<k mnlk UJUu Y<Cmho jJ Dm n k& cvJ uiu. hnu Kb[ mbhov [@. J. y. YomF& J . jJR IJ bv lj . Sm. Sm. v[kCa J [@. mcvL kcjhbl bv omN Kb[ mbhov ku Dn. hnu Kb[l 31 lj omN Kb[l 20 uK mcJ kjCl Du Dnl. kcu D[Ǯ J<祮 kuJO uiu J j uKb mjkj Dvov uYu.
hnu Kb[ Sk mbhok jJR IJ `ukm`M yulv cnCu k, 1905 mu Dhu `mlmbi` cmkl OW[Mm$ kjb[ bv n kuhv cb[u nl. icblk mnl n JiU Dn DC l Flnmn cnj^h# JiU Dn, lcU l DYm Pu hnp. Dl 100 J<v n kc hC& nl Dn.
[@. J. y. YomF& cnCu, icblkv p Yiu n yM- Fb[箳 Ju Du vn. hl&ipb FLu puc- Dljl lch$, MuuKbyjyj J*dcn v kjCl Du. pbk[ Dm mnl mh[u lu ob[ kjCl Du. Oc&ibv yjm Dm mnl phl kv hl&iuu vu. lb nl mnl J[byv kjC J Enob Oc& J oJ b Jbyv kjC nl. l JU, lcn Dcnu Oc&hmv l[u Dl Dc mbmk=lk hkU Yv k{Cm Dcnu Ƹml Oc& hjC , DM ciC nT uiu nl. n Yk YiJCm Hoj mHvm bv `ƸmlhjC` unu J Hoj SuDv D bv mbJ h (hj) Jj 29 npj DJb hjC unu.
[@. YomF& cnCu, Sk ypu hjkdzb DvvJl Dlj lj omN ypu u@v mbmk=lǮ YJ hjCc icblkdz cj mnlkbJj Pu. hl&ip, u@v, W b mbybO l# l nl. l lEyy icblkdzb mnll GljC mJYJk nl. 1930 mu icblkl Jcv cunj pM b DO#lKu Yjuu mnl mbcuvl mJilO# hoJv yulv MbyjJ mjomF& bv lJj vckhCv y Ju Dn. `cj mnl n l箳lu JƮ$cU JMhC& yvu Dn. ll icblkdzb mnlv Yj kl Dn,` Dm mjomF& bv cnu nl.
. IJ cnCu : icblklu JlJjC, FLu jpklx, mcp I[C, cmbmLlu JM, Lu pcvoj DC YkjMn n Dvk DL&v cnj^nv JiU nl. lcU mcppJvJj K$v hjCc Pu J mnlJj YJ h[l iu. ov Kb[l l MO ICl Du Dn.
k=<Com Mc n icblk D kJ. lb `k=<C j$ kL` n icblk D bL. l jcv uhlu l hmuxkjbv hl&iu箳 hjlJ Kll mh[u nl DC mKo DvYJ cnCp bL kc u Dmlv [@. YomF& bv lb kk箳 Ij uu- kCkC L bL oJvij uhlu cU l mh[u. `c lbk[ M#Cm jnu nl. bL kc kjl Dml Sko mnp cnCv cP ul YiJkj bv l DbLmboY&l Jju DC lb Ij n bL mh[u.
hmuxkjbv mh[uu jcv bLlu hnu ov-lv hv inU Puu DJmLl nl. oJvij llu hnu ov-lv hvn lMǮ inU Dnl. bL Sk l Fboju mh[u nl.
cjl `JJkEmO` n bL D Dm cvu lj `k=<C j$ kL` n bL SkvLbhJa kL Dn. yjJ Mlkl cj Y<l hnu bL unu iu Dm cvu lj icblkl 14 J Mlkl hnu bL cnl&c{ jJu iu. 1510 mu hl&ipbv iJ kyp kuvblj c$ JYJMu hjbhj OUoC G[ uiu. hC l huo Dvd j#m hbpn n Ov mbhC&l: v k Mku vnl.
hmuxkjbv Dhu mbMOvl hl&ip- cj mbybObJj kM ku Dn. hl&ipb hCk[ h$JJnj u Dm. lJU cjbv mcpJ cnCv hl&ip Dhu h$lv Dvk cj Myob Jhj kjl. [@. YomF cl, Ƹml cMvNb YJlv vblj iJ cjM mbybO kc nl iu. iJu l `hl&iu mchj oM` cvl. lcU cj l[v lbv iJ箳 pvlJj hl&ip Y< uou. lb clM DM vU l[C lv Pu. n bLl Ob[U ICl Du Dn.
hl&ip kUl `umJn` M#Cl SkcJ Eno & nTv iu. lb vJ nl DvbojJ oMhb[. lbv hnu cj hhmlk lj ku, DM o|cU cnl bLl oCl Du Dn.
cj J*ddc箳 omN Kb[l icblkdz vlkukb D{J ICl Du Dn. hl&ipb mvm@jMh JUK Dmlvn icblkl h$ kM vIl, ni[- omF&- mkjkj bmjK lpmJ h$kj llv km vhpu Jj Gp[ h[l. lkU Jmk o ic pvcMlyo iJl OcO[kwl mpj kjC bi hl&ipbv ybOu nl. lJn Jmk o ic n j^h< vJn Dm cl c[iJnv `Eno`v J ku nl. l mbhok nl- o$ JbkM h. lb cc mkjkj n kMk nl. uKyu lbv M# Pu nl.

 

   
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