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`k@` n oMlu mJ&l kC JM hj# cvu pl.l 29 ljKu (jJJj) nCN `k@` DL&l `k@cv D@[cMv m`u 1 uK 30 npj JLa ymu Dmv, lbhk Hjlj 1200 JLv `DDSc` mn mbmLbcO JM cUu! `DDSc`mn oMlu Dv `y` mkumcO JM Ilv JLv Dvk cnJ箳 yyRJj Jj kj Dml.
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Dic kUl `Yjl` Sk il, Jkml j^ lj yvCj Dn, hC lyjyj Dbljj^dz hlUJj mJ&Ok kMu cvJ m$l DL&l M#l JJmƳkb hjJ kjCj oM cnCvn h{ Cj Dmu cl Dp ynlk hƽcl JjJbl / lp% cb[l Dnl. lb n cl kJU i=nlkbJj DOjl vn, lj J%v-lb$%v, JkMm$, pJ- J%v, cnl-lb$%v DC JJmLhvMm$ Do DOvk Mm$b JJO JhjGoc MKbcO k&jl Dmuu Yjldz JJmƳkb k&#cl, lb ljl lm kCln hjmLlM pUJv IC箳 lb nkclhC mkuv D{J ITv n lp%cb[U Dp cl cb[l Dnl.
Dcjk OlaJj `Fb[v Fvm D@H c@vpcW` (DDSc) mbmLbcO JLv Dp hmlk %v oCyjyj l# kc DvYJ cUJv oC lv nl Dn. PvMv, Fbj D@kwMv, DmFvcW DLJ km m[p mjK lb$b cOclv JL祮 `lv J co` lJvmj p[CI[C ku pl. hjCc, `DDSc`md J Dv kn vcbkl JJmLhv mbmL DL&l `y`mkumcOv `ScyS` hoJj hoJ yjyj JLa `KN DLa JJmƳk` yvv ynj h[l Dnl.
vJJoǮ mJlm oMl pilkkjC J GojkjC c Jj Jn uiuvblj ynj^dz kbhvb Dicvmyl oMbli&l Gi-JJmbvn uv cUu. ojcv, Gi- JJm DLJ kbhvǮ kckpl JJmLhkb col DlJMk yvu. i, kMu J M#l JJmLhk Dhu k&#cl yUJj kbhvu/ Giu M箳 MKjJj hnJ Mkl, n JmlmLl mJ祮 u#l Du Dn. cnCv, `ciC mJl:nv hjJ vc&C kjl`, DL&Mm$箳 vcvmj M#l JJmƳk JJmLhkb Hp GY kjCN mcj 1700 JJmLhv mbmL DL&l `y`mkumhk vccnv DOk 1995 vblj mLhv Pu.mO ojJ<a oMlu `DDSc` mn, kn JhbM mbuiv, DOcl, mJ, DM unv-c 1700 JJmLhv mbmLbcO mcj 90,000 JLa `ScyS` h$lOjk yvCm JM Il Dmll. c$, h#n cnJ yy cnCp `ScyS` hoJj hoJ DYmcm mcj j uK JLa `k@`, `c@`, `m` DLJ mbmLvn hj#, DM UC hj#bv yml Dmll. lln 4:1 iCjh#n kc JLa `ScyS` hoJ DYmcm h$ jll. lvmj, `y` mkumcOv ojJ<a mcj 70,000 JLa `ScyS` h$lOjk yvv ynj h[l Dnl.
Yjll mO ojJ<a 150 `ScyS` JJmƳk JJmLhvMm$箳 JJO J<bcO `[@kwj` cUJl Dnl. (pCkjb cl `[@kwj` cUJC cC kc Dn.) yjyj, iu kn J<l hjoMlu JM<l: Dcjklu JJmLhv mbmLbcO `ScyS` hoJj hoJ hl kjCm pCN Yjldz JL祮 mbKln u#Cdz J{ Pu Dn. iu J<a Yjllv mcj 14,000 JLa Dcjklu vcbkl `y` mkumcO JM cUJCm DJMk `pScS` (GMAT) h$l hj#u ymu nl. lj 10,000 JLv hjoMlu `y` mkumcO ScyS/ ScScSm DYmcm JM Ilu nl. iu kn J<l lj JJmLhvMm$l JC cUJCm hC&JU DLJ DO&JU lm ojM#C箳 cOclv hoJ, hoJk J cCh$ DYmc hC& kjCNb u Du Dn. hjCc, DpI[u oMl JJmLhvMm$箳 mJ& kj J hlǮ M#Cm JLk[v ojJ<a mcj 1500 k h `H` hl cpu pll, Dm Dbop Dn.
