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ijJnj mbmL mLhv 1954-55 cO cbyF& Jh箳 kn p Ohkbv `Fbjk@upS nkm& kwuy` vJv ku nl. lciu cK jC SJnjmJju 1953 MmJ cnc n nl. M#k J JLcO KUyu klnu, DmL, c J JC vc&C kjC箳 nlv mbmL mLhv ku iu.
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DJ&v kUl ukcv Ukbv i[kuub cvhmv Dk<&C DmJ. 1890 mu lbv Emni[Jj pi Kjo kv lL clǮ J iJl MkjCǮ s ybiu ybOu. 1908 GvnUl lbv `D|kwk nc Fvd o Jopd` n mbMOvbL lL unu. h{ 1915 mu lb `iljnm` cCln lL lj Pu. 1914 mu o. Dk m[v Yjll Duu cnvom kjcbo ibO n ukcvbv Lc 1915 mu Emni[Jj Yu. i[Jj Ukb Mpj nj vjC Dhbn vJmmLv nl. lvpǮ mcOpJU Dmuu lv ml-lcb MU hnv Dhb kuhvJuml kcuoJ- oJuoJ Do h$ pvcu DC lb `G<:ku`, `mӳ&nC`, `i[ Du, hC Emn iu` ipuu Slnmk kobyNb uKC Pu. lbcU Flnm DOj vmuu `Emni[` vJ Glh mbiCj kL, Ijh[ DKƳk, Mujcc n JcJ Do pvcvml KuJj pu. `kmj` mbhok i. J. klkj b vWovmj, lj mY<b ymn Emni[Jj Tv iu nl. ukcvbv 1897 19-20 c jp kuu jpi[Jjn pC ku. l `hblmƮJ` ohljv vWoJuu JC&v Kh cvjbpk DC GodyOkn Dn. hC JmljYmlJ l FL oC cn Ul Dn. 1895 hmv ukcvbv ji[Jju MJmcO pCxj DC J|<k MJpvclmJ kcln h{kj Ilu. Dhu Dv Dvk kcb IF&ioaln DO jJuvmj l DC MJjchbl hjbph 1896 14 Su箳 j$ kn Mk[b pcJmn hl cMuR kMl ji[ {u. 15 Su Gp[uhmv Dp cnj^Yj nCN MJpvclmJ hnu cnl&c{ lbv lL ocKl jJu DC lmbi kuu Y<Clu- `oM o|Y# DC jijF&v ibpu Dn, oM n ji Fbp iuMJ yj nCj vnl,` Godijbm o[ J<祮 mcpjǮ M#n Dvbov mJkju. lvblj 1900 DC 1906 ov mun ukcv ji[ {v MJpvclmJl mnYi Pu箳 vWo D{Ull. Dp ji[ lL : mJ& i[b hLhl DC Emni[箳 lj kuC ojJphl i[ hnll, hC l pv kU cuvd cub JnJ vmuu, kkb ci& J {b hh n SkcJ ci& nl. hC ukcvb DC Dv oiipb MJc lL i[b Dk<&C mJl: DuMv i[, Mmkdz phm, nuk@hm&, jhJ, ljbkl n@u Jv D[v jnJ, Flk yi[ vJnl. n mj lm l kU箳 h&YcJj i&jnC cv. hC lln n DCK Sk JiU GuuK- cn<a DCCmny kJx kkCl c[pJU 1858 mu pvcu. J箳 ljJ J<a Jn.H. cnCp cj mlJǮ hj# lbv mlj L J uiu. lm l mǮ kCl I {u, n ijc$bvǮ DUKJ.
Sk [kj cnCv cnj^l DC Yjlln i&jnC yp hju iu l c$ JmJ Mlk箳 GjO&l. Sk sbo cnCv i&jnC hnu hUC p DuhmcO nuu, l hƽc jhcOu cB yubk (15419`) n mJx MKj Lc Sk hpKlj cFku h@k[&- p@kwJm yuc p[v 1786 8 D@imu {u. Yjldz hlUJj n Lc pl- `[v mku` nu[mdJL& DC c|v Fbp mkucmm& h[l lj Puu iouEmi bk[; p 1951 mu i{JucOu 23360` GbǮ $MU ncMKj {u. i&jnCm cnj^lv ncul Lc pC cv cbyF& Sk m@umj kk yvM v hkJu. l 1951 mu vPub[ cncyjyj Lc i{JucO iu DC 1956 mJl: s cncl l $MU MKjn {u. cnj^lub i&jnC cbyF&l yUmb Ojl Dmlv m ibO, h{ jpl cb$- JoM Jku- mkwkc jphu Do ho Y<Juu nc lujKv Do hjMb iovn `hvDEji` mJh nl.
