jJJj, 26 pv 2005
`p ybiu' l `yqmcuu'

ybiuoM mboY&lu Mvb DYmhC& Gku kjCN uKcu n lmj Yi- mv 2001 mJ&$k vJ[Ckb pJUpJU o[ J<& DO ƮiBJ Mnjlu JjO h# cUJl yulv llkuv JjO h#vl ybiuoM v@Mv@um ha yic Kuo P cnCu nl, `F&js Dmu lj h{u mjkj DcnǮ yvJ`. `Dcn`cO mcu nl pcl-S-Fmuc, Fmuc Dkw p DC ybiuoM YlhJ& u<kjMn nmv cnco F&M&o b pldz ha. yic P h{ cnCu, `Dcn c cMkuv nmu kuu Dhu mJlb$ DC Fmuc j#C kjCkjl Sk$ Du Dnl.` vJ[Ckvblj yic MK nmv b DJc uiu hjYl kv n jh#dz l mJj Du. ybiuoM箳 1972 jpIvv jpkjCl Oc& Jhj kjCm ybo Ilu nl. DJI lm J<祮 kuJOl Fmuc blǮ DC Fmuc jp mLhv vj oCj pcl-S-Fmuc DC DHiCmlv箳 luyv jpJǮ YucC kjCj Fmuc Dkw p 2001 vJ[Ckvblj jpkl& lcO cK YiOjk yvu. ybiuoM箳 hnu jpIv DOv nl Oc&vjh#l, j^Jo, ukMn DC mcpJo Jj DOj}}. FLu Oc&vjh#lJo yk nl YjlmjKǮ mJ&Oc&mcYJ mbkuhvJj DOj}}. jpkl& h# DJc ui chC Oc&vjh#lJo hjmkl& nl DC n lJ pJCm DJMk nl, Y<k DC mbmk=lk Dmcl hv&lhov. MK cpy bv pJn `DhC mj ybiu Dnl` Dm cnu, lJn ƮiBJ pulu [WijU Yil (Chittagong Hill Trades - CHT) MlkvMlk Jmuu yOca kc Ubv l JOv lJ v<O ku. h{ kcb Ivcb[Ulu vl cvJv vjC pc bv ybiuoM jpIv Dcnu ybiu k yvJ FƮsl? Dm mJu ku. kc DC ij, Km, mbLu, yc&v DM Flj 44 ybiuoM pclR (tribes) Mv onj Dn. JbMk pcl yij ybiu lj O|ck yij cmuc (Eno, y, Ƹv) Dnl. FL n vco kjC DJMk Dn k, ^yu vmuu Eno, ybiu Y<k cnCp h&v ybiu JbM Dnl. Jj GuuKuu mJ& pclRv Y<, mbmk=l DC Oc& Dv<biv Dhhu mJlb$ DmllJ phmu Dn.
MK cpy b ybiu j^Jo mbkuhv Dlbl hmj nl. l cnCl, `c ybiu Dn. cP Y< ybiu Dn. ybiuoM mbmk=l, mYl, Flnm, pcv, DkM DC nJcv n mJ& ybiuoM箳 j^Jo Ik Dnl.`
JKl Fmuc vcvMCoKu vJnl. kjC hkmlvcOv ynj h[Cm ybiu `HjlJou` Fmuc GuuK UC DlJMk nl. lm ybiu j^Jou yUk kjCm ybiu Enobv cu{l mcJv IC DJMk nl. hjbl l Sk ic nl. ybiuoM DUK kJU ybiu j^Joj cb[u lj ybiuoM Yjllu hƽc ybiuhmv JiU km? cnCv MK cpy DC lb mnkj pj ybiu j^Jou KlhC Iul Dmu lj FmucM lb `DBKcu` uӮ nl. ybiuoM mJlb$ Pu lJn MK cpy hkmlvl ybo nl. 1973 pvJjl ybiuoMu hjluvblj lb YJ mJil Pu. l JU yulv lbv mJl: cmuc Dmu DC ybiuoM ovlu omj mJ&l c cmuc oM Dmu (hnu Fb[vM) pnj ku. cu{箳 kUl `p ybiu` cnCv Dhu Y<C mcjh kjCj cpy Dl Y<Cbl `Ko nHp` cnC uiu nl. n Dm you kJU MK cpybhl c&ol vJnl.
