mcJj 17 D@kwyj 2005

vJ mnkl yBEki Gi DJnvb GbyjJj GY Dn. yBkbv vb$l JJmLk[v mJvb$l JJmLl kc kjJ uiCj Dn. mhOx PbPJll JJmJ=, JJmJ=lv vH#cl J vH#cllv DmllJ kJC yBkbv chl Dn. DJnvbmcj H m#c yBk kCj Dnl. yBkb DmllJǮ n u{F& DmCj Dn.
vJ mnklu hnu 25 J<lu Yjldz yBEki Gi Ju kM Dmu n jJC cnCp Sk kj YJ< JO ICmjK Dn. DL&l, ciu oMkbcOu yBEki Gi Ju, ll Puu hjJl&v J cylv ilcv nl uuu D|Lk mOjCb Ƭ b mkuv Jj kv YJ kUlu yBEki Gi箳 Juyu kn vƽl Dvcv kjC kJU Mkw vn, lj DJMkn Dn.
`Fb[ Jnpv 2020` vmj Dic kUl SkC j^dz Glhov箳 luvl 207 oMbhk mO 11 J mLvJj DmCj Yjl 4 L mLvhl il kju. Yjl mLlblj kv GlhV ilv G cOc GlhV il nF&u. lm Yjlu h{u kUl Dhu j^dz Glhov箳 Jil 8.50 l 9.00 lMl Dm mll JJ uiu. kuJOl, Yjl 130 kR ukmbK n DOk M#l, DjihC& J mbhV Dmu. SkC ukmbK mO 28 lMl Dmuu Mnj ukmbK cC kuJOl 40 lMl nF&u. pilu ynmbK oMbl p vijkb J{l J lCb Il cC mcm Dmlv Yjll c$ pilu pmll pml lC ukmbK Dmu. GhpJkm mO MlJj DJubyv DmCj mcj 67 lMl ukmbK kuJOl 40 lMl nF&u. unv J cOc Dkj箳 Gib (Sm. Sc. F&.) jpijv|clǮ #cl lm Yb[Ju J Glhov mǮ lb Dvku iCj u#l Il, Dic kUl SkC j^dz Glhovl cnJhC& iov oCj Ik cnCv #$ Jiv Go nF&u. mO Dbljj^dz Jhjlu Yjl nmm H 1.00 lMl Dn. mO Yjldz v&lǮ SkC j^dz Glhov箳 H 15.00 lMl DmCj cC Dic kUl 35.00 lMl nF&u.
L[kwl `Fb[ Jnpv 2020` vmj kUlu Yjl n Glmn, Gpkl J DOvkl bv jmjmuu Sk Jkml oM Dmu. 10 J hbJ|<k pv cmvmj 2010 muhl Yjl SkC j^dz Glhov n mcj 61.40 uK k hb Dmu. kUlu Yjldz DL&JJmL n ciC J hjJ lJJj uCj lm Glhok J mhO&lck Dmu. m oMu Sk JJOhC&, k&#c J uJƮk DM D|Lk #$ ijp Ymu. SkC j^dz JJnjb 80 lMl D|Lk JJnj k&vJl kjCj yBEki Gi J D|Lk #$ Sk cnJhC& Ik Dmu. Glk= hYl mJmJO vc&C kjCm JJO #$b mO D|Lk ijp n mcj 12 uK k hb Dmu. JJO DL&mbmL J yBk b DM kj DL&hjJ kjC #cl n H 1.20 uK k hbhl c&ol Dn.
yBEki Gilu hjJl&v :
yBEki Gilu hnu Slnmk hjJl&v 1969 cO j^dzkjC箳 hv Du. j^dzkjCvblj oM箳 kvkhNl mJ&oj yBkb MK- Jmlj Pu. k=< #$, GIGi, kji J D|Lk oy&u Ik bv Dcv JhjJ nT uiu. DM kj mcpk hjJl&v箳 jClv yBEki Gi y=nod Jmlj Pu.
yBEki Gil omj cnJhC& hjJl&v 1990 oMkl Du. Yjldz DL&JJmL Ku kjCm kW mjkjv DvkJO jvlck D|Lk mOjC k&vJl ku. DL&JJmL kC DmCN yBEki GiJj youb ojic hjCc Pu J yBEki nj-cnj youu.
