jJJj,1 HyJj 2004

 
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kBm箳 mLhvhmv mllv kBmǮ hjKC kjCj cmuc mcp kn kUm llkuv kjCbcU oj iu hC vblj hvn kBmk[ Du. c$, iu 15 J<l kBmlj blk ilk vlbv kBm箳 `clh{`Jj Dhu nkwk mLhl ku Dn.
SkCmJ Mlk箳 jbYl Yjldz Mmvl mnYi DmJ DC Mmv箳 cOclv Dhu mcm m[Jv IJl GMv 1885 cO Yjldz j^dz kBm mLhv Pu. kBm GM pj kocb[Ul JM kjC Dmu lj mM#l cmuc mcpl Jpv Dmuu mj m糳o bv lm JjO ku. n kBm yM m JjOl Dmv cmuc mcp pj ll mnYi Pu lj koƮl 1857 yb[l mnYi Pu cnCv yM mcp sU kjlu, DM Yl m糳o bv nl DC l Yllv l kBmcO cmucbv mnYi nT v m lv kjl nl. c$, mj m糳o bv cmuc mcpv JM< lmo ou vn DC c mbKv cmuc mcp j^dz kBm箳 Jnl mcu Pu. kBm箳 lmN DOJMvl yv l糳yp n cbyF& i=nmL DO# cnCv vJ[v Du. l糳yp bv mj m糳o bM & kv cmucbv kBmcO mnYi Pu hnp m lv ku.
l糳yp b lvbv M l Dn, n hnv yM mOj OmlJu DC lbv Dui{ cnJu (lkU MAO cnJu) & L@cm yk b cOclv cmuc mcpu JiU kjC lv ku. cmuc pcvojbv Sk$ DCCl Du DC mj DiKv b vl=lJKu pcvoj, mjbpcojb Sk Mcb[U JnFmj@ u@[& Ec bv pTv Yu. cmucbv mJlb$ clojmbI nJ, ciCǮ Sk vJov Mcb[Uv JnFmj@v ou. JnFmj@v ciCu llkU cvl ou. Eno DC cmuc mcplu jpkdz HHǮ n mJl nl.
JnFmj@, DiKv lm cmuc mcplu kn kfj vlb lvbvbljn Eno DC cmuc mcplu jpkdz mbybO DOkOk { nl iu. 1916 ojcv kBm DC ui bl Sk kjj nTv kBm DC ui b J|<k DOJMv SkJU yuJCl Du. ojcv hnu cn m nl. lk&mlv D@cv mulv - p KuHn nl- bv yMb JjOl pc&vM nlcUJC ku. cU Enobh#n cmuc yM Pu DC lbv kBmcO DOkOk mnYi nCm mJl ku. cn箳 DKjm D@cv mulv hjYl Pu. cmucb hJ$ mLv ky lyl IC pv yM DKl Dnl, Ylv cmuc mcp DOk pJU Du DC ky箳 cm lbv KuHl UJU GYju.
ojcv ibOpR kBm箳 JmhJj JM Pu nl. yMb JjOl u{Cm ibOpRv Dhu UJUl mnYi JnJ, Dm DJnv cmuc mcpv ku. ibOpRvn lu cvl ou. kjC lbv Enobv mbilu nl k, cmuc mcp n Dhu YT Dn. lb Oc&m l pJv-cjC u{ ol Dmlv lbv mnk& kjC Dhu kl&J Dn. l JU EnobcOn puvJuyi nlkb[cU yMb JjOl Dmbl< pJU Y[ku nl. ibOpRv KuHl lm ky cl DC puvJuyi nlkb[ n ovn c Sk$ ku DC Dhu hnu Yjllu mbI<& hkju Dmnkj UJUǮ hl. Dbouvl Eno-cmuc Skw DvK oM&v mJv I[u. UJUǮ Mv mbhC& yM jpJ nov iu. hjCc Eno-cmuc bl pldz l{ vc&C kjCm hvn Sko yMb lv m Pu. DC chu kjC I[u. kjCv Eno-cmuc Skwu b[ Okwk ymu.
Eno- cmuc blu mbybO pldz lCJvblj knm ojJu Dmu lj 1937 hl cmuc mcp c cCl kBm箳 yjyj jnu. c cCl cmuc vl kBmyjyj jnu. c$ 1928 hmv y@. pv n Hkv jnu. hb[l vnbv lj kuu DnJul mJlb$ clojmbI ciC HUv uJCl DucU pv bv, kBm Dhu vn Dm J uiu. l Sk h[u DC MJ ub[vu pTv Jku k uiu. 1937 mcjm l hvn Yjll Du DC cmuc ui DO# Pu. JU Puu mJ&$k vJ[Ckl l mnYi Pu. lbv ui GcoJj kBm箳 GcoJjb JjOl GY ku. hC lbv Hj c hjYJu mcj pJ uiu. ui箳 GcoJjb u{l Dlbl kckJl ju. cmuc ynmbKk Dmuu hbpy, EmO, ybiu JJ Yi, Dmc, F&Mv Yjl L ui箳 GcoJjb oC hjYJ Pu. hC Dhu DkwkunMjv pv bv cmucb YJvbv nl Ilu. lbv JKj j m ku k, kBm n Eno O|cb Dmv l cmucb JjOl Dnl. l cmucbv lb L&vo O|ck JJnjbvn D[k kjl Dnl. pv bv JU `Fmuc Klj cW` I<C ou. cU lbv DOkOk cmuc mcp hEy cU uiu. cmuc Dckbv YjlJj kuu DcC箳 JU kuu Dljb you Eno mcp IF&u DM Yl lbv hmjJu. cmucb J{l hEy cUucU 1940 mcjm pv bv hkmlv ciC ku.
