jJJj 11 mhWyj 2005
mbmk=l
mkv Di
iChl J l Jnv c<k
iChlyhh lbou Ov n Dp ukl kUm iuu oJmJh Dn.hCSJ{ Jpvoj on n oJ cP Jnv Gboj Dn, Dm k mbil? l SJ{m hku C iChlǮ Jnv Dn k c$, k mLoj k Ekkj- cnCp om, iuc k lv Ʈj[v vv kuu SKo ol J Dmj?

iChlyhh lbou Ov n Dp ukl kUm iuu oJmJh Dn. l nǮ mW[mk Dmuu, Yu Lju kvb, hC jlvp[l ck OjC kuu `Jlb[` cmlk, j nl, ubyoj Dm h YJkbv YjU Iul. yUihUbv pm l jPJl, lm Flnmkjbv kJln. c|lkjbv cnJl DC mcpMm$%bv k[ Iul; hC SkC mJv v l kjCv YJl.
mJv D& Jl l iǮ k, SJ{ Jpvoj on n oJ cP Jnv Gboj Dn, Dm k mbil? l SJ{m hku C iChlǮ Jnv Dn k c$, k mLoj k Ekkj- cnCp om, iuc k lv Ʈj[v vv kuu SKo ol J Dmj?
yyl v J*ddcl Dvk kC, kn JU mjm DC clkjk JCN kL, DKƳk Dnl, lm lcOv kn mbYJ `Slnmk`, `lLhC&` Dmn kn [kJ Mku DMn cnl Dn. lJn DM mboY祮 svvlv J kn luu mboY&-oJ p[v iUyjp cnCv k nl uil J mmbil, SkmbO Dm cnlǮ Ʈ$ GY jn Mkl k l hnC n Sk lv. L H l箳 `c<k` Jnvhjl Jj Dn.
iChl n oJl cnCv m hJ uiu l F. m. L Mlkvblj. lhJa MJmn k|lk- iChlǮ c YT n uk nl J lu ypu mv yoJl iCM ukl J{m uiu. n JiU kjC Dnl.
iCMv c<kmj olu Dhu Jnv yvJu J l `c<kJnv` vJv Kl Pu, Dm oJkM mbil. (Kb[ 1, h=. 23)`iChlLJ&M<&`-cO iChlu `c<kOJp` Dm cnu Dn. cnCp iChlǮ OJpJj Dmuu c<k-Ʈvn n l cK DUK nl. iChlǮ pJn clakjC Pu lJn OJpJj n c<k clahl l Jnv yvu l Dplil. lhJa l Jnv cj nl, n l cj, cjM, cjj F. vJ mbilu J n Jnv lu l vJ= nCj YT k|lk 箳k[v cUu DmJ.
Jnv yvC DL& DOv, Dbkl, MjCLa Dm EkJ om, iuc DLJ hjYl J vM kuu cK, yU M$ Dm nl. (omj DL& hklck, Go. iCM n mӳ& J c<k n DbOj- kJU kJlck, Kiudz, lJk- DOlck J UƮvn Dmn ui Mkll.) Go. y oJlbv Enob cK oJ Dhu Jnv yvJu Dnl. n mo iChlun cUuu oml. `ly`cOu `cnku` hKu iCM DM cla Dn EkJ cbp vck yoJlv cnCp yOmlJv iCMu Ku oyv ku Dn, DMn MUcla ybiucO mh[u Dnl. Jv y kUhJahl hjpl J Dbkl Puu pclǮ lvOu J Ʈvnu Jnv yvJu pF& Dm oml. lJn c<k iChlǮ Jnv Pu lhJahl c<k mJlb$ nl. n `c<k` kC nl?
iCMhjCl yu ov kL ou Dnl-
hJa `Q` vJ `ibOJ&` FbmYl JJjl Dml JcoJ $<Rv l uL uiu. lJn `l Y uk c<k nMu` $<Mhvmj l Q ibOJ& c<khv hjMj $<R Dcl DJlC& Pu J lL lv hoL& kjl[Cm mJl ku. lJn hjMjv Jliv iCMu Jvbl ku- ci iCMv l c<kJj (vi) hM ku J `Dphmv l cP Jnv nMu` Dm lu Mh ou EkJ l箳 FsJv lu Dhu Jnv yvJu. Jv Q ibOJ& n c<k.
