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D@mhjv cU Kh KuJj iu Dnl. Ju P[箳 K[hM l pTv L[kll. FmJ mv hJ& 460 cO Ju K[ mu DC hv k{v l Kuyʳl kv Sk J lj nF&. p箳 mJvv lhhmv cl nl Dm DC Jov Lbyl Dml. Ju hvb h GkUv D<O nn lj ku pF&. Ƹmlj 100 oMkl [mkj[md vn Dhu Jvmhlpv D<O mbncO Ju GuuK ku DC DCKv MbYj J<vblj i@uvv l箳 GhlJj Mkwkcl&y ku.
kCl v kCl mJhl D@mhjv Kj lj 3500 J<hmv DmllJl nl DC Jhju pl nl. mcjDv mbmk=lǮ p DJM< Flnmlp%b nl uiu, lJv Dm omv l k, Ju hv DbM Jhv clǮ iU lj ku iu nl. FphMv Jkun Ju DC c&u P[b hvb Jovnj iC cnl nl. Sym& h@hjm bLcO FphMvbv l vcon kv Ju nl. l kuKb[ nl ƸmlhJ& 2500 .
vblj Dvk MlkbcO c$ JkMm$箳 DbOjicO n D<On HjM il Pu vn. DpyF yJl l mh[ lJn{ l c&ol Jhj nl. 1763 cO ub[vcO jJnjb[ S[J[& mv bv lhv HCHCuu 50 iCbJj Ju K[ i ku DC l Mm$dz mojkjC ku. lh Duu iCu pJUhm Sk c c$ ou k lh Gljl Dm. n [m mcj j lmbv hvn J uil Dm. Doctrine of signatures `Dpj-Ghj ljlc` n Sk mbl l kU ul nl. SK DpjJj Ghj l Dpj箳 kjC DC Yiuk hjmLll o[uu Dmll, Dm l cb$ nl. Go. Dumj ououǮ oMl lh箳 Dpj yu pml DC Ju P[ J{n DM YYicO. lJn Ghj n pJUhm Dmll. DhC H cCkhC MO Iu nJ...
yivu DC HWv ov Fuv Mm$%bv 1826 cO `m@umv` n J Ju K[hmv hln ku, hC MkjC Ƭ c$ lbv pcu vn. 1828 cO pc&vcO ykvj cvkcOu D<OMm$箳 Ohkv m@umvyjyj i kjCm mJl ku. jmvhmv m@umuk D@m[ lj ku iu. m@umuk D@m[cU Jov kc nl DC lhn Gljl Dm, hjbl hl c$ Hj pUpU nF&. jmv DcuOc& Flk lJ nl k hl Di h[l Dm DC Yk vk hC k$ DJj, DM DJmL nl Dm. 30 @c m@umv cUJCm nvj u@j@kwm W jmvMm$%u pJUpJU 1.5 ku Ju mu uil Dm. 1838 cO j@H@u hjD Fuv Mm$%v m@umv jmvk h=LkwkjC ku DC mF& Dkj jbinv m@umuk D@m[ mHk lj Pu.
D[C Sk nl- m@umuk D@m[ pjl mnv kjChuk[ kwuMkjk nl. lJn SK omN IkM Ƭ kv mbi lj kjCk[ Mm$%b u# kWl Pu. 1853 cO u&md in& W Mm$%v m@umuk D@m[ m[c D@mu kwujF&[ #jyjyj i ku. D@mu-m@umuk D@m[ lj Pu. in& n vJ Glhov iCkj nl, hC Ƭ ubyuk DC K|k nl DC cK cnCp DhC kjl Dmuu Dhu mbMOvJj u&md Jm knm [UcUl nl. M箳 Flkw pJU DuJj l箳k[ h HjJv hJ youC n kjbhC u&md in&u YJu n Kj!
1873 cO njcv kuy omN pc&v jmvl%u l jmvk Dbljbi Gui[u DC D@LxD@kwm yWP@F&k D@m[ DM l Mm$dz DUK hu DC k=$cjl l lj kjCl lu M Du. 1876 cO mbOJlJj l u#Cdz YJ omv Du DC Dl n D<O lh DC mbOJl ovnn Dpjbm Jhju pT uiu.
