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MDj ypj : Sk DvK kjDj

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YjlcO MDj ypj n mbkuhv jhcOv Dl kuu Dn. F. m. 1875 cO cnl&c{ Yjl D|Lk jpOv cbyF&v jJu. cbyF& MDj ypj Dl YJ Fcjl hnv Jm ymCj vn k, ypj mJl kC Sk P[Ku Pu. pC Sk s jh n HHJuu JJ=# Dn. cbyF& MDj ypjhh 1894 cO Dncoyo, 1908 cO kuk DC 1937 cO cm L MDj ypj kckp m Pu. lvblj 2002 hl j lJm MDj ypj DmllJl Du.
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ouu

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MDj ouu n JJm kcMv ym Dn. Kjo- Jlv Puu jkc Gu{uvmj kcMv cUl. kccO DOk hjbil nCm pml JU kc kjC mjJ Gh jl. jpkjClu you, GibJ<Ǯ youl OjC, GibcO nCj you k[ [UmhC hnC HoMj jl. lv mjJv MDj ypjlu JlJjCyou Dbop IC mcp uil.
MDj ouu n JJm hC&hC ypJ Dn. cO mll yǮ Jhj kjCm Yjhj JJ Dml. JJO kbhvb Glhov kCl Dn? kCl kbhv kl vH cUJl Dn? kCl kbhvǮ hF&jM kl Dn? ku kbhv v&- DjTb[ hlUJj Duu Dn? youl mjkj OjC kCl GiJj k hjCc kjl Dnl Yv DmC, Dbljj^dz Gu{uR DYm n mj yk kc kv iblJCkojyjyj mJl: D|Lk GVl mOl l.
kJU J ouub nk Dmll Dm vJn. yBk, c᮳Du Hb[, kvmuvmp, FvMjvm kbhvp, hvMv Hb[ DC HvvMu FvmMvm bvoKu nk cnCv ouuk[v mJ cUl.

Ghouu

kCln iblJCk v kjl `Gh-ouu` n JJm m kjl l. m yjJ hj# GC& DmC ybOvkjk Dn. DhC kCl ouucH&l kc kjCj Dnl, mJ&Lc vC& IJ uil. Lc myk[ Sk npj h Yv cvl cUJJ uil. n cvl Cm ov l lv cnv uill.
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Ghouu n ouu J iblJCkoj lu oJ Dn. lk iblJCkoju ouuk[ L mbhk& mOC DJI[ Dml. lcU Ghouu n Dblj Yv k{l. n m|Jnm DjSb[ yPvm Dn. ouuh# Ghouuu DOk cnvl IJ uil. kwub iU kjC, lk kc JUJj nCm ouuM ojjp mbhk& JC n kc pyyojv kjJ uil. MDm& Kjo- J nl Dmlv Kll MDm& vWou iu Dnl k? n hnC i JU kj jkwkc hnJC n piklv kjC n l kc Dn. lv ouu llhj mJcU l iblJCkoj l箳k[ kv jnll.
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Ghouu kc i=nCRvoKu DlM mmkj Dn. HJu JUl kjCmjK n JJm Dn. i=nC pl DJOv Dml. JiJiU mJYJ箳 cCmbv mbYUv IC, mbY<C kMu, hJv oC #cl iCb mcᮮ l箳pJU Dml. cU JiJiU hjmLllu iblJCkojbv mbYUv IC lu mnp Mkw nl.

h&HuD c@vpj

Port Folio MyokMlu DL& Kl- JYi Dm Dn. iblJCkl Kh JYi Dnl. lk JYi Gh-JYi Dnl. iblJCk k, kM, klhl J kJn kjJ Dm yj Mv iblJCkoju Y[mJl Dmll. lk iblJCkoj n iblJCk ypj Skwmh& Dml Dm vn. lcU lu Skwmha pj Dml. n pj Yv k{Cm h&HuD c@vpj Ghi h[l.
h&HuD c@vpj nCm myk[ jpm^Mv kjC DJMk Dml. n mJlb$ JJm Dn. lm kn D|Lk mbmLbcO vkjǮ hooKu Dn. lv cUCj kcMv DLJ Jlv n Dk<&k Dml.
nuuǮ pil iblJCkǮ yj kj Dnl. Go. cuJv Ol (mv, bo), yBklu J, [yWm&, MDm&, c᮳Du Hb[, @ha Flo hk vck iblJCk JcvcC mJC n cnJ Dml. iblJCkoj D|Lk ijp DC D|Lk G #l ITv h&HuD c@vpj iblJCkoju muu ol Dml. iblJCklu pKc J hjlJ hC&hC DYm kjC Kh cnJ Dml. lu mJl:u n %v DmC Kh DJMk Dml. lcU l iblJCkoju i muu oCm m#c nl. lcC iblJCkǮ mJ& um kj cnl DmC DJMk Dml. l箳 yyllu DJl %v kv GuC #cl DmJ uil. iblJCkoj pKc#cl Ovl ITv n ci&oM&v kjC ijp Dml.
iblJCkojv mJkjuu pKcǮ mbj#C JnJ cnCv JJO pKcRm, JiJiU mbj#C oCj kJ GhuyO Dnl. lb %v iblJCkoju oTv l JhjCm G kjC kc h&HuD c@vpj Dn. h&HuD c@vpju iblJCkmbybOǮ mJ& ko cnl DmC DJMk Dn. Go. my iF&[uF&v, Sv.Dj.D. mbybOǮ vc, kbhv u@ y[& DM kj kb cnl DmC ijp Dn. h&HuD c@vpcW쮳 km&mbybO cnl h{u JymF J F&-cuJj GhuyO Dn.

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FvJnmcW kvmuv (iblJCk muuij)

FvJnmcW kvmuv nCm jpm^Mv DJMkl vml. FvJnmcW kvmuvv Sk JM iblJCkmbybO mKu DYm kuu Dml. iblJCkǮ JJO kjbcOu Sk kjJj l u# kWl kjl. JM jkwkc iblJlv l Sk kjJj u# kWl kjl cnCp k n Sk GonjCj hn. Go. c᮳Du Hb[cOu iblJCk kjCmjK Dvk kbhvb lv mKu J luvk DYm kuu Dml. llu Dvk cb mbihbi Jj kv iblJCkoj箳 ijpbvmj lu l ci&oM&v kjl.
FvJnmcW kvmuvu kjJ<k %v DmC DJMk Dml. lcU iblJCkoju pmllpml Ho km nF&u yu l i muu oT Mkl. FvJnmcW kvmuv kCl iblJCk Dp H Dn k[ kJU voxM kjl J muu ol. Gu h&HuD c@vpj c$ Dhu kwub jkwkc GY kv l# k=l kjCm G kjl.
L[kwl, FvJnmcW kvmuv Dhuu cnl hjJC kc kjl. DL&l m lu mll DJl %v DmC ijp Dml. iblJCkǮ kj J lmbybOǮ vc cnl DmC pjǮ Dml.
n mJlb$ JJm Dn. DvYJ n L M#C Dn. MDj ypj k&hl, c᮳Du Hb[, FvMjvm FloR mKu cnl DmC Gh jl. kc cUl DJ[ DmC DJMk Dml. DJ[lv l h{u JymF쮳 mn糳v mJl:u Dh[ k Mkl. DOk cnlm mbklmLUJj mbhk& mOJ.

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