GojkjC, vpkjC J JJhkjC箳 JiJv ƬcU yBEki Gil lb$%v pC JmH Pu. nk箳 mJ&YclJ vJ kuhv Gom Du. yBkbcO lJ lmhO& vc&C Pu. ojcv, jPJn& yBkv Dhu vb$C Gjj kc kjl yBkbv DOkOk mJl oC OjC Dbikju. yBkbv J J kp&m Dhu Jpoj vƽl kjC mJlb$ cUu. lcU mhOx lJl DOk J{u. Flk J<x Sk mbj#l JlJjCcO Dmuu yBEki Gi DvkhC Sk DvUK DM mhO&lck, Ku J JJmƳk JlJjCu mcj iu J Dhu DbiYl mJ&mcJMklv n hjJl&vn yBEki Giv kJU mJkju vn lj ynlbM Dlcmln ku. Dbljj^dz hlUJju cvob[b mJkj kucU GlhV-vƽl, Dvlhok kpJju ljlo, nMy-hl, Yb[Ju J mJvO b h&hll lm mjkj iblJCkǮ JiakjC J lJju ImN箳 ljlo yyl kj vk< DmllJl Du. lcU yBkb nMy-h$k DOkOk hjoM&k Pu. vb$l JJmLk[v mJvb$l JJmLl yBkbv h{u kUl kc kjJ uiCj Dn. lJ lmhOx PbPJll JJmJ=, JJmJ=lv vH#cl J vH#cllv DmllJ kJC yBkbv chl Dn. hjbl vJ mnkl yBEki Gi nvn lJ mJh箳 DJnvb GbyjJj GY Dn. vJ DJnvbmcj H m#c yBk kCj Dnl. yBkb DmllJǮ n u{F& DmCj Dn.
vJ mnklu vJ DJnv
vJ mnkl yBkbmcj DvkJO DJnvbyjyj JJm箳 Dhjcl mbOn DmCj Dnl. kuvh, Dhu k&Mul, JjMul, lb$%vl, JJmƳk Jnjvl J JJmLhv箳 m#cll you kjCN yBk Dhu DmllJ kJ MkCj Dnl. pKc vb$C箳 (jmk c@vpcW) hjbhjk jv kuy v yBkbv DOk mpilv pKc vb$C箳 vJ jv vc&C kjJ uilu. lm JJO kj pKc (jmk) IJ uilu. DM kj pCJhJ&k, vb$l pKc ICN J pKcR mi JJmLhv kjCN yBk YJ<kUl MmJ jlu. pKc v ICN DLJ lb mi JJmLhv v kjCN yBkb DmllJ Okwl F&u.
kUl Dvk vJv Kmi Yjldz yBkb Go Pu J Dvk hjoM yBkbv Yjll Cm lv m ku. yBk DlOvk lb$%v ITv Du. lcU [ k[&md, [y k[&md, mc& k[&md, uyBEki, Jy-yBEki, nc-yBEki, S..Sc. yBEki DM lb$%vJj DOjl DlOvk J nkYcK mJ-mJO GhuyO Pu. nk kWmLv Du. mJ-mJObcO nk箳 ijpbvmj JJO l uu. vJv nk cUJC, Dnl l kJC J lbv pmll pml mJ-mJO kcl kc ojl hjJC m pyjoml mhO& vc&C Pu.
YJ kUl yBkb JJmƳk iCJ J m#cl lbv Dbikjuu J Jmljuu DOvk lb$%vJj J ojmbj mOvbJj kJU DJubyv Dmu. mO yBkb lb$%vlu iblJCk lb SkC GlhV箳 H 1.00 lMl Dn. Dcjklu n cC 7.00 lMl Dn. Dic kUl yBk lb$%vJju K&l c cCl iblJCk kjlu. lb$%v箳 J{l mcL&Jj yBk Dhu MKJmlj箳 J cvJ mbmOvb klk hv DOk JJm k Mklu. lb$%vcU yBkb mbhC& vC&-Ƭl Jmckjk JJmƳkl, Ji J iCJ F&u. Jn&Du yBEki vJv i u nF&u. c$ lb$%vcU yBkb hjbhjk MKb mbKl I nC Dpyl Mkwl vn. Ekynv, oM Kb[ Jmlj J yBEki mJ-mJObJjnl Dvk ojmL Yi u#l Il yBkb MKb mbK J{CǮ Mkwl DOk Dn. DcjkmjK il oMlm n DvYJ Dn. lb$%vcU nku GhuyO DmCN mJ-mJOb Jmlj nTv lbl kcuǮ JJO F&u. lb$%v箳 Jmljyjyj jKǮ JJnj Il plu. jDu F&c @m mucW (Dj..p.Sm.) J Fukw^@vkwm Hb[ ^vmHm&cU (F&.SH..) h{u kUl koƮl k J [cb[ [^Hwn kuy nlu. Jp, hC, ojOJv, kj, Glhov J mJ-mJOb cu, vJ\ki Dmuu JJO mbiCk/ Fukw^@vkwm i@pmd cOclv nk Dhu Klblv mbybOlb Kll pc k Mku. lcU DL&JJmLlu jK uv ijpn kn cCl kc nF&u.
