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`ncuv kwuy` `mJC&pbl` hjmbJocU `kbivpbi` DjnC lm yn|l Dn. lcU mJ&%l mboY&Jlj `kbivpbi` kn cnJ箳 DC DL&l DvL DhjƮl DM hub GuuK FL kjl Dn. i&jnkbhJa `kbivpbi` hjmjl huu hlbl, pmH nkj (1817-1911) n Dmj. Gbi ncu hnu mKu Mm$M JC&v vmi&J箳 vJJj c[l. Dp mj pi pu `SJnjm` vJv DUKl, l `MKj-15` lhl yjm lj m[, hC mJxlJn m Puu vJnl DC o|pEui Sk nu mMv cnCv DmllJln Duu vJnl. DM : Doc kUl nkjv 1848-49 n mui ov J<x `kbivpbi` hjmj箳 DblY&il `` mbMOv ku. 1975hmv mkwkc Yjl Sk Yi Dn, DC lcU `kbivpbi` n Dhu mJx MKj Dn. hC nkj kUl mkwkccO hjkb JMJj k[k vyO Dmuv lu lLu kji=nln kn kU [byu iu. l mbMOv Myobkl kjCj l `ncuv pv&um` n bL ov b[ Kb[l 1854 mu (hvc&C 1968) m Pu. `Glbl (o [mv D@H c@v- 1871) mbl` Yu Sk [|Jv箳 vJJj vWou iuu Dmu lj lm lu Dhjn& Dm JvmhlMm$dz (YMm$- um& uu DC CMm$ L@cm nv nkwmu bn) DOj ou l nkj bLmbhov, n l [|Jvvn cvuu cnlc!
`kbivpbi` hjmjl Puu mJx#Cl vov ov J u#Cdz jll. 1879-81 kUl mJnx kuu Mjldb om `p|v unm` j@knuv mbhol ku, hC l JcJ Dbljj^dz mljJj KN DL&v ipu l [[& EkhEuiv `ybiu yy nj boj` vJv l Dhu `kc` kobyjl mcJM kucU. plkkL DOj ICj l kobyj 1901 mu m Pu DC lJj vIuu `kc` Ʈ$hn hj D u箳 cK YckcU piYj vJpu iu. lvblj kbivpbi hjmj箳 vkMl cnJ Yj Ilu l [ium MHu[ 1899 mulu mJx#Cv. l hjhC& kjCm lv `kbiu` EK[v Emiuu Oj GuubIv vhUcOn j mbj Ok hlkju. Dp SkJmJ Mlk Gp[uJjn Dhu cj cv `ji[-jpi[` b o#Cl ibluu Dmlv JmJ Mlk Gp[ChJa MHu[v kbivpbi箳 oi&c K[lj o#C vjkj ci& mbMOu, mJl: Dcu DC `jTv[ kbivpbi` bLl sƮ$bmn lhMuyn ku. mkwkc ncul i&jnC O[ ijJCNbm, nkj DC MHu[ b bL cnCp pC cCl hhmlk cvu pll.
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ncul JiJiU j^bv Dhhu cnc DCv mhO& kjCh# Dblj&^dz cnc hJv hjmhjmnk& kjJ, DM MuǮ hjmkj kjCj Sk i&jnk IjC Dn. l pvk ivlj [NnvHL&. n mJl: pvcv pc&v, hC Dou h{hl c$ [NnvHL& Dcjkv nl. mJm hlv nfmn ivlj omN cnhJa mJlPu[cO iu. m PuJj hN jh Mbll Okwl Duv l Dcjkl mLƳk Pu. l DL&v [NnvHL& IjC箳 j^dzlJ h=LJo#C hj Pu. Dm Dbljj^dzlJ jl Yvuu ivljv Dhu hnu Dbljj^dz cnc 1930 mu kbivpbiJj DCu. lv kbivpbi hjJjlu vhU v$l (23442`) DC pWimWi (24511`) n MKj hobl kv GbǮ llkuv vJ Jc iu. l cnclu cmxu kP& mJm SkwmuDjjv D npj cm&h# DOk GbǮ SkC 14 MKjb GuuK Lc `h=LJǮ lmj OJ` DM JC&vv ku. l mch&k mb%u pil oC 1954 mu m Puu, [NnvHL& Zum Dritten Pol n cU pc&v (DC l ` o L[& hu` n Fbp Y<blj) bLbk[ pl. mJx Clu l mJ& hJ&lb DC lbJju mJ& cncb lhMu J|CCj l bL i&jnkbm D#jM: DvvmOjC Dn.
oM mbMOv- mJx#C lL i&jnC #$lu oiipb, kbivpbi hjmjl Gcuu u#Cdz hTuKCb MO Ilv, l hJ&l kn cnv kukjb #hm km DC kl YJu, l JO IC FL mcƮl ju. Ʈ$hm=Ǯ pilk l GbJCN mlpl j@ bv lj `kbvpbI` vJ Ʈ$h k{u. `kbivpbi` cnk<&C Jjm lbv DL&l JcvJ J=mn lb i kJJ& jJvvLbk[v uYu. kjbv yuhCǮ DJCl unub... `J[u o|pEuiu p箳 ljl nl. lbv s jyu lbmJ C DJ[u k, Dm Jju`. lJj jJvvLb cvmJ lƬ,No School... plus the Himalayas instead! Would I like it ?... Indeed! Dio iivYo DJpl J kjJ Dm Dvbo nl l!` lcU mlplobvn Dhu DOǮ, Ʈ$hlu oj h[ DC k=<COJu Ʈ$C km m[v, Lc mcp箳 mOv mljlu DC kbylu mhl mbI<& oM&v oCj DhuǮ kL, kbivpbi箳 jbikclu h&YcJj Ʈ$l ku. ll JjKb hjmhjmbybOl J nCN m#c s DC mӳ&- {i- Ok bl #C#C I[CN youvmj kbivpbiJj M nCj JJO jbiyjbi i{ YJ bl Flk Dk lUcU jKu Dn k l YJo ncMKj pC Ʈ$hlu Sk cK h$ yvl. l SkC kdJ DvYl Myob huk[!
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`jm[vm` ci hbOjM H GbǮ Sk c [Wij Dn. l箳 cLJv kbivpbi p YJo oM&v I[l lm DvvmOjC DvYJ ibiku Dv$ cUl vn. lL SKo oTU ybO kuhv Dhh hbl箳 cvl Du. DbO箳 `mJjpov` ilu lb i c@jm [cv lJn lL nl. lbv llkU lm 1500 h ou. cmnv Km kU oi[箳 cl DC iChl b cla DCJu iu. 1956 nvcv pblu ucb cb$jl oJlb lhv Pu. Dl lL Dvk YJk oM&vu pll DC kbivpbi h uv mJv l=hl nll.