jJJj, 13 HyJj 2005
mcjC
i. j. pM
jbiYcǮ m#h m#oj
mc#k, vkkj DC kuJblb mvn vlv cj jbiYcM j lhbnvn DOk kU SkpJ Puu Jmbl Mbljc omF& b lb pvcMlyo vc hCmcjC!

kn vJbv DM kn DhJ&F& uYuu Dml, k l kv h[l lb kl=&lJ mvj hv Dhumcj DhDh Gui[ uill. vjEmn ElcC, Jcv cunj, ho k=<C, jc iCM vJb D[vJb MOJ uil vnl. lbb DJIb cncv Dhuu ui YJlb. Dmb Sk vJ Jmbl Mbljc! (omF&)
`Jmbl Mbljc` cnub k DO DJlb l lbb- `cKcuǮ h[o` n jbiYcǮ jbpk DJClv cj jbiYcǮ Flnm mbiCjb moynj, lpb, JJl hmlk DC hh pCJlb l lbb ibOJ&c! `yuibOJ&- J DC ku` n lbb ibOJ&j$ cnCp `ibOJ&v` cnC v! yuibOJJj Dvkbv unub, hC l Jlv mjKb pCJl jnlb k n Myoibi kJ[ JmbljJ omF& b ibOJ&ibilv Yv DCu Dn. JmbljJb Flk oI& ibOJ&mnJm omN uKkbv uYu vn. l ibOJ&c Pu nl. ibOJ祮 mKo:K m#oj nl. ibOJ祮 Dvbov, ibOJ& plk Dvbol Pu vmlu, lnv DOk JmbljJ Dvbol Pu Dmlu DC lnv DOk hv o:K Pu Dmlu! `p Sk mKo:KhC i[ l` Dm l yuibOJ祮 c$ pJ nl! W[, Hu@m@Hj DC iF&[ Dmb lbb vlb nlb.
cKcuǮ h[l J<Com YJ bhmv kuxmkj, oJu, K[ukj, i[kj, iChljJ pM, YTjJ kunkj, kMJjJ Ymu, YmkjyJ yKu, y[m, Wy, kMJjJ ol, ElcCjJ kunkj, c. ovvL, yhjJ hW{jkj, vvmny Hk, njyF&, plmvyF& b DJC cnCp [Um YYJvb Iluu Dcvb Dnl. hJO&vyJ, ibiOjhbl uW{, DbOkj, MUc, hlvm, mJkj DM Dvk kuJblb iCb cv:hJ&k ijJ ku Dn. h[o k EkJ `ibOJ&` k Jl Dmlv Dvk kuJblbb DC vmbib m#l oM&v I[lb. pC JYJMu vmbi cKcu h[o Dhumcj mUmU uill. k i Dml hn, pu DhC Dp cKcu h[o cnCl, l kMJjJ Ymubv Dhu `uul kuoM&v` jbicbJj Lc 20 mhWyj 1913 oJM PUkJu. lm cKcu h[o Jmbl Mbljcb `JOuKl` vk箳 hnu iu yuibOJ祮 jbiYcJj PUku. (5 Su 1928) cnCv Dhu jbiYcmbybOǮ bLu lbv `cKcuǮ h[o` n vJ ou DmJ.
cc, vk cnCp k n ?
h{b mjb D< ibOJ&c Puu vibil vnTv vIuu jmkjp vkkju, m#h mc#ku, vk kMM Kll, n Dhu J箳 13-14J J<&hl cnl vJnlb. kmb DmCj ? JmbljJ pvcu Du l cj cuKhmv oj Fbojl (27 [mWyj 1904) jp. J[u Mbljchbl omF& n nUkj k@upl lJ%v Ohk. jnC iJynj nUkj k@up箳 DJjl. ci vk n Myo unvi Jmbl箳 kvJj kv h[Cj ? DC km h[Cj ? J[u vkb hnC箳 k#v J. hC kn ii Dmll. kln vn cnub lj p I[b Dmlb l I[lb, n Kjb. J[ub c=lvblj l iJl lkibpcO jnu Du. FL MU JLv vcc ojl oKJu iuu `Ymcmj-cnv` n ck Ʈ$h hnu, Ʈ$hlu clkjbv YjJuu Jmblb vkJ<Ǯb klnu pib Pub. lbv mnp Dhu ccbv Jjub (jpjchbl hkj), ``cc, vk Dm Dml k n ?`
cc cnCu, ``Dj mvcl Ʈ$ nl; vkl mJ& kn Kj Dml.`` JmbljJb J[u cubv vk v hn oCj Dmu lj l jmk mnlk nl. lb mbnl Mkwmhj n@cu, c@kyL bmjK Gc Fbp vkyjyj Mkblu, mY, c=skk, Mjo bmjK cj jbiYcǮ cCY<Cn nl. J[ub Dpjl JjbiU v Jbl uYJ cnCv [@kwjb muuv cHv DCu nl. yF& pvkyF& injyF& byjyj ibOJ祮n OJvck nl. n miU Kpv nl h[uv JmbljJbb vkb J[ UJub nlb, n Kjb. hC l KN DL&vb HuJub l lb vkJ[ kukCa cmljbv (MJbl Kb[jJ). lu mL ou lb ccbv. JmbljJb vkb GJC Pu l `cnj^ vk cb[U` `hCYJ vkv. cu Jlb lb h{ D<l p hCYJ I[u, l i[kNb lYmbhV Yjpj Y< hCYJ n. vblj lbv vmc iChljJ pMb n@cu, lkjc, jCYcoJ n vkb hnu nl. c@^ku Dmlv l hCu Du nl. (1918). l JU jphjkj vk cb[UR lkjcn hnu nl. yuJbl mbil cb[UǮ kuxmkj LSjJj PUkl Dmuu `hCYJ` v `JjJ[byv` pnjl hv:hvn Ju nl. nUnU vk [kwl {l nlb. lmb cnub lj vk unC kuhv Lc i[kNbb `hCYJ` hnuJj lb [kwl ckv iu nl. hC l kMu vJnl.