yBEki Gilu nk mJ&YclJ
Dic kUl yBEki箳 hjbhjk mJ-mJObcO Dcu you nlu. yBk GlhV JJO l Ghil DCv JJmJ= kjlu. J mbkuv, kp& JljC, Fukw^@vk hcW ck@vPc, D|Lk ypjlu JJO iblJCkRhmv kCln kj D|Lk DLJ D|Lk #$M vi[l Glhov J mJ-mJO hjJCN cnk D|Lk mbmL (HvvMDu mhj ckxmd/ kiucjmd) DmllJl lu. FvMjvm, n@mh@u, jPc DM kj JJO #$bl kc kjCN mbmL J yBk bn YJ kUl Sk$kjC nTv JJO kj mJ-mJO Sk slKu GhuyO nlu.
Dic kUl lb$%v h&hl Jhj J c cClu JJnj kv yBk K& YJ vb$C kjlu J Dhu vH#cl J{Jlu. J J kp&JljC Jju Jpoj YJ kUl pj Dbljj^dz hlUhl hnu vnl lj ll mhO&lck khl nF&u. JRJju Jpoj mcj 2.5 lMl l j lMl J kp&Jju Jpoj mcj mn l ml lMl hlUJj mLj nlu, DM Dh# Dn.
YJ kUlu nk mJ& youb kWmLv Dmu. Glhov J mJ-mJO b v|cl J JljC nkb ijpbvmj Dmu. nkbyjyj Dmuu vk mbybOlv nkbv DOkOk mJ-mJO hjJu plu. n Jn@u kmcj, uF&H Fc Jn@u D@H kmcj, juMvMh ckxEi, @m mEui DM DvkJO kuhvblv JhCv Dc youlu. cnJhC& nkbv lb ijpbvmj Dbljj^dz op& mJ-mJO GhuyO nlu. nkb hjcmbl<m GlhV J Glhov K&lu HjkFlk vH cUJC (@H- jJnv-k@m) Dhu k&Mu youv yBkbv GlhV J vH b HjkFlk Dhu Glhov K& vb$l kjJ uiu. (k@m= jJnv= @H) Jpojlu mhOxyjyj JJO iCJhC& mJ-mJO Jljl kv JpMJ Flj GlhV箳 llv vH #cl J{JCJj yBkb Yj Dmu. L[kwl, nk n mJ& Dmu, mJ&lhj Dmu, mJ&Mcv Dmu.
yBEki Gilu %vOl cvJ Yb[Ju :
Dic kUl cvJ mbmOvbv DJil DmCj GhuyO kMu kuy nlu. DOvk lb$%vb mi Ghi kjCm lbv vJvJv kMu Dlcml kjJ uilu. lbv Dhu JjMul J Jl&vMul Dcu you kjJ uiu. vJ %v J kMu ov kjCm yBkbv c cCJj M#C JJmL kjJ uiu. yBEki #$lu lnnl mJ kuhv kuy nTv kc箳 uJƮk JU, kb$ kckp hl (p@y mhmHk k@v^@kwmd) ynJO kMu kc, bmjK vJvJv kuhv DmllJl lu. lm iCJvmj Jlv vJ jv DmllJl F&u. JJO #$lu %v J kMu DmCN yJblbm yBEki Gil muumJ DvkJO mbO GhuyO nlu. Skbojl, yBkbv %vOl cvJ Yb[Ju vJv v|cl kjCm b[ Kh kjJ uiu. lLh, Dhu Yiuk Jmlj, ukmbK J cvmkl u#l Il Dhuk[ cvJJjnl yBEki (hhuum yBEki) C Dpyl Mkwl vn. lb$%vl kln mOjC Pu lj cvJ %u l h& Mkl vn.