Yjllu i&jnCu Kj uv cUu l c$ 1953 hnu SJnjm Jpl lvEPi vkx n Yjldz MKjjnk nl lcU! hjCc J<&Yjl hblOv vnb h{kjv o|pEui `ncuv cTbvDEji Fvm` mLhu iu. mbmL hnu vmh@u cpj vbo pu b mnYil D@[Jnvm km&cO JLv Dy icv (24130`), kc (25447`) Do MKjbJj Lc ljbi H[kJu. lhk Gbl pilu D cbk箳 ` D` (26630`- 8153 cm&) Jj, 1958 cnc vl=lJ kk yvMk[ nl. ll cpj vbo pu 18000` GbǮ k@chJj DlLkJ- vcv yU ju. hC 15 c jp mkwkc mvc i@lm DC Mh& hmbi oJ uc bv MKjcL iv Yjldzb KlJj `h=LJǮ lmj O=J` Clu hnu MKj vWoJu. cnj^dz箳 vl=lJcU cnc M cjcU JC&v `i[ Du, hC Emn iu` Dm kjJ uiu. l箳 hjmkjm v|cuu mclv h{ 1960 hnu Yjldz SJnjm cnc hjmkj lL Dpv ku DC 1961 mu `Fb[v cTbvDEji HTb[Mv` n mbmLhn Ilu, p mJ&Ok kk yvM cbyF&kjk[ pl. Kjb lj cnc hJ&lj DC i&jnClu SkC DvYJ Do kmbJj hnu Yjldz SJnjm cnc vl=lJ l箳k[ pC i ju Dml, hC l kJU kC Glc mvOkNk[ mhJ Sk DvƮl L lJnhmv h[u iu.
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1896 14-15 Su jp MJpvclmJ箳 MYjbYm ji[ {uJj cnvYjl ukcv jpi[n {u. EnoJ mJjpcboj箳 kUm cv ji[u uYu Dmu lj l Ykwkc h jpi[v jJu, n mj oi&c$ pCll. Dm Dmvn jpi[ lm Gh#l, ou&#l DC cnCv ovJmLl jnu Dn. mbmLv Kum nF&hl jpi[ Yj yC mbmLvl hbl mƮJb cukl nl. lb ohljlu 1897 c[ kioh$l Iv GuuK D{Ul. hnu h$l Uk jpi[Jj pTv Du lyu ccuoj jcjJ E$yk b kjlv jpi[箳 nJuoju- `Fk[u hjJviMJ ukC pT vl. kuh yboyml Dmln j. j. yUp ibiOj Uk kuu hnnC iu,` Myobl py Jju iu. lJj nJuoj mcp jCp b Kum Dm- `mojn Fmc yUJbljJ Uk ljK 19 cn c jp 12 Jpl jmlC huǮ ypӮ ojJpC Du. Dcn nk cv Jju k, lcn kC Cj? lj lcn luk hjJviv Du EkJ vn, km Du? lbv mbilu k, Dcn yUJbljJ Uk, Dcnm hjJvi uil Dm cnl vn. Dl 12 Jpl KC JU pnu Dn. lcn oKuKjp T v ou lj Dcn yCbv km kjJ? ci l Jj Du. lb ckwkc Sk j$ nl. ljK 20 c jp mkU huǮ jmlv l Glv iu. yjyj cb[U omj yC ov, yij ov SkC Fmc h Dmc nl. l ojJp oJm Ku Dml. Dml cCm kuh uJv ybo kjl. Dcnm uC kn cnl Jju vn. H oJoM&vm Du Dn Dm yuu. kUJ ljK 8 cn pv mv 1897.` hnu KuMv hblmƮJ mjkj mcOv v Puv nJuojv KuM omj h$ O[u... `mojn n c vJ DmucU l injJJmL nTv mjkjm ji F&u Dm mcpv Dcn kuJj Ilu.` ivyu nJuoju mJlv llhjl y[lH& ku iu.
