j J J j , 30 p v J j 2 0 0 5
uub lKlu DJnv?

l 3, 13 J 23 HyJj jp JOvmY vJ[Ckm ynj jCbiC mpp nl Dn. vJ[Ckl uub lv lj Jpv m vJ mckjC yIu cUu k hvn uub mjkj F&u, k[ mJ祮 u# uiu Dn.
D& Ckw箳 kvlǮ mL uYucU bihl c̳&u ciO箳 vboJbM lKl GuLv c̳& mcp cnl&c{ jJC Mkw Pu. hC iu 15 J<hmv DvY< mcp ipJCN uumo oJ b m GuLJv kC M̳& oKJCj DOvk c̳& ynj Ycl Dpvlj vhpuu vnl. vn cnCu uub lmhOa il Dvk cnjL J Ckw Dnl. hC uubv mlv Ku KCl lb M̳& J kvl DpJj mhMu DhM ju Dn. HyJj cnvl lv hhblu JOvmY vJ[Ckm ynj jCbiC hvn mpp nl Dn. hC 'uubv h& vn,' DM hjYl cvv Yph J juD mvhl lbJ Mm$ Gul Dnl.

YiJv y, YiJv cnJj, D& Ckw, Yjl hnu cnv mc bihl c̳&, ouuǮ lKlJj ymCj hnu ynj MjMn mj, hnu iClp% D&Yf, Yjl hnu j^hl Yjljlv [@. jpWmo, mbhC& blǮ pvk ukvk pkM vjC ynj cnvYJb ol, kC Fs Dm J vm, Joml uumo oJ bn vJ p[u iu Dn. GJCa J njpv b mbI<&lv ynj jpkdz #lpJj uumo oJ b Go Puhmv lLu pvlu Ylk Jkm Jmj h[u Dn. oMlu Dv Yilu ilǮ luvl kcv 30-40 J<v cimuu ynjcO uub jpl mcpk Jkm mOu iu, Dvkbv klk Dn. Flj jp j hoj jml, GChu, upbi Fcjl, M@Ehi c@um bv kk Puu Dmlv, ynjcO c$ Jp, hC, jml DM cuYl ijpbk[n uuYb u# vn.
mv 2005 JOvmY vJ[Ck DhJolck vku ju k, Mv Gj `uub 15 J<祮 kMmvu ynmbK ynj pvl Kj Gyiu Dn k`, Jj DJubyv Dmu. 3, 13 J 23 HyJju nCN clovojcv ynj pvllu mhl mvc u Fukw^@vk JnEi cMvmcOv k Pu, lj n Mkw Dn, Dm uub kfj JjOkbn cnCC Dn.
oJ-cmuc clbJj hmuu uubm bo vJ[Ck kC Pu Dn, l JjOkbcU vJn, lj lb hScOu (kWlu mOj mb hjic DI[) kBm J uk pvM ha c$h#bcU. hSlu c$h#bcOu 'oJ' uubm vC&k Mkl.
ynj vJ[Ckl Dvk c Dnl. uu-jy[ mjkjcU ynj kcuǮ hs[u Dn. GiObo hh Pu Dmv mJ& kj iblJCkv h HjJu Dn. hYl m-mJO, M#C, Dji Do #$l ynj Mvdz DJmL Dn. ipjlcOu obiu co mjkjv hjmk=l ku Dmlu, lj ynjcOu DhnjC箳 Giu jy[ mjkj DMJ&o Dn. hCl ouu hyuk mkucOu vJJlu kMu箳 DhnjC c Sv vJ[Ckl uubm $mok ju Dn.
uu-jy[ mjkjJ mJ&$ Dmbl< Ocml Dn. hC l Ho uubv Dhu jpkdz JjOkbv cU ouu vn. mJlu lbv oJ-cmuc mckjC If ku J vblj ib[b mv lbv ynj jpkjCJj DM kn hk[ ymJu k lb Jclv ynj mk nF&u, kun DM lb JjOkbv jnuu vn.
h J<hJan ynj u{F&u 'uuJ mJ&' Dm mJh Du nl. lJU kBm JiUl mJ& JjOk uubJ Skp Pu nl. uubm mbKyU箳 yyll vncǮ [koK juu PjKb[ ynjhmv JY Jn nl. vJnWyj 2000 cO Jph mjkjv lv s jpb v|cl kucU PjKb[ ynjhmv JiU Pu. PjKb[myl ynj Gjumju mc=n iu. ynj vMy Gju kJU hj DC uu! j. mJ. mbI J My mjv b hi[ Dmuu DoJmynu PjKb[ JiU Puv uub [koK kc ybo nTv l DCKǮ vO&ml Pu. oJ-cmuc b 28-29 kwk cl KMl DmuJj lbv Dym, oul bn cl Dk|<l kjC mh uiu.
ynjcO GJCa lmn mbKv kc. ll uub kbhl h|Cl hhh oJ, mJvcO cncco Mnyv, kMvibpcO lmucv Dm ynyu mJ&$ lvl Puv GJCab clOkjn mbk Pu. clov kWbJj p ly, l ynjJj m, n mckjC DCK { Pu. uubv DJnv oCj jcJum hmJvn yyll kc vnl. lbk[n mjpYv, cV Mkwu, ku hb[, s Mkwu, DvJu nk DM ivnijb c Hp Dn. mb pvl ou DI<l mJxmJ& vlMkcj bk[n Dvbo cnv J mvu hb[WmjK ivnij h&Yc Dmuu vl Dnl. l kc h[l l kJU Yph. mJs J cCk lc Dmuu vlMkcj b YJ#$ kjcRhjl c&ol Dn. p@p& Hv[m, Mjo oJ j^dz vl Dmu lj ynj jpkjCl l hjJuby Dnl.
