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4 Su 1904 jp hbpycO pubOj Mnjl pvcu Duu kbovuu miu hnu OJvck HyJj 1933 cO cl Pu. `Puv PuJ j` n ibOj jilub `Pu` il, lj `nj y ypjp ouj` n nj, DM ov ilb EnomLv jk@[& (. H 27) hh ypbJj kMl Pu. n OJvck kio JvcO/ kJnjcO cUl Dm. lJj pbiul Sk c P[Ku mJul Sk ijK ymj JpJl ymub jKƮ$ Dm. n ijK lCb jbil Ʈ$ jk@[& uyuJj shuub Dm J l kbhvǮ ^[ ck& cnCv m nl. Jv箳 Sk khNl Indian Throughout Dmb unuub Dm, lj Ku kbhvǮ h! miu箳 mJlǮ yNM jk@[&Jjl n Ʈ$/ Jv ncKm D{Ul.
l J<a `hjCc` mvclu miu j iC jk@[&Jj Jljl Pu. hh `b[om` J `no k u[k`cOu iC MJ `v nQ ic ou`, `uK mn nc`, `ui iF& kjpJ` F. ilb ypjl Du J l[Kybo Khu. l kU Ʈ$hmbil箳/ iCb hmlk shu mJl Puu vJnl, hC ukbv Myo c$ nJ nl. pv 1936 cO kuk Lu h. [. uccv bv `cHv cmj` vJb hmlk shv l箳 ov npj l ypjl DCu. 300 hvb hmlk Ekcl nl o[ h! ll np cmj Jn@F&m, v LSm&, mvu, F&v J Enomlv jk@[&mdJj kMl Puu m iCb yu (Myo) ou nl. ll miu箳 Jj GuuK kuu mJ& ilb yu nl. lcU KN kvmvb c m Pu J lyk[Jjb iCb Skl Skl illu `mnl` DmJohC Il T uiu.
h{ miu箳 1933- 47 hbOjSk J<祮 oohcv hC sM kjkoal lvb mbil箳 #$l c clkj I[Ju. mcj 38 yuhlu 120 iC J lmk ijHuc iC cUv SkC 151 iC l箳 vJJj Dnl J llu yjǮM cHv jk@[&Jj Jljl Pu Dnl. lcU Ʈ$hb jUb GhuyO vmu, lj miu iC c$ DhC Sk Mkl.
miu Ʈ$h uk nl Dmlv Eno/ oMk Y<blu yuhb Ʈ$hmlk (ykumd) shv mvc LSjJj cUu mJl Pu nl. MJ jhv I[ Iluu iC yjk hmlkbn cUl. mJ& m iCb Myo Dmuu `miu k iv` vJ h[Jp s hmlkbn Dvk J<x JjJj shu pl J lb cKh=Jj miu mylu/ uJuu yyoj Dm jbil H shuu Dm.
miu箳 nll l Dvk ipuu Ʈ$h jh jvdun Kh ioa Kl Dml. l箳 Dku vOvvbljn lMǮ ioa nl Dm. pbl J hClLǮ vcv YjlYj l箳 Ʈ$hb Km KU/ cnlmJ Dpl ku pl/ Dpv ku pll. JUJU miu箳 pJvJj/ mbilJj pCkjbv J vJolbv ibYj/ mbik uKC kuu Dn. 1990 hmvb yjbmb J=h$lub uKC k$C mbn箳 mJhl cbyF&lu Sv.m.h.S. ( LSj) FLu J[ bLul GhuyO Dn. cnj^l lj ik kC `miu k yuibOJ&?` Dm J<n mbilc Kpil yul Dml. kmcp (J. J. MjJ[kj) b `JMK` kJmbnl miuJj kJl Dn. n mbn 1942 mu kMl Pu nl J l kU miu mbil箳 Sv ynj nl.
ljn miuyyl m Dm bLhvb kn mnlk omlJp GhuyO Jnu 1978 mu Gp[Jb uiub. `o huc D@H o mJj` n ouuǮ kwu@jc@v ykwmvb kMl kuub J jIJ Dj. cvv bv Fbplv unuub n miuJjb hnub hmlk! uKkvb cnucC n miu j$bL vJn, hC l箳 mbil箳 Dv<bivb kuub n uKv Dn. kjCb vJbn <[dp, j<Y, cOc, hbc... DM mbilk Dnl. MJ OJvckb $k mӮ ouu Dn.
n hmlk m nF&l 78 ilǮ OJvckbb i mbhv Su.h./ F&.h. pcv m Puu nl. miu `Enomlv` jk@[&mM DpJv (lifetime) kjj Puu nl, lcU l箳 h<kUM jk@[&m l uyuJj D{Ull. MJ Km hjJvi ITv Flj kbhvbvn jk@[&m Jljl ku. lcU v LSm& jk@[&m, pvHv jk@[&m J kuby J S.Sc.Jn. uyuJj n iC Du. 1965-77 kUl miu moynj J uk iC Enomlv J S.Sc.Jn. jk@[& kbhvbv Su.h./ F&.h. mJhl hvn ypjl DCu. oI&kU JpCN, ml J yj Fb Jm箳 jk@[&m Jvbn biu ubybo Dml. h ypӮ jk@[&Jju iCb lhMu shuu Dm J h{ cKh= Yi kukjb/ Ʈ$kjb vb DJnvlck Dm Dm. lJj kO Dlc sƮ$, kO hWEi/ jKƮ$ Dmb kulck `mnl` D{Ub. n mJ& kukj kbhvǮ `hij` vkj DmucUb lb vJb kwJƮl JvJj D{Ull.
