yOJj, 6 D@kwyj 2004
huku ckxEi...

DM< pOJ
ashishj_lok@yahoo.co.in
bo ukmY vJ[Ckbojcv pilu mJ&l c `ckxEi k@chv` DhC mJv yIlu. k vJnlb ll.... o[ cnvYj 543 clojmbIlu mcj 67 k 50 uK clojbk[ clb piJ ciCm unv-c 1200 h#b 5398 GcoJj Pul nl. lk GcoJj Docm 85 uK l 1 khl K&, vJ[Ck b$C jyJCm mjkj mOjCl: 950 kR K& lm jpkdz h#b pnjlRmn jb$CJj Puu pJUpJU 500 kR K&, Dm cUv vJ[Ck cnmbcl kcvh# mcj 3500 k hb K& jU G[u. lj omjk[ E J Fukw^@vk c[Jj `mHu@p` Dbivb nCjb Jlkv, Km uK lm Dhvv hum (vJ[CkhJ& C) J SkwP hum (clovj mJnx#C) Do Dvk `vJ[Ck J<Mb` ul.... SkC pbi jCOcUl lk iu {uu jpkdz hjcCcU `Fb[v huku ckxEi`b JmlJ mbhC& pivb DvYJub.

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mO vJ[CkbcO DOvk JJmLhvMm$lu Dvk lb$ Jhju pl Dnl. vJ[Ckb h&YcJj `mHu@p` mn糳v h# J vl lc, j c, mbYJ mhO&, mJl: J JjO h#b #cl lm mcL&, Jp K$ Do Dvk cnJhC& yy pCv IC jpkdz h# lv kjl Dmll. mJ& yy l h#b @[kw (GcoJj), nkbmcj (cloj) Jm DCCm lm l J kjCm (Epkv DCCm) Ghi h[ll. l v lM `ckxEi m^@p` jv vJ[Ck j ku pl. DC cnCv `huku ckxEi` cK DOj Dmuu `mHu@p` J h&v mHu@pmb cnJ pCv ICb DJMk jlb. m vJ[Ck JMu<k J ouuǮ `mWj H@j o m[ D@H [JnuEhi mmpd` (mSm[Sm) mvj Hu iW oJ bv `ukm`M yulv mbilu, `Yu c DM huku ckxEicOu mHu@p n Sk DJYp Ik Dn.` jpkdz vJ[Ck J l Dv<biv clojb clJn Mm$ hlv JO ITv kuub mJ&mcJMk vJ[Ck JMu<C cnCp `mHu@p`. JM< DYm- Ƭl clov箳 cOclv `ukMn` mbl DYm ku pl. Yjll mHu@pǮb lb$ pJCb DC Jkml kjCb Kjb [@.C j@ bv plb, Dm mbiv iW oJ cnCu k, n DYm kO vJ[Ckb Dbop Jl&JChjl c&ol Dml lj kO mbhC& vJ[Ck Ƭu Dbljy youv kCj Jnjvlck jCvlǮ Jmlh jl. l vJ[Ckb JUh$k, j cnc, vJ[Ck Dbop J l kjCccbm Do yyR DblY&J nl. cnCv kJU `vJ[Ck DbopMm$` cnCp `mHu@p`, Flk c&ol JK mk jl vn.
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humm& kbhvbk[v cUCN `[` DOj vJ[Ckb Dbop Jl&JCb kc mHu@pm kjl Dmll. Dp oMl cpkw ckxEi jm& kbhv `humm&` hl J=Jnv J vlkukbm kc kjl Dnl. (Go. DDjp- ci&, [DjSm, Sm- vumv, mSc[, luc, hC mjJ D@C[ DmmSdm Flo.) mO kn JJmƳk mHu@pm kJU `vJ[Ck Dbop` Jl&JCb kc kjl vnl lj `huku ckxEi kvmEui`b m kc kjll. DC cnCv huku ckxEib #$ `mHu@p`h# DOk Jhk nlb. Dp jpkdz h#bk[v vJ[Ck jCvl jJChmv l l DbcuypJC kjChl箳 mJ& kcbm huku ckxEi kvmuvmdvb nlM Ojub plb.
huku ckxEi箳 mybO Ƭyyl cnl olv m huku ckxEi kvmub Go vji[kj mbill, Lc humm& mn糳v Li Dhvv hu (vJ[CkhJ& pvcl C) IC. lvblj vJ[CkbcO @[kw (GcoJj) jv kjC (L[kwl SK clojmbIl kCl GcoJj i Mku, n mbiC), lk hlUJj pl, Oc&, hbL, mcovn micvMv kjC, h# DLJ GcoJj nlhjmmj `Fcp` GbJCm Ghpv mJC, l h# j c clojbhl i jlv hnJC, clK muivm jC DC MJ h#u J h& l箳 GcoJjbv vJ[v DCCm `[` JMu<Cvmj jCvl DKC J l ijl k&vJl kjC DM cnJhC& yyR Ƭl mcJM nl.
