jJJj, 13 HyJj 2005
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`D@mkj' mjm kL
`vyu` KuKu b[ Dk<&C Dmuu hjmkj cnCp`D@mkj` hjl<k!
mJxlk= Ʈ$h D@mkj cUJCN Ʈ$h GlhV mjmj 3 k [@um&v J{l! hC lnvn cnJ cnCp, l piYj l J{l. kla mJx EmnmvJj l Ʈ$h Jjpcv nl. D@mkj mv ynu cnCp cv Picil mJ& lpmJ lj Dml. cnCv kuJbl, vc&l bv D@mkj Om uiuu Dml.

bo DJI cnj^l D@mkj pyjoml nJ nl. Yjldz Ʈ$h vc&l mbIvvb YjllHx kJU JMk cnCv `m` n cj Ʈ$h hJu nl, Flkb. hC pC `m`b vcbkv Pub Dm miUb mcp Pu. `m` pnjll lj D@mkj ynu shCl T uiu! `m` hLkvb Dcjku jJv nChJa YoJǮ mJvkb oM&vn Ilub. hC ipvvu mvcb JJ[b DmJb. kjC l kn hJu vn. jp mjkj J JJO cnhuk bv Dcjk oNm uK hb oCi ou. kJU u@Eyi kjCm n uK hb GOUhf Pu. mj c=ipUci OJl nl. `m` n c Ʈ$h Dn, n Kjb; hC DhC l Dn lh# DOk c cvu. 50 J<hJa `Mc DF&`u mJxlk= Ʈ$h j^dz hjmkj cUu nl. `m`n l hfl c[Cj cu[^@c@k Ʈ$h. cP Sk c$箳 lC cuvb `m` hnu. lb vj#C cnJb Dn. l cnCu, Ʈ$hlu DC vuJ[ Dpy Ju vnl. lb DbiJj k Skn mjkl vn! `m` D@mkj GbyjJj pTv nl nuJl hjl Du. lbv Gjumju hm oCiojbv hjl ku hnpl. lm DM mbi Skoc GoGo kjC箳, njUv pTv Gvco kjC箳 mcnJ=Ǯb yOv kju nJb. mJC&kcU hjmkj n mJ&. D@mkj n yvm nl, n `m` vc&lb Godij D&kjk Dnl. kjC `m`u D@mkjm YjllHx hJC vC& DO Pu J lu vblj mJC&kcU hjmkj cUu. vcvb SkC `D@mkj` pvc J kn mjm kL b n OJl D{J.
`vyu` KuKu b[ Dk<&C Dmuu hjmkj cnCp D@k@[c D@H cMv hkwm& D@C[ mvmmlHx ou pCj `D@mkj` hjl<k! D@mkj cnv pyjoml Dn. n hjmkjhl Ʈ$hbv `D@mkj` n `lU GI[`mjK hjJuǮ Myo yvl. M, hM J ukl oj mm GI[ll. kJU D@mkjm vcbkv pnj nl, l Ʈ$h O[O[ u uill. `o um Schjj` Ʈ$hv 4 k 40 uK [@um& GlhV cUJu. llu 68 kwk jkwkc Ʈ$hu vml vcbkv pnj PuJj cUu, lj `hu@v` 13 k 80 uK [@um& GlhVhk 71 kwk GlhV vcbkv pnj nl cUu. `jvc@v` 17 k 20 u# [@um& GlhVlu 41 kwk nmm n vcbkvvb I[Juu kc nl. `DT D@H Dk` Ʈ$h箳 5 k [@um&cO vcbkvvblj 3 k 70 uK [@um& Yj h[u. `kJU vcbkv ol Dch Ov` DM mLl, lj l# hjmkj cUuJj hM kl hj l Dmu, kuhv kuu yj! Sk hnCvmj, mJxlk= Ʈ$h D@mkj cUJCN Ʈ$h GlhV mjmj 3 k [@um&v J{l! hC lnvn cnJ cnCp, l piYj l J{l. kla mJx EmnmvJj l Ʈ$h Jjpcv nl. D@mkj mv ynu cnCp cv Picil mJ& lpmJ lj Dml. cnCv kuJbl, vc&l bv D@mkj Om uiuu Dml.
