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1984 cO ukmYl H ov pi cUuJjn Ku vJnl SJ{ Yph vl=lJ Dp Kuu oml. c cnvl Dvh#ljl kWlu m icJJ uiucU Yph箳 lUiUlu k&klhmv mJx vlbhl DKK h# cUhmv noju nl. y@EkwmicO lmhO&v Dvh#lhC vkJj pjl Hk cjuvblj SKo y@kwmj kJU FsMǮ pjJj KbyjhC GY jnC lv kjl, lm Yph Pu nl. cnj^箳 vkubv c$ l kuc[v h[u. mn cnvbhJahl oCk JCj Yph Skoc iuli$ Puu J uiu. DC Jfu lu DbiJj IC lj oKJCj Yph y[ y[ vl ypiJCb DJC kv oT uiu. mn cnvl Dm k I[u? DC k I[u?
Yph iu 50-55 J<祮 hJxlnm hnu lj DSJ{ cjiU h#l kOǮ Du vJnl, Dm D{Uv F&u. 1952 cO hnu ukmY vJ[Ckl oMYjl cUv DJI lv kwk cl DC lv pi EpkCj Yph (llkuv pvmbI) 1999 cO 23 kwk clb Ov Pu. h# 182 Kmoj vJ[v Du. kWlu m nlM Du. hC uih ov vJ[Ckblu hjYJv l J{uu lko, m, DlcJm mj Ymcv nTv iu. KjKj cb[URv h- mn J<x m jyJu nl k, Dm Mv h[J DM h# Dp DJmL Dn.
Yph vlb Dp DmJmLl mcpCmjK Dn. MbYj J<祮 hjbhj Dmuu kBm h# on J<l uu pF&u, n Ykl Kj nl nl 1999 cO l K ju. h J<v lj l h#v GmU cv kWlu mn nmlil ku. lcU `MmJhC m jyJ MkCj SkcJ h#` n yo uiv l cjJCDOǮ n yo Yphu icJJ uiu. hjbl h#u Duu cjiUǮ cK kjC n vn. EnolJ, j^dzlJ, mJoM Myobv mJ&mcv cCmu cnJv kC oJm Dl Gjuu vnl DC Yphk[ lj clojbv oCm EkJ oKJCm lJ{ Dn. 1984 ukmY vJ[Ckl oC hjYJ hlkjJ uiuvblj ibOJo mcpJo箳 vJv Duynj JphRv uJuu okv ybo kv mbI hjJjv l箳 kuu uuk=<C D[JCR nl ou nl. D[JCRv llkuv jpkdz DC mcpk hjmLlǮ hC& Ho GJu DC Yph箳 s okv EnolJ箳 [h&cWu mDjcO hjJl&v kv oKJu. lǮ hjCl 15 J<v kWcO Yph mjkj Cl Pu. Dl c$ lbk[ p Jku Dn, lJ<Ǯ pvl cvlu Dk<&C kc kc nl uuv Yph箳 il El Dn. ukbv p vk Dn, l cu lbk[ Dn DC ukbv p nJ Dn, l kv DC, DM mbYcJmLl mO n h# mh[u Dn.
YJvk J<b jpkjC kjCj h# kn kUvblj DM DJmLl pCj, l kmu D& vn. pvYJv hJv, Sk kuhvk M$ vc&C kv lJjOl ukb cvl Dbij hJl l. l hblj Jhk DbouvcO kjl Du lj l mmLUhln vl l. hC Sko m cUJuvblj h{ k, Dm Mv h#bv h[l jnl. m c&o mcpuvblj Fs DC JmlJ cOu Dblj Dvko Yv k{Chuk[ Dml, Yv mONbv l. hC lbv l ukbv mcpJv mbil l vn. kjC mJj Duvblj p i kjC DMkw Dn, Dm mONbv Jl Dml, vckw l kjC mnp-mh Dn, Dm oJ kv n cb[U mJj Duu Dmll. lcU pvlu Jml ITv JmlJ k Dn, n mbil l vn DC ll youn kjl l vn, DM pUl n h# mh[ll. lcU pvl Ycvjm Jnu mJl nl DC ci DM h#bv Phv Gljl kU uil. Yphu Gljl kU uiC cK kjC n Dn.