huku ckxEi DC kvPcj ckxEi cO Ju#C mc Dn. iu ukmY vJ[CkbcO `ckx u[j` Dmuu Yphu `ckx @uWpj` yvv kBmv Mn oTv cln ku. cnCp Yph箳 nkwk箳 `ckx MDj`u kBmv Okwk lj ou. hC cloj nkb K$uk `cFb[ MDj` DC `n& MDj`u oKu nl Ilu nl. huku ckXEicO ckx jm& (Dhvv hum), D@[Jn&EPi, mum cMv DC hm&vu mEui Do vcb kkjhC huv ku pl. c$, kC L[ pj iHul Pu k mbhub. cnCv lmhO&Jj cl kjC kCln mbO J pT oT v m jpkdz h# Dhhu hjv lv kjlv omll. huku ckxEicO `kcvkMv`b cU lJ l jnlb, youll l kJU `D@hukMvm`. lm JUJU lmhO& kbJj yjkF&v u# Jb Dmlb lj mJl: kbJj Ghpv MOCb kc h#b `hu c@vpm&` kvmuv쮳 cH&l kjl Dmll.
vJ[Ckb JJmLhv J vC&b DbcuypJC i kj kjCm jpkdz h# Dl `FukwMv J@j cm` lj kjll. (iu ukmY vJ[CkbcO Yph J@j c co cnpv b Ij lj kBm 80, uO Fm J mucv K|Mo b Ij ymJCl Du nl.) huku m^@p cEkicO `cnl-lb$%v (D..)` Dl DJYp Ik yvu Dn. lvmj D..v mmpp J@j cmcO JJO J<blu lp%, lb$% k& kjl Dmll. `mHu@p` v<k<祮 DOj jpkdz h# Dhu vlu `cnvl` cnCv pkw kjCm Fcp yEu[i DLJ yBE[i箳 lJ Jhj kjl Dmll. Kjp, lk clojmbI箳 ukmbK JYpv/ lb youl clJnb yjkF&v hC ku pl. mbYJ Jp GcoJjb Kljpc ku pl. m clov ciu Dk[Jj J youb cnlǮb JMu<Clck h=L:kjC kub plb. vJ[v C K$ DmCj GcoJj, DlǮ Pbp, kC pi DM Ji&Jj kv JJO kj [b hblj Sk `cn k@chv`cO kub plb. kC vJvJv kuhv l#l GljJCb kc nlb. JymFmd lj nll, mv mJnm&, hmm&, pnjl, muivm yvJCb kc ulb. Kjp, mum cMv DC j箳 MJ hm&vu mEuiJj Yj ou pl. vJ[Ck Ʈvn -M&md, mkm&, y@vm&, n\[ip, kDTmd, k@hm, yuu, JnEi k[d&m, m[p, k@mdm Do kllj iRcH&l mum cMv kub plb. lj hm&vu mEuicO j箳 MJ쮳 hhl JlJjC lhJCm pnjmY, yk (k@v&j cEip), i cUJ Flo YjJCl ll. DM JU hu c@vpm& Dhu mbIvlck JJmL, jv, k[j hC& #clvM Jhj kjl Dmll. n mJ& kjl Dmlv huku ckxEicO `hyum`b DL&l `h.Dj.`b lb$ Dlbl YJhC Jhjub plb. cnj^b GonjC I, mO jpl JOvmY vJ[Ckb jCOcU uu Dmv SkC 288 clojmbIbhk 85 clojmbIbl GcoJj箳 ckxEib kc Kmi h.Dj. (pvmbhk&) kbhv kjl Dnl.
`mHu@p` cOclv vICN v<k<祮 DOj `huEi ckxEi` Jnjv jl. cnCv Dl DhC `mHu@pm` yvCm uiCN h$lJ< pCv IT . yyl cnl olv ouulu [JnuhcW D@C[ jm& m|Jnmm mbuk p.Jn.Su. vjmcn jJ mbill, ``mHu@p`cO Dk[b JMu<Clck h=LkwkjCu DlM cnJ Dn. lm SKk[b hjcClck lb$b (kwJ@vJn kwvkwmb) hyU DmJm nJb. l iClMm$ J mbKkMm$lu JC mn糳Yl jlb. hjbl DJMk Dn, Dmbn vn. JmlJk hnl Sk mcpkMm$ cnCv `mHu@p` JiU DM hoJ DLJ hoJj hoJk vn. n Mm$ jpMm$ Sk Yi Dmub DpJj cvub pl Dub Dn. cnCv kcm jpMm$ hoJOj i mcpu pl. lm DL&Mm$, mcpMm$ DLJ JJmLhv hoJOj n kc Gc kj k Mkl.
