jJJj, 20 pv 2004
ci H[Cj cu

JjJj nMj JCj kn cu Mu ilcO Flj cubh# Kh ci jnll. Mjjk biu DmCj J kun kj JC J o< vmCj n cu M#Cl c$ yN mcmbv ml Dmll. DM cubcO cvmMm$dz kvlv Dml `M#Ck D#cl` cnCp
Learning Disability.

`lpmu pj mchoMku oKJv I. cP cl l JCl-unCl ykǮbh# yj ci h[l...` Ji&M#kv cjuu n Mj, lpm箳 DF&u Dpyl mnv Pu vn. `cP cui L[ Jv-uKvcO ci Dn, cnCv k Pub? yk il lj l nMj Dn J lu lmb miUb mcplb v!` Skoc Okwk ymuil l lƬ Puu nl. Dhu cui cboyǮ lj vn v? Dhu cui mcv (Normal) Dn k? mbYcJmLl Dmuu lpm箳 DF&u Dm Mv h[C mnpk nl. Dhu cui MUl Flj JLh# ci h[l Dn, cnCp l M#Ck il nl vn, n kUvm yN hukbv i cnl vmucU J lm k kjl F&u, yu lp%b ci&oM&v vmucU n `mbYcJmL` l.
DM hukbv, M#kbv iWOUJv kCj cu Dvk D{Ull. DM cu Mjjk biu Dmll. JjJj nMj Jvm l cu Mu ilcO Flj cubh# Kh ci jnll. DM cub JiC-yuC Flj cubcC Dml. hjbl M#Cl c$ lbv yN D[C ll. kn cu Dhu Jj MyobcO J kjlv D[KUll J Myo Gumu c kjll. kn cu lW[ Gj JJmLl oll, hjbl unlv DlM mJkM unll, lj knRv Jvo< Dml. knRv DbkiCllu cU mbkuhv Dkuv nT Mkl vnl. l yjp, Jpyk, iCkj, Yikj cO iWOU kjll. DM kj cub ybk mjmjh# pml Dmvm JM kj M#Cl l ci h[ll. DM cubcO `cvmMm$dz kvlv` Dml M#Ck D#cl cnCp Learning Disability.
M#Ck D#cl, DOv kckJlhC EkJ u\vi [mD@yu n JcOu Sk Jkj Dn, pcU l JǮ Jv, yIv, Skv (k-J mbJovlv) SKo i Dkuv kjC #cl kc Puu Dml. J%vk kvlv yu Pu, lj cWocOu JJO YibcOv hjJ|ll kuu cnlǮ mmbilhC p[C kjC #cl kc Dml! yuC, Jv, uKv, D#jDUK J Myojv, DbkiCl, Y< Dkuv J mLU-kUmbybOǮ mcp, yyll n cu ci jnll J mJ& i M#Cl cnJ箳 DmucU lb M#Ck il Kbl!
cu M#Cl ci jnC j cK kjC Dnl. l cnCp- cvmk Dmbluv, cbo y, cbo M#Ck #cl (Slow-learner), EkJ M#Ck D#cl (Learning Disability). Dl kjb Skk GonjC DhC yI.
* `Jv` n mn J<祮 cui. mbhC& Ij [kwJj Il. Ijlu mJv Dhu luJj vJl. kCMn Hjm v yuCj, mJl:MǮ hhCj `Skkuu` Jv n `cvmk Dmbluv` DmCj cui Dn. lu `mJciv` Jkj (autism) Dn. cvmk DmbluvcU l M#Cln ci Dn. lu yucvmhjlp%bv oKJC pj Dn.
* `mc` n 15 J<祮 cui l箳 nuu, yuC J mLU-kUyu mcp cO yjǮ ci Dn. MkJvm mh k=l kjJm lu pcl vn. l yObk mjmjh# Kh kc Dn. p yukb ybk 70 Ku Dml, l DYmln Kh ci h[ll. DM cubbv JM< kj M#C oC ijp jl.
* `Dmcl` n 12 J<祮 cui. hJ Fl omNbo vhm Pu. omCl J yuCl nMj Dmuu `Dmcl` ci k jnl, n hukbv J M#kbv h[uu k[ nl. l ybk mjmjh# L[ kc nl (78). l iCll, uKCl J nmlJJml il Hj kc nl. Dmcl DYm m[v mJ& il Jcvvmj nl. Dmclu DhC `cbo M#Ck #cl` Dm cnC Mkl. DM cub kn JM-
* lb ybk 70-85 cO Dml. (mjmjh# kc). * lb #clvmj k& kvm lb il kc Dml. * Skh# pml i Skoc kjJm mbilum DM cu i[y[ll. * lb mJblc biu vml. * mbiluu miU kcbcO l cu `nUyF&` Dmll. * kun `kMu` mbhov kjJm pml JU uil.
