MvJj, 25 pv 2005
DYml ci, hC k?

`ljbi` iu ov hjJCbl `mnkby mnhjJj` mojl `DOv D#cl` J< cnl oCj ov uK mOo Pu nl. l ovn uKbv biu lmo cUu. Dvk huk-M#kbv mboY&l DOk cnlǮ ciC ku J J<yyl DOk pCJ-pi=l nC ijp DOjKl ku. Dp DOv D#cl Dmuu Mu cub cC 10-12 kwk Dn. lbm JM< M#C-b$C DmllJl vn. hjM m-mJO vnl. Dhu M#C-JJmL cubv mnp mcJv ICSJ{ uJƮk vn. J< hjM pi=l Pu DC M#k-hukbv mcƳkjl v lv ku, lj Km cub Mv m Mkll. cub DOvm yO DCCj Fljn kn Ik Dmll. ln JUǮ mcpv Ilu J Ghpv ku, lj DM cubv Mk[ vl F&u. cnCv DOvl ci Dmuu cub hukbv cu箳 mӮv oCj Dm cvmMm$% vl lk b JM< uK J cnlhj k hjJCl ol Dnl.
pv cnv cnCp JLm DlM cnJ. cnvl MU m nll. onJ J yjJǮ vkun cnvl uill. nuu MU pj pv箳 cOm m nl Dmu lj MkJCb vcv (F kun Dmu lj) DYm DOǮ m Puu Dml. MU m PuJj cub DYmc ovc m nl. cub DYml hukbn L[ DOk cCl cvmk, YJvk DC DL&l D|Lk iblJCk Dml.
cubv MUl ckJ, DYml h{ J, nMj cubcO lb iCv JnJ, DM mJ& hukb mhl Fs Dml. cub Dio unv Jhmv hukb n Dh# DlM lJlv cubhl Dhmk hnl. cubcO biu #cl Dn, cnCv lbv mcpl DmLv jnCm, h{ biu vkj, hm, l cUCm cubJj DYm uou pl DC uouu DYm- DP mcL&vn ku pl. ynlbM cu Jnl mJl: lu v icJl mOjC, biu J G op& DYm k Mkll. Mu DYmc mljn mJv Phu Dm Juu Dml. c$ Dm Dmvn kn cu pJn mllv vhm nT uill, DYml kc iC cUJ uill, MUlv lbyu lj u mJl nl, lJn c$ hukbv cr Okwk yml. cub mcmJj huk lb hjv Gh MOu uill. DYm JU J{JC, KUCJj ybo DCC, Ij ojoM&v hnCJj ybOv IuC (`Ijlv .Jn. k{v kv` DMn JUJU Ockw oC), Dj[C, cjC F. ci& DJubyu pll. ynlk JU cu DYml vkwk kCl kjCm ci h[l Dn, n c$ KuJj pTv lhmu pl vn.
[Ubv biu oml, Sk biu l, biu Kl-hl, KUl, Jn yIl, mbiCkJjl lj y DM PjPj Hjll... Dm miUb Duyu DmCj cui DYml c$ h h[l, Dm omuJj huk mbYcl nll. JjkjC kun Jbi oml vn, cnCp DYm DUm Dn, Dm mF&mkj mcp huk/ M#k kv Ill DC ci ICu pbhucC cubv DYmu pbhu pl. Dhjn& hjCc cnCp cub DC hukb nCj mmnuh!
DOvJj hjCc kjCj Dvk Mjjk, cvmk J YJvk Ik Dnl. kUcvv l Ikb KuucC JiakjC kjl F&u.

  • mc clcbolJ (Mild mental retardation)- yk chv kmǮ Ghi kv cub yk hlU jJl l. (Intelligente Quotient- IQ) CbcO 90 l 110 ojcv iC cUJCj J n mJ&mOjC yc cvu pl. c$ n iC pJn 70 Ku pll, lJn l J cvmk clcbolJ Dmuu cvu pl. clcbolJ Dvk kj Dnl. lu lJ mJh箳 clcbolJcO Mjjk JOn D{Uv ll DC J D<Yj omNbJj DJubyv Dml. c$ mc clcbolJ Dmuu J Mu M#C IT Mkll, DM cubmǮ Dmuu `Km M#C` colv mcpl m#clv jnC M#Cn lbv ou pT Mkl DC vkj, JJm kv J kCJjn DJubyv v jnl mJlb$hC jn Mkll.
  • ilcbol (slow learners)- JR ybk mOjChC 75 l 90 ojcv Dml. mOjCl: pbJj `{`hC EkJ `yuF& GMj hC` Mkwk yml, l cub clcbo vJn, lj ilcbo Dm Mkll. kckJl DkuvM, mcpk kMub J pCJb DYJ, c&ol k=lkMu n ilcbol cK u#C Dnl.
  • DJOv kcljl DlUJU Jkj (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder)- n cub mll nuu kjCj, Ʈ hkv Jul nCj, uYvu yU h[Cj, JHu mnv k v MkCj Dmll. Sk pi mJmL ym Mkl vmucU DL&l DYm箳 DC Flj knn MkC箳 yylln Mv Dml.
  • DOv D#cl (Learning Disability) pl nMj Dmvn, Jv, uKv, iCl Do DYmM mbybOl kMubJj vkjlck hjCc kjCj Jkj cnCp DOv D#cl.
  • mboMJnv Jkj (Communication Disorder)- n Jkj Dmuu cubv Myob cOclv mJl:u J kjCb DlM DJI[ plb. cub Myombh c&ol Dml, lljhC Dml DC Myob i Gj %vn vml. vJv Myo Mku DJI[ pll, i hKu Myo mh[l vnl DC JkjCM Myojv kjl l vn. kn cubcO Jkj u#C Dio mJlhmv omll, lj kn cu Y< i kj Mkll DC kn kuJOvblj Jkj u#C lbl omv ll.

