jJJj, 13 HyJj 2005
cbLv
jOk kb
JO JjnhjC
Jjn hjCm cnhjC cnCv cvl cUuu Dn. J<C hjClu mӮcC n yjJ hjC Dn. lj oJ hjCvmj l DkjJ Dn. Jjnu phlǮ DJljn cnu iu Dn. mc箳 hCl y[uu h=LJ phlv Jjnh OjC kv Jj k{u GuuK Jok mnlblv Dn.

Yjldz mnllu Sk cnJ bLmcn cnCv hjCbk[ yIl F&u. Yjldzb pJvoM&, mbmk=l, JJYJ oM&v hjCblv I[l. `hj vb YJl, hjDul`, cnCp v Dmvn vJv YmCj EkJ vJlJhmv Hjkl vmuu l hjC n. YiJv nj hjCh OjC kjl, cnCv JocC hjCn hjclc v:m Dnl, Dm MlhL yCl cnu Dn. $iJo, DLJ&Jo, Duv, im$, Dhlmlby Oc&m$, jcC, cnYjlo bLblv hjCmbybO GuuK D{Ull.
mcvpvbv Oc&M#C, vlM#C oC箳 nlv llkuv cvRv unuu bL cnCp hjC n. JoJ*ddc DC llu lJ%v mNbv mcpC Mkw vJnl. cnCv hjCkjbv kLhv m= jvhmv jpb Flnmhl O|ck, mcpk, jpvlk, ukk %v oCm hjCb ci& Dvmju DmJ. 18 cnhjCbl DC 18 GhhjCbl mllv h[uu Yj, hunU DC hv, mbmk=l hjCb o|cUlJ, DJ{J Jmlj DM kjCbcU n hjC JC DMkw nl.
18 cnhjC
y, h, J<C, MJ, YiJl, vjo, ck[, Div, YJ<, yJJl&, Eui, Jjn, mkbo, Jcv, kc&, cm, i[ DC yb[ n 18 cnhjC Dnl. J<Cb oMJljbhk cnJ Dm Jjn DJlj cvu pl. DJljmbybOǮ GuuK $iJo, yCbL, cnYjl, J<ChjC, clmhjC, ck[hjC F. bLblv Du Dnl.
Jjn DJlj kL-
olǮ h pvcuu njC# j#mv h=LJ v hlUl vu. cvv phuk Dojpho箳 DY<kmc yoJk[ p vJmm i Yc cilu. lJn yoJv J<Cb Ov kuJj J<Cb vmk jbOlv Sk lJCa JjnMM iu. yIl yIl l SjJlSJ{ c Pu. l YiJv %Jjn J<C Dmu yoJbv pCJu. l %h<v hb DIlbv cI JoC& ku. ICMv h=LJǮ MO ICm jbY ku. mcl JMlv JMu h OjC kv l jmlUl iu. lL Dmuu h=LJv Dhu Gj L&v lu ku. l Skv YiJvbv lu Dhu o{Jj ymJu. lJn njC# m J= Pu. lu j kv YiJvbv h=LJu Jj k{u. l JU h=LJ J YiJv Jjn bl p mbJo Pu l `JjnhjC` n.
$iJol J=$ J Jjn Skh omll. Gokl uhuu J=$m, Jjnm Fbv Jv cju GuuK $iJol D{Ul. Jjnu phlǮ DJljn cnu iu Dn. mc箳 hCl y[uu h=LJ phlv Jjnh OjC kv Jj k{u GuuK Jok mnlblv Dn. JhjCvmj J<Cb n DJlj Jjnkuh箳 jbY Pu Dmv l ly&n, l<ho, lc&K, lvx$ Dmu hjCblv GuuK Dn. O[ cCm, cmlk Jjn, o{bJj h=LJ OjC kuu Dm Jjnh Dmuu cla Yjll Dvk kC D{Ull.
cU JjnhjC cvJkuhhmv m Pu nl. hC mO GhuyO Dmuu lRl cvJ-kuhhmv Yi D{Ul vn. lp%b clvmj jv F. m. 700 l 1500 ojcv Pu DmJ. yuoJ GhO c$ F. m. vJJ-onJ Mlk n v|clku cvll. JjnhjC Dp GhuyO Dmuu DO ovM mlj (217) n. pClb lk&vmj yj DO uhl Pu DmJl. Flj bLbvmj MukmbK DM Dn-
vjodz hjC- Jm npj Muk
DivhjC- o npj Muk
SMk mm DC JWkj m箳 Jjn hjCl- on npj Muk.