SKu `mHu@pm` cnCv vJhu Dmu lj lu Yjldz mcpJmlJb Yv DmCb DJMk Dn. mcpkjC, Oc&, pl J mcovn JJO mbmk=lk hmbi DC Dblji mbybOb %vyjyj jpkjC, jpIv J k Gc pC DmJm nJ, Dm m mHu@pm J j^dz mJbmJk mbI vl vvp oMcK b hlC MJbl oMcK bv mbilu.
`mHu@pm`v kc mJl:u pvcl DYm kjCl iblJv JJm nJ. lm pvcl C DC mJx#C cnJ jll. pvcl Dk kvm ICm mHu@pmu l#jl ukbcO kc mƬ jnJ uil, Dmb vn. cnCv humm& kbhvb pvcl CǮ DnJuJv pvcvm v[ DUKCb mHu@pmm DlM cnJb jlb. lm lu vncǮ humm& ukbM mbhk& JJ uil, Dm mbiv mHu@pm iW oJ cnCu, kCn Sk j$l mHu@pm yvl vn. .Jn. h[Jj PUkv Dk[c[ kjl JMu<C kjC, n JJmb `iu@cj` Dn, SJ{b! Kjb lj #$l JM kjCb J k&jl jnCb Jlb llkb mhb vn. n Sk hjhC& J hC&JU kjDj Dn. #$l Cm Lc lcnu SK Jj mHu@pm J humm& lp%k[ jlmj M#C (kc) IJb uilb. yyl Wi oJ bk[ M#C Iluu hC DY olj cnCl, oJ mjbmjK mHu@pm쮳 nlKu M#C Ilv mHu@pǮb mbhC& lb$ l#l DpcJl lb. vJ[Ckb `^C[` DYm kjlv jpkjClu mcpk J mbKkdz hjcCb klU DJil nll. YjlmjK `njpvm` mcpcOu clJnlu youl `EmJi` J `MHwmd` Dv<biv pvcl kuhv l.
`mHu@p` hoJ DYmc mO oMl kn GhuyO vmu lj hoJj DYmc ui kjC lv nl Dnl. ouu Jhbli&l CN iia cnJul mHu@pǮ hoJj DYmc u m$hmv m kjCl Du Dn. lm pJnjuu vn Jh (pSv) DC Fboj ibO c JhcH&l jpMm$箳 hoJj DYmcl mHu@pǮ mcJM kjCl Du Dn, lj oMlu ynlk Jhbv mHu@pǮ hoJ J hoJj DYmcm lv uJu Dnl. Jlj kn JhbcH&l mHu@pcO hS.[. kjCm GcoJjb vWoC kjCl l Dn. hC Jhv 1989 mu Go vji[kj bv mHu@pcOu hS.[.b jpm^Mv vkjub nlb; hjbl on J<vblj hC Jhv lbv J<l hS.[. kjC Dvcl ou. DC l ov-lv cnvbl lb hS.[. hC& nl Dn. J<l hS.[. kjCj vji[kj ynO Yjllu hnu `mHu@pm` Dmlu.
mHu@p J h&v huku ckxicOu mbORyyl uku ck&bi D@C[ [JnuhcW jm& DmmSMv mbuk J m mHu@pm vJv mh&vC bv mbilu, #$l HjM mbO vn, n cnCC kǮ Dn. oMl mO kJU 20 mHu@pm k&jl Dnl. Kjb lj ciCh# hjJ kc Dn. Dp p cCl Eno, FbiuM lm oMk Y<lu J=Jnv m Pu Dnl (nl Dnl.), lcU mHu@pm ciC J{l Dn. mO J=Jnv lm vlkukb J=JMu<CcO mHu@pǮ lb$ Jhj J{l uu Dn. cU Jlkv/ J=JM<b op& J{u u#l l Dn. (b Gc GonjC cnCp `Sv[Jn` J=Jnv.) n mJ& youlb Jjb hnlv Dic kUl mHu@pǮb Mm$ Yjll pj hk[Cj , l Mbk vn. mHu@pǮ Ghi SK JJml kM hlvb nT Mkl, yyl cnl olv Go vji[kj bv mbilu, mO J=Jnv, jm& kbhv J J=h$mcnbk[v mHu@pǮ DYmkbv mcJv IC lv nl Dnl. lyjyj cK jpkdz h#bcH&ln h@uku ckxEi kvmubmdvb/ mHu@pmmdvb kc kb$ cUl Dn. kJU vJ[Ck kUl mHu@pm kc Dml, Dm vn. Guh# vJ[Ck vmll lJn `mHu@pm` Dhu kc箳 lb$l mHF&ojhC DCCl lm Dv ckx jm& D@vumm kjCl Jml Dmll.