DM kj cub cC 14 kwk Dn.
* Dvkl n 11 J<祮 cui, 5 J cO Mkl Dn. l yuCl k Dn. nMjn Dn. hC Jlv DU DU iUl. Myo Gumu Jl J Juu lu mcpl vn. l Flj cubyjyj cmU Mkl vn. Dvkl yObk mjmjh# pml Dn. hjbl l M#Cl ci Dn, Dm M#kb cnCC Dn. l箳cO Dn `M#Ck D#cl` EkJ `DOv kcljl`. kcljlcU l箳 Jl&vJj hjCc nTv Jl&vo<n vc&C Pu Dnl. lJj Gh kv lu mnk& oTv l `mcmml cu` nT v cnCv JUǮ kUp IC pjǮ Dn.
mJ&mOjChC D{UCN M#Ck D#clcO [mukwm (Dyslexia) EkJ Jvo< n mJ&l cnJ J cKv (80 kwk) D{UCj o< Dn. lcC uImc=l, (short term memory) Y<Mu, kjkkMul (motor skills) DbkiCl kMu JJO iln kckJlhC D{Ul. kn DlM nMj cu- pb mcv%v biu Dn, kucO p vhC Dnl, ln yN JU Jv J uKv kjlv yN k kjll. kn cubv vJv i MkJu lj Dkuv PumjK Jl, hC kn lml EkJ omN oJM mJ& Jmv pll J `h kj` Dml. knRv DbkiCllu kn cuYl Mv m[JC kC pl. DM JJO kj `GCJbv` Dyslexia cO DblY&l kjCl Du Dn. Dyslexia (Jv D#cl) n kn o|cU Jkj vn. lcnu D& Ju, Duy& DF&vmF&v, Jvmv |u, J@u [mv, yWpcv Bkuv, vm um&, v yuDj, uDv[x o Jvm J pilu mJ&l cbl J yu imd bv Dyslexia nl.
Yjllu Dk[Jjvmj Ji&lu 15 kwk cubv dyslexia Dmu, Dm Dbop Dn. (cnCp 2000 JL祮 MUcO 100 nv DOk JLa Dm D{Ulu.) Dcjkl Iluu Cl mcj 10-15 kwk cu Jvl ci Dmll, Dm D{Uv Du Dn. (lk ml DcjkvbcO Sku ddyslexia Dn.)
Jv D#cl JJO kj Dmll. pJUpJU mn kwk mc, lj ov-j kwk lJ kjl D{Ull. mc kj ddyslexia mJ&mOjChC cKv D{Ul J n kj huk- M#kbv uJkj kUv l vn. lj kO kO cubv slow learners cnCv kǮ uyu uJu pl. M#k, huk, Mmv DOkj J Jkdz DOkj bcO DM Jkjyu D%v DmucU J DM cubv kǮ vcvoxM kucU lb D< kc GodOJml nT Mkl!
M#Ck D#cl Flj JiJiU kj D{Ull. l cnCp-
J JC mbJov o< : DM cubv Flj cubcC biu Jl J Skl l, hjbl l p Skll J yIll l cbohl hnC J llv vc&C nCN Myob ikjC kjC #cl kc Dml. (auditary & visual processing disability) DM cubcO Y< %v GMj nC, Jj Myoy kjlv D[KUC, mOc& Dmuu D#j Jlv iWOU kjC, D#j Gu unC, D#j/ Myo iUC, DbkiCll ci jnC, [Jk[v GpJk[ JC, unC Jij o< omv ll.
[mk@uku (discalculia): Dm Jkj Dmuu cubv DbkiCll Dk[c[ pcl vn J iCllu cU mbkuhvb Dkuv kjC DJI[ pl.
[mH (Disgraphia): Dm Jkj Dmuu cubv D#jpUC J MyouKv (nml#j) JJmLl pcl vn J cpkw picO unCm lbv DJI[ pl.
mc=lcOu D#cl : mcjCM EkJ mc=l kc DmC n mJ&mOjC mcm Dn. Mklv cu uJkj Mkl DC lJ{ uJkj Jmjl. ynlk JU Jv o< J mbJov vpvlu kcljl iRM mc=l kc DmC n i vi[l Dml, lcU cU o<bJj Ghpv kjC DJMk jl.
uKv D#cl : kn cu lW[ Gj JJmLl oll, hjbl uKCcO ci h[ll EkJ uKC kbU kjll J DlM mJkM unll.
iCllu D#cl : kn cub yk J< biu Dmvn DbkiCllu cU mbkuhvb Dkuv l k Mkl vnl.
