FrontPage


 

ybOkc hOolRJ<...

Dlhl DhC nJcv- mLvk mnl- IjybOC lu hjmhjmbybO yI lv ku. Sk i mh Dml k ybOkc mLv, JlJjC, YmJh, ybOkc mnl kCln Dm, l ybOkc kCn kj, ybOkc箳 cuYl DM ov hl EkJ ovn hlR Sk$kjC, Dhuu Jhjuu omll. ov hl cnCp- 1) u[ yDEji (load bearing) ybOkc hl, 2) c[ m^kwj (framed structure) kCln kj ybOkc Dbljbi GI[v yIlv hnu hj cnCp l ybOkc Jjuhk kCl hlǮ Dn; n lhmC.
FcjlǮ JJO Yibv (shhj, lUF&, Kby, pcv Flo) lb mJl: Jpv huu hnp DC SJ{Jj v Lbyl l FcjlcOu Jml, mpJ, mcv, b Yj, JM mbkuhvbkjl DJMk l [PF&v, Dv<biv Cj Jpvlu you DC vck kjCbcU Fcjllu youl Jml, mpJ bcU Cj Yj mN kjbcU GlhV Yj Fcjlu huJ uil. lvblj n mJ& Jpv/ Yj FcjlǮ hcH&l pcvJjl JKv ku pl.
L[kwl mbi Pum mJ& kj Jpv/ Yj vck kc- DOk c&ol Jpv/ Yj huC DC l mj#ljl hcH&l pcvJjl nmlbljC kjC. u DhC Yj nmlblj Ƭ cnCӳ. lj DM n Ƭ kMkj kjJu pl, ll FcjlǮ kCkCl Yi, kmkm Yi Ill, lJjl ybOkc Jjukj kj h[uu omll.
lj DM u[ yDEji DC c[ m^kwm& hlǮ DhC Lck cnl IC lv k.
u[ yDEji hlǮ ybOkcbcO FcjlǮ JJO hC mJ& Ikbv Yj nmlbljC ƬcO Yi IJ uil. mJl:, Fcjllu mJ& mcJ Ikb Yj FcjlǮ mJ& Yibv hcH&l pcvJjl JKv kJ uil. pv y ybOkc, J[, kuu, ybiu, mh Ij mjK ybOkc kjl mcJ nll. l Yj nmlbljC k& km nl l Dk=l . 6 cO oKJu Dn.
shhj- EYl- h- pcv
Ijlu Ik uokc
(mLj+youl)
h# JiU kj Dhuu c[ m^kwm&cO D{Ul. mcvl: mJ&$ Jhu cCl omCj mcW kBƬ DC uKb[ mU Jhv kuu ybOkc kjl c[ll. mcW kBƬ Jlj H uKb[ JJO mkwMvmm c[ m^kwm&cO Jhju pll hC DM kj ybOkc cKlJ Dik Fcjl, hu, cvj Flo kjl Jhju pll. kj ybOkcbcO mcW kBƬ + uKb[ mU EkJ llmc mnl Jhv FcjlǮ mbi[ (structure) Lc ybOu pl. Ik h, Kby (column), lU (beam), mu@y (slab) Dmll. kj ybOkccO FcjlǮ Yj, mcJ mJ& Ikb Yj mbi[cH&l hcH&l pcvJjl JKju pl. kj ybOkclu EYl lb Yj FcjlǮ mbi[Jjl nmlbljl kjll lcU kj FcjlRcO Yj nmlbljC Ƭ Dk=l . 7 cC Dml.
mu@y- lU (ycm)- Kby (k@uc)- h
EYl, Ijlu Ik uokc pcv
kj FcjlǮ ybOkc kjlv, FcjlǮ mbi[ Lc lj ku pl DC cinv EYl Jij llmc kc nll Ilu pll. hjbl u[- yDEji hll Dm kCln mbi[ vmucU EYlǮ L ybOkc kjJ uil. ovn ybOkc hlR cuH Dhuu pv ybOkcJjl J{J kc kjCm, [i[p kjCm Jij kC Puu D{Ul.
u[ yDEji DC c[ m^kwm& b luv k ium Dhuu ovn hlǮ Ho- l omll.
1) c[ m^kwm&cO EYlR p[ u[ yDEji hllu EYlǮ p[h# kc Dml, lcU l KuǮ Gh #$HU J{l.
2) c[ m^kwm&cO FcjlǮ Dkj, Jhl #$, Gb Jj kc c&o ll, Gu u[ yDEji hll Gb, #$HU Jj Kh c&o ll. kjC Gb J{u k EYlǮ p[ Kh J{l pl.
3) c[ m^kwm&cO Dic kUl JM HjHj kjl C Mkw Dml. Go. oj pi youC, EYl k{v kC Flo hC u[ yDEji kjl Dm HjHj kjC Kh DJI[, K|k DC JUk{ Dml.
4) ybOkc K& Jj kjl mJ& v c[ m^kwm& u[ yDEji箳 luvl L[M cni h[ll.
5) u[ yDEji ybOkcl mLvk ybOkc mnl DC mLvk lb$%v cKv Jhj nl Gu c[ m^kwm&cO JM Dm lb$%v DC mLvk lm ynv ybOkc mnl DCv JhjJ uil.
6) c[ m^kwm& D< u[ yDEjih# pml Dml.
u[ yDEji DC c[ m^kwm& ov hYl ybOkc hlR cnl Ilum l Dhuu JJO hhJjl Ho nT Mkl, l Dm- Dhuu Dhu FcjlcO/ KubcO HjHj YJ<l kjlv Sk i u#l J k l FcjlǮ Yj nmlbljC ƬcO yO DC vn. L[kwl FcjlǮ cU {u vkmv hJ vn. u[ yDEji hll HjHj k vl. Dm D{Uv l k HjHj kjlv Kby, lU bv Fp hl, lj l UJ.
Ijku ybOkc kjl Dmlv FcjlǮ {箳箳 JU pml kkj jnC k pjǮ Dml l Jv kUl. kjC FcjlǮ cU mbi[l DbiYl o< jnum l vblj kOǮ oml kjl l vnl. Ij vijC kjlv, [i[p kjlv kCl Ik lhmC Lc kjC DJMk Dml l cnl Dhuu nT Mkl. FcjlǮ mbi[ oI&< nCm lm vm|ik DhRcO mbi[ kcl kc vkmv JnJ m kn i Jjl Ilu pll. l v Jj kjlv Ykbh lybOk, vm|ik Dh lybOv, nJlu JJO Ikb Km kv y<h, JJO o<k b YJ UC Gh mjK Ikb Jj kjJ uil.
(ojOJv . 95251- 2486560)
spdeodhar@indiatimes.coro..

     
FrontPage Today'sHomePage FrontPage