oMlu vcbkl `y` mkum kU箳 DIl DOvk yvu Dnl. mO `y` mkumcO Fvm^kwj cnCp cuYl m, lln lb$%vJj DOjl m J{JCJj Yj oCl l Dn. L[kwl Jjum k@chmm, Fukw^@vk [ymm DC Jvu, lk JL&u u@h@h Do m JLv GhuyO kv oCJj pJUpJU mJ& Mmkdz mJ J Kmi JJmLhv mbmLb Yj Dn. yjyj, ouulu yDScF&mS (yck) ybiuj Lu Duvm yPvm D@k[c DLJ hClu DDScSc bmjK mbmLbk[v hC&l: jnJM k@chmmd mLhv kjC lv nl Dn.
Duk[ cnJ I[c[ cnCp, oMlu kn DiC y mkumcOu DOhkbv GipilM DbMkuv kc kjC箳 vcv mbuiv nl J, m `mDD`v h{kj Ilu Dn. mDD箳 `Fb[m^u HuMh` pvWli&l `y` mku箳 DOhkbv (H@kup) SK Gi mcn箳 mbMOv kuhl lv l mn cnvb kuJOm mcu nl Cj Dn. cU DOhkbv Gi mcn箳 l# kcl mnYi nTv mcmbv mcj pC mbO cUu. lm Gh cnl iU kjC, mbMOv k& hj h[C J JL祮 km m[p Jkml kjC bmjK cnJ箳 yy hC& kjl lu. Ghi lbv JLv DOkOk JJnj J v<k<&vn DOhv kjCl nF&u.
mO kn `y` mkum lj iuyuPMv箳n huk[ iu Dnl. cbyF&lu Sm. h. pv Fvm J pcMhj Lu PJnm& uyj juMvm Fvm (SkwmSuDjD) mbmLbv oyF& L Dhhu DOhv kW GI[u Dnl. nojyomLl `DmSHSD`mjK Kmi JJmLhv JhlHx ubk, ybiuoM J o#C Dklu kn oMbcO DOhv kW GI[C lv nl Dn. cvhu M#Ck mcnlHx vhU, cuM, oyF& J cmkl L kW GYju Dnl. lm `DDSc`mjK oMlu mJx JJmLhv mbmL hƽc J Div DMl Dhu kW GI[C Jj kjl Dn. lj Sc[D, i[ibJ; DmSHSD DC cbyF&lu vcbkl JEuikj Fvm JJmLhv mbmL Dcjklu DmMSMv D@H D@[Jnvm[ k@upS mkum D@H yPvm (SSmSmy) DC jh箳 jhv kwJu v@cm& (F&kwDSm) JJmLhv mbmLbk[v Dbljj^dz cvl DLJ DOmJk=l cUJCm lvMu Dnl.
Ghj pc yp yIluvblj oMlu kn cpkw JJmLhv mbmL m[ulj ynlk mbmLbcOu GCJb [J ypn yIC chl jl. Gipillu ynlk k&kj DOkNb cl JJmLhv mbmLbcOu `ScyS` h$lOjk yNJU DhjhkwJ Dmll. DvYJ JJmƳkbv kbhv DLJ Gi mcnbcO mcJv Il JU lbv M#l kjCJj c cCl hm J JU K& kjJ uil. m `y` mkumk[v JLv kmm[p J l# kc DvYJ oC lv Jnu nJ. lm 10 JLci Sk M#k/ DOhk iCjcC Jj kum Yjllu `y` mkumcO 7000 M#l DOhk Dmu nJl.
hjbl Yjll JJmLhvMm$ MkJCj kJU 2000 M#l DOhk k&jl Dnl. lln ynlk `y` mkum DOhk kJU DOhv kjC, SJ{ k& kjll. Guh# `y` mkumcO DOhkbv JLv MkJCyjyj lbv mbMOv DLJ Jkmk&l ci&oM&v kv SkC Ƭl l# mnYi nC DYl Dn.