cbyF&l Dicv
c@^kvblj k@up M#Cm JmbljJ cbyF&l Jumv k@upl oKu Pu. hC [kwl J[ nlb, l yuibOJ祮 vkb hnCb. Sk oJm l[k vIu DC ijiJl yuibOJ祮 yNn[l Du. l lC Jl pjn v [icil Dhu DhC DUK kv ou. kwk v unuub hC c vk unl Dmb yuibOJv mbilub. J< nl, ho Jm$njC. hC l J<Jj kkmny K[ukjbb vk kbhvl yml Dmuv l J< lL mbhu. hC Yl ibOJ& vk cb[UR vkb DC ibOJ祮 Ijn ojJp JmbljJbm kc Ku Pu. hnu Yl lC, kuv, iN, cOU mJjJj yuibOJ& yn KM Pu nl. lj JmbljJbv Dio k=l% YJvvb Dhu pJ yuibOJJv DJUv ku nl. JjJj iY nl nl. lm vkb vov vcJbl vbM lb hj nl nl. vjvjU vk kbhvb vkb l hnl nl. iv DYv pC l nl. knR hj mvnl hblj nl nl. yyjJ hW{jkjbM lj c$Ǯ jMcOi pUu nl. vvmny Hk, vvmny hkj, cc Jjjkj, kclvjkj DM Dvk Lj cb[UR mvn Moj ITv l mkb[ SuSu.y.m hCl Du l kc hCkj Pu.
mbmk=lk lL&
hCb mjb JlJjC JmbljJb Eh[u h<k nlb. Dhu Jku JJm Gc mbYUv l mbmk=lk k&cl mnYi nl nl. Jku #$l iKu, Yhkj, ihl F. vcbkl Jkub mvn cUu nl, hC vkb DC iCb
cHu l l cvcv jcu nl. #$l lj lbv cbl Dymny cpcojbhmv l cmj k=<CjJbhl DmbK c$b cboU pcJu nl. hC n ibOJ& kbhvǮb cnjIj. mn-mn cnv kbhvǮ ckwkc hCl Dm. ci yuibOJ祮 mnJml `Dvbo [n- Dvbo ljbi` DMǮ lb DJmL nl Dm! `uulkuoM&`, `cnj^` b ckwkc hCl Dmu k hW{jkj, Hk, ol, DbOkj byjyj vJ<k xl, ihhbl jbiv pl. JmbljJ vk Gc pCkj Dmuv DbOkjbv Dhu yyboMn vk (l JU lb vJ nlb `jpj`) kn JM Jv oKJu nl. mJ& v vkkjb mnJml v vc JlJjCl JmbljJb cvlu vkkj pi nl nl. llv lbv Mj[v箳 `mku H@j mkB[u` cOJla kuhv ITv `jb ypj` (i[kNb `J[b ypj` uJj) n mcpk vk unub. c Glmnl Dhu c$ vJ& yhjJ hW{jkj bk[ hJub. uulkuoM& Dhu vk vƽl ynj k{u, Dmb lbv Jl nlb, hC `cui hmbl vn` Dmb mh mbiCh# `kb[u pUl vn`, Dmb mbiCb pmb mhb, lmb ``Dhuk[v DOk Gc vk Dh# kjl,`` Dmb kUJv nmluKl hjl hJub. mnpk vjp nTv ``Dl h{ vk unC vn`` DM lbv cvM l% ku.