Yph (hJ&cǮ pvmbI) hCl 1952 hmv oMl cCcCl Dn. 1977 cO pvl h#l Juv nTv Yjldz ukou箳 ƮvnJj (vbijOj Mlkj) vJ[Ck u{Jhl h#u oMl kO on kwkwb huk[ pTv cl cUJl Du vnl. 1952 vJ[Ckl lbv lv pi (SkC cl 3.07 kwk) cUu. h{ vJ[Ckl lb Sk pi J{u, hC cl pJUhm ohh Pu (5.97 kwk). 1962 cO h# cl L[Ǯ J{u (6.44 kwk), hC Kmojb mbK Skoc onv J{v 14 Pu. vnb c=lvblj oMlu jpkdz JlJjCl ijcijc m Pu nl. l Ho pvmbIv 1967 cO Puu vJ[Ckl Guu DC oMlu lmN cbk箳 h# mLv hkJu. vJ[Ckl llkuv pvmbIu 9.35 kwk cl DC ukmY lyyu 35 pi cUJl Du nl. 1971 cO vJ[Cku yBkb j^dzkjC, ijy nJ DM cb mboY& nl. Fboj ibORv oM箳 jpkjCJj Dhu hk[ ymJu lJn mJl ku nl. lcU vJ[Ckl mJ& JjO h#b mbKyU Iu DC h#u 7.36 kwk cl DC 22 pi Epkv hJ cbkJj mcOv cvJ uiu. vJ[Ckl ckwm&Jo kcvm, Yjldz kcvm J ck bv lk 23 pi cUu nl DC l Yph (llkuv pvmbI) h{ nl.
h{ h J<x mJ&Ok cnJ nl. JL祮 Dbouv, oMJh mbh DC Enmj cU mj kn {JUv vIu nl. pkM vjC b Dbouvu lcU pj {u DC pvmbIn ll mnYi Pu. DCyC DC lodv<bik I[c[Rvblj pvl h# pvc Pu. lcU 1977 vJ[Ck pvmbIv Yjldz ukou箳 vJKu DC 1980 vJ[Ck pvl h#箳 vJKu u{u. 1980 vJ[Ckb hh onj momlJ箳 cJv pvl h# Hu DC pvmbI箳 vlbv Yjldz pvl h# mLhv ku. mcpJo vlbM J{uu muicU Dmu, oykw DJpl EnolJ jpkjC kjC Hj Ho nl vn, Dm JucU Dmu, hC Duynj JphR vl=lJKuu Yjldz pvl h#v kUl ibOJo mcpJo km Oju. hC 1984 cO Fboj ibO b nl h&YcJj Puu vJ[Ckl lb h# hj OUOC G[u. DJI ov Kmojbv ukmY hN {l Du. h#u cUuu cl pj omN cbk nl, lj lbcO DC kBmcO (kBm 415 pi DC 48.01 kwk cl) lyyu 40 kwkwb Dblj nl.
h&YcJj mbI hjJjv Yph Oj D[JCR KbJj ouJj h#箳 mLll Dcu you Pu. EnolJ箳 cJj h# h Jml Mkl, n D[JCRv nju DC lbv n c DckhC h{ jCm mJl ku. Mnyv kjC DC DOlu jccboj U KuC vC& lb hC& hLJj h[u. 1989 cO Puu vJ[Ckl l lEyy Gcu DC Yph ukmYlu mommbK ovJv Skoc 86 Jj iu. D& cnCp- lbv cUuu clbcO c$ HjM J{ Puu vJnl. 1967 cO h#u mcj m[vT kwk cl cUu nl DC l pjJj lb 35 pi Du nl. yjyj 22 J<v clbcO DJI ov kwk J{ nTvn h#箳 pi c$ ohnv pml J{u. lvblj c$ Yphv ci JUv kO hnu vn.
