y O J j, 26 D@ kw y j 2005

oM mcpk J D|Lk Jkm ynDbibv JnJ, nlv m DL&Mm$% Mblb cnuvym b h{kjv `o Fb[v m@mku Fvm` (DSmD) JJKl mbmL mLhv 1932 mu kukl Lu m[vm k@upcO Pu. oM箳 k=< Jkmyjyj D|Lk J mcpk Ikb mbKk kvlv Mm$dz DYm kjCm n mbmL mLhv kjCl Du. yM mcpl o<kU mcm b[ cCl nl. 1943-44 ybiu箳 o<kUl Dhjcl nv Pu. o<kU mJ& mbKk cnl mbmLv pc kuvblj mbmL piYjl vJ Pu. Dp pilu kn Gcc mbKk DYmm J mbMOvm mbmL vJ Dojv Ilu pl. kjC . h. m. cnuvymmjK pilk DL&lp%箳 h{kjv mbmLl pilu Dvk vcJbl iCl% J Flj J<blu Mm$%bv mbmLu vcl Y oTv mbmL Dvk Ghcl mJl:u mcu kv Ilu. 50 oMkl mj jvu[ HMj, . p. y. Sm. nUoC bv mbmLu Jnv Ilu. lvblj [jk J Fvx puD kwj, vum ynj, bkmd, S. Sv. kucijJn, h.Sc.Sm. yu@k, ppa vcv, v@yx Jvj, p. [. yv&u J n@j@u[ n@Eui mjK oiip Mm$%bv mbmLu vcl Y oTv mbmL mbMOv J Jkm k&cl cu iov ku.
mbmL mbmLhk . h. m. cnuvym bv mbmL kn G [Uh{ Ju nl.
(1) mbKk %v ukbcO mj kjCyjyj MKk[ pmll pml JLv Dk<&v IC.
(2) vm|ik J mcpk Mm$b mbKk DYmj Jkm kjC.
(3) mbKk Mm$ pmll pml Jhj Jkm k&cl, vpv kuhl, JJmLhv #$l kv k&#cl J Glhovl J{ kjC.
mbmL cK k&u kukl L Dmv ouu, ybiuj J ijO L mbmL kW Dnl. lyjyj y[o, VF&, kF&cylj, nyo, cbyF&, hC L mbmL vmd Dnl. mbmL mJ& kWbJj DL&Mm$%, iCl%, mbiCklp%, YlkMm$% J Flj MKb lp% Dnj$ kc kjl Dmll.
1950 mu oM箳 D|Lk, mcpk J ukmbK JMb j^dz vcv hnCǮ mn糳v DYm kuvblj 1954 mu llkuv hblOv pJnjuu vn bv . cnuvym b vl=lJKu mbmLu Yjl omj hbJ|<k pv lj kjCm mbilu. mbmLv DKv ouu DjK[Jj omj hbJ|<k pv Dkjm Du. n pv lj kjlv mbmLu m DL&Mm$% D@mkj uBi, pv j@yvmv, um& yunc, pv vyjpv, vkum ku[j, mc@v klPvmd bv Y ou. mbmLl vyu hjmkjJpl J m DL&Mm$% Dcl& mv, mKc Jla J hlbyj vL Mm$%bv Dhu yj mbMOv ku Dn.
1950 mu mbmLl Yjl mjkj J vmk colv Dbljj^dz mbKk M#C kW mJl kjCl
Du. Dp kWl DM, Dk J DlhJxk[ oMlu JLa DOvm ll. mbmL bLun b[ Dn. piYjl mbKk iCl J DL&Mm$lu Dvk Gcc bL L Dnl. bLul J%v J lb$%v #$lu mcj 750 vlkuk l Dmll. lyjyj mcj 250 nv DOk D@vuF&v vlkuk L JJm cUll.
m@mkwm, c@Lc@kwm, Fk@v@ckwm J k@chj mvm j J<bJj kukl, ouu, ybiuj L mbMOv DYmc箳 m Dnl.
m@mkwm- Dmchk LDj, up& [JnSMv, [mpv LDj, h@jc^k, v@v J mc h@jc^k, yuv D@vu@mm, jm@chEui hu@vm, mkwJWMu D@v@umm, cuJjS D@vumm, h@jc^k/ v@v h@jc^k jMv D@vumm, ym@mkwm, FvJn@jcWu [ D@vumm, juyu, L kJn& c@[Eui, m@hu LDj D@C[ mJnx DC Flj.
c@Lckwm- HbkwMvu D@vu@mm, pD@c^ D@H yvk mhmm D@C[ Dupy hu@p, [HjvMu hu@p, mchukwk hu@p, ^vmH@cxMv hm, n@cxvk D@vumm, Fji[k D@vumm, kcJn Dupy, k@cycm^kwm, H LDj D@C[ D@hukMv mMu mvm DC Flj.