JU kBm箳 DO#ho cuv Dyou kuc DPo nl. hkmlv ciC n cmucvbm Dlcnl ju, n lbv cmuc mcpu hJv oCm mJl ku. n yy cmuc mcp箳 iU GljJCl l MmJ ju. Dm Dmu lj Eno DC cmuc blu mbybO kc- DOk cCl Sk$l jnu DC l JU vJ[Ckbhl cmuc mcp kBm箳 yjyj jnu. lb cl n vncǮ kBmk[ iu DC lbv kOn pldz h#bv Lj ou vn.
HUCvblj hvn Sko cmuc mcpcO you Pu DC l cmuc uihmv kBmk[ JUu. cK kjC cnCp hb[l pJnjuu vnb Oc&vjh# vl=lJ DC cnlc ibO b nl. ibOpRv cmuc mcpm ouu iov u#l ITv HUCvblj oMl jnuu cmucvbv Skir clov kBmu ku. hb[l vnb vl=lJvblj Duhm kU uuynoj Mm$Rk[ oM vl=lJ Du, hC l kUl vJ[Ck Pu vnl. lcU n cl kBmk[ jnu kbJ vn n kUu vn. vnbvblj lb cui Fboj ibO bk[ vl=lJ Oj Du. 1971 cO ybiu oM cvblj lj cmucvbv kBm pjojhC mJil ku. n hEy 1977 hl kc nl.
1975 cO DCyCǮ kUl cmuc mcp kBmhmv oj iu. lvblj vJ[Ckl cmucvbv kBm箳 JjOl clov ku, kjC DCyCl mbp ibO bv Iluu Dll vC&bcU! cmuc mcp p Yil c mbKv jnl l Ph[hf l[C DC kby vpv DJmlJ m kjC mbp ibO b DoM DmucU cmuc mcpl Dmbl< Y[ku nl. cU Fboj ibO hjYl Pu. hC D[Ǯ J<l cmuc mcpu lb k mcpv Du DC lbv hvn Sko kBmu hEy ou. Fboj ibO mJj Du. kUl Fboj ibORv cmuc vl=lJu hEy ou. lv l j jpbcO cmuc mcplu vlbv cKcb$ho ou. Eno OcOJb JjOl lbv u{ hkv DuhmbKk mcplu YlǮ YJv oj kjC lv ku. cU cmuc mcp kBm箳 yjyj hvn jn uiu. 1984 cO jpJ ibO bvn lbv GlmHl& hEy ou. hC lvblj...
jpJ ibOR nlvblj vn IjC vl=lJ mbhl Du DC lJU kBmlj vlbv, kn cmuc vlbv mcpu DOk mnvYl oKJCm mJl ku. Gj oMl cucEmn oJ, ynjcO uumo oJ, DbO oMcO Lc Sv. . jcjJ bv DC vblj byy v[. oMk hlUJj Dmuu vlbv oKJuu mnvYlcU kBmhmv cmuc mcp oj iu. iu 15 J<l hvn lbv kBmk[ JUJCl kBm箳 Skn vlu M cUu vn. kn jpbcO oMk hlUJju vlbv lb cl cUJu, n Kj Dmu lj j^dz hlUJj iu 15 J<l cmuc mcp kBmhmv oj iu pCJl Dn.
cnj^l Mjo hJj bmjK vl cmuc cl cUJCl MmJ ju Dnl. l lb cl DOk cUJ Mkll. jpJ ibO b nlvblj cmucvb clh{Ǯ jpkjC mbhl Du Dn. h. Jn. vjEmnjJ hblOv Dmlv l cmuc mcp Jm mbhov k Mku vnl. mv ibO hvn lv kjl Dnl. cu Jl k, cmuc mcp Dhuu k cUu Jjl Dmv lǮ mcm Dn. GhhblOv uuk=<C D[JC vncǮ mcpu `h@um D@H DhpcW` cnCv mbyOl Dmll. hC iu 40 J<l kBmv cmuc mcpu k ou Dm mJu lC h{k[v GhmLl nlv oml. lJU Yphlu Dvk vlbk[v cmuc mcpu biu, Gh Ho cUu Dnl. Go. ihvL cb[ GhcKcb$ Dmlv lbv Dvk vC& cmucb ypv Ilu. hjCc 70 kwk cmuc cl lbv cUu. Yph GcoJj Dmvn lbv n cl cUJl Du n JM Dn. yyj cMo h[u n mmCj pKc Dpn cmuc mcp箳 ol YUYUl Dn, hC l pKcJj cuchf kjCl Jph MmJ ju Dnl. DL& l hjJl&v Yphu cl oCl nF&u Dm Jl vn. oMk ilk vl=lJk[ n mcp JUu Dm Ʈ$ Dn. Gj oMl cucEmn oJ, ynjcO uumo oJ, kBm kv&kcOu Sm. Sc. k=<C, DbOl byy v[ n cb[U cmucvbv DOk Dk|<l k Mklu.
cmuc clh{Ǯ Ʈ$ Dhn SkmbO vn. l JmkUl Dn. kn jpbcO kBmk[ biu Oc&vjh# vl=lJ Dn. l cmuc mcpu Dk|<l k Mkll. hC oM mbhC& Ʈ$ hnu lj kBmv cmucb `clh{` icJu Dn, n omv l.
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