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jhv JmljJo DcCvblj JC&<, JbMYo, iuc Do L ul Pu. mjbpcMnl jp, mYoj Sk ypu DC p omN ypu Dm Yo nl, hjbl jhlu p ply vJnl. Yb[JuMn Gou DuJj Ji& lj Pu. mjbpcMnl mONb Y< DC p Dm Y<Yon Dm. cnCp cvJ mcpl JJO kj Yo J J<cl vc&C nl iu, hjbl plJJmLFlk KuJ puu, mjbpcMn-Yb[JuMnJjn `cl` kv kuu omj JJmL vn.
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hjbl kCn pl you Mkl vn! Oc& youuvbljn pl kv jnuu DhC hnl Dnl. cnCv `cmuc Dym` DC `Ƹv Dym` mbIv lj Pu. Yjldz GhKb[l (hkmlv- ybiuoMln) pl n Sk JǮ J kby cnJ DUK Dml. Yjllu Ƹv kby uivmbybO jJlv Dhu `plluǮ` Ƹv JO J Jj hnll.
plJJmL pkllv ynj h[Cm pbv Oclj ku, lbv Oc& youu, hC pl m[u vn. lcU mJx vuun cmuc J Ƹv ym- DymR DmllJ plJk DUK cv kjJ uiu. Dio MK Oc&ln pl kv jnu. p MK j^hl PuEmi bv `Ku箳` pllu cvl, cnCp oMlu mJx hoJj hnuvbljn `Ku箳` plǮ `Mkwk` hmu pT Mku vn. k. Dj. vjCvd j^hl Puvblj lbn DUK hnu `oul` j^hl DMǮ kv ou iu. PuEmi `Ku箳` pll nl, hC oul vJnl, DM hhCn ku iu.
`cvJo JJmL` cnCv DUKu pCN mcpk Gljb[u Dpvn Flk l DC JM `D[W` kM, Mv Gj YuYu JjJbl J mcpmbMOk oT Mkuu vnl.
hjbl Yjl箳 mJlb$UJUu, mcpmOjC cncbv, cnlc Hu- Mn cnjp- [@. yymny Dby[kj b lvbv J blkjk Dbouvbv, cnlc ibOR Jk `mln` JjmjCu, hb[l vnb DOvk- J%vk kvu DhC n ou hnp, k Flk oI& kU kv jnuu plJJmLlv k. Dj. vjCvd bmjK oul J j^hlhohl h Mku. `mJC&` vmuu PuEmin l ho Y<J Mku. {j mcpl DC ijyl pvcu Duu J cnj^箳 cKcb$ho h Mku; cj mcplv Duu MJbljJ JnC J Mjo hJj mbj#Ccb$ nT Mku; cj pllv Duu pipJvjc mbj#Ccb$ DC GhhblOvhohl hu; Gc Yjl J jy[oJ bmjK Dym m$ DC cJlRmjK oul m$ oMlu c jpbl cKcb$ nT Mku.
iu 12-15 J<x Yjl n Sklcl GOUv kC mbIl J vpl lv nl Dnl. Dljk Oc&Jo, llv Duu Oc&J< J<, Dmcl vJKu phmu pCj pldzJo, k oMkJo J Y<yu ojYcv Dp p cCl GHUv Du Dnl, llk hJa kOn vJnl. JvL lhEmibv p nlv J hlv cb[uJo jpkjCl DCu lcU J lJnhmv jpkjC J mcpkjC vk< GodOJml Pu.
lm hnu, lj cb[u Di vcu iu nl 1978 mu, pvl h#箳 jpJl DC llkuv i=ncb$ jCEmi bv h{kj IlucU. `cOu pl` cnCv DUKu pCN oJ, p, kca Flo plRv hkjuu yb[ DJ<kj cnCp cb[u Di. Sk ypu yC J omN ypu ym, bcOu plJYi cnCp Dym DM {yU JK nl.
yMbv jlmj pviCv kjCm mJl ku 1870 l 1890 kUl. hnu DnJu m Pu 1881 mu. lJn yMb u#l Du k Yjldz ukbcO Dvk Y<, yu, hbL, pl-hpl, Oc& DC Oc&y pcl Dnl DC lk `i`u, `mcn`u, iJu JiU mbmk=l, pJvMu, hjbhj Dnl. kO l Skckl ycuc cmUu Dnl DC kO DlM kv J k#v l phv Ju iu Dnl. Yjllu ukmbK vWoJC cnCp mJ& mcp JJOl vWoJC. yM DOkNbv Flkw KhC kc ku, k Dpn lb DnJu DJMk mboY& cnCv Jhju pll. lJnhmv oj 10 J<v pviCv nT uiu DC lm Sk jlmj k&u lj ku iu.
cb[u Div oMlu ym-DymR mbK, kj, vJ, JJm DYmu lJn 1931 pviCv mboY& Ilu nl. cnCv cb[u Di箳 mlJ J mӮvbyu ibYj D#h Ilu iu nl.
cb[u Di DnJu moj ku iu, l c$ Fboj ibORk[. kjC pvl mjkj i[i[u nl DC lvblj Duu jCEmi mjkjn DuhJOl uu iu nl. 1980 ukmY vJ[Ckl Fboj kBm b[ ynclv hvn ml Du nl.
