MvJj, 21 c 2005
mcjC c. Hub JjM!

kJU vCN ybJ<Ǯ vJn, lj p SkC DO:hlv h<b vl JJnj kc-DOk Yi Dn; l m$b DvYJ箳 huk[ km Dn, n 1882 cO ljyF& EMo bv mnp unu Dn. lbv cnu Dn, `m$ kO jmll lcM hnl, o hTv jmlv uUl, pJypbl, hM u ykb U- pl Sk vn lj ov h< DM- lj hnul k?` (`m$-h< luv`)
h<bv `yU` h[v Ul vu uJCN m$ vmu lj h<b JJnj c$ Jk=l nl J Dn. h<b Jk=l YiJnl `yU` cnCv m$ uill. h< JJmLv nypbv juu `kW[` JmCl D[kuu m$ `[vm` kjll. ljyF Myobl mbi lj, `h<bv HmJv Ijynj k{uu m$ `jb[` mJh kc kjll. kCn m$ mKmK JJml mJl:nv l vn.`
Dp [vmyjJ<k p & uu Dn, ll [vmyjcO kc kjCN m$bhk DM#l m$, Gjk[ m$, o#Ck[ m$, o<kUml Yilu m$, cim plRlu m$ b cC 94 l 96 kwk Dmu mbybOl mv mbill. kjC- `kW[ kjC` mh pJ, n Dml. yUpyjv EkJ HmJv DCuu JR kW[ hjjpl, hjY<k oMl, DM#l mLll, ojJmLlu cvmkll kjC mh Dml. ijHo n JJmL Il Dml.
Dp箳 GhcKcb$bcC cnlc Hu bn `MlkN Dm[` unlv 1883 cO Dm mcp nl k, `Dc vlcv mjkjv pilC, DjOC, cjU, kunC J kmyCRJj yjk vpj Jv, lbkjl lukvn u@k FmhlU Jv cjU, kunC, kmyC, lcmij, vkkj, kL[ Jij ukbv kvlhj iC iT vl, cnCv lbpJj m oKjK Jv lbpu JjJj M# kuJv D%v, M MlkNb vlmn Mjjk=ʳbcO hu nC vn.` (`mc cnlc Hu J*ddc`, mbhok- . o. H[k)
Mlkj h<b vlkll J Mjjk=ll mOjC JnJ cnCv l h< JJmL `yU` juu mbybOl m$bv M# JnJ, Dm n cl nl. hjbl 1885 cO c. Hu b m$-h< JJnj箳 mboY&lu uKvcO blkjk you Puu D{Ul. l kUlu mllv uuu mbcl J箳 yu & J l Dv<biv m$-mOjCJ<k & DC ljyF vybO b c. Hu b mbJovMulJj biu hjCc Pu. lbv m$-h< mbybO / JJnj J<Ǯ Mv DOk lJ Yv Du. `mlmj` Dbk-2 cO (1885) lbv unu, `hjbl m$bhk kClj Sk kC pcv SKo pJv, oKC, c=ivv, Oh co&, kmy, iJF& Dhumcj F<k iC iJm uJv lv il il Dhu nl nJYJ kv, Dhu vv箳 kcblv ljb J<&J kuyjyj Dhu Dbl:kjCl IU nTv, l syu iJ cb[Jj hUhUv ymv l箳yjyj h<cC KulcM kjll k?`
JjJj hnl cpMj hkj c. Hu bv h<b ImjCǮ JJnj箳 ynj m$b pi km Dn, l mh ku Dn. hjbl v Jj kum MlkNb vl J Mjjk=lm mbybOl m$bm M# ljlo nJ, Dm cnCCj c. Hu DC Jju cpMj GhjOk hklv h<b `ImjC` m$b pil mljcn vn, Dm cnCCj c. Hu Sk cnJ vk< mbiv pll. pil DM vl nJ, p v-lcMl JRv iblJv JCj vn. m$-h< JJnjyyl c. Hu b uKvl Gjj Duu iuYl `mJ&pvk mlOc&`cOu m$-h< mcl Djmbnllv vkUl J mnp omv l.