M#Ck D#cl Jj mbiluu GhJYi n kn cubcO Skckbl cmUuu omll. lcU lk M#Cl ci h[CN cubcOu cuYl M#Ck o< ku Dn, n MOv k{C J lcC Ghpv kjC chl jl.
hukbv J M#kbv cubcOu `M#Ck o<` uJkj DUKv lu i l mnk& ou hnp. kjC DM cubcO DhC M#Cl ci h[l Dn, n kUuJj Sk kj vjM T Mkl J l kjC kU v MkucU l vjMl Yj h[C Mkwl Dml.
hukbv J M#kbv SK cul M#Co< Dnl k vnl, n DUKl J cnCv n kn u#C ou Dnl. DL&l, Jcvvmj Ku mbiluu JM kn cubcO Dm Mkll J kn kUvblj l kc nll. hjbl cubcO DM pml u#C Sk JU J mllv Dmum lp%b ci&oM&v IC DJMk Dn. `
M#Ck D#cl` DmCN cubcOu Jcvvmj omCj kn u#C (KC) KuucC Dnl.
MUl IuChJa kU (Pre-school) -
1. yuCcO Fljbh# GMj (3 J<hl hC& Jkwl v yuC) 2. MyojcO mcm Dmll. 3. `Myombho` cboilv J{l. yNo i Myo Jhjl vn. 4. `Myo GjC` DJI[ pl.5. mbK, Jj DUKC, jbi J Dkj DUKC DJI[ pl J D#jbcO iWOU nl. 6. iWOUv pCk[ J= J Skl kc Dml. 7. mJbi[byjyj cmUC kC pl.8. mbiluu mJ&mOjC i J mӮv hUC kC pl. 9. (Fine motor skills) `m#ckjkkMu` DJil nCm Juby uil. Go. unC, hvmu hk[C Jij 10. OJC, G[ cjC Flo nuuRcO y[uhC J DJI[uhC oml.
cBmj l F 4 L (4 l 9 J<x)
1. D#jDUK, D#j J OJvunj bcOu mOc& MkCm Juby uil.2. Lck (Basic) MyobcO iHul kjll. (OJC, KC, IC). 3. Jv J JC&uKvcO vnc k kjll.4. D#j Gu unll. 5. mOc& Dmuu D#j Jlv iWOU kjll. 6. MyobcOu D#jcl iWOU kjll. 7. yjp, Jpyk, iCkj, Yikj cU ƮvnbcO iWOU kjll.8. `56` SJp `65` unll. (Dbk Gumu unC). 9. vJv i MkCm JU uil J hbljJj pml DJubyv Dml. 10. unjhC Dml. 11. hvmu hk[lv ly kc Dml. 12. kU, JU, YJlu JlJjC J J bcOu cU Iul l vn. 13. JlJjC youum YbyJv pll.14. `DJkM l o<`-Go. ov iRcOu Dblj yjyj v kUC, I[U unv J c k k Dn, n v kUC. 15. ObojhC Dml, [J- GpJ kUl vn. 16. yuuu kUCm DJI[ pl J mJl: Jj Myol J kjl l vnl. 17. DbkiCllu cU mbkuhv Dkuv kjCl kC pl J Dk[c[ kjCm kC pl.
F 5 l 8 J (10 l 13 J<x)
1. MyocOu D#j c Gu mu kjll. 2. MyobcOu D#jjv, kv, c$, NnmJ, oI&, cU#j kUl vn. 3. c DJpl JC Ull. 4. nml#jcO $ jnll. 5. `hvmu/hv` hk[C hl DJI[umjK Dml.6. vybO unCm Ull. 7. nNJj YJ EkJ Mjjk nuu DUKC kC pl. 8. mbJocOu YJL& (cLlL&) kUl vn J Jj cb[lv yuCcO D[KUll.9. piJj Jml JJmLl uJv JCm kC pl. 10. JjbJj Jml njJll EkJ piJj Juu vmll. 11. unCl J yuCl mmbyhC vml.12. JU Yv JC J JU vpv kv mbiluu kc JUl mbhJC kC pl.
vJJhmv J {lJhl (14 J<x l {lJ)-
1. JC&uKv (Spelling) cOu o< kc jnl, JjbJj k nll.2. JC J unC UC lv Dml. 3. mjbM mbiC (L[kwl / mb#hlhC) kC pl. 4. mc=lJj DOjl kMu kckJl Dml.5. vJv JlJjCm pUJv IC kC pl.6. kc DlM nU kjll. 7. cU mbkuhvb Dkuv kjC kC pl. 8. SK iǮ iYk[ JjJj u# oll EkJ lk[ DvJMk u# kWl kjll. 9. cnllu cc& kU Mkl vn (Misreads information).
Jj mbiluu `M#Ck D#cl` DmCN cubcOu Jcvvmj DmCN KC JjbJj oml Dmlu lj l DUKv JUǮ Ghpv kjC DlJMk Dn. JUǮ mnk& cUum cubv DhC ilhLJj vT Mkl. l Ghpv ku n DhC h{ uKl hn.

[@. mboh kUkj