omj kL mYj $<R Dn. $<R cvc vck hlvǮ Q vJ箳 o ibOJ&v JvYbi ku, lJn mYjR Mhv l ibOJ& Lc c<k Pu J vblj G:Mhv h{ hjil, hjMjb cvmh$ p ipvv, l Jnv Pu.
ipvv n hjMj cvmh$ Pu nl l Dm-
Y=i JCǮ h$ JjC jp yuk j#mbv hUJu Dml ijǮ Mb[Oj nmlcK yuk JƮ$ h Dmuv JjCk[ Ju pl. l yuku DjCl vTv ku pl, l hjMj $<R DcpJU. hjMj l yuku Ij DCv l huvh<C kjll, cnCv l ipvv hjMjb cvmh$ Pu Dn.
Jju ovn kLbcOu h{ Mhv c<k Puu `Q` n `ibOJ&` kC J kC oMǮ DmJ? v J*ddcvmj ncuv hJ&ljpl J huk[ `ibOJ&uk` nl. EmO vohuk[ `ibOj` oM cnCp `ibOJ&h` Dm v mLukMl ou Dn. ncu h$ cvk J cvk h$ `Q` n hJ&l. k|lkv `Q` hJ&l JojC kv, `QjbO` yvJv lL uhuu yCmju MOv l JO ku kL Dn. (cnYjl) k|lk vJ=vblj vJmmLv Q hJ&l n nl. kum hJ&l箳 Gju n Dmv ll `cvmMu` n k[ nl J `QjbO`lv h#iC Gjm pl Dml. (J. jcC) kuom箳 `cIol`vmj `QjbO` EK[lv cvm mjJjlu jpnbm YjlJ<&l l. `Q` h# n `vm` Sk pl. (mjmh# JiU pl. v j$kMvmj njJbMl `mjm` vck o jpv `Qhj` vij mLhu nl Dm GuuK Dn!) J `Q`n mLubljl h# (miaoy bid) pLv l-pl, l YoM cnCp Q ibOJ& oM J oMn. (ck. hjC J y=nldmbnlvmj `Q` oM nl.) lJn Q n ncu箳 hƽc jbibcOu Sk GhhJ&l nl SJ{ vƽl cnCl F&u. (n ncuv Q hJ&l J Qh (cO DM?) n ovn JiU mLv nl.)
k=lil kMhh$ iCM-Jvk J (cnlk) v (EmnJnv J oMYp) oJblk J vjblk b vM ku. (vblj $lil) iCMv cjM (DLJ cjj) DJljl c<kmj ol JO ku. (iCMlh hLbL) iCM uuc=lln Dm GuuK Dn. lm l $lil MJh$ cjj v EmO Dmj JO ku Dm iCMkMl l. n cjj mn nlb Dmv l Jnv cj nl. iChlǮ j DJlj cvu Dnl, l Dm-
DJljk&
k=lil kMhh$ cnlk / iCM - Jvk (on nl) Jnv - Emn oJblk, vjblk vM
$lil MJh$ cjj / iCM (mn nl) Jnv - cj EmODmj vM
hjil MJh$ ipvv / iCM (j nl) Jnv- c<k Emojmj vM
kuil? Ockl (ov nl) Jnv - I[ J c<k --
Jju mboY&Jv oml k cjjv `EmO` Dmj lm c<kmjn JO cK DJljk& cnCv ku Dn. lJn EmO Dmj n `c<kmj DmC Mkwl Dn k? J `EmO`u vcJv l `c<k Jnv` yvJuJj EmOjmj vM h{ ipvv DJljl ku iu k? Q ibOJ&, EmO J c<kmj b uiybO MO ium klnupvk cnl nl uil.
cLu oMl `ib[k` vijǮ jp hC J jC G ochlv Dhu iY&mL J $v$, DllpmJ Dm yuk mcl m[v ou. lcU mcn M<k nT uiu. `EmO` vJ箳 Dmj yukv J<CuoKu l vcJu. lJn J<Ck[v lu cUuu Jjvmj J<Cmn mJ& oJbv `EmO` vijl jnJ Dm ju. Mnjybo J vpjkocU oJ $mu,lJn iCMv `cjj` cnCv hvjJlj Ilu. lJn mJ& olbv JJO h ITv lu cjC lv ku. i=Omj, c<kmj, cp&jmj, Dpijmj, kcumj, MuYmj Flo Dvk hb o iCMhjCv ou Dn. DKj cjjv `EmO` Dmju j ku. hjbl lvblj iCM Jnv c<k-Gboj Pu, DL& l c<kmj mJcO yu{ M$ Dmu hnp, n GI[ Dn. c<kmj JO cjM (cjj) DJlj OjC kv iCMv ku Dm kLYi `iCMlh` bLl Dn.