c^ iu[Jv cj JKl Ʈ$h vc&l kbhvǮ uF& y. cj vb h{kj ITv pJn `D@k@[c D@H cMv hkwj D@C[ mvmm` mLhv ku, lJn l GM D@mkj hjmkj oC vJnl. Ʈ$h Gilu JJO MKb SkpkjC kv nlmbybOb phCk kjCb, n lci GM nl. vblj mbIv Gu iCJ hjl<k oC kuc Sv JU p[Cl Du. DC llv h{ pvcu, DJI Ʈ$h pilu Jhv kCj `D@mkj` kuhv. mJlu hjmkjbv D@mkj n vJ vJnl. l vblj uYu. iCJ hjmkj oCm Sk mcl mLhCl Du. l DO# nl cj cpalu Km cCm- Sc. p. Sc. kuoioM&k m[^k iyvm. Sko mclǮ yk u Dmlv iyvmu pbY T uiu. lJn kn lj U cnCv l Sk kioJj vjL&k jI cjl ymu. jIblv Sk Dk=l Dkj IT uiu. llv h{ mkju D@mkj ynu. iyvmvb kuub jKv nlb Sk DvJ=l Muojb (Knight). Ʈ$h箳 Huc jUJj n Muoj GY nl. Muoj箳 nllu K[di jUlu h Kbhk Sk Kl Khmuu nl. v|cl, oioM&v, DYv, uKv DC lb$ DM D@k@[cǮ cU h MKb lk cnCv h K nl. iyvmvb Dhub l jKv l mn糳k [jk nhk[b ynub lhMuJj [PF&v lj kju oub. l [PF&v m@vu vJ箳 ykj Dmuu kjiju oCl Du J llv Muoj hlU lj kjC, n kcij lu oCl Du. lv clǮ lc kv m yvJu J llv lv yBP, kLu J lby Olb cC kv hlU yvJu. ci lu 24 k@j mv cuc oCl Du. 16 c 1929 jp nCN omN hjmkj mnUl Jplbv n hlU ou pCj nl. lJj lu kn vJyJ oCl Du vJnl. l Sk mc=lƮvn nl Flk.
ci `D@kwmj` n vckjC ku lj kC? yu vƽl lhMu vn. l D@mkj vckjC DhC ku, Dm oJ kjCj jpC Dnl l Dm : 1) y [Jnm : 1935 mu y [Jnmu mJxlk= DYv$Ǯ hjmkj cUu. l hlU hnv lu (l JU) l hl nc&v D. vumv 箳 hcN ypӮ DJC Pu. l箳 D#jlu `D` cnCp D@mkj cnCv DhC l vJ oub, Dmb [Jnmb cnCCb 2) ci&j njk : l mbmL bLhu nl. k&ulu n ynu hnv lu l Dhu `D@mkj` vck kkmjK Ju cnCv DhC l D@mkj n vJ Ju Dm l cnCC. 3) m[v mkumk : n@uJ[cOu h$kj J moj- uKk, k@Ljv nhyv&u 1933 cO mJxlk= DYv$Ǯ hjl<k cUu, l kn m[vu u vn. l JU lv ynuu kn lj nmmho vJ nlv D@mkj n vJ ou. l kU Sk jbpk k&clu Jo<k kCk[n pTv ``Ju n@J Dmij, D@mkj?`` Dmb Jjl Dm. llu `D@mkj` Myo m[vvb Ilu. 4) J@u [mv : 1933 mu [mv `L uu hip`u mJxlk= Jbih hjmkj cUu. n<&Yjl nTv l ynuk[b hnl lv JmhJv cYjv l GuuK `D@mkj` Dm ku. Dm D@mkjJju Dhu bLl D@vLv nu[vv vco ku Dn, lJn ynu vckjC kjC J@u [mvk[ pl, Dm l cnCC Dmv l mJ&l Jl.
D@mkj hjmkj jJCl knR Jj<c Dml J ll yjm Dbli&l jpkjCn Dml, l Dio hnu JljC mnUhmv l. lb Pub Dmb k, Dblc hjmkj Jpl jJCm hpCb hj#k mclǮ yk 15 HyJj 1929 jp YjJu. ykm Dvk Sc. p. Sc. uF& y. cj npj jnu. l yv yu cncv nl! lb Dvnl GhmLlu kC D#h Ilu vn. kjC lJn cj Ʈ$hmc nl! l JU kulck Ʈ$h hjmkj Eki Jn[@j b `o T[`u oC hj#kb DOǮ Skclv ju nl. n Ʈ$h Sc. p. Sc. Dmu, lj vC&u cj bv D#h Ilu.
