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pbv iƳkbv mcpk l hl kv ou DC lbyu mcp hJ&n oj kjCkjl SK iJl&kcC pv p h{ mjmJu, l njyF& y[okjb Dp- 29 c jp pvcMlyo! njyFv m$b iCu Muvl, l J YjomlhC hl kv ou. iCN m$J<Ǯ pvcvmlu Luuj kuhv lbv k{v ku DC m$b iC ibYjhC, jmmJo Il, mJjvbo DvYJl SkC lbv mJ uJu. n Yjldz mbilu njyFv ouu Hj c oCi cvu hnp.
njyF pvc 29 c 1905 jp cjpu Pu. clǮ iC Dm, k lu mll mjb ibO J. cjpl iv& yUk=<CyJ Fukjbpkj DC hb. J<C oibyj humkj bv mbil DjOv ku. hb. JvkjJ hJO&v DC . y. Dj. oJOj b iJn cjp. cjp n KBmny Dyou kjc KB Um J<祮 JmlJv hvl Puu hCYc. Dm oJ pvc uYuJj njyFvn clǮ iC v uil lj vJu. mbil yUk[ njyF& hu l cjpl.
njyF cU IjC iJlu kjiJ. lb lv h{bl iC hjbhj nl. njyF DpǮ vJn njyF& nl. Lju njyFv iƳk cnCv y[l Kh vJ kcJu nl. Ok njyF cl ljyF& Lju njyF kv. ljyFv ikǮ O[ Dyou kjc KBk[ Ilu. iƳk cnCv l HjM cku vnl, hjbl l iC c$ Hj Gc MkJl. h{ lj kC kUl iC箳 MkJC kv lbv Dhu mbmj uJu. L[kwl- iC n njyF jl nl. l lb vmvmblv KUl nl.
lmb yIlub lj mjMyy, njyF&, kcuyF&, k=<CjJ DC mjmJlyF& ljyF& cvW miU cubv iC Ghpl oCi nl. mj cu iUl mj ITv pvcu Du nl. llu k=<CjJ m[u lj ykǮ mJ& YJb[bv Dhu DvJbMk iC phmv ku DC mbil#$l vJ kcJu. unvhC njyF DYml yuku u# vJnl. yjyjǮ cu iU kv lbv iC cnCv oKJ- n lb Gi Dm. njyF iC箳 vku kjCl nlKb[ nl. l unv Jln Dyou kjc KB DC injpv b iC mn mn vkwku kjl. ll lb pJ jc.
Sk oJM YiJl vJ箳 pl<v YJ< Jl&Ju k, njyF& iCl Dukk, GppJu M cUJu. lu oibl kla cUu. lJn knn kv lu iCb MkJ. YJ<cU njyFv Kh nh Du. iC MkC lb Glmn DOk J{u. lb c YJv- mjMyybv lb Lck lj kv Ilu. J箳 oJ J<a vclhC njyF mbilM#C Dyou Jno KB Kvov Gmlobk[ m Pu. lbk[ Dlbl cvJOk, mboj ybOCǮ m J Dm jiblu Ʈpb Kh c YjC nl. kjC IjC yvkj ybo Du KB DmbK Ʈp lbk[ nl. 1918 l 22 DM j J<x njyFv Jno KB mllv M#C cUu.
Jno KB M#Chl Gmlo L nl. lb MkJCl cnvlJj c Yj nl. Ʈp Dblj ul Cm l 15-20 oJm Il. lcU DmlF& DblNu Sk kj ybomlhC F&. ji Sk-Sk p 40-40 oJm MkJu pl Dm. vblj ov-lv cnv l IJv IJv iUJj {Ju pl Dm. SJ{ hJ&lj PuJj ji mcp Du Dm mcpu pF&. Jno KB M#Chll DCK Sk biu i nl. KBmny ci& oKJl DC l ci&v mJl: y DC lY Jhv h{ km p, l l mJl. lcU njyF iC cnCp hhhb Pu vn. icKlv cUuu iC ilvn l Dhu mJl: mJjJum, kuhvJum DC lYM oKJ uiu.
21 [mWyj 1921 jp hb. J<C oibyj humkj b Dnv DC lb GhmLll njyFv Dhu iC hnu k&c moj ku DC 8 [mWyj 1973 jp Gmlo Dyou kjc KB DC jck=<CyJ JP b pvcMlyovc cnj^ Mmv Dpl mbil- v=lcnlmJl l Dhu Yiv mjmJl jC bmcJl MJ쮳 iu. lvblj l ivlv vJ= Pu. mll 52 J<x oMYj Mk[, mnJO cHu kv lv h{b u#JO lbv lbv Dhu mju, cuc J cOj ikv l=hl ku.
njyF& il l ik nl- kjC IjC. pvcl: lb hojl Jjm cnCv Duu. icKlv cUuu J DC kwJƮl kCu uYCj F&jo cbpU DJp b mboj cuH kv njyFv Dhu lYv m kuu mjU, mboj DC cvu ibiJv kCj ik hM ku. m$Ǯ Kuikl p p Gc Dml, l mj ll mcJ Puu Dm. njyF iCl [U ohJv kCj Juul k[k[ vJnl, lj cv DC v$ vJJCj, lbv mKJCj, MblhC lJl jnCN vjbpv箳 plǮ mc kM Ym.
