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Jmckl kjCj jpkdz Jm

iu Mlk箳 L oMkl Puu Yjldz GhKb[ HUC n Sk oozJ Iv nl. yMbv IF&IF&v mJlb$ olv Yjl DC hkmlv ov mJlb$ j^b v|cl ku. n HUC nlv kuhvll Enmj Pu DC Hj c cCJj pJlnv J Jnv Pu. lJnhmv GY oMblu mbybO <hC& DC lCJml jnu Dnl. lcU HUCu kC pyyoj nl DC HUC Ul Du Dml k n J Dv<biv Dm DCK kn Mv Dpn GhmLl nlv omll. jpkdz DYmkb lJ<Ǯ v<k<& yN JU hjmhjbv so oll. lcU SK Dvjl Mvhv<omjK mcm mJh Puu Dn. h&YcJj [@. jHk Pkj bv unuu `o c@v n [Jn[[ Fb[ : D@v FvmF Fv pvp u[jMh D@C[ Fdmd DHwjc@L` n hkmlv pvk y@. pv b j$ cnJhC& jJ. mll bLl y@. pv b Jil DC jpkdz pJv D{J Il Dmlv uKkv HUCǮ Ivc J Hul bJjn kM ku Dn.
hkmlv pvk y@. pv b pvc vkwk kJn Pu, J< DOk=l cnl GhuyO vn. kjC p kj Mnjl pv b pvc Pu lL 1876 hl pvc-c=lӮ vWo JC hl DmllJl vJnl. lcU lb MU oKuJj 20 D@kwyj 1875 n pvcljK Dbopv IuCl Du. J箳 mUJ J<a G M#Cm pv Fbiub[u iu. DjbY lbJj j^Jo Jjb YJ nl. ub[vcOu Dhu JmlJl lbv ooYF& vjp b mƮJ cnCvn kc ku nl. lLv Yjll hjl DuJj lbv cbyF&l Jku m ku. 1904 cO cbyF&l Yjuu kBm箳 DOJMvu pv GhmLl nl. cmucbv cv Dmuu ybiu箳 HUCu JjO kv lbv llkuv JnF&mj@ u@[& kP&vJj Kj k ku nl. ihU k=<C iKu, mjpv v[ bvn pv b j^Jo JjmjCǮ klk Jl Dm. 1916 cO pvbyjyj uKv L kjj kv ukcv Ukbv Eno-cmuc Skw mOC lv ku nl. l kUl kBm箳 k&Cuv DC j^Jo JjmjCv pv SJ{ YjJv iu nl k, cmuc ui箳 DOJMvm GhmLl jnCm l vkj ol Dml. h{ cmuc ui箳 cOclv lbv oM HUC I[Jv DCu.
1920 cO u. Ukb vOv Pu DC oM箳 jpkdz #lpJj c. ibOR Go Pu. lcU kBm k&Cu Dcu youu. n youuu k&Cu pv bv cv vJnl. hjCc kBm h{NbM lb Kk G[ uiu. vihjcO 1919 cO Puu kBm箳 DOJMvl lbv Dhu mJ&MvM ibOpRv JjO ku. hC lb cnCC kCn Skv Ilu vn. lcU Dhcvl DJmLl pv bv kBm m[J uiu. vblj kUl lb Gh# nT uiu. Dhu jpkdz pJv li kv c 1928 cO lbv Fbiub[u C ku. l JU Fbiub[cO cpj h# Jp nTv pvb c$ Dmuu j@cm c@kw[vu[ hblOv Pu nl. 1929 cO pvbv lbv h$ unv Yjldz vlb iucp hj<o YjJC ciC ku. kBmv lu JjO ku. n JjO ou&#v JnF&mj@ D|Jv bv Yjldz Iv & kjCm iucp hj<o Dpv ku. pv hj<ou DJp&v GhmLl jnu. hC Eno DC cmuc b hjmhjJjOcU n hj<o DMmJ ju. omj iucp hj<o YjChJa ibO- D|Jv kjj Puv kBm DOJMvu GhmLl nl. lmN iucp hj<ohl pvb jpkdz DJcuv SJ{ Pu nl k, hj<om lbv mO Dcb$Cn vJnl.