ynlk `y` mkumv Dhu DYmc Dpvn ul nkmJb GibJj kWl ku Dn. mbmLb DYmc Hvvm c@vpcW, D, yBEki, vc&C Ƭ bmjK ul nkmJb Gib Jj kv lj ku pl. c$ cC JJmLhv, k=< Gi, Jv-JJmLhv, Tp& JJmLhv, uIGi JJmLhv, Dji mJ JJmLhv, oUCJUC JJmLhv DLJ SbjvcW JJmLhv DC Dbljj^dz Jhj J JJmLhv Do JJmLhv #$bcO Jhu mbO DmlvoKu #$b DYmcb ynlk mbmLbk[v Gh# Pu Dn. DpI[u kJU kn yJj cpCFlhl `y` mkum JJmLhvMm$lu `mhMum c@vpcW HMvu` I[JC k& kjl Dnl.
JJmLhvMm$箳 DYmcl lv yyR DblY&J DmC Hj cnJ Dn; l cnCp, op&, mbiƮll (mch&kl) DC uJƮkl. oozJv ynlk `y` mkumcO yyR hl&l nl vmu D{Uv l. mO oMlu SkC unv-c 1700 JJmLhv mbmLbhk kJU 25 l 30 mbmLbv lcn ``Fb[ `y` mkum`` cnC Mkl. Fb[ cnCp Gi pilM mbuivl mOC, vJ %v DLJ mbMOv kjC, JLv vJvJv kMub MkJC, lbk[v lm k& kv IC Do cnJ箳 yyR hl&l nCm `y` mkumcO Sk$ljl lv nC.
Dl lj Yjldz JJmLhv #$u pilk DJnvuoKu mcj pJ uiCj Dn. `i@` kjjvJ 2005 muhmv M#C箳 ypjln pilkkjC DJljCj Dn. `iuyu SpkMv ckx`cO DDpd, DDScmdmjK mbmL hjkdz JLm Ku nCj Dnl, lm kjC ybOvkjk DmCj Dn. lm hjkdz M#Ck mbmLoKu Yjll mJlb$jl DLJ Yiojl Dhhu M#C kW GI[Cj Dnl. mO箳 JJmLhvMm$箳 M#C ypjhl Dvk `y` mkum k&jl Dnl. j^dz lm Dbljj^dz hlUJj `SyS` h$lOjk JJmƳkbv c cCl [cb[ Dn. hjCc, mO hoJOjb JJmLhvMm$ hoJj hoJ hl kjCk[ ku oJmWoJm J{l Dn. DM hjmLll oMlu JLa `y` mkumcO JM cUJCm hoJOj JLa `k@`, c SkwmS DLJ Scm mjK JM hj#bv yml Dnl. lln `k@` n mJ&l kC JM hj# cvu pl. l 29 ljKu (jJJj) nCN `k@` hj#u ymCNb mbK kn uKbl Dn. hj#l biu iC cUJv GC& nCN JLv `DDSc`mn oMlu Dv `y` mkumcO JM Ilv Dvk cnJ箳 yyRJj Jj kjJ uiCj Dn. lmǮ n uK unC lv kjCl Du Dn.
oMlu hnu 10 @h `y` mkum Jj kjlv mnpk Fb[v Fvm D@H c@vpcW DL&l `DDSc` Dncoyo, ybiuj J kukl mbmLb Dvc hnu, omj J lmj cbk uil. ( Lc lv ckb DDSc-S/y/m mbmLbvblj mbmLb SkC op&, hmblǮ c lkwll ou Dn.).
`y` mkum箳 hmblJjǮ c vƽl kjlv kn cuYl yyR Jj kjJ Dml.
