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YJvbk km cpJ ?

yj@v cvmMm$%v Lc YJvk % DhC cp Mkl, Dm lhov ku. lu `YJvbk` (EQ) Dm vJ oCl Du. `YJvbk` n mbkuhv mO mN piYj `YJvk %` cpCm Jhju pl.
`ybk` n Myo mJ&l Dn. hjbl JiUhC EkJ JiU hjcC uYuu Myo Dn- `YJvbk`! iu Mk[ J< vcJbl lJJ J cvmMm$% Sk cnJ箳 J<Jj JjJc<& kjl Dnl. l cnJ J< cnCp- `cv< y EkJ %` cnCp vck k? n y EkJ % cv<cO kM J kO vc&C Pu? J<Jj Dvk cvJjbv mKu Elv kv Dhu Jj k kuu Dmu lj Dpvn lp%b J<mboY&l Skcl Puu vn.
Sk clJn Dm lhov kjl k, mcj Sk uK 30 npj J<hJa cvJ GlblǮ hhblv Lc Dkl DmllJl Du. lvblj mcj Sk uK J<v l DocvJ箳 cWocO Dvk you I[l iu. youblv mcj 30 npj J<hJa DhC pu `Jj J k=l kjCj cvJ` cnCl, l DmllJl Du. DjbYǮ kUl l y EkJ % DlM Lck mJh nl. DhC l箳 Lck yu `mnpjC` Dm cnC! n Lck mJh % Ghpl nl. lu l y M#Clv cUuu vJnl. Ghpl DL& lu l l箳l mbcl Puu pvkbhmv cUu. pvcvblj DpypӮ hjmLll EkJ JlJjCl p p I[l iu, lhmv l kn v kn Mkl iu. hjmLlu mcj plv EkJ hl hjmLl mJkjlv lu p p DvYJ l iu, l DvYJb sh l箳 cWoJj mLhl nl iu. l DvYJb yj-JF& hjCc lu mcpu. llv i k DC Di k, Jj kjl l i iR DvkjC kjl iu. DvkjC kjC n l mnpJ= nl. lcU l yk #cl J{u uiu. DOvk il % p kj h[Cl Duu Dnl, l cU cuYl cnlǮ vpv#cll Dn Dm oml.
`%` MyocO DbiYl kMu, lk&M Jo, mcm vjkjC lko, blk JjƬ DC lpv yyR mcJM nl. cvJ y EkJ % yyl DpJj Puu mbMOv Flnm DYmu lj Dm omv l k, vmm iuv cvmMm$%v Lc `ybk` MyoJj mbMOv ku.
y#cl cuchvm iuv bvǮ mJl ku. 1905 mu yv cvmMm$%v mcv mbMOkyjyj Lc `cCl yk km` lj ku. kmu `yv-mcv km EkJ yv-mcv ychv km` Dm cnu pl. lvblj kUl JiJiU km Jkml Pu. ll cKv `JMuj Fbupvm mku H@j Ʈu[^v (WISC-III) `Jnv@[ mMu Pj c@j mku`, `yy m`, `M[[& y[& m`, `mvH[& yv m` b GuuK nl. mJ& ychv kmbj mbJovb pC, mc=l, Jo, mcv%v, yOlck #cl, Mm$dz yO Flo yyR chv ku pl.
1920 mu @v& [k Mm$%v `%` J<Jj moj kuu ybOl `mcpk %` (Social Intelligence) n mbkuhv Lc cb[u. mcpk %cO omN箳 YJv, Jj, k=l mcpJv ITv lcC l&v Dhu Jl&v cb[C kjC DblY&l Dml. l kUl mbkuhvu Flj mbMOkbk[v Kj JjO Pu. lvblj kUln JJO cvmMm$%bv `hjbhjk %` cnCp H JǮ yk #cl vmv, JiJiU `#clb Sk$l mb` Dml, Dm lhov ku. cJjn mbMOv Pu. mboY&l n@J@[& i[&vj Mm$%v Lc `ynJO %` (Multiple Intelligence) n mbkuhv cb[v % Kj Jhl voM&vu DCv ou.
`ynJO %` mbkuhvcO yǮ Jml=l cb[C kjCl Du. JǮ `yOlck #cl` SJ{Ǯ mbkƮl v Jl, % DvkJO Ghkj MOv k{Cl Du. DJkM cu#cl, mbillu lY, ilmbJovlu lY, DbljJ̳k J JOl %... DM Dvk kjv `ynJO %` Jhl Dn. Go. MUl ckwm& cUJCm uiCj y cnCp `nMj` vJn. lj kn JLcO `DJkM cu#cl` pml Dml. l chC Gc JmlJMjo nT Mkll. pb mbillu lY pml Dmu, l mbil #$l Gc vJ kcJ Mkll. pb ilmbJovyyl lY pml Dmu, l Gc KU[ cnCv vJukkm h$ jll. DMkj % cpCm `mhkw^c-mkj` i[&vj bv GhuyO kv ou.