n hjmkj H@kwm箳 `mvjF&P` Ʈ$hu cUu hnp, Dm nf cj bv Oju. j$Yj lbv lJlJv Jo Ilu. hj#kbv Ph DvJj Pu, lJn DKj kbUv lbv cjb cnCCb cv kub. hnuJnu hjmkj mnU mj cOcbvn JM< oKu Ilu vn. hC nUnU n mnU ip uiu. ll jpkjC, [Jh, kwl- kwl, kwu=hl, JMuyp b nuk MjkJ Pu. D@mkj clh$k, clcpC, Dblc vku cO kn Yj vn, Dm DOk=lhC mbilu pl Dmu lj l j^Jo J kBmcO kn Yb[C vn, Dm cnCCmjK lkuo Dn. p@v Jv Kl vv mJl: v|cuu `o Du@c`u D@mkj cUJ cnCv vv Kh uh ku. clojbJj YJvk oyJ DCCm Ʈ$h箳 mǮ pbi cnc DKu. `uFH` Dbkl ov uK [@um& K&v lv hvb pnjl ou, lm D@mkjJpl `i@v JL o EJ[` mcK jmu y[&Ju u D[Ǯ uK [@um& oTv mǮ O[kyp cnc DKCm mbilu iu. lv `Du@c` n Ʈ$h mJlb$u{Jj Dn, Jj Yj oTv clojb oMYu DJnv ku, `Du@c`Jj k kjCNb J J=h$lv uK shv DCu. ln hm cpv! mn糳k v cnCv Ʈu Jum `Du@c`cOu vu vcbkv cUu lJn l hj njUv iu. lv mJl:Ǯ mJlb$ j- b$C oCkwl jyJu. hjbl DKj mn vcbkv cUJCN `o Du@c`u OJv JYilu SkcJ hjmkj cUu. 1960 mu mJxlk= DYv$ cnCv SuPyL uj J [yj kju vcbkv cUu. kj hjmkj hkJCj DM `nJ` nl. l JU uj Dpj nl. lJn Sk Jl&cvh$v `uP uj cjC箳 GbyjJj` DM ylc shu. lcUb mnvYlǮ u Tv uju `yjHu[- 8` Ʈ$hlu Yckm hjmkj oCl Du. lJj l CCl yj Pu nl.
D@mkj cUJb cnCv O[h[Cj, u@Eyi kjCj, mm Dch hm GOUCj, clojbJj YJmlb J<&J kjCj pm Dvk kuJbl Dnl, lm Dhu cmll piCj J cUuu D@mkj hjmkj vkjCjn kuboj kuJbl Dnl. ll cKvb p@p& mk@ J cu&v y@v[ b GuuK kjJ uiu.
`h@v` ipuu Ʈ$hlu Yckyu 1970 mu p@p& m. mk@ b vcbkv nCj DM o kCkC uil lNnJF&k p@p& mk@vb D@k@[cu mhv Lv lj ku. p@v mv箳 `o um jv` Ʈ$h箳 MEim l mhvu iu nl. lv ``vcbkv箳 olv cP vJ JiUJ, l D@k@[cǮ DJnuv kjC cP cUǮ Fs vn``, Dm ljl cnu nl. l# hjmkj mnU箳 JU lu mJxlk= DYvl D@mkj hjmkj pnj Pu, lJn mk@ n@kǮ mcv yIu iu nl. `h@v` vc&l Bk c@kLav hjmkj mJkju Kj, hjbl vblj l hjl ku. mk@u cUuu D@mkj l ynu Dpn D@k@[cǮ u@kjcO h[v Dn. 1959 J 1961 mu mJxlk= mn糳k DYvl cnCv vcbkv cUvn hjmkj hl Pu vn ji mk@쮳 cvl KoKol nl, cnCv lvb n `mb` ku, Dmb cnub plb.
1972 mu `i@[Hoj`cOu [@v箳 Yckyu cu&v y@C[u mJxlk= DYvl hjmkj pnj Pu, hC j[ Fb[vmv p Dhcvmho JiCk ou pl l箳 v<OL& lvb hjmkj vkju. hC n vkjCb vhC& nlb. lvb mcjbYu Dhu lvO cnCv m@Ʈv uuHoj Dh pclǮ cnum hJu nl. y@C[b vJ hkjub pl l jbicbJj iu J lvb Y<C kub. Ʈ$h Gi j[ Fb[vmv Dp p JiCk ol Dn l箳 v<OL& n hjmkj mJkjl l vn cnCv y@C[vb ouij o|Ml ku Dn, Dmb l cnCu J mJv Okwk ymu. l DO 1954 mu `D@v o J@j b`cOu Yckyu y@C[u D@mkj cUuu nl!
D@mkj Flnml Flkw jbpk kL, Iv, nkil I[u Dnl k l `Djyv vF&dm`mjK mjm J clkjk Dnl. hjmkjbv vkb cj[Cjn Dnl, ljn D@mkj cnv kc DMǮ jnCj Dn. hj m=Ǯ n boC moJ uKuKl jnCj Dn.
(mboY& : o D@mkm&, o m nm^ D@H n@uJ[m D@k@[c DJ@[&md : uKk- DBLv nu[v, MJbl jbpCkj b Dblv&o J hJCcOu uK).