GJCabv Yph lkj T uiu Dn. l kBmk[ JUC Mkwl Dn. DM mLll Sk Yph vlv kuu JMu<Cvmj mb pvl ouu Kh Pu lj 60 pi cUlu J Yphu 40. MbYj l 105 pi Epkv uu oJbv hvn h J<m mjkj uJC ku cU Mkl. Ok Dn l kJU kBm J hmJvbk[v.
HyJj 2000 vJ[Ckl JjOl u{uvblj pldzJo MRv mhmv oj Jv h J<x mLj mjkj oCm uubv kBm箳 ky[b mcL&v IJ uiu. mcL&vu ynj mLvk kBm vlb J k&kl祮 JjO nl. hC ynj kBm lUiUlu k&klx uub kpuu jpJu kbUu Dmvn D[JC, p@p& Hv[m, vlMkcj cb[Ub ynj lyl IC cvmy GOUv uJCm Oc&vjh#l j#Cm mv ibO uub hM YkwkchC GY jnu. l Ho Il kO kU ynjJj jp kjCN kBm uubv hlMj K箮kjC ku. ukmY vJ[Ckl uubv kBm kJl u#l ITv j pi m[u, lhk lv pi kBmv Epku. hC uubM l kv kBmv cUJuu n 75 kwk 'M' lUiUlu kBm vlbv Dpyl u vJnl. JOvmY vJ[Ckl DM SklHa lǮ hvjJ=u lb lJ JjO nl. ynjcO kBm lko J{l Dn, Dm uubM Dpyl mnk& kjC箳 cv:mLll vmuu mLvk kBm vlbv Rv hJv ou. uu ll mvcvpvk J oCj vnl, kBmu pCJ nl. hC kWlu hS mjkjcO Yioj Dmuu uubv UCn Mkw vJnl. lcU uubv Jml v Il PjKb[cO kBmv 'ip' My mjv bM SklHa piJh I<C ku. uu lJj 'Y[ku'. kBmu n nJ nl. kn oJm piJh箳 x iNnU kc Jl Jl uu J kBm ynj-PjKb[cO c$hC& u{lm mncl Pu. iu vJ[Ckl 114 pi EpkCN jpou bo 122 h# pml pi Epkv mO yncl cUJ G J Dmu, lj ovMnv DOk pi u{JC Du. DM mLll kBm, ckh, Ykh, j^Jo kBm DM hSlu mnkj h#b c ybOv vJ[Ckl GljC uubm Mkw vJnl. MJ h#b GcoJjbv vJ[v DCCm uub JnyBkv nlYj uJ J vJ[Ck Puvblj c$h#bv mbKyU Ok oKJv jpou Jm Oj, n lj uubvn DL&l cv nCj vJnl. lcU uubv kBmM 'c$hC&' u{l oC hmbl ku.
uu J mv ibO bv hjmhjbJ< Doj Dn. n ovn vl Skckb cnJ pCv Dnl. vJJoǮ oMkl oMYjl Duu EnolJ箳 JJUl mJl:u Oc&vjh# cnCJCj Yu Yu Yph箳 pUl D{u iu. yu vn l [J h# J uu oJ. uubJj Jph mjkj kUl Dvk mbk D{Ju. uub jp mbhl DCCm ynjcO j^hl jpJ DCC D[JC, Hv[m, vlMkcj J Mjo oJ bv MLa lv kul. j IUl uubv pu nJn oKJu. hC mj pcv oMcv Puu l kUl mv ibO c$ uub hM chC GY jnu. mbmol j^hl jpJJj Mkwkcl&y kjC Yph-juD lv kBmcU GOUu iu. uub JjOl u{vn lb mu DCK 10 J<x yU oC kc kBmv ku.
uub mL vYJlv nCN Ho J lb kBmu pCJ Pu Dn. ynjcO ukmY 40 hk 24 pi Epkl uu kBmJj J&mJ ipJ uiu. ukmYJj vJ[v Duu Dhu Djh mnkNbv lbv pCJhJ&k kWdz cb$cb[Ul mLv cUJv ou. Oc&vjh#l cpyjǮ Ho GJv Dvk yyll cvcv kjl lbv cvcnv EmimjK mJs lc uYuu hS mjkju cv Ku Iuu uJu. ynjcO lb h# mJyUJj Epku lj k nT Mkl Puk lbv iu D cnvl hM ku. uub nl ynj J kWlu m ovn u[ Dml kc v, pCJlvn Oc&vjh#lh{ Ok vmu yIv kBmv uubM l kjC Uv Dhu lmLl mh kjC lv ku Dn. mOj J JjO h#b pi JhC箳 kBm箳 iu jpkjC kUv huu ynj pvl km lmo ol, k[ mJ祮 u# uiuu Dmu. n i MmJ jum uubv Mkw llk DhuJj DJubyv JC kBm lv Dnl. uubv mJyUJj vJ[Ck Epku lj kWl hS mjkj [kwJj l cj Jlu, DM Yl kBmu Jl Dn. kBmm uubv jpkdz pjybo kjC nǮ mbO Dn.
