MvJj, 4 pv 2005
pvpijC : yuJJn lybO k

D#糳 l=ldz cnl&Jj c cCJj nCN JJnbl yuJJnbb cCn Kh Dmlb. J<a n yuJJn jKCm cnu Div k=l k&c DKu nl. cO oMlu cnu J yukuC JYi箳 Sk DOkj Mkblu Jc& DM kj yuJJn LbyJCm iu Dml lbJj CIlk nuu kjCl Du, n Dio lp Iv Dn. Jv yuJJnJjO kc kjCNbmcj kl kC DJnvb Dnl, n omv lb. h&YcJj jpmYl mbclm iuu `yuJJn lybO JOk- 2004` kl hblj nChJa lmbybOl mJiC & nCb DlJMk Dn. l Dv<bivb JOkmboY&lu mJ&mhMa Tnhn...
Jbov kukCa


`yuJJn lybO JOk- 2004` Dl jpmYcO oKu Puub Dn. M#C, Dji, lmb m$bJju Dlj Mv miUb Oi yuJJn箳 mcmM p[uu omll. kMjJmL n jbiyjbi, HuhKj cvu pCj hh K[blu DC Mnjblu kn mljblu cuR D<l kO l vn. yuk DC yF& (cl) n lb pJvJmLlu hh DmCb, n kl Y<C JmlJ Dn! u kjC Dn- yuJJn!
yuJJncU kJU cuRv Dku {lJ J J=lJ lb. (lb omCJv J Dbop ybOCb kJU DJI[. pu DhC hmlMlu yF& mcpJb, l Dml- DJI yJMlu... 2-3 cub DF&!) yuJJn cnCp pvv DjiM j KU! 20-25 J J<a iY&M箳 hMJ k{v kuu kllj cC c$C Yll lJn cv mV nlb. lb Mjjk DC cvmk Djib k? Mv YJj cv khl jnl. yuJJn箳 MvbM DmCjb lb vlb hv: hvn pCJl jnlb. yuJJn mcmb ibYdz& DC llu DbljmbybO jpkl&, OjCkl& DC kolp%bv pCJCj lj kJn? DC yuJJnu DU IuCmǮ jpkdz FsM kJn vc&C nCj?
mlJl yuJJn lybO JOk-2004 DC l mboY&lu & n uK nl Dmu lj l箳 mcpk hub & DvJ& jl.
ov-Sk cnvbhJa Sk mLvk ovkl Sk sM ylc Jvl Du. `yuJJn lybO JOk-2004` mboY&l Dhu mӮv hJCJ<Ǯ! ylcǮ DOj Il `cmc` mbmLvb jpmYk[ ciC kv JOk l cUJu. `cmc` p hjboj lukwl kc kjl, lLb 15-16 J< n cuR uivb J Dn. FLb kO lJ o<kU h[u cnCv, lj kO hTmhC yjb Pub cnCvn cuR uivb uJkj Gjku pll.
Yjll yuJJnbb cC 34 kwk Dn. cnj^l l 48 kwk Dn. lj cjJ[l l 67 kwk Dn. YkbhmjK Y<C vm|ik Dhvblj p cCl DC p kj cjJ[l yuJJn Pu, l Kh DmJmL kjCjb JmlJ nlb. hnu ov J<l cu Pub vn lj cuvb omjb uiv kjCb cCn FLb Kh Dn.
Skk[b 1929 hmv Dhu nll yuJJnJjO ko Dn DC omjk[ k YJMvl oKJCjb n JmlJ! h&YcJj JOkJj & I[Jv DCCm `cmc`v Sk yk Dpl ku nl. m$ DC cub DOkjbmboY&l kc kjCN Dvk mbmLb lvO yku GhmLl nl. mlJl ko, k Y<, llu mJuhJjc, DO&Jjc mNb DL& mcpv ICbn llkb cnJb Dmlb. kolp% J yuJJn DYmk [@. p mi[ bb JM< ci&oM&v yku uYub nlb. ul ko J lmbybOǮb mlJl JOk mcpv ICb, llu $ J yumLvb mcpJv ICb, mlJl klu ljloRyu mlk& jnCb, lJj & I[Jv DCCb, Dhu mӮvb cmo lj kjCb- Dmb ykǮb mJh nlb.