mJ&Lc... SK mbmL `Jmn&l` l mbmL cbk, JM hj# op&, hjkdz cvl, mbmL cp JL祮 kcij Do iR mcJM nl. omj... `hYl mR hl&l`, l mbmL kC, Jvu, Jmli=n, D|Lk yp, Fbjv m, DYm k# DoR mcJM nl.lmj...`ScyS` hoJ Iluvblj vkj DL&l `humcW` m kM Dn. l K$Mj DmJ lm humcWcO Yjhj h& GhuyO Dnl k, Jj ku pl. L...`DOhk` km Dnl l M#l Dnl k, mbMOv op& km Dn, hnC DvYJ DOhk Y oll k, DM Dk yy Jjl I箳 Dmll. hJ... `mhMuPMv` (JM<kjC), ckxEi, Hvvm, @[kwMv, cm c[ mjK JJmLhvMm$ DYmc mbmLl jyJCl ll k, l Dmlu lj lhk kCl DYmc DOk Gc kj MkJu pl J l humcW iCj km Dn, yyRn Jj nl. mnJ... DOhv hl kM Dn, JLa-DOhk b iCj, mchoMv, GipilM klhl mbuivl yyRn Jj kj Dml. mlJ... `humcW op&` l k@chmcH&l nCN `humcW` mjmj hij kl vIl, hjoMl mbO cUl k, lm ynj^dz kbhvbcO humcW nl k, DM yyR Jj ku pl. MJ J DJ... `JMh$l` yI Dml. l JL祮 kc DvYJ yIlu pl k DLJ kJU FbpvDmv Ov ou pl k, nn yI Dml.
JJmLhvMm$lu ckxEi, Hvvm, cv jmm&, mmcm, D@hjMvm h cnJ箳 J<b mhMuPMv kjCm JLa Kuu `y` mkumv Ov ol Dmll.
`ckxEi`m-1.DDSc, Dncoyo; 2. DDSc, ybiuj; 3. SHScSm, ouu; 4. DDSc, kukl; 5. DDSc, uKvT.
`Hvvm`m- 1. DDSc, kukl; 2. DDSc, Dncoyo; 3. DDSc, ybiuj; 4. SHScSm, ouu; 5. DDSc, uKvT.
`cv jmm&`m-1. SkwmSuDjD, pcMhj; 2. DSmSm, cbyF&; 3. mcymm, hC; 4. DDSc, Dncoyo; 5. DDSc, ybiuj. `mmcm`m- 1. DDSc, ybiuj; 2. DDSc, uKvT; 3. DDSc, kukl; 4. DDSc, Dncoyo; 5. Sm. p. mc糳, cbyF& DC `D@hjMvm`m- 1. SvDDF&, cbyF&; 2. DDSc, Dncoyo; 3. DDSc, kukl; 4. Sm. h. pv, cbyF&; 5. Sm. p. mc糳, cbyF&.
cC J<Jj kn mhMuƳp[ JJmLhv mbmL Dnl. cC JJmLhvm ipjlcOu Dvbo Lu `Fvm D@H ju c@vpcW`; k=< JJmLhvm- nojyomLl `v@Mvu Fvm D@H D@kuj SkwmWMv c@vpcW; Jv JmLhvm YhU Lu `Fb[v Fvm D@H H@jm c@vpcW`; Dji mJb JJmLhvm- phj Lu `Fvm D@H nuL c@vpcW jm&; k=< Gi JJmLhvm GjbucOu hblvij Lu k@up D@H D@ yPvm c@vpcW DC Dbljj^dz JJmLhvm ouulu mku D@H kvJn&pvm D@ Fbjv@Mvu c@vpcW Do JM< mbmL k&jl Dnl.
lm, cbyF&lu k. p. mc糳 Fvmv ju c@vpcWJj JM< DYmc jyJCm nl Ilu Dn. lj kn Jhbv Jc #$Jj DOjl JJmLhv DYmc jyJCm mJl ku Dn.
Dp lC hoJOjb h{ kc Jl iCJ m kjCm cUCj JJ, kcm cUCj Dvku JlJjC J mJl: Jkmm DmCj cyuk mbO, iRcU `ScyS`k[ D{u pl Dn. ljn JJmLhv箳 cn#$l Gljlv, `k@` DLJ `m`mjK cnoJlv plv DhC p mbmLlv Dhu JJmƳk M#C ICj Dnl, l mbmLJ< pCv IC cnJ jl.
Sk kU Dm nl, hƽcʳ JjJbl Yjlu `i[b oM` cnCv nCJl Dml DC Dp nǮ cb[U Yjlu `kl kuu mh` cnCv ijJl Dnl. n Jjyou kJU Yjllu kMu J M#l cv<yUcU Mkw Pu Dn. DC mbhC& vJ il ul Dmuu mJ& #$blu Yjldz JJmƳkb ckoj kciju IJ uiu!
(h : uKlu lLbM `y- Sm vumv /DDjp ci& m[` DC `m-Hj` b mJx#CJj DOjl Dnl.)