MvJj 31 p} 2004
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l MKjiL

kjkjccOu MKj cncblu m$b mnYiu Dl MbYj J<祮 kU uu Dn. lj kjkjccOu mJ&l Gb MKj k-2 hnu MmJ MKj {F& mJC&cnlmJ Dp- 31 p} jp mpj nl Dn. c$, n hh ilv k-2 mj kjCj hub[ Jb[ dkJlP n hnu cnu lm l箳vblj n MKj mj kjCN Dv j i&jnkn Dp nl vn, n o:K yy Dn.
`kjkjc` n kMcj Gjm Dmuu Sk c hJ&ljbi. pilu D npj cm&h# Gb Dmuu 14 MKjbhk mn MKjb FLu `yuj` iuMj 15 cu $p Jl&Ul Dnl. 19 J Mlk箳 cOl Yjldz mJx#C JYi . p. cBicj, i@[Jv D@mv DC mj vmm binpyb[ bv Yil cnc k{u. lJn JMuk DC klUk[b MKjbyu cnl kU uiu. lJn n MKjb hnC, l {C, lLu DpypӮ Yil pC Fs Dvk mnmc i&jnkbv J uiu. kjkjc hJ&ljbil cnc k{Cj hnu cnu nl- H@v yuk Jk&cv. Dcjklu c@mmmd jplu Jmxmj FLb pvcuu H@v Dhu vJj Juc nbj Jk&cv 箳mn 1899 cO hnubo kjkjccO Du. lvblj 1912 hl lv kjkjccO ml cnc k{u. cncbJj lvb hmlkb unu. JmJ Mlk箳 mJlm k{uu yumlv箳 iubic ncvoǮ hjmjlu cncl lvb 21 npj Hbb `i` n MKj DC 22,568 H GbǮb `ubic` n MKj DM ov MKjb mj ku nl. 1925 mu l箳yu mc=luK unlv p. h. Hjj yM DuhF&v kwuy箳 cp DO#vb cnub nlb k, `l kC hjmLlln cIj Il vm. l箳 Glmn mJYJcU DC l# l kCbv Y oTv JmlmLlu Ov kuu JOvbcU l箳yu Mbk ICb, Jo GhmLl kjCb kC Dm.` 1912 mu箳 mv ncvoǮ MO cncci lǮ jC nl. l mJl: l cncb vl=lJ kjl nl. 1917 mu mv iuMj cncyu m Puu Two summers in Ice-wilds of the East Karakoram' hmlk箳 mlJvl lvb cc vco kub k, cnc cK Jl&k DC vl cnCv Sk cnu nl. YJ<l kjkjccOu cnub kcijǮ D{J Ilv iǮ DJp&v GuuK JnJ.
H@v yuk Jk&cvvblj 1934 mu nf [Nn@vHl& cnuvb ibYj Dhu hlmn mv iuMjpJU `kwJv cj` 24,370 H GbǮ MKjJj mJ&Lc DjnC kub. MKju mO `mkbij` MKjb hƽc MKj cnCv DUKub plb. cncb Ʈ$kjCn lbv kub nlb. Duy& nkw, n@vm S&u DC lb YjJnk j[p Dm Dv lIbn cnc mom nl.
l cncvblj omN cn kU DC lvblj 1961 l 1974 hl Yilu cncbv ybo IlucU pJUhm 40 J<x kjkjccO cnu pT Mku vnl. lmb i&jnC箳 #$l h< J&mJun c cCl cnu i&jnkbv lW[ Jb uiub. 1978 mu D|uv yuc Dcjkv cnuvb `DVhC&` nculu MKjJj cnub cnc DKu. lu vKMvb hjJvi olv Dcjkv DuhF&v kwuyvb cnub nlb k, cnub cncbv hjJvi olv DhC DOk k[k Dmub hnp. kjC pj k kv kn Jhjl I[ub, lj ukb ku Dhuu lW[ Jb uiu.
Dm DvYJ hub[ Jb[ dkJlP i&jnkun Du. `ulm` MKj cnc mbpkbv Jb[u mnYi kv ICm vkj ou. lcU lv mJl: 1975 mu kjkjccOu iMjyc-2 DC 3 26,000 Hbnv DOk Gb Dmuu MKjbJj Dbljj^dz cnc DKu. ll on cnu DC ml h< nl. Jb[ ddkJlPmn D@umv @[Jk, Jj J@mv, pvP DvmkJlP DC ƸmlH PJk bv iMjyc-3 n 26,090 H GbǮb lJUb miUl Gb DEpkw MKj mJ&Lc mj kub. lj D@v Dkhvk DC nuv ij bv 26,360 Hbb iMjyc-2 n MKj mj kub. dkJlP箳 cncJjn k Pu. cnclu h< mombv MKj-JJj oj uJv Ju. l箳 colv cnu MKj mj k Mku. n kvn 1980 oMkl cnu i&jnkbv youu uJu.