Jju mboY&Jv oml k `EmO` Dmj n c<kmj Dmu hnp. DCK Sk k JOvm myU hjJ oKu k Mkl J l Yiuk k Dn.
EmOmJj ukmcnb GuuK v J*dclv p[v ku ku Dn. (. . kM). n ukmcn EmO voǮ hƽc ljǮ vJm nl. (mJj cnCp Myh$ myj jp. EkJ `Jhu` nn jp- cnYjl. EmOjp pL n EmO, mJj, My mJ祮 jp nl J n uk kjJh#箳 ypv u{u nl. (c.Y.) n `EmO` uk Gj EmO blcOu c<k pvho uk nl. Gj EmO oMl `yunk` oM Dn. cnCp DOvk `yuK` bl. n `yuK` bl cnCp `cncus` hJx y@kw^ oM DmJ, Dm [. m. mjkj DOkj, Jv DYmk cl Dn. oMu mc kv<k箳 kU箳 DOn (F.m.h. 6 J Mlk) c<k J c=<k/c<k pvho oM Dm vJ nl. c<kb GuuK c. Y. Y<chJ&l Du Dn.
yOv Oc&m$l `EmO` ukmcnm `cus` DC DhJ$ cvu Dn Dm v j$kM mbil.
EmO-mJj oMb jp cnCv `jniC` n GuuK l, k v DhC nTv Jvc nTv iChl hlkju. (. j$ kM.)
Fchju i@P D@umcO (1909) Gj EmO hjmjl `cmkl` vJ Sk mLv oKJu Dn. kEvin@cv `Dhj EmO` oM箳 jpOvǮ Mnj `cmkv` Dm mbilu Dn.
v j$kMl DM cnl l k, DukwPb[j YjlJju DcCvblj hjlǮ Jml EmO J Ʈvy vb mbicoMvblj l hƽck[ `DukwPb[^`l Mju. lL cnCp Gj EmObll l JU `cƮkC&` vJ pvho nl J lbM l `jk` vijl u{F& Pu. DuyvǮ cl EmO-mJj hk mJj cnCp culv, PuJj oM `jJ` (j̪k) n mJjb jpOv nl.
DYmkb cl n `c<k` pvho uk DmJl J DOvk `jj` clu `Djj` Jml lbǮ DmJ. (L `Djj` D[vJ DJC l) b Jml `J#` vok nl. (c$ `J#` vooM cnCp o. jMlu lpkmlv) @ucǮ cl n `v-y@kw^v` mcp nl.
[@. Yb[jkj b cl, @ucv JC&v kuu `cmhu` n `c<k` 箳b cK kC nl. lJn `c<k` cnCp ij kjCN ukb U. (cU mbmk=l cmd cnCp jC) ij cnCp (mcJju) pnp uC Obo.
. D. p. kjbokj b cl c<k pvho uk iCMhpk nl. lb ij J DOpJ DmC, Jv l llhJa mkbo k|lkn Y DmC Mkwl Dn. kjC k|lk n j, ub DjO oJl nl. lvblj l `cj` iCMk[ Du DmJ. (iCMhjCl iCM cnJ J{JCm, k|lku iCMv l cj hjl ou, lm k|lk vJ `cjj` Ju Dm Gu kmm ou Dn.)
Jju mJ& mboYcOv mbil uJuJj Dm u#l F&u, k iCM-cjj v `EmO` yU ol JO ku J cnCp lv `c<kb`v vcJu J cnCv h{ iCM-ipvv DJljcO l cK DUK Lc `c<kOJp` n J ci `c<kJnv ipvv` DM Pu!
iJ&CkMvmj, mbmk=lcO Gboj m `DK:` n Myo Dn J l Flj DL& Jjn, j, koU nn Dnl J n j Myo `pcv hKjCNbm` Dnl! lm DK: cnCp pcvǮ hl uhCj Div J cnCv `DKklv` DM mb% Div, bvn Dn. iCMun `DKklv` cnCl F&u. EmOjp pL OJp Jjn Ʈvnbkl nl, nn mӮk Dn, hjbl DOk J JiU Jj kjJ uiu.