yuJJn DC 19 Jb Mlk
19 J Mlkhmv mllv p mcpk Mvb & nl Du Dn, llu Sk cnJ Mv Dn- yuJJn! SkCmJ MlkcO mvlv cb[U J mOjk bl Puu &, JoJJo n cKv yuJJnmbybO Puu omll. lJn mvlvb cK Yj- `n u Oc&Mm$v mbilucC Dn k vn,` Jj nl. 1848 hmv uknlJoRv LJ unu mJl ku nl. hC l#l c cCl n Mv |u iu l 1884 hmv! `n uiv cu cv vn,` cnCCN jKcyF& mJpR Ku (1884-87), M cuyj b yuJJnJj hC, 1890 mu HucC 11 J<祮 cuǮ { hlmcic箳 JU Puu c=l- lv Iv lkU KUyUpvk ju nl. lvblj pvcl箳 jlv 1891 cO mbclJ ko kjCl Du.
Dp ul Dmuu yuJJn lybO ko DmllJl Duu 75 J<祮 kU uuu Dn. mj[ yuJj & nTv 1929 cO l kl hblj Pu. lJU mbclJ Mv DYmCkjl Sk mcl mLhCl Du nl. mclv oMYjlu DmbK ukb cuKl Ilu. cuKlRcO ukbv Dhu D#h vWoJu. llu Sk cK D#h Dm nl k, uivb J J{Jub k Dvlk uQik k=lbv uv cUu. omj D#h nl k, kvb ukb kbyk yyRl {JU{JU k v. ibcl cnCp Dp Flkw J<vbljn D#hbcO Hjm Hjk h[uu vn. mclvb Dhu DnJul cnub nlb k, `mcpk Dv oj kjCm k Ghpv kju nJ. Dku cl=lJ UCm cvJl J mcpk v箳 hJju ko kju nJl.`
Dp `m[@`mjK (kvJnvMv D@v SucvMv D@H D@u H@cm& D@H [mcvMv Divm Jcv) pilk mljJju pnjvc Y< DC Jj GuuKuu mclǮ DnJul Kh mc pCJlb. m[@ kjjbli&l DmllJl Dmuu mcl Dhub vj#C vWoJlv cnCl, `yuJJn mJ&Ok o<hjCc m$bJj nl Dmll. lb pvv-nkwk, pJvmL vJ[C箳 nkwk, JJnJ<k DOkj GuubIv yuJJnl nl. hjbhj, ujlR {u h{ kv DM kj YoYJlck, Dv糳 uRb mcL&v mjkju kjl Cj vn, Dmb mh J v:mboiOhC ypJv JJnmjK Kpi k=lm mjkju pyyoj OjCl F&u, Dmbn cnub Dn. Yjlv m[@Jj mJ#j kuu Dn. lcU l DbcuypJC J i l Ghpv kjCm Yjl ybOu Dn.
yuJJn lybO ko- 1929
1929 yuJJn lybO kvb (y.J..k.) uivb J cuRm 14 J<x DC cubm 18 J<x vƽl kub. n ko Yjllu mJ& pl-Oc祮 vijkbm ui kjCl Du. n Sk vOca ko Dn. kl 1949 lmb 1978 mu kn omln kjCl Du. 1949 cO cuǮb J 15, lj 1978 omlvmj cuǮb J 18 J<&hl J cub J 21 hl J{JCl Dub. ci ukmbK vb$C n cK GM nl. lcC n ivn oKuh$ (c&oljl) cvCl Du. n oml cnJ nl. kvJ mJuu M# 1000/- .hl ob[, 1 l 3 cnvbhl mO ko DM mc kj Dnl. y.J.. ko 1929 vmj, yuJJn n ivn Dn. hC Sko JJn Pu k ci c$ l JO nl. JJnlu m$Ǯ nkwk mj#l Dnl. lu hi cUl. cu Djm cvu pll. hlv cnCv koMj cvl cUl. DM JOJ m$Ǯ mbhǮ nkwk cv kuu Dn. hC yuJJnu DU IuCm n ko YJ ju vn. kl JJn箳 vWoCJ< knǮ cnuub vn DC n lu cnJ $ Dn.
