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lLkLl Jmlhb[l pvl Yy[ YJvb ijHo Il Dnl. mcp Dm Dvlk M<C kv LbyJu hnp. mcpv DM kbkbJj yn<kj Ilu hnp l Jo vn. ljn MlkvMlk li Ov jnuu Mm$ mKu DYm kuMJ DJnj kjC klhl `J%vk` Dn? mk=M&v JƮ$ JCN Mm$l `J%v` k lj o[uu Dn EkJ k, DYm pj Jnu nJ... Yjldz JmlMm$ JvmhlMm$箳 kvlv cb[C kjCj uK.

Duk[ JmlMm$ Kh mlc cpuu Dn. pvcvmJj l Flk pyjoml hi[ ymuu Dn k, cnpvbv J Fljpvbv l箳 DOjMJ Jmljv kjC DMkw Puu Dn. Jmllu mJ& o< oj kjC Mm$l M Dn DM mJ&mcvb cvl Puu Dn. hC&hC Jmc=ll o[uu Mm$箳 hvG&lLv kjC cnCp ll ou iuu Dvk Hb Dmv. Jhjl M, m{ Dji, Dhj YjYj DC mbhC& cvmk mJmL hnp Dmum Mm$MJ omj ci& vn Dmb JjbJj ypJv mbilub pl Dn. lLkLl Jmlhb[l pvl Yy[ YJvb ijHo Il Dnl. mcp Dm Dvlk M<C kv LbyJu hnp. mcpv DM kbkbJj yn<kj Ilu hnp l Jo vn. ljn MlkvMlk li Ov jnuu Mm$ mKu DYm kuMJ DJnj kjC klhl `J%vk` Dn? mk=M&v JƮ$ JCN Mm$l `J%v` k lj o[uu Dn EkJ k, DYm pj Jnu nJ.Dik J cvJ Jmnl `njl` kjC箳 cP Gi箳 Jml `yv [@ivm`v Fbp DvJo kuu `cclcd` v mbmk=l bL i h[u. lvblj J<Jj JmljlvJu, jpJuuY DLJ MuhMm$, cvmjjƮl JmlMm$, mcj*ddC m$Oj Flo Yjldz hmlk Jvl Du. mLhlMm$, Ij ybOC箳 pi, Ijb Dlu cb[C, SJ{b k, hC ybOkcl Jhj箳 mcvhmv ybOkchlJ<R mӮv l mcJ Dnl. F.m. 8 J l 12 J Mlklu n bL Dnl.
Yjldz JmlMm$ EkJ Ʈv `HWi MF&` ovnR iY Jk GpxM mbybOl Dn. ku kj jv kum mLhlu J ll Jm kjCN cvJu DOkOk Ho nF&u n ovn Mm$l cKv J DJp&v mbiluu Dn.
hn Sk lm ckU covlu njJUJj EkJ jbiyjbi Hubv ynjuu Gvl IuJum mj oJm biu pl. cv Gunml jnlb, D@Hml mnkNbM Jl&v biub jnlb, KUcUǮb JlJjC GlhV nlb. mJ祮 vkjObJj Dvku hjCc nl DC cCm YjYj nl, n Dhu mJ& DvYJ Dn. vmi& DC cvJ mc=Ǯ Dm mbybO JmlMm$l EkJ `HWi MF&`cO p[uu Dn. lu `DJ%vk` cnCb k? Gvlu ckU JlJjC DC JJO jbib cvJ MjjJj J cvJj nCj JJO hjCc iv m Puu Dnl. Gvlu ckU pil p M, o<CJjnl JlJjC (u Tp& cnCJb k?) nypbv cUl, l Ijb EYlcU, K[kw-ojbcU D[Ju pl DmJ. DL&l Ijb, K[kw-ojb i jv J llu cvJ mLv Dck kj kum cvJu Ho nF&u Dmb cnub, lj JJib JCb kjC vn. kc&v J hjcv p hl nCj Dmu, ll L[M Yj DM kj nC DMkw Dn k? Ij `uYlb` l DL&v DmJb. kn i J%vk %v箳 DOj m kjC Mkw vmum l Hkv oC, lb DJnj kjC klm `J%vk` Dn?
Yjldz mbmk=l v kUhmv J=#JuuRM vi[l Dn. `cclcd`cOn JvmhlmbybO Dvk mӮv/ MHjM ku Dnl. njl pil, cnCp JvǮ JlJjCJj nCj m#c hjCc mJ&l Dnl. J=#b J Flj P[hb kM J ku pi pv kum cvJu pmll pml Ho nT Mku, mbybO mӮv Dnl. mjTp& kyp kv l Tpxb pJc$bl mJ&$ mjC kjC EkJ JlJjClu JӮ mbluv jKC, Ƭ njJ Jvmhl kM Kyv kjll, l v DYmkbv Yv nl, Dm cnCJm Jl. J%v箳 DOvk il v bL cuchv kjC, n kU ijp mcpJ. bLlu mӮv JjJv Jll llkw m vnl, ll J̮jk mJlb$ lj Dn, iMulu JJ Dn.