Fboj ibORv Sk k@yv yk yuJu DC J<Jj mKu mbMOv kjCm Sk mcl yvJu pJ Dm mJu. hjbl J<Jj l# mbMOv m nChJa Fboj ibOR nl Pu.
jpJ ibORv hblOvho m$ nl Iluyjyj Yjl n `MO` IC vC& Ilu. lm D@vL@h@u@pku mJnx D@H Fb[, kuk bk[ kc mhJC ju. The People of India Project (Yjllu uk) DOk=ljl ov D@kwyj (cnCp ibO pbl) 1985 jp m Pu.
kuhj Sk D#jM: Jj Dm ukpJv mbMOv Dbikju iu. hC&JU kc kjCj SkC hM mcpMm$%-mbMOk kuhm vcu iu nl. lbv oM箳 JJO Yil SkC 100 k&MU Ilu. ibliblǮ Dvk hjbhj, pJvMu, j-y JJnjlu Hjk, pl-Ghpl-hpllu Gljb[ yu & kv JJO mcpib, JJO jpblu mLv vƽl ku. l kjCm 24,951 mJx#kbv kkC pTv ukb cuKl Ilu.
n mJx#C oMlu 4,592 iJbcO DC 91 Y-mbmk=lk J D|Lk hjmjl ku iu. SkC 4,981 m$b mJmlj cuKl Ilu iu. m (24,951) mJx#kbv SkC 26,510 oJm ukbcO Jll ku. (cnCp 24 lm kc kum Sk cCm 72 J<x nll. jp kc D lm Ojum mcj 210 J<x!) lbv pc kuu cnlJj lv npj mcpMm$%bv JJO bLb, cKk Flnmlu vWoR, ukkLb mboY祮 DOj & ku DC SkC DnJu DOkOk Mm$M DC Jmlv ku.
ov D@kwyj 1985 l 31 c& 1992 DM mcj ml J<x n kc u nl. l kUl lp%bv oM箳 mJ& jpblu SkC 4,635 mcpib vWo ku. mJx#kbv pc kuu mJ& cnl J Dk[Jj Sk mhj-k@chjcO kv l DOj Yjldz mcp Sk `c@^kwm` yvJu iu. n mJ& cnl 357 [mkdmdcO GhuyO ku iu. kWMml oMlu ukmLlJj 32 Kb[ DC Flj jpblu ukmLlJj 72 Kb[ (kn c jpbm j-h Kb[ uiu Dnl) m nT uiu Dnl. MJ DvmƮl plRJj Sk DC DvmƮl pclRJj Sk Dm ov JiU Kb[ m Pu Dnl. Jlj Sk Kb[ SkC kuh DUK kv oCj Dn.
kuhm pim mcpMm$% Scd.Svd. vJm n muuij nl. lbǮ mlJv hnu Kb[u uYu Dn. MJ . . Svd. cov,
. Dj. mlMb, . IvMc Mn, . cOJ i[iU DM Dvk vcJblbv muuij cnCv v ku nl.
cn-mJx#Clv k m Pu? mJ&l cnJ i cnCp b[ J<cl J G-vǮlyu mcp Dmvn mJ&mOjChC mcpl Sk DbiYl muK Dn. hjmhjb hjbhj, , Oc& byu Ju#C mn<Cl mcpl Dn. Dvko SK Oc& hjbhj, SK pllu pJvMu lMǮ lM Flj mcpJYil Dn. kn kC cbmnj yC Dnl. kn kC lLkLl GJCa Gh#l Dnl. D|Lk mljn c mJh Dmu, lj ynmbK ijy Gh#l plRcO Dnl. klk kC ym plRv Yl Jl DymR-yCb vJn. kn kC ym-Dym plRcOu Dmcl Mv Jkhu iu Dnl.
cnCp mcp n `cPk` Ʈ$, cnu lj ynmbmk=lk mnpJv Sk DuK Dn DC cnu lj mcpk JIv cUb JKjuu oM Sk El JJ, Dm oM&v Dn. (D@vL@h@u@pku mJnx D@H Fb[, kuk DC D@kwmH[& vJn|m m, cbyF&). mcpl you I[Jv mcl, mJlb$, ybOlJ n cu pJC mh vn. hC l cu, mJlb$ UJUv ouu DoM& pJu vnl, lj JIv DU Dn. cnkuh箳 hnu Kb[箳 mlJkl Fboj ibOR Sk cuKllu Sk GodO=l m ku Dn. l cnCll, ``cu Kj lj mcpMm$% Jnu Kh DJ[u Dml... cu jpkjCl jm Jl n kjC cu ukb pJvyu, lb hjbhjbyu, lb byu Ju#C klnu Dn... mbil, ku DC vmi&mVOl DJ<k=l nCj pJvMu b cu JM< Dk<&C Dn... Flnm DC ukpJv b Iv mbybO Dn. lcU cu Flnmyu DmL Dn, hC lnh# cu D{ Dn l cCm箳 jCb, mbmk=lǮ, pJv JO ICN mcpMm$dz mbMOv.``
jC `hhu D@H Fb[` kuhci DmucU lb Kb[ n Yjldz mcp lEyy Dn.