mJ& JkjbcO omv CN mcv yy cnCp mllv DYml cUCj kc iC, lcU DYm Cj oyJ, llv GodYJCj DlcJm DYJ, MUlu JbJj omv CN uu KC, M#kb lj DC DYmv<bik, lm DYmlj GhcbJj vkjlck hjCc DC SkC Sk v mbhCN o mJl. nuu M#Clp%n DM JM< u# oC DJMkl Dmuu cub yyll DOk pik nT uiu Dnl. L[kwl Dm k pJn cub DYm mcm GY jnl, lJn Gh MOC hnu hj cnCp i l lp%bk[v cub ybk C IC. CcU cuu vkwk kCl Jkj Dn, n mcpl DC lcC Ghpv kjC Mkw nl. lk Jkjm pu pCj Gh JiJiU Dmll DC pJ{ uJkj i vov nF&u lJ{ uJkj mi Ghj oCn mǮ h[l. Jkjbk[ ou&# kucU J Flj kCln kjCmlJ Ghj pJ{ GMj m nll, lJ{ cub ilǮ Ji cboJl.
CcOv cuu Dm kCln Jkj vn n u#l Du, lj c$ cui Flj ku kjCcU ci h[l Dn n yIC Kh ijp jl. DYmmbybO Dmuu hukb kv cub Mu kcijJj Kh c hjCc kjl. mOjCl: hukbv DYmm i JlJjCv|cl kjCl h{kj IJ, hmlk J llmc mnl hjJJ, cub Mu yyRcO jm IJ- SJ{Ǯ cHk Dh# Dml. cu unv Dmlv cubk[v DYm kv IC pyyoj hukbv IJ DC nUnU n pyyoj cubk[ nmlbljl kjJ, pCkv Dhu O cu jJlu J hukb Yck n ci&oM&k jnu, DMn Dh# Dml. c$ yN JU cubv DYm kjJ cnCv huk cubv . Jn., KT, KUC F. Dc< oKJv DYm kv Ill DC cubv DYm ku vn lj M# kjll. hlcU cu DYm kjCj k vn, n vC& vncǮ y IkbJj DJubyv jnl. DYm kjC, il mOC Sk Dbljk Tca DM cubcO lj nl vn. DM cub Mu kcijn Ku箳 op&Ǯ jnl. p huk DYm kjCm cub mll ci ci Dmll, cu k kjl Dnl Jj mll vpj Jll, DM hukb, lm p hukbv cub DYml k[Ǯn jm vml DMn hukb cub DYml ci h[ll, Ekynv DM cubcO DYm kjC jC vnM nl DmumjK oml. l# Mu DYmc pj Kh DJI[ pl Dmu, MkJCj M#k pj biu MkJl vmlu, cub mbil biu vmu, y iR Dk<&C pml Dmu ljm Mu kcijJj Jhjl hjCc nl.
DYmJj miUl Ilk hjCc kjCj Ik kCl Dmu lj `mll DYm.` Dl MUl pu mJl kjCj cnCv DYmm uiCN 2-2~~ J<祮 cubhmv, onJǮ J<& Du cnCv vJJl onJǮ DYm kjCN cubhl, mllv oml Sk JƮ$ kj lCJ. n cu DYmJlj kmu Jj k Mkl vnl, Dvbov nm yu Mkl vnl, omj kCln k=l kjlv `DhC DYm JU Hk IuJl Dnl,` Dm Sk ib[ lbcO oml DC miU hjhk cnCv cubcO b[ cCl D{Ul Sk kj Mjjk, cvmk LkJ. n cu mll ocuu, kbUuu Dmll DC miU m[v H DYm ku, hC vjM hoj h[u, DM DvYJu mcj p JU hukbJj J cubJjn l. Dp pJvl liCm, MmJ nCm DYm DJMk Dn, hC lh#n cnJ Dnl Flj kn pJvkMu. biu Jv, biu mbJokMu, i vC&#cl, k kjC lj, cUl Dmuu JU mlkjC uJC Fs, i Dnj DC vcl Jc n pJvkMu mj&mhC ou&#l nl Dnl. Dl箳 DYmccO onJǮ iC cnJ Dnl. lcU hukbv vJJ-onJcO DYmJj Yj oC n mcpCpi yy Dn. c$ hnu l DJ 80 kwk SJp 70 kwk cUu lj ulu, hC DYmlj pJvkMu J{J, Dm mbiCj huk Dp nJ Dnl. kjC cU ckUhC m IC mJlb$, M#Clv vJn, hC DYm箳 pK[lv mk, pJvkMub M#C cU DYml DC pJvln MmJ nC jpci& Ku nCj Dn.