Dp箳 GhuyO bLvmj ovM mlj DO Dmv ovM DjJ DOl DvcCk Dn. MJ쮳 DOvblj Gj Yi箳 hv JjnhjC J{u DmJ, Dm v<k<& k{l l.
Jjn hjCm cnhjC cnCv cvl cUuu Dn. J<C hjClu mӮcC n yjJ hjC Dn, lj oJ hjCvmj l DkjJ Dn. vjo hjClu mӮcC ynlk J< l Dnl. lJv Sk hJ Yi DmJ DC ll hum J k jp mbJo, Dvk lL祮 cnlc D{Ul. JJO Oc&Kv DC h<kjhJ& Yi Dmuu n bLYi GhuyO vn, Dm Yjldz mbmk=lkMkj hb. cnoJMm$ pM b cl Dn.
J<CJ hjC Dm JM Dmuu hjC hnu Yi Gj Yjll, lj MJ Yi vhUl lj Pu DmJ, Dm lk& Dn. hjC vnccC mkbo, kb[, hJ& F. JYi vmv DO mjU cJjl Dnl. h=LJv Mv JjuJj YiJv Jjnbv l箳M mOuu mbJo bLl l. bLjbYǮ Muk Dm Dn-
``vcmlmc Jjn uuodOjl cncd ~
KjcOil mc: KCKCl ~~``
Dhu uuv h=LJǮ Gj kjCN YiJv Jjnbv vcmkj Dm. GjJU Kjbl mh[uu mc hJ&lJj KCKC Dm DJp (vo) pbv ku, l YiJv Jjnbv vcmkj Dm, Dm Muk YJL& n. n hjC mJ$kL, vjo hJ&pvc, cn<a khu J pi<J, jp Jm b DKv, ijJcKcv- jp mlk kL, cnlhKv, Dvkcj, ijǮ Glh, b lh, ij-Mbkj JJnkL, iCM, mh&-k|lk, cl=k, Dol, oi&oJ, DoM, kyj, J<C, Oc&, , hlj, b F. GlhkL, jp phuk, hMhu DKv, DC- JOmbJo, m=oJǮ DKv, cn<mj kL, M$Iv DKv, Diml Gj, hlJl DKv F. kL-mbJo- DKvbv mc= Puu Dn.
kL cOclv lk lLǮ cnlc J l JlkL, oMJlj kL DC oMJlkL hjCl Jmljv l. OjCJl, MYJl, kblJl, JIvJl, MblJl, Dji- h$hl Jl, M̳& J mJ&YcJl, Mk&j J cOovJOJl, JJO Jmlbmn OvJl Jlb GuuK, lb cnlc Jjn hjClv mbilu Dn. JJO lL&#$b hj hjCbLlv I[l. llu kn #$-kkcKlL& (Jjn#$), njj, <kM, DollL&, yojkc cnc, cboj cnJ, mcjEui, c#$, $JC cnlc, Muc#$, k#$, jk, cOjlL& JC&v, iJO&vhJ&l cnc, ikC&lL& F. kLlck hj I[l.
``Flj hjCbh# JjnhjCl Yjl箳 Yiuk k#b JC&v DOkbM DC JM< kj oml``, Dm cl p JjJbl . v. pMRv cb[u nl. n cl hjClu Dvk GonjCbJv cv kjJ uil. ``hC[^JO&v vhuh vvv&i`` Dm GuuK l. vhU, cvL, yicl mLUb GuuK Dnl. ncu hjmjlu mJC&kMk, k=<C, ib[k v, lj cnoJ, ijMbkjo MKjb vJn ll. 215 J DOl `MKjbJcnoJ i̳&ukJ=lcd` Dm GuuK l. cLj hjmj DC JJvlu jCk#$, kjlJvoR mboY& D{Ull. kJj, ibi, EmO, bYi, lh, vc&o, FjJl, lbiY, ioJj DM Dhu DUKǮ vb GuuK hnv Dvbo nl. lj mJnv, nbmJl, FbJl, Jvcu, h<C, Ybpv, mkcj, huMv, mkcj DM mboj vJb vb vJv DUK kv IJ uil.