JM<l: hƽc cnj^u mǮ mVO DC lln DmbK i[kuub ijJmho Jjm uYuv lL [WijoNbl Ghpl Dk<&C nl. lbhk Dvkb ijc i[kuub JNbhjl c&ol v jnl lbv SkC mǮ DC h{ ncun Om Ilu. 1954 mu lu mbmLlck Dkj oCl Dvbo bokj, Jn. y. kcl, cU, cbpjkj Do Ohkb DC oJC DjjbmjK Dvb mbIl h{kj nl. lb lvbcU 1962 mu `y@cy vJn|m nkm& D@C[ cTbvDm& mm` DmllJl Du DC lyjyj pb M#k-JLa vlv JhM mbybO Gju vJnl, DMb mnYi Mkw JnJ m `Fbjk@upS nkm& kwuy` hblj `ijJnj` mJ&mcJMk mbmLl ku iu. mmu Jhk[v c pi DC kcv D|Lk hyU uYuv mǮ JiJiU Yil ^kwm Dpl kjlv lm DJMk DM `mJnx D@H Fb[` lhMuJj vkMb mb, nculu i&jnCm FkwJhcW lL mboY&mnl KjoC Mkw Pu. mmǮ kvnjpJU mJl: j@k kwuFbEyi kmxm m ku. mmv DO nculu i&jnC M#CmbmLbl Dhu mom MkCm hJu. c$, 1964 hmv cvuǮ Jmv& ncuv i&jnC mbmL mnk&v Dhu M#k- JLm mJl: kmxm Dpl kjC m ku. 1967 mu lj mmv Gj kMǮ vn i&jnC mbmL mnk&v ibi$- ljbi ncvbl YijL MKjb hjmjl Dhu D@[Jnvm km&n hj h[u. JhcU mmu mJmlj J|<k J=vl m kjC Mkw Pu. ll J<&Yjlu nFkwm- ^kwm- nculu kmxm b lhMu Dv uKbmn m nT uiu. GonjCL&- mmǮ 1963-64 J|<kl `o m FvJnFmd ` uKmyl ^kwmm i DM kcv 34 mLUb mJiC cnl oCj l DC o#Cj hmjuu mc mǮ lL l箳 mJ& D[J-l[J GhMKb lhMuJj vkM Lc m Pu. l OlaJj h{u J|<kl mǮ JYiJj hj oCj uK DC myl `mJnx D@H Fb[` DOj, hC i&jnkbm Km yvJuu vkM m nT uiu. lhk 1966-68 J|<klu `vC- cUMp l YcMbkj` mJju uK DC myl vkM p%m ijc$bv DJM hnJ. l Ƭ DC lvb hjCll h{ 1977 mu `o cTbvDm&` mbmL `^k o m` DC 1995 mu `bi EPij ^km&` cjl `mbil mǮ` lL Fbpl `o m kbh@vDv` n mboY&mnl m Pu.
mǮ [WijoNbl Yklv Dvkb cvl ncu mJhv ljUC mJYJk nl. 1965 hl ncul ymk DC D@[Jnvm kmxm kuub mb pc uiu DC ijJnjv i{Ju nculu nvcv (19930`) lJj {u v iuu MKjJj Dhu cnc MmJ ku. cbyF&-cnj^lv mbmLlHx mbIl Puu l nculu hnuǮ i&jnC cnc 1966 c-pvcO . Dvbobokj b vl=lJKu hj h[u DC Lc mbmLlck m- ncu {u. lvblj kUl m lL ncul i&jnCm cbyF&-hCmn SkC cnj^l JJO mbmL kM k&jl Pu, ijJnj cncl Go kUJCkjv 1988 mu kbivpbiJj 8400 cm& Jc Gb kM iu, $<kM oJ箳 vl=lJKu hC箳 mjW JnC箳 hl 1998 18 c jp mJx SJnjmJj hnu cj hJu kM Gcu, DC lC cj pv mljjnC vJvJ lb$%v Dlcml kv mǮ Gj kJju `lbi`mjK mUkwhmv l YJlc njbi[箳 kkCk[hl Dvkb GY Dnbkj lj km pjJu, l `yk Flnm` mj m% pCll. l ijc$m JiU mbiC vui.
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