Fk@v@ckwm- c Fk@v@ckwm, c@ Fk@v@ckwm, Fbjv@Mvu ^[, [JnucW Fk@v@ckwm, JuHDj Fk@v@ckwm, ic LDj, k@v^@kw LDj, Fb[m^Du D@i&vPMv, HvvMDu Fk@v@ckwm, mMu @F&m D@C[ huku Fk@v@c, hyuk Fk@v@c Fb[v Fk@v@c @yuc, D@kuj Fk@v@c, FvJn@jcWu Fk@v@c DC Flj.
k@chj D@C[ kcvkMv mvm- k@chj vJkwm&, cyF&u k@chEi, k@chMvu pD@c^, yu@p, H LDj, Duijoc, @Eci uBiJp, v@v kwv@u@p, D. h. kwMv, cMv u\vi, [ cEvi, Jy Fbupvm, kwm cEvi, m@Hw k@cEi, k@chj EuiJmkwm, [@kwcW D@vumm DC Flj.
mbmL kuklmn ouu J ybiuj L GhkW Dmv lL JLm Jmli=nb m kjCl Du Dn. lvn kWbcO ukmbK, YlkMm$, k=<Mm$, cvJJbMMm$, pJMm$, pvkwm, Y<Mm$, mcpMm$, cvmMm$ DC JJmLhvMm$ Do J<b DOhv ku pl.
mbmLlHx MkJu pCj DYmc
1) y@uj D@H m@mkwm- (y. m@.) lv J<x. h$l- 12 J iCl, Fbp J<lv GC&. mbmLk[v hoJkjl UC hj# Ilu pl. lvblj cUJuu iCbJv vJ[k JL祮 cuKl Ilu pl.
2) y@uj D@H c@Lc@kwm- DYmcm JjucC h$l uil.
3) cmj D@H m@mkwm (Sc. m@.) ov J<x. h$l- mbmLlv ySmm m@ EkJ y. Smm. c@Lm J<lv GC& Puu JLa EkJ Flj Jhlv J<lv GC& Puu JLa DYmcm h$ Dnl. DYmc箳 JMmm UC hj# Ilu pl.
4) cmj D@H c@Lc@kwm (Sc. c@Lm)- h$l- y. Smm. m@/ y. Smm. c@Lm/ y. F&./ y. k. hoJ Dmuu JLa DYmcm h$ Dnl.
5) cmj D@H mvm Fv kwJbJn Fk@v@ckwm- h$l- Fk@v@ckwm/ m@mkwm/ Hpkwm/ c@Lc@kwm J<lv hoJ EkJ FbpvDEji JLan DYmcm h$ Dnl.
6) cmj D@H kwv@u@p Fv k@chj mvm- h$l- c@Lc@kwm/ m@mkwm/ Hpkwm/ Fukw^@vk mvm/ k@chj mvm/ k@chj D@hukMv J<lv cmj [ EkJ FbpvDEji hoJ DJMk.
70 cmj D@H kwv@u@p (Sc. k.) Fv kwJ@u, ju@yu D@C[ D@hjMv jm&. h$l- cmj [ Fv m@mkwm EkJ @yyu J m@mkwm DM JYilv c@Lc@kwmcO cmj [ EkJ FbpvDEji EkJ kwv@u@pcOv hoJ EkJ m@mku kwJ@u kb^u D@C[ D@hjMv jm& J<lv mbmLlv hoJj [huc DJMk.
Jju DYmcJlj m@mkwm, c@Lc@kwm, kwJbJn Fk@v@ckwm D@C[ k@chj mvm J<l pvDj/ mvDj jm& HuMh mbmLlHx cUl. lcC m@mkwm, Fk@v@ckwm, c@Lckwm J<lu Dvk GhIkbJj hS. [. L k Mkl.
mp Mm$