`DHwj mu m|Jnm` hl vJ[Ck Puvbljn huEi ckxi lb$%v YJhC Jhjub plb. clojb mcOv (kmcj m@mdH@kwMv), Jvvc hla (juMvMh ckxEi), DOkOk pi (ckx MDj) J{JCm lv kjCb, Do yyRm mHu@pm/ kvmubmd col Ilu pl. Yjll huku ckxEi pj vJv Dmu lj l kl c cCJj pj hk[ Mklb, kuhv bo箳 ukmY vJ[CkbcO vJ h{Ǯ k&JC JJmƳkbv Du Dn. DC cnCv `mHu@p`cO lh# Jhk DLa `huku ckxEi`cO cb kjDj nT Mklb, n v|JJohC m Pub Dn.
`mH@u@p`cO cnj^ iov
mH@u@p DL&l `huku ckxEi` cnJ hJv oCj Yjllu hnu hmlk unC cv Sk cj cCmk[ pl. hC箳 mjJ D@C[ SmmSmd mH@u@pm [@. ouh mjJ bv unuu `huku ckxEi D@C[ Fb[v Skwmhjdzvm` n hmlk c@k-nu kMvv m ku Dn. Go vji[kj mH@u@pcO hS[ cUCj ynO hnu Yjldz DYmk DmCj Dnl. lm oMlu 40 h# DOk Jhb jpMm$ JYibk[v lbv huku ckxEiJj JKv oCm vcl vcb$l ku pl. Kjp, Fbiub[, Dcjk, yPu DC pc&v DM oMblu vJ[CkbcO lb$ Jhj Yjldz hlǮ Dbiv jyJC lb Fs Dn. Jlj, hƽc cnj^l `m mH@u@p`oKu yN J<hmv ul. hC箳 [kwkv k@up Ohk DC kBm vl p. . kukCa vJ[Ckb vku Jl&JCm hjbhjk J Dhjbhjk hl Jhjl Dmll. lj cnj^ JOvmY vJ[Ckb (1952-99) uKpK unCj vJ[Ck JMu<k J. p. EMo bv DpJj mJ& mljbJju vJ[Ckb JMu<C ku. kukCa DC EMo b JMu<Cvmj hC J yjcl hjmjl Mjo hJj Dhu jCvl DKll Dmn Sk mcp Dn.
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`Sv[Jn` mJxmJ& Dmuu [@. C j@ Dp pilk kla vJ[Ck JMu<k DL&l `mHu@pm` cnCv iCu pll. KN DL&v Yjll `mHu@p`b Mm$ pJCb mbhC& lbv oub plb.
cp hblOv Fboj ibO b vOvvblj 1985 mu Puu vJ[Ckb `Fb[ [` vlkukcO Dbop Jl&Jlv C j@ bv DcjkmLl mHu@pm DMk unj b mnk&vb Jkml kuu `Jmv& c@[u D@H kwy u@` vc箳 DOj Yjldz clojb mcpk- jpkdz- mbKkdz mJ&mcJMk D{J Ilu nl. lvblj C j@ bv 1988 cO mnkj Dhhv cvv b mLvb ojoM&vJj `Ju[& Om Jk` vJb ylch$ moj kjCm mJl ku. j^dz J Dbljj^dz mljJju u I[c[Rb LƮl JMu<C kv moj nCjb n ylch$ cnCp l JU cnlGoc #kbm Km hJ&C nl.
ojcv [@. C j@, DMk unj J [Jn[ yuj bb `Fb[ [mF[dm, 1952-89` n Yjldz vJ[Ckbb mJ&mcJMk mbKkdz lUybo Dmuub hmlk m Pub. hmlkJv hnubo oMlu mcpk J jpkdz hjmLl youl uu vml Ovl Du vn lj lm mJmlj Mm$M JMu<C JJm cUu.
1989 ukmY vJ[Ckb JU ojoM&vJj hnubo C j@ bv h$kj Jvo oJ b mLvb vJ[Ck JMu<C DHulv k&c moj ku nl. lk jplu clojmbIb, clojb clJn, GcoJjb yuyu, jpkdz h#b mcL祮 DC h&v m mcjǮ Dblc iCl LL& Ob[U pvlmcj cb[Cl C j@ k&c箳 vcv MmJ ju nl. DC lJn `mHu@p` mn糳v vJ[Ckbb JMu<C kM hlvb, ku klUvb DC kl mch&k nT Mklb, l jpkdz h#bhmv l mJ&mcv clojbv Du. lj omjk[ `mHu@p` cOclv clojb clJn JO ITv pvcl ku DpcJC DJMkl cK j^dz h#bv k<&v pCJ uiu.