1927 c cnvl K yuibOJv JmbljJbk[ vJb vk cilub. JmbljJ D#jM: D&kl Pu. yuibOJv lhEmn Jjpb JJnm y[u pb nlb. lbv lv lmbb vk nJb nlb. cbl mpjJ cnjpbvǮ yuibOJk[ lM Fs i ku nl. JmbljJbv yuibOJv nkj ou. 23 pv 1927 u vk unu mJl kv 28 pv 1927 jp DJI h oJmbl vk hjb kub. l vk `JOuKl` h&v l JmbljJbbn JOuKl. Yio! hbJMl hoh&C kjChJa JmbljJbb hnub vk ibOJ& jbiYcJj Dub DC Sv lCl JmbljJ ibOJ祮 vkkj Pu. vk箳 omN oJM yuibOJv vJ vk nf Oju DC JmbljJbv l Dhu `Dc=lm` vkvb hjJun. `JOuKl`h# `Dc=lm` DOk MmJ jub. `Dc=lm`lu hloJl i=noJl, lcyv cj kv, mcp lJ ku ljF&, k pv n hob Kh ipu. Flkb vJn, lj h{ lbv cmbvm vkm kuu `Juml MYbiv, C vJ ol, mKc DM` Do mJ& hob Kh uk Pu. lbv njyFm juu `GhJv il kku`, `mK c cjj, n kC cOjvv` F. iCb OJvckbv SkkU uklb MKj iub nlb. `Dc=lm` vYa[ mhlnklu hj#Cl D& D$ unll, ``v& K[ukj pj Jp ku lj ibOJ& vk cb[UR jbiYcJj pb ovo vk=l DJlC& Pu Dn, Dm YiMu vkkj JjU. Dmb o|cU Yi uYuyu Jmbl Mbljc omF& bb kCn klkhC& DYvbov kju.
1928 cO lb JJn Pu. FLn ibcl DM k, cOmL nl uul kuoM& cuk yhjJ hW{jkj lj JO [@. jpjc JmoJ DpiJkj b kv uu. [@. DpiJkj n kMJjJ Ymu bhmv uulku mvn v nlklx. n uu-Jmbl uivi JmbljJb kupillu jMci If kjCj ju. Dvk kuJblbv JmbljJb Jml Sk cj nl. lbk[v muu, mvn, mnkj mll uY. 1931 cO l mJnu ppp Pu, l vJ= nF&hl. 27 J<x lbv v Kll Gc vJukk mbhou. jbiYcǮ $CvybO l v, cnCv lbv y{l mJkju vn. hW{jkj, yuibOJ& b mKo:Kl mJumjK lb hM GY jnu. ci ibOJ&-Yl Ʈ$h kjj Dm EkJ vblj llv yuibOJ祮 ckUk kjC Dm, `k=<Cp&v ` vkJv llmny kUkjb hW{jkjbJj jiJCb Dm, JmbljJ lL npj Dnl. lmb c lbv DKjhl yhb boJj (Yub hW{jkj) ku. njyF& y[okj, plmvyF& YU, pcu Muoj mjK jbiYcǮ Ml cu Yj IuCN iC m$ kuJblbJ< lbv Kh Doj nl. mlkbl u[, jbiCkj, h. u., yU mcbl DoR lbk[ mll pC-C DC h$JJnj Dm. mbil jbiYcu mbpJv oCN mnl mbI箳 [@. YujJbJ< lbv Dhj Doj nl. l pvb DYcv Dmu lj vJb mJilu DC klku moJ m Dml. mnl, mbil, v mJ& #$bl JmbljJb vJu Sk JiU Doj Ju nl. y[箳 DKu Yjldz vmbcuv箳 DO#hov l mvcvl Pu nl. (1960)
bLmbho
lb bLmbho Jhu Dn. `cKcuǮ h[o` DC `ibOJ&j$` n ov cnJ bL m[u lj lbb Flj J*ddcn Jhu Dn. kuJblb mnJml v, vk DC vkkj Jvmv |u, DMǮ Sk i, Dlcj$, K[ukjb vm=, i[kNb vm= F. Dvk.
k=lL&l DC Kbl
cmbvmlu hjvv i[kNb vJM Dhu vJ p[ Pu cnCv l Yv hJu. l unll, ``mjmJlǮ mcplu p hp clak[ hnv c cP mnlmJ mJl ku, l cla jCbv DMjlv mhM& kjC mbO cUucU Sk hjv k=lk=ll mcOv cu uYu Dn.``
JmbljJ Sk vc&U cv mJs cCm, lb hmlkb cnCp jbiYcǮ %vkM, l mJl: jbiYcǮ ul yul Flnm. lbv kJnn knn Jj, Dio mnp mbil. Dl l bL cu Dn. l hvb GI[Cj vnl. (c=l- 23 pv 1994).
c$ Sk Kbl l vnc yuv oKJl, ``Dn, kuxmkj LSj Dl hCl vn. DCCmny kuxmkjbb GƮl mcjk hCl JnJb DC ci cP [U cJl SJ{Ǯ cP Fs Dn.``
jmkjp JmbljJb pvcMlyoǮ vbou lbb hCmcjC!