pimbybOǮ `cclcd` mӮv m:mLll kkc jll, kjC Hj L[ ukbv pi `vJ[C` Yi uYl. l JU mcp yC, #$, JM J M DM JC&kjl Ju iuu nl. yC DC oJ Sk hlUJj mcpu pl nl. lcU J=#b vJ[n JC&kjJj DJubyv nl. hjmojl EkJ IjYJlu uJ P[n cCm箳 JC&Jv jJu pl. IjybOCm Jhj uk[n DMǮ JC&kjJv jJu pl. yby, vjU, kJ[ mjK kOjkbv mJ&cvl uYuu nl.
`cclcd` bLl JUJU you/mOjC Puu Dnl, l Mbk vn. JC&kjJj p Yj Dn, lJv mLlbljbl yC cKv DmJl Dm i=nl OjC Hjm Di nCj vn. `cCmb ijpbv oJb lmo` DM cvlv unuu n bL Yy[ J DM#l mcpv llhjlv cvu DmJ.
JC&kjJv P[ EkJ Fcjl uk[ b Jhj jJC Dp箳 kUl nmmho Dn. lnv DOk JmlMm$blu vcn DbO blbl Mjl Dmu Ym nl, hC Ku Jj kum, JvmhlMm$箳 kvlv lj l J%v o[uub EkJ o[Juub DmJb Dmb Jlb. DvJMk DJ[byjl n %v o[Jv JC DJMkl k yj YmJ? J=#sov箳 yylln llu mӮv lk&M Jll.
JmlMm$%bv JvmhlR biu DYm kuu DmJ, lb iCOc祮 lbv hjK nl n v|JJo. lUm ojk DbiCl DmuǮ hnp, Dm Dn ll Dn. DL&ld l MHjmu O|ck h oucU mcv pvll mj kjC mmkj Pu. kubljv lUmǮ D<Odz J pblvMk iC Jmju pTv Gjub H lb O|ck mJh.
cclcdcO J=#b vJ[Jj hhC Dnl. yC J jpcnjpbmjK GkulhV bv jm EkJ ubyjm o<jnl pcv uYJl, DM pcvRJj lbv DlL (EhhU), hu# (EhhU) DC DobyjmjK cnk J=# uJJl, Dm mJu Dn. vO (J[) c$ Mbm mJu Dn. Dm n cnk, Sk plǮ (Ficus) J=# k yj mJu Dmlu? l mbYJ kjC Dvk Dm Mklu. mnp u#l Du l KuucC.
1. Hkm (Ficus) plǮ n J=# pcvl DC pcvJj Kh HuJll. FcjlpJU uJum lb cU Fcjlm vkmv k Mkll. lJn p FcjlR DJj Kh Jml=l Dmlu, lbvǮ n J=# uJJ, n mӮv i Jl. DL&ld l kUl DM Fcjl GJCab nl, n vkwkǮ.
2. pv oJUb DC FcjlR pC& EYlJj mJ&Lc n J=# Dhub ymlv ymJlv D{Ull. kjCcUn DM MHjm DMkw Jl vn.
3. J=#b mboj HuJ DC oKJ, cvJ Dji, mKmbho DC yc b lk cvu pll. n mJ& iC cKv GJCabl mbYJll, Dm l kU mcp Dm Mku.
4. io& mJu J h#Cbv Dmj oCj n J=# Dnl. lb iCb luv GJCab biuhCM EkJ mcplu cnM JnJ, n l kUM J JC&mbmk=lM mmbil Jl.
5. GJCab YJlu i{, O|ck Ju vc&C kv mcpl lb YJ J{JC n lv Dm Mku k?
6. M cnCv cv mbmk=ll DUKu pCNbv J[ k ynu ku DmJ? ll& lj kn mhkjC vn.
oJoJlbv mV kjCm Km Ghpv l Dn. kun J=# khCDioj, oJokb Hu J Dj Jnv, cbmcmUmnl mJ& DVkj Dh&C kv hp nl Dm. Ilciu lb J=#bJ<Ǯ DmL mh JnJ. J=# noKu cvJmjK mpJ Dnl, cvJ l m#oj Dnl, DM YJv llkuv mcp yUil nl, n vƽl. J=# khu pCN uk[l[u vov Sk j$ lj oY& KhCN M糳Jj IuJJ ui. ƽ n kj mcpJ k? cbyF& hjmjlu mcj 750 J=# pnjlR Huk hnCm D[LU nT v, cnCv vkl Ghv ku, n mJ&l Dn. DM DOkNbv k yj ƽ J? vcy DC vi[mjK J=# cvJ hjmjl pj DmJl, Dm mJu Dn. J=#b D<Odz EkJ pblvMk iCbcU lb vJ[ ku DmJ, Dmb Jlb.
vJ Ijl Lc JM kjlv Ij mJs OJv, EYlJj kMj Dij, jF& DC JKb[ Flo mibOoj hoL祮 uh kjJ. lvblj HjMJj mJ&$ bov hC EMh[J.#jc (J[, EhhU, Dobyj, Flo) mjK #j (Latex-bearing) EkJ koby, Dby, DY DC D# (nj[, ynj[) mjK @vv J=#b jm J yvJC箳 Ƭl JhjJl, Dmb Dnv mJu Dn. J=#b jm, hC J Ʈk cl b cCbl i c$l cmUum J cpyl yvl, Dm cnu Dn.