mjlMJ Dhu jpkdz DmllJm pvbv cmuc ui D Ilu. 1936 cO cmuc ui箳 DOJMvu l Lc GhmLl jnu. l JU pv bv cmuc ui lnnl DO# cnCv I<l kjCl Du. ojcv箳 kUl yv hblOv j@cm c@kd[vu[ bv Yjl箳 kWdz J blk hlUJj cmucbm JY clojmbI I<C ku. hjCc Yjllu cmucb Sk kjC pv bv DOk muY Pu. 1935 Yjl mjkj kvmj 1937 cO mJ&$k vJ[Ck Pu DC 11 hk 8 bll kBm MmJ Pu. cmucbm Dmuu SkC 600 jKJ pibhk cmuc ui kJU 100 pibJj Jp Pu. Gj oMl kBmv vyy FmcF&u Kv DC Oj Kuu Jcv cmuc ui箳 ov vlbv cb$cb[Ul Ilu. kBm n k=l pv bv cUǮ DJ[u vn. lbv ybiu hblOv S. k. Hpu Gu nk DC hbpy hblOv mj mkboj nlKv bM jpkdz nlv c$ ku. 1937 cO mJ&$k vJ[Ckl mJ&$ Jp nCN kBmu cmuc ynmbK Dmuu ov blbl DMmJ JnJ uiu nl. h{ hbpy DC ybiu ov blǮ HUC nTv hkmlv v|cl Pu.
mhWyj 1939 cO omj cn m Pu. cb$cb[Uu Jml v Il yMbv Yjl箳 Jlv pnj ku箳 v<OL& kBm箳 Dn cb$cb[Ubv jpvc ou. pvbv n `c ov` cnCv mpj kjC DJnv ku. lu cmuc mcpv Hj c cCJj lmo ou. kBm cb$cb[U Dmuu bll cmucvbJj Dv nll, DM yM mjkjk[ lj kjCN pv bv 1940 cO unj L Yjuu cmuc ui箳 DOJMvl hkmlv ciC kjCj jJ cb[u.
omN cncU pilk jpkjC mboY& youu DC Yjllu mJlb$ u{ ilcv Pu. 1942 cO kBmv `u pJ` Dbouv m ku. lcU kBm vl kjJml iu. Yjldz pvl DC kBm yMbv JjO kjl Dmlv cmuc ui c$ yMbv mnk& kjl nl. l jpkdz Ho uiu Pu. omj cn mbhuJj yMbv mj m@H[& Ƭhm b vl=lJKu Yjll Sk Di hJu, hC lu DhM Du. oMl pldz lCJ lJ nl nl. DM OiOil JlJjCl 1945 cO j^dz JOcb[U DC bl箳 vJ[Ck Pu. JOcb[Ul cmucbm jKJ Dmuu 30 pi lj JJO bllu cmucbm jKJ Dmuu SkC 492 pibhk 428 pi cmuc uiv Epku. hjCc cmuc uik[ cnCp y@. pvbk[ Dhjn&hC cmucb vl=lJ Du. mcjm oM箳 JJO Yil pldz obi m Pu nl DC nbic mjkjcO mnYi Puu cmuc ui cb$ jpkjYjl DkjC D[LU vc&C kjl nl. DM yk hjmLll hb. vn J mjoj hu bv HUCu cvl ou DC hkmlv箳 v|clǮ y@. pv b mJhv mkj Pu.
20 kjCbcO Jmljuu j$ bLl [@. Pkj bv y@. pvb j$ DC jpkdz Jm jKl Dmlv HUCǮ Dhjn&ln mh ku Dn. mJYJl Dvk Jmbil DmCj, mJ&mcv cCmb mbhk& UCj DC oJCKvl ymv jpkjC M<k & kjCj, cCmIC J=Ǯ DC cmuc Oc&hjbhjb cUǮ huv v kjCj pv j^dz Jjbk[v mbkƮl O|ck jpkjCk[ JUu J lbv hkmlv v|cl ku. pv b n jpkdz Jm Jmckl kjCj Dn. hkmlv v|cl nCm kjCYl juu y@. pvb j^Jo mbl kǮ Dmu vblj ybiuoM箳 v m ku. HUCcU vJv vc&C Puu kn mcm YJn mJhl GY oMbmcj GY ku DC Oc&Ol jpkjC DhM UkhC DOjKl Pu.
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