1991 vJ[Cku jpJ ibOR oozJ nl h&Yc nl. ljn Yph clb kwkJj vTv J{v 20.04 Pu DC h#v 121 pibJj G[ Ilu. jccboj Dbouv lJn h uiu nl. cb[uJov vc&C Puu mcpk-jpkdz hjmLlcO DhC cv pT, Yllv ynj h[Cm Yph vlbv EnolJ c DCK Dck ku nl. n c pJ{ Dck Pu, lJ{ Yphu l Ho nl iu. llv h{ yyj cMo h[u iu. pvYJv lJ nl, l Ho Yphu cUu. JphR vl=lJu Yphynjn cvl cUu. l Ho kWl mjkj mLhv kjlv Pu.
mJ& kUcO cnj^l Yphv oj Jv MJmvM nlcUJC ku. yC nj ITv jpl Hj Jmljl Cj vn, vWo ITv Yphv jmJ lc MJmvM Ijy ku. llv jpl vJ jpkdz mckjC pvcu Du. cbyF&ynj Hjm mLv vmuu MJmvu `cnj^` n k kjC Dn, n Gcp uiu. cb[u Di箳 MHjMRv ovn h#b JjO nl. hC lbv l uY cUCN cimJia plRv h{ kv Dhu jpkjC m ku. cjb J&mJv oyuu plR jpkdz cnJkb#bv Ocj H uiu. l hjhj Ho mv-Yph lv kv Ilu. 1985 cO jplu 288 hk H 16 pib Ov Dmuu Yph 1995 cO mv colv kwk mJj Du. lb clb kwkJj c$ ml kwkwbJv yj kwkwbJj iu.
D[JC h#O# Puvblj kUl Yph Phv Jmlj Jnu EnolJMJ DCKn kn kjC nl. SkJmJ Mlklu Yjl GYjC kjC箳 jpJ ibO b mJhvlv cnj^箳 vn, lj oM箳n D|Lk- mcpk hjmLll mLlblj nl nl. mJ#$ h Jmljl uu nl DC llv cOcJi&n J{l nl. Ji& cnCv kn Km mJYJJM Dmll. l Yph箳 Dj-JjbM lbllbl pUCj Dmll. lcU n cOcJi& pmpm J{l iu, lmlm oMcO Yphu DC jpl lb lu l DhDh Ho nl iu.
omjk[ hjbhjk jpkl& Ji&cU jpkdz mhmv JbƮl jnuu cim plRv lcU m mJhv h[ uiu. jpkdz iJkmynj jnJ uiCN Dvk plR vl Yph箳 cbJj cjJlv om uiu. lb mcpu kBm箳 Jnhmv Dui kjCl Yph-MJmvu M T uiu. l Ho kWl DC jpl ovnk[ m Cl Pu.
m mhv {uvblj c$ Yph Kj hj# m Pu. kBm箳 vklxhCu h& cnCv ukbv Yphu mJj DCv ymJu nl. hC lbk[v kCl Dmvb hl&l nF&v. Yphu DOl YJ jccboj ybO nl, hkmlvu Du I[J nl, kMcjlu cmucb cjm kc kj nl, lm Iv 370 J kuc j kj nl, kBm jpJl nCj cmucb u[ kc kv lbv `ckv Dhu kl jnu uJC` Yi h[ nl, mcv vij ko ui kj nl, inl-ybo ko kj nl...! l#l hk knǮ I[v. Dmvb Gu miU I[l jnu. kBm jpJ kkc DC vkcc cnCv Yphu mJj DCu, lj Dljkwb cpu mbmoJj nuu kjCFlhl iu. l kjC Oioj MOv k箳 m$Ojbv Yj kl HmJj oC Y< Yph mONbv ku Kj, hjbl l#l Jcv DhnjC kjCvblj oM mjkj Dljkwbv MjC iu pvlu hnJ uiu. D#jOc cbojJj nuu Pu. hjbl MJhl nuu kjCj vck kC nl, Lbih uiu vn. cOcJiab o:K pCCj h# cnCv Yphu mho ymJu, hC lb jpJl Ji& mmnuh pml Pu. mǮ mJvJ=v cOcJi& Ph G[u. cniF& J{u, mJbhk i@m, h^upv hoL& b kcl DkMu Y[u. yBkbk[v cUCN JpJj D< kbCN mJvJ=bv lj D#jM: jmlJj DCCl Du. ovbov Mvbv cku Duu cOcJi&u DOl jccboj GYjC nlv omu Dml lj kcv oum cUu Dml. hC lLn mj MkMk. mcv vij k kC vJ k{v. Yph mJj DuJj cmucbv Du I[JC mh nF&u Dm lbv Jl nl. ln nF&v. mnpk- cb[URv c Dh kv mJj DCu, hC l Ho k? Dm Jj lb nlb cvln vc&C nT uiu.