FcjlR ybOCm Di DM J=#b ubyuk o ouu Dn. `cCmu DhM J oY&i DCCj n Fcjl uk[ Dnl,` Dm cnuu Dn. L[m DYm J Jj kuJj blu yjǮ uk[ kk J yjM (fungus) cNu yU h[Cj Dnl, n u#l Du. mO Ghil Dmuu EkJ vJpuu Skn Fcjl uk[ ol mcJM vn, n vco kjCmjK Dn.
`JmljlvJu`l pcvR u#C J IjYJlu uJ箳 J=#b J #hb o Dn. yu, Mc, DMk, ykU, HCm, vikMj, H, [EUy Flo IjpJU DJM uJJl, Dm mJu Dn. #jc (Latex-bearers) EkJ kj J=# Hokjk vmucU lhmv oj jnJ, Dm cnu Dn. YpjpuKl `mcjbiC m$Oj` bLcO J=#b JJO kj, lb Jc&o, llu luhoL& J lb mu bJj Yj ouu Dn. J=#sovhJa kj JJO mhmkj ll mbiluu Dnl. `c n J=# khC k=l kjl Dn, lJn l Dioj Jj J=#Jj DJubyv Dmuu pJc$bv lbv ly[ly n Dmj m[v pJb, DM Jvbl kjl` EkJ `n J=#jp, l mJJj Ghkj kjlm, lJn Fb, hJv, c, mӳ&, DC Div bv lP Yio kjJ. lP hjJjv, cnCp v, hJ&l DC $<Jv lPb j#C kjJb,` Dmb DJnv kv J=#sov kjJ, Dm chC mbiluu Dn. mJ& uKvl lb JvmhlmbybOǮ llkuv %v J J=#b j#C-ciu lJ%v UkhC pCJl.
`cclcd`cO y DkjbJv J=#b vj, co J vhbmk Dm Ji& h[uu Dnl. cnl&mlbYm H `vj` J=#b vJ[ JnJ Dm Dn Dn. (m$c mbIvbv vWo IJ.) HubcOu uQikl lbv %l vJnl, Dmb Jlb; hC EuiYo kjC lb J= Hj yU Jl. v JmlMm$%b vmi&Y J vmi& Ku DYm omv l. yN DvYJvl lbv ybOuu DjK[ DOvk kuln knm Ghi Jll. ljn `cclcd` Jlv bLuKk kn JMo kv mbiCh# uhJC pml lv kjl Dn, Dmb mjKb Jl jnlb. DvJMk mӮvb DJ[byjl lbv Gcpuub J%vk ml uhJuub Dn Dmb cnum Dvk Mv GodYJll :
llkuv Yjldzb `cvm` (psyche) u#l ITv DJ[byj pv kuu Dn k? DvJMk JO (rituals) kucU `J%vk` mӮv pml YJ nlu, Dmb bLuKku Jl DmJb k?
J%v EkJ %v coj GJCabk[ jnJ cnCv lj n Kh vmu v?JmlMm$bl kn mӮv Yl oKJv, kn Dc< oKJv DC yN JU Oc& DOj ITv cvJj mJC lv kuu oml. l JU mcpJJmL, mcpk `cvm` (psyche), M#C mlj mJ& yy u#l ITv lb `JƮ$` Jl&v L[Hj mcL&v kjl F&u k? kwl-kwl lLkLl Jmlhb[lbv m:hjmLll JhjucU DvL& D{Juu Dn. bLlu knmb DhC&, DhjhkwJ Dmb p `J%v` Dn, l lbv hC&hC Jmj h[uu Dn.
`cclcd` bLl J=#JuuR Ghi Fcjl ybOCm EkJ llu mibO Jb mn糳v cvJu J oJokbv mV JCm kuu Dn. Ʈv `HWi MF&`l J=#b Ghi cvJ hjmj Gpk, mKkj J mQo&JO&k kjCk[ ku oml. `HWi MF&` n hjmLlJ<k lJ%v Dn.DOvk J%v Yj Iuv EnomLvlu JJO vm|ik JYibv Gh ju DM kj lb uKC Pu hnp. JiJiU Yiuk Yibm J=#bmbybO Dvk mӮv/ MHjm lbl Dmlu, hC mc h&JjC mKkj J mblul kjC箳 v `njl pil`k[ hnCJj JM< Yj Dmu.