hƽc j^b Dvk Jmnll (Colonies) mJlb$hlj p Ji& J p vl mJj Du lbv hƽcl hjbhju Dvmv ukMn, DOvkl DC Oc&vjh# j^Jo km Oju. ov Ho vl=lJu Pu. Skk[ hjbhjk, JbMk DC O|ck lm GovcK mLvk vlb YTioal vl=lJu `j^dz` vl=lJ cnCv cvl cUu lj omjk[ lb jpkdz DmllJu DC mu mJi=n lm Dbljj^dz mljJj uiuǮ mJk=l cUu. cnCp DOvkl mbkuhvl Sk ypu Oc&vjh#l DC j^Jo, lj omN ypm pldzJo DC oMkl Dm hjmhjJjO mckjC yvu. hjbl l nl Dm k, jpkdz vl=lJ箳 DC mJ&mOjC pvl jpkdz mbmk=ll cnoblj vc&C nl. DM JU jpkdz vl=lJu JOl (Legitimacy) J mJk=l cUJCm mJ&mOjC pvl jpkdz mbmk=lM lUcU IuC DJMk nl. ci mvmj j^dz DC Oc&vjh# jpkjCyjyj O|ck, pldz J blk YJvb jpkjC kjC Dhjn& yvl. DM JOl hlkjl MK cpyv Fmuc ijp Ymu.
yjyj ybiuoMu Fmuc j^bk[v DOk=l cvl cUCn DJMk nl. n DJMkl kJU cmuc Gccl mnYi nChjl c&ol vJnl lj ybiuoM箳 Jkmu DlJMk DmCN hjoM D|Lk colM vi[l nl. kjC coll Djy oMb h^[@um& J c nl. 1974 cO unj L Puu Fmuc j^ mbIv (O.I.C.) MKj hj<ol ybiuoM mcu Pu. hjCc ybiuoMu hkmlv DC Flj Fmuc j^b cvl cUu. ybiuoM箳 FmuckjCl Phv {mUCN Yjl-ybiuoM mbybObn nl nl. YjlJjOlu YJv yU kjCm Fmuc DmclJj Yj oC DJMk nl. hjbl l Jj MJ쮳 uKl kjCl F&u.
MK cpy b nlvblj lb GjOkj yvu DJc ui hkmlvO|pC p vl KW[kj cMlk Dnco. pvl hEy cUJCm lbv FmucO|pC DC YjlJjO DM onj jCvl mJkju DC ybiuoM箳 h{u ov u<kjMnbv n OjC u Ju. j^u GMv kuu . Jn.Jju hnu Y<C mJl cMlk Dncov ymcuu-Gj- jncv-Gj-jnc Dm cnCv ku lj MJ `ybiuoM EPoyo` vj oTv. vJv jpkdz kǮ mJh I<C kjCkjl vJ[Cl Du nl jcPv F&o oJm.
KW[kj b m ku DJI lv cnv. 1975 vJnWyjcO p u<kj GJ Pu ll pvju P-Gj-jncv bv m kyp ku. 1977 SucO Pbv mJl:u j^O# cnCv I<l ku. DC 1978 cO lb j^O# cnCv `jlmj` vJ[ Pu. ii Dm k, hkmlvcO mcjm u<kj GJvblj pvju P-Gu-nk bv m kyp ku nl. P-Gj-jncv lb mO jnCv DC mJs lccU uk nl Dm cu {kwl mbiCl Du. 1981 cO lb nl Pu lJn lbk[ kh[b lv p[bKjp kn D{Uu vn, Dm cnCll. lj MK cpyb nlvblj lb {kwlu Ovcb[ Yilu jnl Ijlv mv c m cUu Dm mbiCl l.