1900 l 1985 hl箳 kUl pclc MbYj cnu kjkjccO hnu nl. lj 1985 l 1990 h J<l MbYjnv DOk cnu kjkjccOu cncbl mnYi Pu nl. JM< cnCp lhk vccpC Dhub FƮsl u# iCl MmJ Pu nl. kUl H cnub cncbvn h< colMJ Gb MKjb mj kjl ll, n lbv oKJv oub. 1983 mu Ƹmlv hucJmk DC D@v PjJvmk bv 26,400 H GbǮ `y@hk` MKjJj cnc DKu. ncJoUcU lb MKj {F& ov lv J iu. lb lbyn yH&l i[u iu. hC lbv nbcl m[u vn. lmN lvl lbv lU箳 k@chhmv L lmN k@chhl ml npj Hb {F& Sk oJml ku. MKj {F& oJM PjJvmku DO& Jlv hjlJb uiub. hC hucJmkvb Skvb MKj iub. lbv m kv oKJub k, H cnub cnc Flj kC col v Il MmJ nT Mkl.
Jb[ dkJlPvb 1982 mu k-2 28,253 H GbǮ pilu omN cbk箳 DC lhl Skn cnu { v Mkuu MKjJj H cnub cnc DKu. hC l DhM ju. lj 1985 mu lvb ov cnubmn `y@[hk` MKj cnc DKu. hC ln DhM ju. 1986 mu lvb W cncyjyj k-2 MKj箳 {F&m lv m ku. cku hjcWdzj, c@jm DC uudzv yj[& n ochl DC Jb[ dkJlP Dm I cnc mom nl. n In k=$c CJMJ n {F& kjl nl. 23 pvu Jb[ miUl Lc k-2 MKjJj hnu DC k-2 mj kjCj hnu cnu nC cv lu cUu. l箳hh c@jm DC uudzv yj[& DC cku hjcWdzjn MKjJj hnu. k-2 mj kjCj uudzv omj cnu ju. MKjJj L[ JU Lbyv l 27,230 HbJj mc k@chJj hnu. j$ l k@chJj k{v omN oJM pJn l Ku Glju vIu lJn Jb[箳 hh CN uudzv DC c@jm yj[& b Imv ojl h[v c=l Pu. uudzv yj[& c=lon vblj 19 puu MKj箳 hLM cUu.
J<a Jb[vb k-2 mj kuvblj mOjC o[ cnvbv 4 D@imu pu um yM cnuvbn k-2 MKj mj kub. hC hjllv 25,900 H GbJj k@chJj ncJoUcU lv oJm l lL D[kv h[u DC Lb[v ijv 7 D@im jp lb vOv Pub. l J<a Dcjk mJxlk= i&jnk k@Ljv Dj n k-2 {F& lv kjl nl. k-2 MKj箳 Gj Ojk[v l 26,400 H GbJj hnu nl. hC JF& nJcvcU lbv lv m[v J uiu. l箳 h{ J<a cTb uiv MKj mj kjlv k@Ljv Dj DC [Jn ƮmcB[ b ojl kmUv Dbl Pu.
1992 cO blu c[ W i&jnkvb k-2 mj kjCl M cUJub. hC Gljlv omN oJM ncDbOlJ (mv-yuF[vm)cU lu l箳 h< mnkNb colv Ku GljJb uiub. 1995 mu k-2 mj kv Ku Gljlv Puu D@umv njJnpd vOvcU l箳Jj Kh k Pu. l J<a D@umvvb kC箳n colMJ SJnjm MKj mj kub nlb. l JJmƳk i&jnk nl. Dhu ov unv cubv m[v lvb n Okw MKj {F& kju vk nl, Dm mj Dvk J=h$b DC cmkbv uJu nl. D@umv njJnpdb `jpvm D@H o n&` vJvb j$ unCj S[ [ium DC [Jn[ jp cnCll k, `Dl GbJj {F& kj cnCp Ok hlkjJ uil. pbv Dm Ok hlkju DC llv moJv p Ju, lbv D@umvJj k kjCb n obYkhC Pu.` Dmu kv cnub i&jnCJj knn hjCc nCj vn, Dmb k k@unv Mc DF& Dmuu i&jnku Jlb. `cku` pilu hJ vbyj Gb MKjJj DjnC kjCj k n hnu cnu Dn.
kjkjccOub mJ&l Gb MKj k-2 hnu MmJ MKj {F& mJC&cnlmJ Dp- 31 puu Fu, hkmlv DC Flj$ mpj nl Dmlv k-2 mj kjCj hnu cnu hub[ Jb[ dkJlP Dp nl vn. 8000 cm&Jj D MKjb mj kjCj n Dmcv i&jnk 1992 mu `kbvibi` n pilub lmN cbkb MKj Skvb mj kjC箳 lvbl yh Pu. lvblj uudzv yj[&, pu um, D@umv njJnpd k-2 MKj mj kv Gljl Dmlv cjC hJu, lj blu c[ 1998 mu `OJuij` MKjJj {F& kjlv oj[kmUl cjC hJu. DM jlv k-2 mj kjCN hn cnu Dp nl vnl.
Jb[ dkJlPu DoM& cvCj Dcjk Ƹmlv y@mk@H Dp pilu DJJu i&jnk Dn. 8000 cm& Jj mn MKjb lvb mj ku Dnl. ll kjkjccOu MKjbn mcJM Dn. yv箳 pju[v Jmjh i&jnkvb lj `mk@u@p D@H Jcv kwuFym&` Jj ybO unu Dn. Dp Dvk cnu i&jnk MlkYjhJa cnubv cnc k{C Jjm phl, kjkjc DC nculn DOk kC DJnvb mJkjl Dmv, h<bFlkw l[Hvb #$l mJl:b mLv vc&C kjl Dnl.
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