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v<kc J nM
JoY& jbiYc


kj[ L nl Dm}u 84 J DK} Yjldz v mbc}v箳 DO#Hom Dku p< jbikc&, voioM&k jc pOJ b GcoJj viHjkj cb[Ubv oK} k} DC 1977 vblj lyy} 27 J<b&vblj JoY& k}Jbl} DO#Ho cU}, DM DM jmkbv J}. D<Yj nM jbiYcm Jvcu mJ oCj J lm k}ov, mclmc=l, voH&C lm JF& Jj mJjkj Hjmkjv ijJ} i}} DC k} mojkjCyjyj vMm$ bi} DYm DmCj . pOJ bHv n DM H}J} i} nl, HC lbmcj lb p< c$ Mb. v. vJj nl. cbyF&l P}u DK} Yjldz v Hj<o vck cb[U箳 ykl pOJ b ijnpjl lb mcL&kbv Mbvb DojH Skclv vJ[Ǯ Hb[ pHm} i}. yvJjO k Skcl n kn mjcOcb ylcbcU G[}} ibOU JiUl miU JJmLl P}. 1982 m} mJ. JmbljJ oMHb[ b DO#lK} Dku} 62 J vmbc}v P}. jc pOJ bv 1961 m} mLHv k}u jmk vmbmLv l mbc}v YjJ} nl. lHJ& JoY&l} jbiYcǮ D.Y. vmbc}vl} lvOlJ HjmLl l}vv KH yj nl, Dm cnCJ }i}. 1977 m} HC vmbc}v DO#mLv H<c ojJnkj cmlj bv Y<J}. lJU l HjmLl DCK bi} nl lj 1933 26 J mbc}vH&bl lj Yil} jbiYcǮ mJC&i nl, Dm cnCJ }i}.
jpHjkj vcb[UǮ Jcv cbyF&l} y@cy LSjcO 28 D@im 1905 jp Hn} cj vmbc}v P}. l DO# nl DcjJlǮ oomny KH[&. l Kj jpkjC k vkc&, Dm Mv H[J Flk ovn #$cO lb kl=&lJ nl. mbc}v Dpl kjCN cOJl& mbmL} cnj<^ vmbc}vSJp Yjl vmcp Dm vJ mӮJC J vblj mbmL Ivl yo} kv cj vHj<o Dm vJ vMl kjC yN cCl KH[&bk[ pl. nM vk kbHvǮ cOclv lbv k}} oioM&v `KH[&M}` cnCv JKC} i}. jpYjl} vk kbHvbm l JoY&l} c DOj nl.
1912 cO DcjJl L P}u DJ mbc}v箳 DO#Ho lL} mj cjHbl JMJvL, c. J. GH& DCCmny pM nl lj 1920 m} HC L Yj}u mUJ mbc}v DO#Ho Y<Jv DcjJlǮ Jj JcvjJ pM jpkdz vlbv ovn #$l} kl&=lJ oomny KH[& b HjbHj H{ v}. 1933 m} Dvbo mbil cb[Uv y@cy LSjcO 33 J mbc}v YjJ} DC DcjJlǮ J=H$kj, vkkj vvmny ycCiJkj l DO# nl.
DlH&bl箳 vmbc}vO#bHk JOj iK} DcjJlǮ DC cOJ cvnj Dk}
pul} lunj L} cU jnJm Dm} lj lb kjko& ynj} l JoY&ynj. lcU lb DUK lMǮ jn}. ojJnkj cmlj n MJ JoY& mbc}vO# cnCl l}. Ho k=<C kunkj pUiJ pco, H. Y. YJ b DpU c}kHj, mcl iHl JlcU, c. i. oMcK JO& lj [@. cOkj D<kj DcjJlǮ. Jc y[kjn pvcv JoY&. cj jbiYcǮ J}l c iov oCj DM Dvk vJ Dm} lj JoY&, JM<l: JNn[ jbiYcǮ Hb[ kc nMǮ jn} Dn. HC-cbyF&Flk JJmƳkl n jbiYc Dlcml k Mk}} vn.
Dm oJ k} pl k, S}Hj, mO D}Hj J Jlmiuc, JMc L} vHjbHj Mk[ J<& pv Dn. D}Hj yJM J yJv Skwk n SkCmJ Mlkl} vi=n, yUMm$ JMckjb k& n Sklj DJ&v cj vm=<M mcblj kbJ lnH# pv cv} pl. k}&mkj vk cb[UǮ Hn} vi 31 D@kwyj 1880 lj mbi}kj vkcb[U 1886 m} viHjl i kv i}. omjk[ S}Hj yJvSkwk vmbmL mLHv 1867 lj 1880 HJ& viY[, i[Ʈj} Yil vi Jn. cj jbiYcǮ MlmbJlmjk GlmJvblj jbiYcǮ Flnm }nlv . v. yvnf bv cn} k, S}Hjl jbiYcǮ mjJl MbYj J<&bHJ& P}, n lL} cb[UǮ mcpv Dm Dm} lj lL} jbiYcǮ J v HjbHj pv J mJbY DmC mbYJvdz Dn.
Jj Gu}K k} l mJC&il 1935 H&bl Dk} pul} cnv, HUmo, kjCK[ Do K[bcO vk Jn DC l P} cnCv ibOJ& vk cb[Uv Dku箳 jc LSjl i kv l Yv k{u箳 vbo Dnl. nH# mbilOv }HHk, K[ibcl kbJ HbOj HbOj oJm }Cj icC Yil} ob{j lm mO箳 HLv cU l cv} i}} Kc, DM Yi} vk DoJm mbmk=lOv mc= Slnmk HMJ&Yc Dn. vk J l箳 mc# Jjm H{ Dio D}k[} o. Y. kUkC& J cnM S}kbJjbH&bl }J} i} Dn. y}jbiYc J HLvmjK JiU kbijoK} JjM} Dnl. viHj
ukcv Ukbv mJ&pvk iCMlmJ m kjCHJ& JoY&l JM<l: mbmk=lk jpOv Dm}u S}Hjl iCMlmJ Jn J mLvk k}Jbl ll vi kj, Dm mbil} pl. ci, l vk} JoY& DnU k}&mkj vibi} pTv cU} DC l箳 Gic Jjn nF&vm P}. Dm I[C DioǮ DMkw Dn k? SJ{ c$ Kj k, JoY& vYkwl DC vmJ MbYj J<&bnv pv J v<kc Dn.
Dlcl<m vk} GHmv n l JM< jn} Dn. cnCv jbiYc n nM }kbǮ jn}. Jp&v mOv yvJv vk} GHi kv IC Jj JoY& cvv kO k} vn.
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