Pb ku Dc pvl hEy cUJCk[ nl. Pbh{ ov G nl. mJl: jpJu Ivlck JOl hl kv IC DC `cpyyo`u Mn cnCv Jkuhk JjOj vc&C kjC. kjl Pbv j^dzlJ箳 JK hvc[C ku DC Fmucu jpkjC DC mcpkjC J ckU kv ou. ybiuoM箳 j^dz DUKu Dl oM箳 Yiuk mcb hjcC uYu. cnCp ybiu j^Jo pi ybiuoM j^Jov Ilu. j^O# cnCv vJ[ nl Pbv ybiuoM j^Jo I<C ku. lb ybiuoM j^Jo JK MK cpyb ybiu j^JoFlkǮ Dmh DC iWOU nl. `DhC mJ& ybiuoM Dnl.` n Yc Dhu Dn. n hC (v) Dhu Dn. n nJ Dhu Dn. J=#Juu Dhu Dnl. DhC n cl DC hC ITv Dhu uiJ[ J{J, DhC pcvǮ km J{J, hCm kuJ ybO, pml lboU DC in hkJ. n Dhuu Dl ku hnp. DhC Dl mj ybiuoM Dnl.` DM YWiU JOv P kjl. lb c=lj m Puu uKl lbv ybiuoM j^Jo箳 p ml Ikb & ku Dn, ll `mJ&Oca vijk` DC `Oc&` ov Ikb DblY&J Dn. ov IkbcOu hjmhjJjO Pb Ovl Du vn, k l pCvypv ou&#u Dn ?
JjJj hnl ybiuoM j^dzlJ箳 mbkuhvl JJi Dm knǮ vJnl. kjC Dbljj^dz jpkjCl j^dzlJ Yiuk (territorial) DC vij (Civic) mbkuhv DJMk Dml. c箳 kUl ybiu j^Jou h, cIv, pcv箳 $kCl Jmuu oM DLa Yiuk hjcC uYu nl. lj ll kJlckl DOk nl. ybiu DmclcU yij ybiu pclR Mv GhmLl Pu nl. l GuuK Jjl Du Dn. ybiuSJp ybiuoM j^dzlJJj Yj oucU l Mv mC Mkwl nl. lm Pu vn n Yi JiU.
ybiuoM j^Jo箳 Y<ll (discourse) Fmuc DblY&l nl. Dvk ybiuoMdzb cl Dm I[C mnpk nl. kjC ybiuoM n cmuc ynmbKkb oM Dn. Fmuc oKu IC n mcpk JmlJu Ov nl. hjbl Mv Fmuc oKu IChjl c&ol vJnl lj ybiuoM箳 jpkjCl DC mcpkjCl Fmuc hvJ&mv kjC nl, Fmucu ybiuoM j^dzlJ cK Ik yvJC nl. FL Sk i u#l Ilu hnp k, P-Gj-jncv J̳kjl Oc&culJJo vJnl. hjbl jpkjCl mvmj Oc& Jhj kjCm lb cUǮ v vJnl. Dhu k&mm Pbv hlMjhC DC ynJO ci&v Fmuc hvmL&hv kjC I Ilu.
ybiuoM j^Jo箳 mbkuhvu Lc Ivlck op& oCl Du. jp Iv cU Myopvvmj ybiuoM vijklJu `ybiu` cnCv mbyOCl Du nl. Pbv Ivoml kv `ybiu`SJp `ybiuoM` Dm you ku. lyjyj Iv mlJvlu (Preamble) `j^dz mJlb$m Slnmk `mbc` (Struggle) n Myopv youv `j^dz mJlb$mǮ Slnmk (war) DM ku. n you kJU Myok vJnl lj `u{` `` Dm vcblj kv llu u<kj Yck DOjKl kjCj nl. lv ybiuoM箳 cmbclu vij pvlv kuu 1950 DC 60 oMklu jpkdz UJUR mnYi cnJ kc kv ku. pvl mJlb$hllu DC l mJlb$ phmC箳 mnYiu viC jJu. Iv DJ kuclu `Oc&vjh#l` Myo Gv kv lSJp `mJ&Mcv` DuuJj hC& Jm DM Myopv ku. lm 12 J kuclv `Oc&vjh#l DC O|ck mJlb$` nn JiUCl Du. mlJvJj `ymcuu-Gj-jncv-Gj-jnc` (`oc, hjc oU` Duu箳 vJ) Dm Myo Iuv mbJOvJj Fmuc jbi {JCl Du.