j^dz cnu Di JJn JOk cmo
j^dz cnu Divb 1994 mu Yjldz JJn JOk lj kub nlb. lcO lbv ov cnJhC& iR mcJM ku nl. llu Sk nl- mǮ JJn vWoC! DC omj nl- JJnlu Jj-JOӮ c DC mpi mbcl ( D@C[ FvdH@c[& kvmW) n kCln JJnmǮ hJ&D Dmu. lu [Juv kuub uiv DJO cvub pF&u. cU uivb J DhDh h{b {kuub pF&u. kjC koMj J i/ h$ (Valid) mbcl oC DOkj m%v Ju Dml.
JJn箳 mbclyyl koMj Dbivb yul Dmlv Dijkjb hC DC Dp箳 kUln cnJhC& jCj lb yuJJnmbybOǮ Jj k<&v DJll. 19 J Mlk箳 GjO&l Dijkj cnCll, `yuJJnb Kb[v cnCp mJbJjb cb[v! Jj kC Dm D#h Ilu k, yuJJnhmv Skoc mJbJjJj G[ kMu cju hnp? lJj Dc Gj Dm k, p mJbJj vnl, l mJm Dcn yuJJn mcpl. p lv uiv kjC cnCp mJbJj. Sk omNv kjC cnCp yuJJn!`
`mǮ JJn vWoCǮ D IuC- n Jil kbJj Iu ju,` n kjC oTv j^dz cnu Di mӮv mJkju lJU mjkjvb DmcL&l oM&Ju nl. cnu Di箳 mO箳 DO# ijp Jm bv vkl mǮ JJn vWoCǮ c Guv Ojuu Dn. cO oM, smi[, Gj oM, jpmLv, ynj, PjKb[ mn jpbcO yuJJnbb cC Kh Dn. D#糳l=ldz cnl&Jj c cCJj nCN JJnbcO yuJJnbb cCn Kh Dmlb. J<a 11 c jp D#糳l=ldzu nCj yuJJn jKCm mLvk DOkNb colv cnu Div k=l k&c DKu nl. cO oMlu cnu J yukuC JYi箳 Sk DOkj Mkblu Jc& yuJJn cnl ICm iu Dml lbv OckJCl Dub DC vblj lbJj CIlk nuu kjCl Du. n oozJ Iv Dio lp Dn. pvcvmkl k Dn, J yuJJnJjO kc kjCNbmcj DJnvb kl kC Dnl, n Ivlv DOjKl nlb.
j^dz cvJ nkwk DivoKu yuJJnu lybO kjCmboY&l mjkju DM mJh箳 mӮv ou nl (2001-2002). yuJJn DJO jJJl, n llu cnJ mӮv nl. cnu Di J cvJ nkwk Di oIbv ouu mӮvb DOj mlJl JOk yvJCl Duu Dn, Dm oJ ko J vcb$ S. Dj. Yjp bv JOkci nl mbilv kuu Dn.
mlJl yuJJn lybO JOk 2004 : kn Uk c
* yuJJnlu yuJOu/ yuJju n JJn DJOkjk jJC DOkj JOkvmj ouu Dn. l m%v Puvblj ov J<hl lbv DOkj Jhj kjl C ljlo Dn.
*n JJn DJOkjk jJuvbljn yuJOm m%v Jjk[v/ Jj 21 J<祮 Dlu Dmu lj l箳 DF&-J[ubk[v/ hukbk[v hi ciC DOkj ouu Dn.
* yuJJnlv pvcuu cub JJn DJOkjk Dmu ljn mJ& yyRkjl Djm mcpu pCj Dnl.
* M#l J{ : cui m%v yuk (21 Dlu J 18 J<h# c) Dmu lj ov J<hl ko EkJ Sk uKhl ob[.
*uiv jJCN, uivu lmnv oCN, uivu hjJvi oCN, uiv uJCN DC uivu GhmLl DmCN mJv ov J<hl ko DC Sk uKhl ob[ n M# ouu Dn. JJn箳 JU p hukb/ JǮ lyl yuJj/ yuJO Dmu, l J yuJJn LbyJCl DMmJ Pu lj lcO lb v<kUphC kjCYl Dn, Dmb i=nl Ojub pF&u.