miu箳 jk@[& JvbJj D y D EkJ lj y lj Fb DM k@vJnmJj Dlc Ʈ$b D{Ull. miu hnu Pu/ njǮ jk@[& F&hJj Jljl Pu. l箳Jj PuJj Gj Yjldz m$Ǯb mboj jKƮ$ Dn, lj `mboj vj lc hj` JvJj DjMl hnCN lCǮb L[b Abstract JUCb Dlc jKƮ$ Dn. LH 69 cbk箳 jk@[&cO `pJv-cjC`, `hj` J `oMj c` ybiu yuhlu j iC Dmv JvJj Hun@ Iluu miub nmjb sƮ$ shub Dn. lJj lbb nml#j, mn J 4.1.39 DM ljK unuu Dn.
cOblj m ik箳 cHul llkw m Ʈ$kjbvb kuu llkU hWEi Hj Mbm Pu nl. hC n kc cHv kbhvǮ hoj Dmuu kllj Dvc kukj J<&vJ< kjl Dnl. lb kC oKun Ilv oml vn. c Su.h. kJnjJjn `Mnpnv` yuhlub miub sƮ$, lvhj, Jb sƮ$b D{Ull. `hmj D&` Dv<bivb cHv jk@[&md JvbJj D{UCN mnlbhC Li cuchv nCb ijpb Dn.
1980 vblj jk@[&mdn cib h[u J lb pi k@mmdv Ilu. hvn Sko miub mbil vJv yul Yv ivjmkbv moj kub iub. Dl hj D&u pi Kh kc Pu. . mjpvb `Enomlv jk@[&md` 1983 mu h OJvHlR mbl DCu J ll 92 iC nl. 1990 mu ub[v L 65 cvb hnu k@ch@kw [mk yvJCl Du. ll miu ipuu vJ[k iC ICl Duu nl.
ojcv jcM omF&, cbyF& bb `miumJji` (c@pmk kMv, 1999) n cj hmlk ypjl Dub. mcj 300 hvb n cnJ omlJp Dn. uKk n kC mbillp% vJn, hC Dmmu kvmv J l Ycklv mckuv jpkdz, mcpk J mbilk hjmLlǮ D{J Il Dlbl KboUhC J jmklvb miu mbil cc& Gui[v oKJC l lv Dn. n hmlk Dv Y<bl u nJb. miu mbil箳 DYm FL mJl Pu Dn.
vJJo oMkl jckwm箳 Ju mJl Pu nl. hhm ku箳 pnjll `py oun i` n iCb Jhj GMvb Jhjub iub, hC lu mbilcRv D#h ITv kbhvu l pnjl cib Iu uJu. Kjb cnCp miu箳 mF&uvb iC cn lk iku Puu Dn. Dio mJlu mjW, ci m.S. Dlc, ckM bv `miumFuvb` iv kub nlb. ul cbiMkjbv yuhC miub iCb iTv y#m cUJub nlb J kjkoa hVmJ J<a `bpu` mJhl `cQ kw pvB kw po n` n miuil mJl: DJpl cl kub. cnCu, iCiCu mh JCj n iC l#l ilv kl DJI[ Dnl, Dbop kCn ivjmku Il F&u. 1998 cO m ik moM Ymu bvn miu il iC cn Pu J DOvk kvU ymJCN `OyI` k J JcUmn lbv yj iC `vv` DuyccO ypjl DCu. l kn oJm JnJj ocKoj pnjlhC nl Dm. n OJvHl kJn Du J iu, l kUubn vn !
JKl ik/ iƳkb n kL, lj pvmcvb k h[ uiJ? ljn miu箳 pblu ojJ<a n@u Jij ITv 18 pvJju lk uJv k&c ku pll. lb mnvMul hJ& v kjl `vku miu` iC jly Iull J l vFupv cvn [uJll. DM Sk mcjbYl 2002 mu cO kk miu Yvb lmjb hmlk kMl kub. ll vcc Yil pv c[-[, mv J HucHDjcOu uKbb hvuxKv Dn, lj vccb hmlk Enol Dmv ll mcj 100 ilb Myo ou Dnl. ll yN k Dmu, lj DCK Sk hmlk GhuyO Puub Dn. 4 Su 2004! miu pvcMlyoǮ mbil! lvcvb JKl Eno EkJ Huc il- k<kj njEcojEmi ncjp J nj< jIJbM bb Lb hmlk T Ilub J ll k vJv cb[C Dn jmkbv J DYmkbv Glmkl Dn.
100 J<hJa pvcuu, kJU 15 J<祮 Duh kjko& uYuu J 150 iCb Ov Dmuu miu箳 Mb jnm vckb kMl Dn? l k=<COJu Ʈ$h J llu DYv Dp箳 lC h{u JUǮ J< Jl, hC kvbJj mj h[u k knlj Ju#C pCJlb, n vkwk! miub mbil J mnl lmb Dl Yjhj GhuyO Puub Dn. hC l Ʈjblv J ƮjlC mjb DYmhC& ciJ c$ kC Iluu oml vn. l kc h{ h{lu kClj vkwkǮ kju. kClj miu箳 mjbb JC&v kj lv ku-
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