uub nlv ynj m iu lj l hSlv ynj h[Cj vnl J kWlu cvcnv Emi mjkj mLj jnu, DM iJn uu mO lj ol Dnl J kBmun Dm kn I[Cj vn, DM DM Dn.
vJ[CkhJa uubv kBmhmv Sk Ok mbYJl. cmuc clb JYpv. 15 J<hJa ml Duvblj uubv llhjlv oJ-cmuc mckjC { kv 29 kwk clb DOj Dhu jpkdz h Ykwkc ku. hC 15 J<&l lbv il cmucb Dvv kjlv, cim cmucbv [Juu YJv [k Jj k{l Dn. Oc&vjh# MR ypv vncǮ GY jnCN cmuc clojbh{ bo kBm J hmJv b h& Dnl. cnCp Oc&vjh# clb n HUC Mkl.
uub u# Dn- ynjcO mJyUJj m mbhov kjC. omjk[ c$hC& u{lR cOclv kBmu uub pcu llk h D{ Dn. ynjcO h& mjkj oC kBm lv Dn. jpl mJl: J{uu lkoǮ Ho Ilv uubM c$hC& u{l oTv J hmJv bM 'nlcUJC' kv pmll pi Epk箳 J vblj mbKyU箳 pjJj uubJj J&mJ ipJ, n kBm OjC Dn.
ukmY vJ[Ckvblj uubhmv k[c[ ICj jcJum hmJvn 162 pi u{Jl Dnl- lb ukpvM ha lJ{ kJl vmlvn. uubJ kBmu 'HlJC' cvmy yN DbM mHu Puv lbvn kBmM SklHa l pnj kv ku Dn. ynjcOu kMmv mbhJCm hmJv bv DO&J cvv hkju Dn. lbv mbcl Pkv ouu vn. hmJv bv kWlu Dhu cb$hon Myl jK Dn J JOvmYl pmll pml pi Epkv vJ[Ckvblj moypl mcun Jn Dn. pcu lj cKcb$n Jn, Dm lb O Dn.
unj J mbi D[Cl DCCN uubh# hmJv yj, Dm Dvk kBm vlbv Jl. mv ibOR Mpj jnCn hmJv bv Ho Pu Dn. hmJv Sk JU mOj J JjO vl Yck ypJl Dmll. Sk-ov c JiUl hmJv uubmjK nJo vnl, Dm Dvk kBm vlb cl Dn. kBm cnjyv Pum 'biuhC' lbv Ho nT Mkl.
hSlu c$h#bcO m Dmuu mbohmboǮ mb pvl ou J Yph bJj mJ h[u Dn. v. . m. y@vp\ iOkb[Jju Dbljc DnJu m Puv uubv Yph J vlMkcj bJ vJ[Ck j c c cUu Dn. iO J ipjl obiu ynj vJ[Ck jlu DU c ju Dmv lJj & jKC Dl vJ[Ck Diun Mkw nCj vn. cb uubv kl Ho nl n omu.
PjKb[ JiU PucU ynjcO Yph 'DhnjC' Pu, lj omjk[ jpo lko J{u. PjKb[cO l箳 vck Gu Pu. mbIcU Yphyu DmL yUiCj DoJm J My mjv b onMlcU yij DoJm, bcU Yph lko GY Pu. hC yyuu cjb[ J Dp&v cb[ b kjYjcU lJj hC Hju iu. JM<l: Dp&v cb[ b kjko& DlM vjMpvk ju. pvll j< J PjKb[ c c&-kBm DM li[ l Dmvn jpo, [J h# mJlb$hC u{l DmucU Yphu L 20 pi EpkC DM Jl. ynjcO uub hjYJ nTv kWlu DmLj jpkdz mLlǮ Ho GJl F&u, lj PjKb[cO My mjv bv kBmv cKcb$ho vkjum vJ[Ckvblj l nlcUJC kjlu, DM DM Yph yUiv Dn. Yph n DMJo Kj ju?
yMbv ybiu JYpv kv ynj 1 Su 1912 jp mLhv ku. uu oJ b hv ynj pvlu 'Su Hu' kjCj vl uYu. yMb kUln vmuu Y, Yk J Yj vJ Gbk uub jpJl mLhl Pu. l 3, 13 J 23 HyJj jp nCN vJ[Ckl uub jpo lv lj Jpv m vJ mckjC yIu cUu k hvn uub mjkj F&u, k[ mJ祮 u# Dmu.
mvu Jk