n nl Dmlv Yph nj kOǮ DOvk nT Mku vn. D[JC DC Jph m[u lj Yph箳 kCln DO#u mJl: Dm Ju vJnl. cju cvnj pM bv llu ll mJlb$ JcJ Dn. hC kMYT kj, ybi u#cC, pv k=<Ccla J Jbk v[ bv v mJlb$ nj nl, v lY. lb vl=lJ箳 GCJ Pku iu, kjC lJU Yph mJj nl DC kBm ImjC SJ{ Jil m nl, k Yphlu GCJbk[ u# oC kCu ijp Ju vn. hC ljn DO#bhk kCn Dhu h#u DOvk nj oC lv ku vn, n JmlmLl Dn. cyF&u Hv JhjC DC i[Ǯ jjL kjC cnCp DOvkl vn. pi mO k uu Dn? kCl vJ Jj mO Ju Jh hnl Dnl? SkJmJ Mlk vck DJnv kCl Dmlu? DM J<bJj mJlb$hCv Jj kjC lj jnu ypu, l kcv Dkuvn cb[URv vJnl. 箳 hjCc oMlu yJblbv kO YphJ< DhuhC Ju vn. GLU J= DC k=lǮ vlbv J Flj cb[URv c Dvbov h#u Dhu cvu.
omN ypu cnj^mjK jpl DCC [bi, v. m. Hjbo, hb[jbi Hb[kj, mӳ&Yv Jn[C DM cb[URv (lb pl hnv) cnJ ho ou iu. hC l#l lb uic Dv$ Dnl DC n cb[U vJJU kUm$ ynu Dnl, Dm lb mcpu J uiu. jpl Yph h Jmlju, hC l h#箳 OOjCbM oCIC vmuu JJmƳk jpkjCbcU. lbv h#l kJv J lj ho ou hnpl, YJvlv m箮 k&klv ci mju iu DC Dl vlb oM Yphl hoOkj cnCv v Pu. Dp l c mbKv Dnl. hC lb yyll Mv Jmn&l Dn. kBm J Dv kCl lj h#lv mv EkJ jiJv ynj h[uu DC YphM pcJv ICN vlbJ< lb clojmbIl, lb mcpl EkJ pll Dp vckw k YJv Dnl? lbJ< mLvk ukbcO klhl Dlcdzl Dn? YphcO mnphC cUCj ho n lb h#l pC cK kjC Dml. hC Dhu o:K l oj k Mklu, Dm Jm lb clojbv Jl k, n Kj Mv Dn. DL&ld lm Yphlu vJK hoOkNbv Dui k{C Di nF&u. kjC Yph-MJmv lun n Mv ui h[l. DhJo JiUl llu ynmbK vl vkj kumjK jpkjC kjll. lu mvlu Jj vlbn DhJo vn!
mJ& hjmLllv Yphu uuk=<C D[JCǮ ynj k{ Mklu, DM Jmv DO#ho cU hvn Sko lb iUl IuCl Du Dn. D[JCRmcj DJnv DL&l Kh kC Dnl. pvYJv lJCj Dbouv kj Dmu lj YphmjK h# vl=lJ kjC mh Dn. c$, 1984 DC 2004 cO c Hjk Dn. 1984 cO Yph Pkuu c mJJ uK nl. `ha JL [Hjvm` n yo lJn h#箳 YU ukkl nl. h J<祮 m Yiuvblj l kUJb[v iu Dn. ouu kCln Dmv hC& v kjCj DC Yjl kBmun ci kCj- DM h# Dp DUK Dn.