*kCln hjmLll m$bv lbiJm M# vn.
*kn JM IvbcOu yuJJn DJO cvu pCj Dn. koMj huk箳 lyl Dmlv yuku hUJv vub Dmu, HmJv vub Dmu DC uiv uJub Dmu lj, uiv uJC DYm vc&C ku Dmu lj, yuk J kv uiv uJu Dmu EkJ uiv uJv J ku Dmu EkJ Jhjkjl EkJ Dvlk nlm yuk Jhj ku Dmu, lj l JJn DJO cvu pF&u.
*vuv ouu cvF&nkc [Juv uJCl Duu yuJJn DJO cvu pF&u. lm ov J<hl ko EkJ Sk uKhl ob[ EkJ ovnn- DM M# mbiluu Dn.
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* yuJJn lybO DOkN vcCk DC l箳Jj yOv, lybO mjK Dvk kj pyyoN mhJuu Dnl.
*yuJJnmboY&lu mJ& ivn oKuh$ DC Dpcvh$ cvuu Dnl.
m$bb Dji DC lb op& mOjJ, kjl yuJJnu lybO kjC ijp Dn, DM Myobl mlJl JOk GM cb[uu Dn. DpJj ukmbK vb$Cm cnCv kJU yuJJn lybOk[ hnub iub. h&YcJj n GM Jhk, cuic DC mkjlck cnCl F&u.
mbmL lvOR mbybOl ykl JOkJj yuJJn JO, DJO (void) DC DJOkjk (voidable) jJClu mJ& ypb mKu & Pu. JOkb mJil kv kn cnJ箳 mӮv kjCl Du-
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*yuJJnlu o< JRv j J<hl lbiJm M# DmJ.
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* lk yuJJn vWoC mǮ kjJ.
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JOkmJhl Dmlv Dhu clb, mӮv mbybOlbhl hu lj l vƽl Ghi nT Mkl. Sko ko Pu k oml kjCb n Kh DJI[ J oI& Ƭ yvl. Dp Dhu j uJv yuJJnu KjKj lybO kjCj m$Jo Jjb ko mbcl kv ICmǮ nǮ i JU Dn. kjC Jj GuuKuu m[@- yu-DOkj pnjvccU pilk mljJjn Sk oyJ YjlJj Dn. (ukmbK vb$C Dvᮮjl DpW[n Dn!) lcU mjkju l oMv hJub GuCb Yi Dn. MJ pvnlL& Ʈk, j^dz cnu Di DC j^dz cvJ nkwk Divn n c Guuu Dn. DMJU Jhk mljJj pvmbIvbv, mcpk mbmLbv n c Guv Oju, h{b DCu, oyJ DCu, lj yuJJnu lybO kjCj hjCckj ko J l YJ DbcuypJC mǮ j lj nF&u.
ko cnCp mJ&mJ Dmlb, lcU mJ& you uiui I[v ll, DM Dhu kCǮ mcpl vn. yuJJn L jKCm iJiJ MU, cuRv JJmYcK J pJvhi M#C, uQik J DjiM#C, m$b cucJj DOkj, mcp h<Ov cvmkl youCmǮ lv mN i mcbljhC DC llkw pjkmhC kju nJl. miU lvbvbljn nCj yuJJn LbyJCm Sk YJ Mm$ kcU Dhu nl F&u. k i Jhj J YJ DbcuypJC Pu lj yuJJnu c cCl DU ymu DC yuJJn jKCb mcpk kc kjCNbv M# nCSJp KN ivnijbv M# nF&u.
mlJl JOk l h{u kCbnv lcn ciJ Mkl- hu&cW D@H Fb[, jpmY mjS, v ouu; kbJ D&v cj, `cmc`, 41-44, y-1, kyj Jnj, i[lU, n[hmj, hC-28. Hv- 26995633/ 26995625. lm JOk箳 mboY&lu Dhu mӮvn DhC hʳJj hJ Mkl. (mo-h[mo J=uK mJ)