DL&l D<O Dpvn ik DJmLl nl DC l箳 Jhj lJJj Glhovu jbY Pu vJnl. D@mhjv箳 knCǮ h{ Dbk Dl pc&vl jbiCj nl. [jk yj Sk pc&v jbiN箳 mn h$jlvbhk Sk. kh[ jbiJC jbi-jmv lj kjCl J[ub nlKb[. 1848 cO n jbi lj kjC mJl: JJm lbv m ku DC 1863 Dmhm yj DC kbhv jmvk J lj kjCj Sk DiC kbhv cnCv DUKu pT uiu. kbhvv Dhu hoj Dvk %Jbl, km, p%m, iMu Mm$%b Hp yUiJm mJl ku. R & D JYi m Pu, Dm cvJm njkl vn. 1880 c cnvl yj vOv Pu lJn l箳 mJhvln vJnl k jmvk jbiJb v|clm DhC uJuu FJuM JuӮ G D<Ov|cl #$lu JJ=#l hblj nCj Dn. yj kbhvl kc kjCN Mm$%bhkǮ Sk nl- Hukwm n@Hcv. l箳 J[ubv mbOJlv mu nl. m@umuk D@m[ ITv hlu kU LbyJCm hJj nl oyv JJnUCN n@Hcv mvDjv Hukwmu Jvbl ku, ``yy j! knlj kj kU LbyJCm.`` jmvk jbiJbhk Sk vhi, kT Jyjyj n@Hcvv m@umuk D@m[M mbpv kjCm mJl ku DC D@mu- m@umu lj Pu. n mbi Jovnjk lj nl hC hlu kUbhmvn c cUl nl. MbYj kwk M mJhl n mbi lj Pu, l oJm nl 10 D@im 1897 . yj D<O iMU cK nvjk [^mj v mJl:Jj vJ D<O C kv hnu, CbJj i Pu, Dik #$l Jhj mJhl D<O Glhov kjChJa CbJj i kjC D<Ob hnu cvn DM jlv D@mhjvu cUu. n vJ D<O iCkj lj nl, mbOJl DC lh yjyj Jov njC kjCl l cu J jCj nl. 1899 mu Dcjkl yju vJ D<O mJclJ nkwk (Patent) cUu. D@mucOu `D@` (A) DC mhjD Jvmhl (spirea) hmv spir, in n mJ& D<Obv l kU uiCj vncǮ Ghmi& b cuvv A-SPIR-IN `D@mhjv` Dm D<O yjm kjCl Du. D@mhjv n lJn hCl JjIUCN hJ[j H@c&cO GhuyO nl. D@mhjv n kJU yj kbhvǮ cukǮ ^[ck& ju. b[ cCl Glhov m Pu. pJUpJU 30 npj [@kwjbv cnl DC `m@chu` hJu iu. D<Ov|cl #$lu `ckxEi JJmLhv` n hnu c DvYJ ju. yj kbhvǮ D#jM: GKU hb{j Pu. hnu cnhl yj n SkcJ kbhv D<O Glhov kjl nl. 1900 mu D@mhjv箳 iU cU uiu. mJlǮ 15 J<l n D<O [@kwjb ƮrMJ cUl vm, hC 1915 hmv l kcmk[ chC cU uiu. 1919 cO cnlu h[Jvblj Jnm&箳 kjjlu Sk kuc nl- `yj hb mbhJC.` Dcjk, Fiub[ DC c$ j^bv pc&vJj oyJ DCv yju Dhu hb m[Cm Yi h[u. D@mhjv Glhov Dl mJ&$ m Pu. 8 HyJj 1946 jp mJlPu[cO Hukwm n@Hcvu pJUpJU D%l, Dvc mcvmjK cjC Du. lvblj ov J<v [@. u@jvm @Jnvv oji箳 400 iCbv D@mhjvcU km Ho Pu MOvybO moj ku DC D@mhjv箳 Mjhl DCK Sk cjhm KJu iu. oJkj箳 PkwJj lybOk cnCv D@mhjv Jhj m Pu. 1971 cO yM D<OMm$% p@v Jv v D@mhjv Mjjl nCj jmvk Ƭ MOv k{u. m@iu@C[v J箳 v|clu cppJ kv D@mhjv ojibv Ghkjk jl n oKJCN p@v Jvu 1982 mu vyu hjl<kv ijJu iu. D@mhjv Dpclm ojJ<a pJUpJU 1,00,000 CIlk DC 2,00,000 ibYj o-Pkwb lybO kjl cnCp Sk DLa Sk c mLǮ Dpjhmv Dhuu mj#l Jl Dm cnCJ uiu. 1989 cO JhjlJ CN JmcjCJjl D@mhjv iCkj Dmu MO uiu lj 1994 mu Ohk J@uv yi& bv iY&JmLcO m$bv CN Pkwbhmv (Pre-eclampsia) D@mhjv lb yJ k Mkl n m ku. 1995 cO c Dl[箳 kk&jihmv n D<O lybOv cnCv ui h[ uiu DC Dl 2004 cO mlvb kk&jil l Jhj kjl T uiu. JnkwjDv kUlu n D<O! Dp l kUlu l箳 DpypӮ mJ& D<O pJUpJU Dmlbil Pu Dnl EkJ lb h{ h{ DhucO vbol Dnl, hC D@mhjv OJp c$ c [uv H[kl Dn. 1969 mu bJj h JCN Dhu 11 DbljUvlv n D<O bJjn O[kv Du Dn. l vJ vJ hu Mm$%bv iJml Dnl DC koƮl F.m. 3000 cO DhC vm, hC D@mhjv Dmu DM DJmL Dn. D@mhjv箳 ijJMu Flnm ciJ [@. mv[j bv 1996 mu Ilu lJn Sk kU hv nl uiu. D@L&j SMvv pc&v pӮ vj#C DC voxMvvmj Hukwm n@Hcvv l mbMOv ku nl. cn箳 kUl SMvv k@vm^Mv k@chcO vjklv Yil Klhl h[u nl. 1949 cO lv Dhu mnYi Dc moj ku, hC l cnvl lu c=l Du. SMvv箳 lvbv klk j Myon uYu vnl.
DM Dn n D@mhjv DodYl knC. Dvk Mm$dz MObcO kn Dlkw&, Dvkuvdz Ivc Dm I[l pll k n MO (Serendipity) cnCp Sk oJ mbkl nl Dm cnCJ uil. D@mhjv箳 yyll yu Pu lj, Dio Ju K[, muǮ Jhj Kj lj pbllybOk cnCv kjC l lv nl, DC nl uiu Sk JovMck J. Ju mu KC Fs lhv HCHCuu Ju JnJ... u&md in&v Dhu mbMOv DO&J m[J... Hukwm n@Hcv箳 J[ubv mbOJl JnJ... n@Hcvv D<Ou JJmƳk h J DC h{ cn箳 lnl D<OJj & JnJ mN i `oJcd` nl, l Mbk vn.
D@mhjv箳 yniC D<Ou kn Okok mn-hjCcn Dnl. h箳 DumjcO EkJ Dvko kn JRcO Dio SKo iUn b[ jJu kjCYl Mkl. lJn D<O Slnmk DC yniC Dmu lj Dl mJ&$ Jp&ld! n Kj.