yBEki Gilu vJ jvhJ&
JJkhC& cvob[bvmj h&hl Yb[Ju J mJvO hl kjCl J JJmJ= kv vH#cl cUJCl MmJ nCN yBk h{u kUl DmllJl jnlu. h&YcJj, Dk&#c yBkb Ju nF&u DLJ lb DOnC nF&u. kn m#c yBkb Sk$kjC nTv Dbljj^dz mhOxu lW[ oT MkC #cl DmCN c yBk DmllJl lu. lLh Dhu oM b[ Yiuk Jmlj, D|Lk Jkm mclu J JJO #$b J{l D|Lk ijp u#l Il oMlu D|Lk lb JJkhC& JljC kjC c DJnv Dhumcj Dmu. lm mLvk mljJju unv yBk, oM mljJju cOc Dkj箳 oMk yBk, j^dz mljJju vJ[k c yBk J Dbljj^dz mljJju cpkw cnk yBk DM yBEki Gi Dic kUlu jv Dmu. c$, DlOvk lb$%v Jhj kv vJ\kij mLvk hlUJju nkuoKu Dbljj^dz op& mJ-mJO hl nT Mklu.
GojkjC J JJhkjCcU Ku Puu J Jmljuu yBEki Gi mi JJmLhv kjCm JJmƳk vb$C箳 kT jv vc&C kjJ uilu. YJ kUlu J{l mJvb$C箳 h&YcJj yBkbv Dhu JJnj mi hlv vb$l kjCm D@v mF& FvmhkwMvh# D@H mF& mJnxuvm c cCl Jhj kjJ uiu. lhmCǮ jK JJO JJnjbJj v jnl pKc vb$C箳 JJO hlJj jnu.
Dic kUl iCJhC& kp& JljCyjyj GhuyO vOǮ h&hl Ghi Ghi kjCm yBkbv Dhu kp&Jmu b$C DOk m#c kjJ uiu. lyjyj, j^dz J Dlbjj^dz hlUJju Mmkdz J koMj ljloR kj DbcuypJC kjCm kW mjkjun i l hJu GuJ uilu. DM kj koMj J JOvk ljloRj yBkb JmuǮ lvbv vJ yU hl nF&u.
kuKb[l Sk Jkml oM cnCv Yjl Go Puu Dmu. lcU k=<, k=<Ƭ J hjk Gi, hYl mJ-mJO, Dbljj^dz kbhv, uI/ cOc Dkj Gi, mJ#$, mbMOv DM JJO #$blv JhjJ kjC箳 Dhjbhj mbO yBEki Giu hl nlu.
kuKb[ln mcj 2 k ukbv jpij oCN J 7,500 JJO Glhov vc&C kjCN mcj 32 uK uIGi kWb yBEki Gil cnJhC& mLv jnu. cOc Dkj Gi DOk mhO&lck J %vOl (v@up ym[) nlu. cC #$lu kp&JljC Dhu hjbhjk kv yBkbv youJ uiu. mO 5,000 nv DOk ukmbK DmCN 1,71,113 K[blv c cCl nkJmlj nl Dn. 74 lMl ukmbK, 41 lMl cOc Ji& J 58 lMl GhYi GlhV Jj DOjl cC #$ (ju ckx) yBkbv JJm箳 Dhjbhj mbO vc&C kju. lcU `i ju` n Dic kUlu JhCv cucb$ ju.
Jkml Yjl J DlOvk yBEki Gi :
YJ kUlu yBEki Gil nCN youb c&ol Jj v kjl Flj #$l nCN youbmn Sk$l Jj kum DOk lk&mbil J hjhC& Ʈ$ Dhumcj GY jnu. kuKb[lu mjkj D|Lk OjC, vpv, Jkm Ji, uvJ{ J Dbljj^dz hjmLl mJ& Ikb JiJiU J Sk$l Dm hjCc yBEki GiJj nCj Dn. lcU yBEki Gilu youb mJlb$ JO Ilv kn c&o vƽl jnCj Dnl. lLh, kuc&ol you Pu lj yBEki Gil nT Iluu you mLucvv l jnCj Dnl. YJ DJnvlck kuKb[lu n Dc=lcbLv Glc lb$%v, %vmbhV cvJ Yb[Ju J %Jbl vl=lJ b $JC mbiclv Dbljj^dz op& mJmJO hjJCj m#c yBEki Gi vc&C kju. Dm DlOvk yBEki Gi Jkml Yjl箳 h{u Jul cnJhC& iov oF&u.
mlM cj
Djcv, v[ Jmv& yBk,

Skm @u.w banking india. com