SkCmJ Mlklu mbJovMu mOjk, vcJbl b uKvlv viCyyl Dvlcvl DL& mll D{Ul. Dm Dmlv Dp箳 pCl vcJblbcO yyl mboiOl D{Ul. cnu mbIvbvm Mvyyl Sk Sk Yck Il l vn. kjC Mv箳 JJO ypbcO Dmuu iWOU n Dn. yjpijǮ mcm, vhJ$ Ybhkl yp [vmyj mcm mcL&v c hjJll. hjbl [vmyjcO vC nkwk n SKod omN JǮ jpij J JǮ uQiklJ<k nkwk Mv vn, lj l uQiklu ypj/ Jhj mJh oCN YJn M<CJJmL mcpk Mv Dn, n i kCn Jj Ju vpjD[ kjl Cj vn. llv MvJ<Ǯ mbYcJmL, iWOU kc nCm mn糳 nF&u.
[vmyjcO kc kjCN SKod omN cnu cuKl shv EkJ SKod omN GonjCj Ph v<k<& k{v Jk=lǮ i Dkuv nl vn. `[vmyj` Jhj mKUlu nk J Jl koƮl hjmhjmbclv JJnj uJl Dmu, lj n mcpu p[uu Jk=lǮ Dn. llv nk h<b Jk=l Yiuum J{l. DM nkb Jk=lJj [vmyj ypj ul, n vpjD[ kjl Cj vn.
m$-cǮ jbYǮ oMkbl `Dhu mcplu mbmj m$h# JMu lj mJlb$ Dml,` EkJ ``[yvj`mjK cmkbcOu DO&viv J hC& viv m$b kJU Ʈ$ hnCmm h<bv kkv hm cpJ uill v! yj Dn!` DM lƬ oCj J DM lƬbv v ykCj cb[U `[vmyj` mboY&l Mbl jnlv D{Ull. kjC Mvk[ JmJlb$箳 <clv `p l Mv` cnCv hnum Sk Gj cUl, lj n Mv mcpk Jk=lǮ Mv cnCv hnl YV Gj ol. DM iWOU箳 mLll kC mcmcU Sv. p. D. JmljCN k&#$Jj [U Jv, lj kC mO箳 h$kjl vb$C kjCN DhJ=Rv yU h[v Mv kCl lj Sk Sk yp Ov unl jnll.
c$, hmv oj jn hnCN mcpoj, Jj cCmbv mcpl J{l uuu DlckWlllv h<b J{l uuu Jk=lk[ (cnCp [vmyj nkb/ h<b Jk=lk[) [UPk kjC hjJ[Cj vn. mJl: kcv ijp JJmLl hC& Puvbljn nl jnCj JU J hm mcpk JOk kcbl EkJ mbMOv箳 kcl uJC, n mJlb$vblj pyyoj vijk cnCv Dhu kl&J Dn, n pCJ SkC mcpl GlhV nC... pC ijp Dn. Gu, `[vmyj`cU cP hm, cP Mjj Jk=l Yiuumh K& kjv, lm mbybOl m$u yU h[CN JJmLn Jj c kjCj vn, DM cviC cCm J{l plu. Jj cCmb Mvyyl DmJmLl, kUp v J Pu lj `[vmyj uk J nk h<b Jk=l cvmkl` n J<Ǯ x kWmLv Dmu. l Jk=lv Iluu `yU` cnCv (jpij Mv J vǮ jnCcv Mv cnCv vJn!) vCN m$b Mv |u pF&u. mnpk Mv箳 m[JCkm M# ljlomjK llkuk / lybOlck k箳 Ghbyjyj m$-h< mcl, mcpk pyyojǮ cumbmkjb M#C ijp Dmu. mcm kcmJh vJjC箳 Gj `M#C` nǮ Kj oM Dn. m c. Hubv unuu Djmbnl Jjmn DhChM Dn. JC Dn- H l JjM箳 mcjC J mbmkjǮ!
MYbi ij