% EkJ y mbkuhvcO JǮ YJvb k mLv Dn? J<Jj iu 25-30 J<x yj mbMOv Puu Dn. lcO cKv . muJn J . cj Dcjkv cvmMm$%bv kuu DYlhJ& mbMOv cnJ Dn. `ynJO %` mbkuhvcOu `J̳k %` kj Oi hk[v lbv pJvl MmJ nCm uiCN IkbcO cnJ Ik cnCp `cu#cl` MOu. l #clbv `YJvk kMumbho` Dm vJ ou. 1990 mu mJ& YJvk kMub Sk$kjC kv l #cl DL&- `YJvk %` Dm { ku. `YJvk %` mbkuhvcO mJl: J omN箳 YJv DUKv l Ghi i k=l kjCm, mJbjC pi=l kjCm, YJvb JJmLhvm, vlmbybO phCm kjC DYl Dn. 1997 mu yj D@v Mm$%v Lc-YJvk % DhC cp Mkl, Dm lhov ku. lu EQ (YJvbk) Dm vJ ou. 1998 mu `FcMvu kMb FvJnmj` MOv k{u. n mbkuhv mO mN piYj YJvk % cpCm Jhju pl.
DM lNnv DhC % ov cnJ JYi mbi Mkl. hnu JYi cnCp `JǮ ybk (Fbpupb kMb)` DC omj cnCp `YJvbk (FcMvu kMb)`! Dhu D<l DhC kCln i kjCm ybk J YJvbk ovn iR `ci&voxMk` cnCv Ghi kjl. `ku lcn k k ku?` n Sk mJ&mOjC Mv! Mv mch&k Gj oCm Dhuu YJvk mcjCM Ghil DCJ uil. `vC& ICm`, `hjmLlǮ D{J` ICm Dhu ycC Dhu YJvb lJ{ cnJ mnYi EkJ k&Yi Dml, Dm mbMOvDbl m Puu Dn.
Dlhl mJ&mOjChC JǮ ybk iu DOk cnJ oCl Duu Dn. hjbl Dbljj^dz mbMOvlv Dm omv l k, pJvl MmJ, mcOv J Dvbo nCm Ghi DmCN ybk J H 10 l 20 kwk SJ{ Dml. pJUpJU 80 kwk J n YJvbk Dml. DhC kn JmlJ DvYJ hnӳl.
Mu pJvl DlM ycv DmCj cui h{u pJvl klhl MmJ nF&u?
kjC Dio mjU Dn. l `Jil ybk` Jj hlUJj Dmu lj YJvbk kcǮ jnu Dn. koƮl mJl: YJvbk J{JCm lv knǮ lv kuu vmJl; EkJ lu yyl i ci&oM&v cUu vmJ.
JǮ `ybk` lcn kl `ycv` Dnl, n oM&Jl; lj l `YJvbk` l l nMj EkJ y pJvl MmJ nCm kM kj Jhjl, n oM&Jl. ybk il EkJ h$l hjJv ol, hC YJvbk lu l箳 ci&lu D[LU oj kv ilhLJj vCm col kjl. l pJv mcOv J Dvbo yvJl.
`ybk` J `YJvbk` Skckb J vmll, lj l hjmhjmӮk Dmll. ybk n Ghpl Dml. J箳 18 l 20 J<hl JcOu ybk oml. lj YJvbk mll youl jnl. J箳 2-3 J<hmv i ci&oM&vv l J{Jl l DC J箳 40-45 J<hl l `G` hlUJj k nl. YJvbk n YJvk % cpC chob[ Dn. YJvbk ml pJUpJU 125 JiJiU mbi Dnl. l- l mbil l- l JǮ kdJ YJv k Dnl, n DUK Dml. lk mbil J hjmLll mJ&mOjChC DmbYJ mLlu Sk iC, lj mbYJ mLlu h iC ou pll. Gj Dk Du lj iC ou pll J MJ mJ& iCb yjp kv `YJvbk` cpu pl. n FvJnuj Yjll Dpv GhuyO vn. MJ . muJn bv MOuu MEIS (Multiple Emotional Intelligence) J . iucv bv MOuu YJvbk C piYj GhuyO Dnl. G ybk J G YJvbk Dmuu JǮ mblk iCJM< p@v yu@k cvmMm$%v m ku Dnl.
* G ybk Dmuu JǮ iCOc& :
h<bcO- 1) yk iRl pml jm Ill. 2) cnJkb# Dml. 3) lj J=Ǯ, hC YjJM Dml. 4) YJvYJ o[hCj Dml. 5) lkhC JiCj Dml. 6) l箳l YJvk kj[hC Dml.
m$bcO- 1) Y<Jj YlJ Dmv, Jj cb[lv Y< DIJl Dml. 2) yk iRv pml cnJ ol. 3) DlcƮklmk Dml. 4) mJYJ kUp kjCj J Elml Dml. 5) ji GI[hC J kjCm kjl. 6) pilv cvl DhjOhC YJv Dml.
* G YJvbk Dmuu JǮ iCOc& :
1) hjmLlu EkJ Ju kCln uyu uJCh# l J l mJl: YJv J kjl. omN Jv cvu uiu DM i ku lj `l YJvMv Dnm,` Dm cnCCSJp `lP yuCv c oKJu Dn,` Dm l J cnCu. 2) mJl: YJvYJm l J l pyyoj ICm lj Dmu. Go- `lP clmj Jl` Dm cnCCSJp `lP nJ Jl,` Dm l J l cnCu. 3) l J omN箳 YJvb Doj kju. Go- SKo k=l kjCDioj `c Dmb kub lj lu kmb Ju?` Dm l J Jju. 4) l J Dlcmbc Dmu. cvcUJ J Dvbo Dmu. 5) l J Yml J Elml nCj vn. 6) l J pyyojv Jiu J k=lM mc|hl Dmu. l JǮ n #cl GuuKvdz Dmu. 7) l J pyyoj mJkju. omN箳 ypv Jj kju. 8) l J omNJj k kjCj vn.
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