DpypӮ mJj vv {bibv uJl, pC Sk mjK kWoC kv ll SKo lpmJ nj JJ, lcC njyF& Dhu <[dp Dui Jl. njyF iC Kml ku Dmu, lj n. njyF& lj <[dp uJl lJn l mJj Dhu DiU mQo& DC cO& ITv lb cvJj Dm kn DIl kj, k lb cKlv vkUl `JJ` J. lj <[dp n njyF iUlu nkc Skwk! h.u. oMhb[ lj cnCl- lj <[dp n lj lb `cc&ybOlu J`. l uJJ DC njyFv mY EpkJ, Dm pC juu.
njyF MmJl DCK Sk kjC Dn. l cnCp l=Ji& hnv lu hu, u DM Ʈpb cb[C l kj箳. SkCN vj hnv l Dhu mj uJ箳. lb iCl Ku Dm, cj Dm, nj Dm, vho, Ypv, YJil Dml. YJilbvm l Dm kn Mm$dz hnjJ {J箳, k l ilv DO&- hTC lm km iu, n mcp vn. `GhJv il kkU`, `JvJl Myj jIj` Flo YJil Dpjcj Pu l cU. lb `jO k=<C yu cKm` Ypvv lj ukl kUm iu. ykǮ MJ `Ov pvc pnu` n YjJ iu k njyFv DhC Dp cHu Epku cnCv Ov J.
l kUl- cnCp 1928 mcjm mjMyy vlv mbil Ju uJ. lb vMKv h J<祮 DuhpJ kjkoal on vk jbiYcJj DCu. kbhvl mjMyy, mJF& ibOJ&, jbijJ oMhb[, yUmny hjj, ovkj kcCC Flo h< vbv DC njyF&, kcuyF& y[okj J mjmJlyF& jC YivRv cKv kc ku. iChljJ y[m, mJF& ibOJ&, iEJojJ Wy DM clyyj cb[URv luc Ilu. n vMK oozJv pj DuhpJ ju, lj jbiYcǮ Flnml DJp&v GuuK kjJ Dm cu k& lv ku. y[okj YivRv jbiYcJj hoh&C kv kuv m$bv jbiYcJj m$-Yck kjC hb[ h[u DC Dhuciv CN mM#l, Ijbop DC ku m$b ci& mkj ku. 1944 cO hvn Sko lW[u jbi uJv njyF& jbicbJj GY jnu, l yuibOJ祮 vƳk cnCv! `mY`, `Sk hu`, `cvhcv`, `mbMkuuU` j vkblv lbv vƳk Yck ku. hjbl p pv DC Glmnv lbv mJl: vk kbhvl kc ku, l p Kh Dmju nl. hvjicvl lb cv mbil jbiYcJj Hjm jcu vn DC 1964 cO lbv jbiYcu DKj jcjc ku.
1935 vblj cj jbiYcu JF& oJm T uiu nl J Ʈ$hb ul nl. njyF& c Glmnv J Dh#v Ʈ$hm=k[ JUu. `mJC&cboj`, `lY`, `mbl pvyF&` Ʈ$hblv iChljJ y[m, plmv YU, oi&yF& K, kMJjJ ol, vvmny Hk bmjK clyyj cb[URyjyj lbv kc ku. hjbl cKcu h[cC hj h[on njyFv Hjm uYu vn.
l jbiYck[ J Ʈ$hm=k[ JUu Dmu lj lbyNJj Dhu nl lbv kOǮ k{u vn. vk kbhvǮ ckwkc p iJ Dmu, l kC vkMJ lb pumn nl. lcU `vƳk` cnCv l jbiYcJj pM JJjl nl, lmb `iƳk` cnCvn lb mLv D{U jnu. puMbMJ OJvckbj DC j[DJj nCN k&cbcU njyF kla YjlYj mJ&oj hnu. cnj^ lbv `iv-nj` J `ivkkU` DM onj hoJv DUK uiu.
lb iJl&k k& cnCp lbv m$-ikbv hl kv ouu mcpk l! mbi mcpk[v sU DC b[ JjOn lbv mnv ku. Dhu n pJlk& mHu Pu `Ʈ on, Ʈ [U` lbv hnu. DM ivkkU 1991 cO Dbl Pu. Sk lp vcu.
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