D[JC hnubo DO# Pu lJn co cnpv, DC pu, m<c mJjp, Jbk v[, Gc Yjl Jv unv nl. h# lko s nl. omN HUlu vlbcO Skh nl. Dl Jm J<v mJ& cb[UR cnJkb# GHUv Du Dnl. Skckb h D{Cm kCln Lju pC lb lj Dn. cnj^箳 vJ[CkǮ vkubyyl m<c mJjp DC DC pu bv p lƬ ou, lJv l mMlhC mcj Du. vJ[Cklu hjYJ vc kv Jbk v[bv DO#hoJv nmkJCl m<c mJjp- pu bv Mn Du.
cnj^l cUJC mh Dmuu m cUJl Du vn, n Kj lj v[b DhjO vJnl. h# Gj oMlu kcij kcuǮ KuJu Dn DC l KN DL&v h#箳 v El J< Dn. ynjcOu vJ[Ck lW[Jj Du Dnl DC lLn h# oCoC G[Cj, n v|JJo Dn.
Gj oMl Yjldz pvl h# h oJmWoJm Kl uu Dn. cnj^yjyj Gj oMln JOvmY yj pibm hvJ[Ck Pu. on J<hJa Yph DOm Dmuu jpl JU H Sk pi Yphu Epkl Du. ynlk GcoJj Dhu Dvcl jkwkcn JJ Mku vnl DC lbv lmN J L mLvm kBmM mcv kjJ uiu.
Gj oMl Yph hvppJv n D[JCRmcj Dmuu mJ&l c DJnv cnu hnp. 1984 cO Yph H ov Kmoj vJ[v Du nl. hC ljn h# cvv Ku vJnl. JU 138 Kmoj Tvn h#l cjiU Dn. l IuJCm kCln J<, kCln Dbouv mO lj h#mcj vn. p cbcU h# J{u, mJj iu, l Dl kuy Pu Dnl. l yC Dl Jhv Pu Dnl EkJ lb k vnM Pu Dnl. DM mLll iUSJ{ iUl lv ymuu h#u ynj k{C c pkjǮ kc Dn. 1984 cO D[JCRv l ku, lJn l 56 J<祮 nl. Dp lb J 76 Dn. h{u ukmY vJ[CkǮ JU l 81 J<祮 Dmlu. lcU lbk[v 1984 l 94 ojcv箳 lb kcijǮ hvjJ=Ǯ Dh# Ojl F&u k?
iu Jm J<cO Yph hmj Jiv J{u. lln h# cnJ mJ&Ok J{u l 1991 l 98 kuKb[l. vckw kUl vn-ibO IjC jpkjChmv uby nl DC kBm i[ ImjCu uiu nl. kBm箳 l DO:hlv Ho Yphu hC&hC cUu. Dl Yph ImjC m Dn. l Ho kBm GJ hnl Dn. h# n ImjC LbyJC, n D[JCRm kmǮ Dn. Dh#Ybi Puv oj iuu cloj lbv hvn Dhuk[ Kv DC Dn. YccO lbv Sk vJ jLJj {JCl Du Dn. hC lb yCb Yl Dl jkc Pu Dn. mv iWOUuu Dn. lb mjoj Skckb iUJj luJj uJCl cMiu Dnl DC lmhOa c$ Dck Pu Dn. mbilv D[JC Dhu mvu ci& km k{v oll, l Dl hn.