M#Cn FmuckjC Pu. M#C cb$ul cojm SpkMv y[& mLhv Pu. cojmlu M#Cu mJ&mOjC MUbcOv oCl CN M#Cu mcv jJu iu DC cojmM#l JL祮 JJuv M#Cm JM mkj ku. cmucbv lb J̳k, mcpk, D|Lk DC `Dbljj^dz` pJv Fmuc lJbcC pil J, m Lck DC cOck mljbJj `Fmucl` n J< DvJ& kjCl Du. cojmbv mjkj col cU uiu.
pcl-S-Fmucu O|ck cUJ YjC hjJvi cUu. Jj u<kj DOkj DM cUJbl Yi IT uiu. Pbv mLhv kuu ybiuoM v@Mvum hacO (y. Sv. h.) [Jbyjyj Fmuc ib DC ybiuoM cu{u JjO kjCNb mcJM nl. hjj^dz OjClu cOhJx oMbk[ Pkuu ku mh nl. Djy j^b colv Fmuck vJn|mǮ mLhvn Pu. pcl-S-Fmuc DC Dv Fmuc ibv Sk$lhC Fmuck [c@k ui mLhv ku DC cmuc uiyjyj l kv 1979 mJ&$k vJ[Ck u{Ju.
Pb nlvblj (c 1980) vT cnvbl ybiuoM u<kjcK pvju nmv cnco F&M&o bv m kyp ku DC Flnm hvjJ= Pu. F&M&ov Dhu jpJu mbJOvk JOl cUJCm FmuckjC OjC uӮ Ju DC l mOCm Dhu hJ&mjR ci& Dvmju. lbv ybiuoM j^Jo PbmjKǮ JK ku DC n j^Jo yUk kjCm oM箳 DC mcpk pJv箳 mJ& #$bl Fmuc cub pJl kjC DJMkl Jl&Ju. Pbv `Oc&vjh#lu` mbJOvlv nhj ku nl. Dl F&M&ov DJ Ivomlj Fmucu ybiuoM `j^Oc&` cnCv I<l ku. c$ ybiuoMu `Fmuc plb$` cnCv I<l kjC EkJ Mjl k mJkj kjC hC&hC Uu. Sk ybiuoM DYmk箳 cl kjC ov. Sklj F&M&ov Yjl j< D{Jv I vJnl DC omj cnCp PbcC F&M&on culJJo vJnl. lb mJl: jnC Flk FmucJjO nl k Fmuc plb$l Lc io lb jnCJj Du Dml. Fmucu H `j^Oc祮 op& ouv pcl-S-Fmucmk Fmuchmbo h#bv F&M&ov `{Wi` jJu nl. F&M&ov Lck DC cOck Mu DYmcl Djy Y< M#C DvJ& kjC lv ku l c$ JLv DC yJbv nCv h[u. l Dc pvln mcu Pu. oM箳 ovn u<kjMnb FmuckjC [m pvlv hJu nl, hjbl pJn Djy Y< hv ybiu Y< DC mbmk=lJj DcC Pu lJn c$ ybiuoMdzbv Dhu pi=l ybiu Dmcl Fbi F&M&ov oKJv ou.
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(Sm. D. F. Sm. cnJul jpMm$箳 Ohk J o#C DMF& j^b DYmk)