mnl DC lJ%v箳 v yIl
JjnhjC mc= DC JJOhC& Dn. vybObLbhk lJ&i& ElcC, ovmij DM Dvk bLbl lu Gj DC Jv Dnl. kL, JlkL, JR cnlc, lL&cnc mbiCN hjC Y< mbJo, mO-mh Dn. l L[M hjCku Puk oKJCj Dmu lj mnp Ov l. ``mlcub pilmJ uk: ml ll:~ mJ& pild mlcuk Dn, mJ& uk ml箳 Dv ll Dnl, DM lNn mY<lJp DL&iY& Jkw bLl ll. Dvk oKu, bl ol YiJv Jjn h=LJm GhoM kjll.
Jjn hjC i[dz DC o#Cl Dm ov h Dnl. lhk i[dz h JM< m Dn, Dm cnu pl. jcvpdz J<CJ cl箳 mblb Jml=l lhov l oml. vjC DooJ hv l, oMǮ J<Chp, vv Olb J<C lc- lb lhv, DjOv kj l |u Dnl. jcvp mbov n mj J< mJkjuu omll. hjC DC Sk mbolu n mc u#Cdz cnCJ uiu.
YiJv Jjnbv cnJjn, lJjn, %Jjn, mkj DM Dvk vc hl Dnl. lb #$ kCl J<Ǯ Muk Dm-
``$ YijL ibi cc mkju mLl ~
$ mbmL c oJ odO=lm jmluld ~~``
mkj #$ cnCp mkj #$ n ibil Jmu Dn. L Jjnb cboj Dnl. n mLv mkjJM mbybOl Dmv l Gj oMl `mj` vijM mbybOl DmJ, Dm MO lp%bv uJu Dn. Flj mJ& bLbcO DKjm DmCj Hu=l hjCln Dn. l DM- n kLvk hjccbiu, kuCc, Oc&, DL&, kc bb mOk, mJ& cvjL hC& kjCjb, hjchJ$, DJ&O&k, Jpo Dn. Ov J Mo, Mblkjk Dmv l箳 JC-hpvv mJ& hh v nlu.
mJ& mcv pvbv JJO kj %v oCm hjC ju iu. hjCblv Dlbl cuk DC llkuvbv Gh DM cnl nl. kJU %v cnCv l cnl kC Sku Dml, Dm vn. cnCv ynO oJOc& DJibvlv, hh- hC箳 nMyv l hjClv mbilu iu DmJ. npj Muk unC, llv mbJo mOl, Yci& cuc {Jl, hunU- hvǮ o< hlkjl, cnlǮ Yb[j pvbmcj Ku nF&. DKvblv uhuu lJn mbmk=l, Y<, pvjl, Yiuk JC&v b mKu DYm Pu lj mbMOvv Yjldz mbmk=lǮ Flnml cu Yj h[u. uKKjm YiJv Jjnb L&v :-
``ob^CodO=l i̩oOhjJ=l hJ&l|vcviY:~
mkb c=lC[Jliy=noJh<SvvlhC
v ~~
mSb kbmmjjc&jvjkoMmvlk=lmJ&mbmL:~
k=<C J<C: mjM vol cc jhvooJ Jjn:~~``
- p Dvblh YiJv J<Cbv v kU mcbv Ijuu Jv, hJ&l, vbmnl h=LJm Dhu Dlbl JMu Mjjv DC kJU o{b DYiJj clǮ SK {kUcC OjC ku, l kbm, cj, vjk, jJCo Dmjb vM kjCN k=<C J J<CӪhv mJ&$ Jhl oJ oJj DooJ YiJv Jjn cP mJ& yO, kcOo M$ bv v kjlu. mJ& J cbiu lbv kjJ.
( mboY& : Jjn hjC J mbybOl bL.)